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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE lElHBRfDGE HERAID Wednesday, Auguil J3, 197Z ._ Maurice Western. Shaken supporters Many Irish and Catholic people in North America have been support- ing the Irish Republican Army with cnsli contributions, according lu Lon- don Observer correspondent Joyce Egginton in a piece on this page. This cash has been converted into the instruments whereby English soldiers, Irish Protestants AND Irish Catholics are being killed and tor- tured in tormented Northern Ireland. Some supporters must increasingly he suspicious that they have been gulled into giving support to the IRA. The ruthlessness employed by the outlaws is enough to shake prin- cipled people. Other considerations ought to suffice to shatter their sup- port completely. A meaningless referendum on the unification of Ireland is now in the works. All indications are that it will be rejected because even the ma- jority of Catholics 75 per cent of them according to a poll are not in favor of unification. Tins strongly suggests that support of the IRA is" a subversion of Catholic in- terests in Northern Ireland. It is worth reflection that very little support appears to be given the IRA by the Irish who live in the United Kingdom. U.S. syndicated columnist Kevin Phillips, "himself descended from Irish immigrants, has pointed out that "today, Glasgow, Scotland, has as many Irish Catholics as Bel- fast, Northern Ireland. More than one million Irish Catholics live in Kngland, mostly in and around Lon- don or tiie Mcrseyside district of Manchester and Liverpool. The whole of the United Kingdom must have two-thirds as many Irish Catholics as the Republic of Ireland itself." Improved economic and social con- ditions apparently have served lo abate the fires of hatred for the Brit- ish. Support of the IRA has only served to prevent the gradual unification of Ireland which would surely have come as the effects of Britain's and the Irish Republic's entry into the European Common Market were felt. Now the enmity and bitterness that have been compounded may frus- trate benign developments for a very long time to come. Some local sympathizers of the IRA'S Provisional wing, who have been antagonized by Herald special correspondent Shaun Herron's caus- tic remarks, should know that he is not alone in characterizing the mem- bers of that outfit as criminals. Kevin Phillips recently told his American audience that "Ireland's best inter- ests appear to ride with the British armored cars routing the IRA Proves out of Belfast and Londonderry, and Irish Americans ought to think twice before they give money to gangsters masquerading as patriots" or churchmen, we might add. Canada in Cuba It probably comes as a surprise to Canadians to know that Cuba buys more Canadian products, excluding wheat and flour, than either the So- viet Union or China. Canada has con- tinued to trade with Cuba, in spite of U.S. disapproval, which now seems to have diminished to the vanishing point with the warm-up in the intern- ational picture. Two trade officers have been ap- pointed to Havana, with titles of first secretary (commercial) and consul, and third secretary (commercial) and vice-consul. This is in line with Canada's policy of linking diploma- tic and trade officers in external affairs appointments, and is hardly unusual. It is significant however, that both the department of external af- fairs and trade and commerce expect that Canada will be able to increase its sales to Cuba substantially from now on. The official publication of the trade department remarks that "trade be-, tween the two countries might be a lot higher if Canadians bestirred themselves." This is a clear chal- lenge to Canadian businessmen and manufacturers to go to Cuba and find out for themselves what Uie prospects are. There has been much criticism in the past of Canadian reluctance to pursue new and untried markets particularly in Latin America. Our trade with Latin American nations, excluding Cuba, has been hampered because Canada is not a member the Organization of American States (OAS) which extends certain trade privileges to the U.S. Cuba is ex- cluded from OAS, and therefore is a relatively open market. Canadian business hardly needs to be reminded that when the full ef- fects of the European Economic Com- munity begin to be felt here, Can- ada has to be prepared for much tougher competition across the Atlan- tic. If there are possibilities of alle- viating this by laying a foundation now for increased trade with Cuba, Canada should investigate them all and as soon as possible. ANDY RUSSELL Do not feed llic bears has been said by eminent aulhori- ties concerned with the management of our National Parks, that people visiting the parks start off their holiday by going to the bank to draw sufficient money and at the same time deposit their brains. Cer- tainly a lot of otherwise fairly intelligent people seem hell-bent on ending their mountain holiday very painfully by not obeying the law and failing to use their ability to think. Not long ago 1 was driving up the Banff- Japser Highway or. a beautiful afternoon. The road was excellent, the sky blue and cloudless and the mountains nearby about as spectacular and magnificent as any in the There a lot of travellers on the road in about every kind of four and two wheeled vehicle available to mar.. 1 came over a blind hill at about sixty miles per hour to suddenly find myself confronted by a shoulder-to-shoulder jam of cars, trucks and trailers, where nobody in his right mind would stop unless absolute necessity required it. fortunately the road was dry and my brakes excellent so I managed to stop without creaming any- thing. The reason for the traffic jam was a yearling black bear, and while 1 watch- ed several people reached out of the open windows of their cars to offer food to this enterprising animal. One child about len years old leaned out of a window to defy gravity in snapping a picture if this bear. It reared to investigate the camera and narrowly missed clawing the juvenile pho- tographer. A lady in another ear held out a chocolate bar in her bare hand for Iho hoar In take. She obviously nevsT thought of the possibility that this cuddly looking animal coukl also bike hand v.iih il. Along about this time rny normMiy fair pslience with people. even stupid ones- gave way, f proceeded to hold flov.n my horn in one long demanding blast of that drew some angry looks, but had the. dc'-ired effect. The bear mnvfid off to fine siile and vehicles began to rnrjve again. What prompts people to -surh dumcc-'i, bu'. ..ucii inci- dents do not always have such happy end- Belated honors bestowed on Dr. Bethune Tlie trouble with the Government's decision, in the case of Dr. Norman Be- thune, is that it is highly sus- pect on grounds of sincerity. In the Iribute from External Affairs, two significant state- ments are to lw found. The first notes the decision of the Cana- dian government "to declare Dr. Norman Bethune to be of national historic whatever that may mean. Ac- cording to (he second, "fitting recognition of his exceptional humanitarian achievements will be made at Gravenhurst, On- tario, the place of his birth." The fanfare last week was, to say (lie least of it, unusual. Mitchell Sharp made the an- nouncement in Hie Great Hali of tiie People in Peking, Jean-Luc Pepin revealed it at the same time in Gravenhurst and Jean Chretien, who is responsible for Historic Sites and Monuments, Issued a statement in Ottawa. All this was plainly calculated to make an impression. If the intention is lo honor Dr. Bethuno for humanitarian sei'v- iccs (a perfectly proper will External Affairs explain why action lias been delayed for 32 years? For most of this time the facts about his distinguished career, at home and on the battlefields, have well known. The decision can scarcely have been based on new information because nono has been revealed to us and there would be every reason for publishing such material at lliis lime. It is reasonable to assume, then, that other considerations i n f 1 u e n ced the government. They are presumably summed up in that rather delicate phrase, "of national historic sig- nificance." If Dr. Bothune was 3 prophet without official honor In his own country, it has been discovered lhat he has long been greatly honored in another country which we hope to Influ- ence. Tiie basic facts arc that Nor- man Bclhune was a medical doctor who became a dedicated Communist parly member in the 1930s. So did many others in that time of world depression and ever more threatening Fascist and Japanese mil- itarist aggression. A Canadian veteran of the First World war, Dr. Bethune went to Spain to serve the Loyalist forces; after- wards to Ctiina where he worked with the Communist army of Mao Tse-lung and died, of biood poisoning, in November 1933. If Dr. Bedtime had died in Spain in similar circumstances, would the government cow re- gard him as a person of "na- tional historic significance" and would it he concerned about a proper shrine at Gravenliurst? The point Is that the Loyalists licit by Popular Front, includ- ing the Communists) lost their struggle and for decades wo have recognized and traded will] Nationalist Spain, which won. Many young Canadians died with the Communist-organ- ized battal- ion (which somewhat embar- rassed our non-interventionist government of that day) but nothing has been of any plans for honoring them. External Affairs may have its own definition of "national his- toric significance" or it may feel that definition is best avoided. It is quite clear, how- ever, that the Chinese do net regard Dr. Bethune as signifi- cant purely because of his ings. 1 have been a National Parks guide for many years and have had opportunity to observe some mighty unpleasant inci- dents. Or.ce I saw a man standing in front of his csr holding un a long line of traf- fics while ho filmed two cute, roly-poly cubs playing on the pavement in front of him. He was not very practiced and vras completely absorbed in trying to keep the fast-moving cubs in the camera finder so he missed seeing mother bear as she came out of the ditch beside him. By way of a hid for some attention, she reared, hooked her daws in his collar ami v.ilh one jerk tore off his entire shirt, necktie ami all-including some hide under- neath. He was knocked flat but the bear left him without further damage. He was mighty lucky, for his injuries were super- ficial fhougli psinful and bloody. It is a way to I tarn about bears. Ano'hfjr time I saw a man hold bis eifi'nltcr. month old daughter out of the window of his car io "pet the nice bear." bear was standing on its hind feet aryl overbalanced. It reached out to put il.s priw on (he car drjor and accidcntaly hook- ed a claw in the little girl's check. With- out meaning hurt her, the bear lore her face open from the basr: of her the rorr.f.r r.f im mouth a rlccp, nasty, shocking wound lhat only expert .surgery could cover up. That little girl could never be quite as prdly again, and all because her father was an ignorant, thoughtless fool. Ail visitors our National Parks are liy folrior-. and signs not lo ft-rirl or it r. against tho hut imlil [Kirk rroikc a practice of iv 'fi'irt sununriTv-, tv> evr-ry person faugh! rioirg it. tr-urisl-s will continue, to take. ri.'.K There is no bear problem in r.ur it i.s a people problem. Only the definite possibility of a deep and painful wound in Hie billfold will cure if. It is to be hoped thril rinrt: authority will put some real lerth ni ih'. la'.v and make the fino lor oiii ii an oii'juu; minimum of fifty dollars. "We're in luck it's full of humanlUriEin services. As their foreign trade minister oh- served at Graven hurst: "Ho adopted Uio cause of Chines a people's liberation a.s his own." To Pai Hsiang-kun, this moans Iliu cause of ChinOso Communism. It would havo been impolite for Mr. Pcpin to have noted that, while; we were for Chinese people's libers Lion, we recognized Chiang Kai-shek as its leader, as did Hie Ameri- cans, the Russians find, inter- mittently, Mao Tse-lung. In- deed, we went on recognizing Hie Nationalists for many, many years; all thai time ignoring (ho "national historic significance" of Norman Ik-thune. We have changed. Although not exactly fervent about Com- munism elsewhere, hava recognized Moa's government and we are very anxious lo ex- pand our business with China (Mr. Sharp being in Peking for that At precisely Ibis time we that Dr. Bcthunc's memory is held in h igh hoi .0 r ov er he re and we act accordingly. There is perhaps something to be said for honoring, belatedly, a prophet or medical doctor whose merits have been dis- cerned moie clearly in another country. It does seem, however, that with us the .size of the coun- try and the potential market is decisive for judgment. This surely is not mere cyni- cism. For another, and much .simpler, ca.sc comes readily lo mind. The first Allied officer lo reach the Yugoslav partisans in wartime was the !atc Major Bill Jones, a singularly unpolitical man who wrote Ten Itfonllis with Tito's Partisans. In Yugo- slavia he has been highly ho- nored over since. But it oc- curred to no one in the Cana- dian government, at least until very recently, that he had any "national historic significance." Nor has anything yet been said about a Bill Jones shrine. Yet the fact i.s that we have had no problem of recognition with Yugoslavia; lhat was alt settled in 1945. There was no cause for official embarrass- ment but, strangely, the man who served in a small country with whom had a relatively email irade was practically for- gollen until it became expedient to remember him when his friend, President Tito, paid a state visit to Canada. No one is likely to object to Hie honor pnid Norman Be- thune. Perhaps it is long over- due. Rut the decision at this lime and in present circuen- hances cannot lie accepted as disinterested. If it smacked less of hypocrisy, there would be- more to applaud. (Herald Ottawa Ilurrau) Joyce Egglnglou The IRA's American allies work for the cause N JEW YORK In a back street of a working-class neighborhood of New York City there is a dingy little store which looks as though il might have Ixxin the headquarters of some losing candidate in a for- gotten election. The office is surprisingly full of activity. Men come and go. Telephones ring. Women type, all wilti a sense of urgency. This is the headquarters of the Irish Northern Aid Association, a three-year-old, nation-wide or- ganization of Irish Americans which is the chief source of funds for the Provisional IRA in Northern Ireland, Ko far it has sent almost most of it by courier usually some American taking a nos- talgic trip to "the old coun- try.11 "One night I stuffed into the socks of a man just Ixtfore bo caught the plane lo visit his .sister in an Irish Northern Aid officer boosted in the quiet oF his New York home. More often the money is banded the lead- ers in Dublin who arrange for it lo be smuggled across the border to the six British-ruled counties, Simetim.es it is even sent by bank draft. As recently as six ago, Irish Northern Aid mem- bers very righteous about how the money was spent by Uic Provisional, It.s purpose they maintained, was relief for refugees from the North and for families of political prison- ers, Flut today Frish Northern Aid ojuL-nly admits that money channelled over from the I'.S, fo buy find ammuni- 'We send ca.sh, they ij'-n a.s thry most ncH il in against the onn of the officers explained. Although (here is nothing ille- gal sending private funds from the (F.S. lo Ireland, Irish Northern Aid is unrlcr scrutiny From ftie S. ju.sliro rffparl- im-nt. This i', of brond investigation by the justice de- partment into arms smuggling into Northern Ireland, where 11 automatic rifles--manufactured in Japan exclusively for the American sporting market were recently captured by Brit- ish forces. These Arrnalite rifles to those used by the U.S. army have the advant- age (to the Provisional) of be- ing quick firing, lightweight and of folding into an easily- concealed size. Irish Northern Aid has al- ways r'pniwJ participating in arms smuggling, arguing that the organizalion must keep above suspicion to fulfill its larger function of keeping Provisional supplied with cash. Hut at (he justice mont's behest a fwleml grand jury in Fort Worth, Texas where guns are sold as freoly as bottles of aspirin recently subpoenaed 12 Irish-Americans from Ihc York area, in- cluding three senior officers of Irish Northern Aid. Subpoenas against these three drop- ped, but five others, -ill men under the age of have been jailed in Fort Worlh for intj lo answer quest a bout arms Of Ihc several million Irish- Americans in ffco U.S. perhaps only or so are really ac- tive In the "fighi against, tho ICnglish Thousands morn arc sympathetic (o tiie cause and willingly give few dollars here and there. Most of (lio funds are raiser! at Irish- American fiances, rallies and sports events. Some is collect- So They Say The wjio woiilfl rroalr> the biggest, furnr river repeal- ing the monkey law the ones whom f consider the most direct Douglas Abraham, as Mississippi S late lure voted lo abolish a Ifttii "monkey law'1 prohibiting the leaching ol cvolulion. ed in the form of regular dues to Irish Northern Aid. Jn three years this organiza- tion has grown enormously. It is an a m a 1 f.{ a m of several smaller and older Irish-Ameri- can organizations which had been in a kind of limbo for years. Irish-Americans are not notable lor their .solidarity, un- less there is a crisis. The best known of (lie old groups was limited to veterans of the "Irish War of Independence1' of 1916- 22, who had heen under fire from British troops a mem- bership of aging men, mellow- ed by time, living on colorful memories, All Ihese old groups would have dwindled and dice] but for Ihfi sudden arousal of rrican feeling in 1369 by Iho Catholic Civil rights movement in Northern (relai.d. Irish N' o r L h e r ti Aid Inrm- wl ;is the U.S. arm of Ihc IKA Frovisionals. It.s existence Itmufiht to he so important that an fmis.sary was sent to York from Jrekmrl to name the men who run it. He choso I lie vHcrrm.s, must of groups prorn fitly dis- banded nnrl pnl I heir at the disposal of Irish Northern Aid. All the old loyalties were runk inln a ncwr, larger ran.se. Of all the immigrant groups in the U.S. Irish (along uifh Ihe Jews) "ire the rr.osl. ambiv- alent, fn quiet (irnes they aro proud, flag-waving Amoricnn.s, hut whenever there is a threat lo their own people iit Ihc "old country" they Income more patriotically fri.sJi titan when tfH-y lived there. Their politics, their Irishno.ss and I heir reli- gion are inc'Xlrimbly inter- twined. I'vven if (hey have k-on 40 ynnrs in the it makes no difference; their very cxis- here, as (hey are .swift to was based upon British injustice Iheir ancrs- I-'or inoiiIVs alter ii was form- ed, Irish Norllwrn Aid was as struggling a group iia pre- decessors. r e ]u.st dedicated people in the New York area, everyone giving a week, never missingr but barely holding together. Bui when the British .started invading the nationalist dis- tricts of Belfast, then the mon- ey started rolling a founder-member recalled. Wore recently the impact of 13 Irish deaths on "Bioody Sunday" last January was such that Irish-Americans in (he Boston area raised a quick for the families of victims, The money was taken Lo derry personally by a Boston bartender. The rate of Irish Northern Aid's growth i.s continually in- creasing. Six months ago il had 50 chapters across the U.S. To- day it hfis almost 100. II has become the largest organiza- tion of Irish-Americans lhat hns ever existed, Us member- ship predominantly working- class ;md bilterly anti-English, They arc still only a small mi- nority of nil Irish-Americans in the U.S., but the hacking of this generous and rfrdicaled minor- ity plays a hij; pnrt in helping to keep the J'rovisional.s fight- ing. fWritlHi for Tlir llnrnlrl and The Observer in I-ontlon) Looking backward Through MIC Hnrnld J322 That the famous 130- acrc Jtoscn rye crop of, C. S. G'resl, about eight miles south- east of Hie city has attracted wide attention i.s evident from [he that tiie Dominion gov- ernment through Superinten- dent .Smith of Iho immigration department in Winnipeg, has arranged for a sliipment of 000 sheaves of this rye to thn