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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Augutl 23, 1972 THE LETHBR1DGE HERAID 39 Man may have to By MAX WIl.DK London Observer GENKVA As grow at ail intreasinn rale, hu- man may have to con- sider migration to regions hitherto considered scarcely fit for habitation. Among these re- gions arc the high altitude areas of the earth. But how high can man live? Dr. Alberto Hurtaclo, ot Iho High Altitude Research In- stitute at the University ol .1 Peru, says the indications arc I that the maximum tolerable height is around 19.G50 feet, al- though a human mummy has been discovered in the Andean area of northern Argentina at a height ol feet. Its age was nut ascertained, but radio- carbon tests un human skelc- ons found in the Peruvian Andes showed them to Ixj al- most years old. In a study of the influence of heights on man for the World Health Organization, Dr. Hurlado says such altitudes re- tremendous physical adaptation by newcomers if they are to live a useful life. The chief problem is called hypoxia the difficulty in ob- taining and using oxygen which develops when the alti- tude exceeds say, feet, or about one-third of the way up Mount Everest. Other complicating factors are decreased density of the air, intense cold and a greater concentra t i o n of ultraviolet ighl. Yet Dr. Hurlado estimates .hat there are Iwtwccn 20 mil- lion ajid 30 million people -al- ready living in these conditions, mainly in the high Andean areas of Peru and Bolivia, and in the Himalayan areas of A-sia. HKFKHBNCK The first known reference to hypoxia, says Dr. Ilurtado, almost 400 years ago, hy a Father Acosta, a Jesuit mis- sionary accompanied the Spaniards in their cor.quest of Peru. He gave a clear and ac- curate description of the sym- toms he felt while ascending the Andes, attributing them to (he "delicate ami subtle1' na- .ure of the air. The Andean peoples 'iavc adapted to their mountain heights. High altitude man has greater lur.i; capacity than the rest of U'i, thus partly compensating for the fail in oxygen pressure. People from lov.-er altitudes can adapt, but not so readily as indigenous mountain folk. But, curiously enough, available data suggests that acclimatisation is not in- herited, except that in preg- nancy there is evidence of adaptive changes in the placenta to ensure that the foetus gets enough oxygen. A mountain baby adapts itself only gradually to a lower pres- sure environment. High altitude men descend to sea-level al their peril. When they get home they are. liaWa to suifer oedema of the lungs, even if their stay at the sea- side was short. 'J1iis condition, adds Dr. Ilurtado, was frequent during the war between India ar.'l China in (he Himalayas in 1SB2. At h i i; li altitudes, thcro seems to he a greater inci- dence of congenital malforma- tions of the ticart, of respira- tory complaints, and of liver trouble. Infant mortality Is high. On the o'hcr hand, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and leukaemia are much less (Observer Copyright) SITTING OK THIN AIR? This man looks as if he is sitting on air as he reods pro- gram far World Scottish Festival at the Canadian National Exhibition in Toronto and listens to pipers play al CNE bandshell. Pipe bands from all over the World are in Tor- onlo for competitions being held at tho CNE. Behind the 'Quick' affair Brandt government says knew nothing of raids By NHAT. ASCIIEHSON London Observer LONDON The police raid on "Spiegel" in IM2 and the raid on "Quick" magazine 10 years later may not be strictly comparable. Konrad Adenauer ordered the "Spiegel" raid, while (he Social Democrat-Lib- eral government of west Ger- many is swearing with every appearance of sincerity that it knew nothing about the Quick affair. The trouble is that they look the rame. Descending m (lie maga- zine's offices in lionn and Jvlun ich, and on the headquarters ol the Hcinrich Bauer Verlag in Hamburg, the police went grunting and riffling through the shelves. They were looking for evidence of l'.n.c theft of state papers, and of brines to civil servants. They seern to have found little more than the gniesomc mass ef misleading, tattered and misfilcd bits o( paper which clog (he arteries of all newspaper offices. Tho "Quick" journalists, al lo go on (while the "Spiegel" slaff was cartel off lo added skilfully lo the confusion hy s I a mpinf "Secret" in bundles of old ex pwi.se claims ami even pinch ing one more state document: Evolution of stars under study CAPE KENNEDY CAP) lingo iistvonomical observatory ;md srrci ever orbital by th United .Slates, vaultcl int space today to sludy die evoh lion nf stars and to seek a prm oriul new energy source deep-space x-rays. Tho ratehto, uamid Coper- nicus after a 15th-century Pol- i.sh astronomer, carries six tele- scopes to analyse the birtli and behavior of stars and lo possi- bly provide clues to the origin and future cout.se of the uni- verse. The payload, val- al SIH.G million, rocketed nway from carlh I'.l a.m. KDT alop an Ixiosler. Tlie National Acronaut- ies aivi Space Adminislralion craft was in whit more than said minutes later the space- 41X1 miles high and was sending sirring radio signals. Tile main instrument, devel- oped al rrincelon University, is a 32-inch diameter the largest ever orbited. It will com-enlralc on studying ul- IrnvinM light in young, hot Mars whose life span is ineas mcd in millions of years .shorl bv stellar standards. Tiir.v mi: 'J'hry die young brcauso their Inner nuclear furnaces burn violently al lemperalurcs up fo 50 million desires and dissipate their energy. The oldest stars in the sky are 10 billion or more years old, snn rated middlc- at about 'J.5 billion. The ultraviolet light flowing from st.'irs can loll much about how they were by inter- stellar dust and gases. The young stars lo be observed by Hie large teleseope emit more of this light because of the heal Ihry generate. This ultraviolet light cannnt bo observed by earth telescopes because it Is filtered out by Ihc ntmosplicrc. Copernicus is or- bilinf! alxwe the atmosphere. The large lelescopc also will Flmly inlerslellar (his ga.ses In an effort lo learn their cliemic.il makeup and bow they Inter-act lo form slars. ic official grounds for the Is- ic of a search warrant, which as twitched out of an unat- nded prosecutor's brief ease nd photocopied. .KTI1EATEI) The police retreated with niy a few dubious .scraps of aydirt: a copy of Professor chiller's private resignation ctter as minister of economics finance, whose publication et off the raids, some bills for laster presents to secretaries n various cabinet offices, anrl i note allegedly authorizing the onn correspondent of "Quick" o bribe up lo the sum of marks. Did the Government really not know that this was going to lappen? Nolwdy denies it loud er than Conrad Aiders, the joverament spokesman, who ivas liiu "Spiegel" journalist il- egally arrested in Spain and jailed on suspicion of jigh treason. Evea the public prosecutor's office in Bonn las manfully confessed that il was going it alone: Dr. Winkel mann of Bonn and his legal su Dr. Drugh of Cologne viiowing the cabinet's despera lion about the leakage of Stall documents to lire right wing Press, thought they would uslack Xapata moustache, would iavc been so indiscreet with an obvious enemy. Perhaps cor- laiti Clovcrnment m c m bcrs loudly and rhctoincally ,o rid of these turbulent journalists, relying on the liter- al rnindcdncss of provincial prosecutors. Per haps Iterr Oenscher, minister of the in- terior, is altogether too keen on he enforcement side of his job, told tlie police to IKC their own judgment if they got any kind of lead on one of the sus- pect Press empires. 'Hie political row about who knew what, will go snarling on for months, an electoral am- munition dump for die Chris tian Democrats. Hut it is Iruc dial the government's relations wilh die prcrs have been un happy. The pitiless anrl often unscrupulous war waged on the Social Democrats by Springer ind Ilauer, the two (nrgcs press concerns, has worn offi fiat nc rvcs d angcroi i sly raw AL tlio ccnlrc of tb? govern rnenl's griovancc is the scrie nf secret state documents pul> hy Hie two groups, many of which like (he Bahr paper preliminary notes for n settle inent with Hie Soviet Union, o the semi genuine "Secret Pro locols To The Moscow Treaty1 included I he prival papers of foreign countries. "Quick" itself is an unaUrac tivc publication, offering il readers little more than li law and order, nml bum Thn number lieing brought ou when the police arrived a tually contained n blood-cnn ling account of how Ihe polic were not aclinR strong" enough Itecnusc they vcre h ing restrained hy "poli mateurs" (read: the govern- icnt) and "s e n t i m c n tal reamers who allow the laws detention to si acken E ml te a n s.lure rese rve for rooks Are Ihc laws blunt- Is our satiatexl affluent so- iety incapable of dealing with t hrca t V'' Few jou rnalists ver won a more rapid re- ponse. JOAKY CITY Bonn has always been the eakiest capital in Europe. DP himself once hlockcc Berlin plan of Kennedy's by lipping it to the press. In tha onely city, spies have never ound it too hard to cuddle up .secretaries in the ministry ;i defence with flowers ant end at the height o the Cold War the East German nlelligcncc services w e r swamped with inform a t i on which they had neither th imc nor the numbers to cvalu Ue sensibly. But the classi eak has the leak depari mental. Time after time, Ih losing side in a ministerial dis pule has taken Its files to th Press: from such foundations ''Spiegel's1' greatness sprang, In the Adenauer p e r iocnetrate. But the organized filching of state papers could not be over- looked, and for over a year the security services have been conducting an almost com- pletely vain search for the cul- prits. So vain, in fact, thai the suggestion Ihat tho intelligence services themselves may one of the sources looks less and less improbable. After all, it was Gen, Gehlen who, in an effort to destroy Franz Joseph Strauss, leaked lo "Spiegel" the NATO docu- ment which set off that partic- ular affair. All the cfforU of West German governments to build up the majesty nnrl au- thority of tho state have not reined in the host of semi- secret organizations clumsily doing Iheir own thing. (Observer Copyright) SIMPSONS-SEARS Today you can save on and get the last word in easy-care the ensemble you !ove, a-G3t together with a lively floral spread Perma- Prcst. 50% cotton. Quilted i polyester (ill. 20" bouffant flounce. Bright 'n cheery comes in Gold, Strawberry or Lavender. fa-Double Size. Reg. 13.98 Now 16.98 c-Matching pillow sham. Reg. 6.98 Now 5.99 d-Matching floral print pinch-pleated lined drapes. 50" 75" 100' glh. reg. sale 45" 12.98 11.90 45" 19.98 18.98 45" 24.98 22.98