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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 22, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE August New world leaders need common policies Canada's reputation Canada is one of the world's major trading nations and the fact that its reputation is beginning to suffer should be of some concern to everyone. The problem is the unpredictability of its grain handling, which is producing daily complaints from the Chinese because this country is not meeting delivery dates on its current contracts. The bottleneck is the dock strike at Van- couver where ships destined to haul grain to China sometimes have to wait 18 days before loading and exports are fall- ing behind at a rate of 15 million bushels a month. When the current contract with China was signed in late June only 60 per cent of the business was given to Vancouver because officials of both countries were worried about the uncertainty of grain handling at that port. And now a strike by deck and engineer officers on the Great Lakes may halt the movement of grain out of Thunder Bay. Inflation is at the root of these strikes. Since there is general agreement that inflation is everyone's responsibility, perhaps this is the" time to strike a spark of national pride, to call for sacrifices on the part of those involved to benefit the larger good. Surely China is not the only country which can evoke a sense of national purpose. Canadians have been searching for a national identity. Maybe now is the time to pay for it. After all Canada's reputation is something to be cherished. Isn't it? An important question Should Alberta officials press for in- dustrial development? Most citizens, un- til recently, would have answered in the affirmative. Perhaps a majority still looks favorably on moving in that direc- tion but there are growing doubts about its desirability. Provincial Liberal leader Nick Taylor has been trying to nourish the doubts since being elected to his position earlier this year. It is easy to dismiss his stance as merely a political ploy an attention getter tor a party whose fortunes have lately been at low ebb. That, however, would be a mistake. The subject is one that deserves serious consideration regardless of who enunciates it. Mr. Taylor may seem to be a lone voice in questioning the wisdom of embracing further industrialization but others elsewhere have also been making similar observations. The distinguished British historian Arnold Toynbee. for in- stance, in an article published in these pages i July 25) said there is a time-bomb built into the mechanized economy that will wreck it eventually. Also, the former deputy president of the Mitsui Bank, in a Canada-Japan newsletter, stated that "the direction of Japan's economy must change in order for the country to survive. Record industrial ex- pansion has bestowed a multitude of problems on Japanese erable pollution, urban crowding and consequent denuding of the rural areas, shortage of labor, wasteful utilization of a highly educated and skilled labor force and an excessive demand for resource material." On page five today there is to be found a rather lengthy statement of Mr. Taylor's case against industrial develop- ment in Alberta. It should be read and pondered by all thinking persons regardless of their political sympathies. The Herald would welcome a vigorous debate on this subject and urges its readers to send in their reactions for publication. Bicycle traffic Bicyclists, especially adult riders who seem to be on the increase in Lethbridge. may take exception to Insp. Bill West's remark that cyclists put automobile drivers in jeopardy at times. Most cyclists can furnish examples of times when the reverse of this contention was also true. Nevertheless, in all fairness, it should be pointed out that while vehicle operators must pass a test and therefore exhibit a knowledge of the rules, anyone who can balance himself on the contrap- tion (and some who can't) can operate a bicycle on the public streets. The result is to inject into the usual stream of vehicular traffic some bike riders who don't know whether to follow the pedestrian or the vehicular rules, if they even know them, and who usually make up their own rules as they ride along. If the time ever comes in this energy- conscious age when bicycles proliferate to the point where Lethbridge looks like Copenhagen at high noon this situation may change. Until that time it hardly seems unreasonable for the city to deny bicycles access to arterial streets. These streets should be so marked, however, particularly if the police are going to hand out fines for infractions. Since there are no regulations for licens- ing bike riders, there are no procedural means through which a cyclist can learn of such regulations and in all fairness he should have some way of knowing what the law is. This courtesy is extended by various means to pedestrians and vehicle operators. Bicyclists deserve the same treatment. ART BUCHWALD Read the instructions There are so many different kinds of clothes made of miracle fibres that one is hard put to remember the instructions on how to launder and clean them. Each new piece of clothing now comes with a long list of instruc- tions explaining how the garment must be treated, plus many warnings about what will happen if the instructions aren't adhered to. One day I came home to find my wife washing my 45 per cent alphazate, 25 per cent prymnon, 30 per cent cotton turtleneck sweater. I was horrified to discover that she was washing it the wrong way. "You're sup- posed to wash that sweater in cold lamb's milk, and you're washing it in warm lamb's milk." she said. "I read the instructions quite clearly. You wash it in warm lamb's milk and then you rinse it in cold." "You're thinking about my 100 per cent all- kozel undershirts. My turtleneck sweater is just the opposite." I was right, because as we were talking the turtleneck started to disintegrate before my eyes. "That sweater cost me I cried. "I can't keep all these washing instructions she said angrily. "What are you going to do "I'm going to wash your 89.3 per cent rogiflex wash 'n' dry shirt." "You have to use fresh essence of lime mix- ed with distilled underground spring I reminded her. "Are you sure? It seems to me that there was a warning attached to the shirt that if you used distilled underground spring water the colors would run." "That applies only to shirts with French I told her. "Of she said. "What an idiot I am for not keeping it straight." I started to put on a clean pair of socks. My large toe went right through the sock. "What the blazes did you do with my By James Reston, New York Times commentator PARIS The names Ford and Rockefeller have always been symbols of America here and elsewhere in the world, but now they are seen in a new political context, and a critical period of adjustment is opening up both in Europe and America. With the nomination of Nelson Rockefeller as vice- president in the United States, the changing of the political guard is all but complete in the free world. Nov; the new governments in W" London, Paris, Bonn and Tokyo will have to decide whether to tackle the urgent questions of inflation, energy, food and military security together, or whether to try to deal with them separately. This question of finding common policies, or at least avoiding conflicting policies, is still a delicate subject here and elsewhere in Europe, but the changing of the political guard on both sides of the Atlantic has produced a much better atmosphere than ex- isted only a few short months ago. It was an extraordinary and fortunate accident of Euro- pean politics that Valery Giscard D'Estaing, Helmut Schmidt and Harold Wilson came to the leadership of their countries Giscard after the death of President Georges Pompidou, Schmidt after an unexpected scandal in chancellor Willy Brandt's ad- ministration, and Wilson after the Labor crisis in Britain. In a world full of amateur and professional political prophets, nobody ventured the prediction that by the autumn of this year, these men would be the key figures in Europe, and Ford, Rockefeller and Kissinger, the presiding figures in Washington. The question now is what they will do with their new authority, and how they will get on with one another. President Giscard and Chancellor Schmidt, both highly intelligent and knowledgeable in the fields of "Vroom Vrooom" Drastie action needed in food situation By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON special character 0' th current inflation and dif- ficult decisions it imposes on President Ford are under- scored by the latest crop reports from the Midwest. For grain production is down in a way that threatens another inflationary surge in this country. But Mr. Ford cannot check the rising prices by restricting demand as prescribed by the oldtime religion. He has to take international action rn the supply front, including perhaps some painful restric- tions on American food ex- ports. At the root of the problem is a tight food situation which has prevailed the world over for the past few years. It results from many different and complex developments. World population has been growing at a rate of about ,.vo per cent annually and cf i far faster pace in sorrr the under-developed mds. Steadily rising expecta ion" in the developed world fcwe "ed to larger food consumption notably in Europe Soviet leaders have been 3ss willing to have their own people tighten their belts when Russian food production goes down. The United States, which has been the supplier of last resort, ended in the decade of the 1960s the stimulative policies which produced enormous food sur- pluses in the previous decade. The effect of all these developments was visible in 1972 and 1973. Though the United States enjoyed bumper crops, droughts in the Soviet Union and the Indian subconti- nent put a strain on supplies. World prices soared when the Russians went into the inter- national market to replenish their stocks in the grain deal of 1972. For a brief time a year ago, in an emergency ac- tion taken when sales abroad outran domestic supplies, the United States cut off exports of soybeans to all foreign countries, including such traditional and dependent buyers as Japan. As this year's growing season began, worldwide grain reserves were at minimal levels Still the out- look was not all that bad. The department of agriculture es- timated a record world crop of million tons of wheat, rice and feed grains as against last year's crop of million tons. But in the United States weather conditions were adverse. A week ago the department of agriculture released new estimates made in the wake of a month-long drought. The new estimates showed that production of corn, soybeans and wheat were all down. Thanks to the American drop, this year's world production of wheat, rice and feed grains will be million tons. That is 34 million tons less than last year a reduction of about three per cent in total availability as against a growth of about two per cent in population. The effect was felt im- mediately. In American markets grain futures were bid up by the maximum "Nothing. I put them in the washing machine, added virgin calf detergent, two tablespoons of chlorine and a cup of Epsom salts, according to the instructions sewn in the sock." I read the instructions. "Did you set the washing machine at seven and a half revolutions per "I tried to, but I had to hold it manually and my arm got she confessed. "I guess at the end the machine was going nine revolutions per minute. But I figured it didn't matter." I threw down the socks in disgust. "If it didn't matter, why would they sew the instructions into the She started to sob. I felt bad and said, "It's all right. I'll buy another pair of socks that can be washed at nine revolutions per minute. Well, I think I'll put on my 100 per cent stay pressed forever seersucker suit." I put on the pants. As I was inserting the belt, the legs, just below my hips, collapsed and fell to my ankles. "What did you do to my suit'" I yelled. "I had it dry-cleaned." "You're not supposed to dry-clean a stay pressed forever material." I screamed. "Look, it says right here in the coat that the only way to clean it is to place it over an air- conditioning unit for 24 hours." "I put your Nehru suit over the air con- ditioning unit." "The Nehru suit has to be dipped in naphtha and airline hydraulic fuel." "It didn't say so in the coat." "The instructions were printed on the beads that came with the suit." "Don't yell at r v. fe yelled. "If you bought suits made of -..col and shirts made of cotton, you'd have something to wear tonight." "Yeah, but then look at the laundry and cleaning bills we'd LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Cattle producers need more money For months the feedlot operators has n heard throughout th? land. Last spring one of th m got two-thirds of the front page of The Herald to list his grievances. Politicians and paid govern- ment "experts" paced their pastel carpeted halls and pounded their polished deslrs and came up with subside, quotas, embargos, feed controls and more A very prickly thorn ir 3 foldin'-moncy thumbs jf feeders was the 1973 price of calves. If you thought the calves at auctions last tall were bawling to high heavv n for their mothers, you should have heard the buyers. Seventy-two cents for steer Who ever heard the likes of this? So, long after the (lie bawling continued, ur time a feeder le> somebody wou''' a dummy his mouth. B' .coders were smart; ,aey wanted something with milk in it. It looks like they're going to get it too and guess who they're milking11 If vou dm1', know, don't look on the front page to find it. It's tucked away very incon- spicuously in short little livestock quotations near the back. Good stock steer calves. to highs up to .35. We got in 1951. This is the only marketable commodity in produce or labor that has dropped by over 50 per cent in the last year! If this isn't a national disgrace, what is it? v nd where is it mentioned in press? What government is going to do about it? Cow-calf men, if you don't take this standing up, you'll certainly take it lying down flat. Nobody but a calf raiser knows about the blood and sweat, not to nention money, that it takes to produce these cute little pink-nosed babies. Are we going to truck them to market this fall whining "That's all they'll give us" and sadly shaking our heads, or shall we start shaking our fists? MRS. GEORGE A. VELSON Mountain View Displays required amount. In Europe, where there are no limits, there was a 20 to 25 per cent increase in grain futures. Commercial buyers in Europe and other developed countries are now likely to enter the American grain market with a vengeance. That would drive up the price here at home. One Washington estimate says that food prices alone will go up by 10 per cent in the last half of this year. Moreover, commercial sales abroad would leave this country bare when it comes to aiding the truly poor countries in southern Asia. The number of things Presi- dent Ford can do to muffle the inflationary impact of the crop shortfall is limited. Budget cuts make no dent; neither do crop restrictions. In effect, the oldtime religion is useless. Probably the most equit- able arrangement would be an agreement whereby traditional foreign customers would refrain from major purchases against an under- standing that their most basic needs would be met. That would leave a goodly amount available for domestic con- sumption at stable prices and a margin left for distribution to the neediest countries. But it may be too late for that. Well known inter- nationalists at the state department, the federal reserve board and in the Congress are known to be con- sidering the need for applying unilateral export controls on grain even though they would upset orderly trade and perhaps bring retaliation from this country's best allies and most important customers. In any case, there are nc good choices. So that, despite the extraordinarily fine at- mospherics of his first days in office, Mr. Ford is a long way from beginning to cope with the substantive problems which confront his presiden- cy- money and trade, both former finance ministers, have already established a sound relationship. Prime Minister Wilson is also an expert in these fields, but like Premier Kakuei Tanaka in Japan, he has been preoccupied with a raging inflation and the prospect of a bruising election. Meanwhile, the United States government has also been overwhelmed by its domestic concerns, and like the others, with the Cyprus crisis. For the next few weeks, President Ford will still be getting his new team in place and the Europeans will be getting over the August holidays, but after that these hopeful new political leaders will begin talking about the larger issues. There is still some criticism here of Secretary of State Kissinger's diplomatic tac- tics, and most recently of his handling of the Cyprus affair, but no longer complaints of any lack of consultation between Washington and its European allies. The complaint here against Kissinger in the past was that he intervened too much in European and Middle Eastern affairs. The complaint now is that he did not intervene fast enough in Cyprus, and by his tardiness encouraged the Turks to overplay their hand and weaken the Atlantic Alliance in the eastern Mediterranean. Still, the clash of per- sonalities, between Kissinger and the former French Foreign Minister Michel Jo- bert, and between Wilson and Pompidou, which complicated European and trans-Atlantic relations, has been eased if not removed. What the allies needed a year ago was a hear- ing aid, now they are finally listening to each other. The testimony of responsi- ble officials in Paris is that the negotiations among the European nine are much more candid and fruitful. All the problems- remain, particular- ly inflation and political un- certainty from Portugal to Greece and Turkey, but the at- titude of the main powers toward each other has im- proved. President Ford has made an excellent impression here by his candor, by his defence of a strong American military es- tablishment, and by his willingness to appoint ex- perienced men like Rockefeller. Officials here have the im- pression that there are differences between Secretary Kissinger and Secretary of Defence James R. Schlesinger on the strategic defence of the west, and they are hoping that this controversy within both the American executive and the Congress can be removed through Ford's influence on Capitol Hill and with the Pen- tagon. Europe's nightmare has long been that political divisions within the United States would revive the American isolationist im- pulse. And it has not escaped the notice of officials here that the latest Gallup Poll shows that American concern over domestic problems out- runs worry over international problems by the largest margin since the I930's. Accordingly, the settlement of the Nixon question, his replacement by a president popular in the country and the Congress, and the nomination of Rockefeller, who has strong support among the governors of the states and long ex- perience in foreign affairs, have all created a more hopeful and co-operative at- titude here. In addition, inflation is running so high here it threatens the stability of all the free governments. Indeed, they have almost come to the conclusion that they cannot solve the inflation problem by themselves but have to find common policies to deal with it. They have "almost" reach- ed that point but not quite. This will be the real test of the new men and the new at- mosphere later in the year. The National Museums of C-'nada seeks to strengthen its i 'tion of military artifacts u this time especially wishes to acquire uniforms, vi icons, medals, insignia and lotographs concerning the .illitary history of North .merica from 1604 to the esont. Artifacts relating to the allied and enemy 'forces from the First and Second World Wars are also of interest. These are for displav, fut-ira reference and research in the Canadian War Museum (National Museum of Man) in the national capital. The Canadian War Museum would be pleased to hear from any readers who may be able to assist in this requirement. L. F. MURRAY Chief Curator National War Museum 330 Sussex Drive Ottawa, Ontario K1A OM8 The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY f. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;