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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 THE LETHBRIDCt HERALD Tuejday, Auoust M, Fairfield's "model farm55 deserves recognition Ky ALKX JOHNSTON lie search Station There is ;i farm field on llio soutliocisteni outskirts of Lclli- bridge, that deserves an hon- ored place in the luslory of the province. Today it Ls part of llic Fair- field Farm, which i.s rented hy John lint iti 1901 it was known ;is the "model soL up by the C'aiuulian North West Irrigation Coin- pony, the that brought water to the dry plains if f, out hern Al hcrt a i ti August, 1500. Charles Alexander managed the Canadian North West Irrigation Company. Ife realized at mi early date thai, with the exception of Mormon fanners anniml CardsUm, Mu- gratb and Stirling. most settlers wore goiny to have to be taught irrigation Hu herein to Irxik for a suitable instructor. I'jEirlier MnjjraUi had met a young man named Harry Fair- field. Ifp.rry Fail-field told rath iilxwl his brollKrr, 1 Inrmon Kai rlicld, wl 10 liwl a Master's decree in agriculture from the University of Colorado and who was director or the Ag- Kxpcrm intal Station at I Kiraini c a ml an assistant professor at the University of Wyoming. MagraLh got tn touch with W. II, FaiHield, liked what liu saw, aixl was instrumental in the young professor tfivintf i'P his job in and coming to The aiTJinrjcmcnt.s wore that F nil-field woulrl bo given :i20 acres of piMenlialJy irritfulilo prairie hunt, to bo called a "model fnvm." He svas expect- ed to nm-in ditches, plant and break the properly, and seed it to suitable crops. And he was expected lo dem- onstrate good irrigated fanning practices and to help to solve liny problems encountered tlic settlers. From conversations with Charles Ora Card and other Mormon Fairfield soon CRint! to that alfalfa could rot be grown in .southern Albert a. The Mormons were quite familiar with the crop, hnving grown it in Utah, and know of its hifjh yielding po- tential and excellent livestock feeding vsiluo, Hut no matter wluit they did, alfalfa simply refused to grow for them m southern Albortn, stands re- inaitiing tliin and and of yield. Fairfield knew from Iiis slu- dies al university that, in !fiHB, only 13 years before, two Ger- man scientists had demonstra- ted that the bacteria contained in nodules on the roots of al- falfa wore nb'c to take nitrogen from the air and convert it lo a form that plants could use. If the bacteria, which we now call were not pres- ent in the soil nodules did not form und aKitlTn .starved from lack of nitrogen. solution lo the problem was characteristically direct. He wrote lo La ramie and asked that a of soil from an established alfalfa field be sent to him at Lcthbridge. This was done and the soil wtis carefully scattered over a field newly planted lo alfalfa on the model farm. The new stand was success- ful nnd from the field was scattered in turn on alfalfa fields throughout Hie region. Soon were present everywhere in soils of the irri- gated areas of southern Alberta and alffilfa culture assured. H. Fairfield went on to become the first SirjXM'interi- dent of the Lcthbridge Experi- mental Station in a posi- tion that ho held until bis re- tirement in 1915. Today tho Lethbridge Experimental .Sta- tion is trailed tho Lcthbridgo Research Station nnd is tho largest such research facility operated by Ihe Canada depart- ment of agriculture. Many useful contributions have come from the station in the past IW years. But Dr. W. H. Kairfield's introduction of to tho irrigated lands of southern Alberta re- mains high on the list of ac- complishments. Results of Rhizobium introduction on model farm nea r Lethbridge with an indication of irrigation technology. DO YOU NEED A COMBINE ENGINE LOW, LOW PRICES Phone 327-1591 to Save FLEMING MOTORS LTD. 1st Ave. 7th St. S., Lethbridge Phone 327-1591 Farm shows to walcli a full line-up of shows which arc orienled toward agricultur- al thinking in the next lew weeks. Through Hie show, Farm and City Today, people will able lo learn oE trans- planting to grain exports and honey. All the shows are seen daily week clays at 10 a.m. A list of show topics include Aug. 28, transplanting poppies in green- houses; Aug. 29, oven innova- tions; Aug. 30, grain exports; Aug. 31, lamb. Sept. I, Conception to Con- sumer; Sept. <1, lawn grass var- ieties; Sept. S, oven Innova- tions; Sept. 6, agricultural trade in the 70s; Kept. 7, honey; Sept. 8, agriculture in the 70s- S M1TH EPT1C ERVICE PUMPING SEPTIC TANKS SUMPS OIL SPIUS, etc, HI-WAY 3 EAST UTHBRIDGE, ALTA. SPECIAL CLEARANCE SALE! NEW AUIS CHALMERS POTATO COMBINES 30% OFF Motorized or P.T.O. Driven SUPPLY Phono 1-223-2353 TABER SYAMAHA MOTORCYCLES THE QUIET, CLEAN ONES BEAUTIFUL 100cc ROAD TWIN 125CC ROAD TWIN FUTURISTIC STYLING-5 SPEED TRANSMISSION TURN SIGNALS SPEEDOMETER TACHOMETER TWO BUYS THAT CAN'T BE BEAT Sea these great buys at 21 St. and 2 Ave. S. CYCLE SALES AND SERVKE Ph. 328-6977 ;