Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
2 THE LETHBR1DGE HERALD Tuc-iday, Au.juil 27, 1972- t, Ric SWIHART Harvest ot Western Cnmula's gold mine lias started for another season will) the first loads of contacted rapesecd brought inlo the crush- ing plant operated by Western Canadian Seed Pro- cessors Ud. in Lclhbridgc. Plant officials report tlial nllhougli (lie harvest of the oilseed crop is 10 days to two weeks behind last year, the yields are better. Last year, the yields were 15 to 17 bushels per acre while this year Ihe dryland pi-ops arc running 20 to 21 bushels per aere. Cooler wcallier in the development stage is being credited with the increased yield. With the start of the delivery of rapesecd Alberta- 11 comes the burning question of quotas in rela- tion to the rapesced that is hauled to domestic crush- ing plants in the province. The Canadian wheat board early in the year started a hunting campaign for over delivered quotas in rapesced and came up with cases. This meant that producers who hauled over tlieir assigned quotas to WCSP plant had their permit books lifted for the mandatory period. Several farmers in southern Alberta had their books lifted during the closing period of cereal grains quola sections which meant thai they missed hauling tlieir entire quota limit. In talking to Ihe farmers in this region and to officials of WCSP, the argument that domestic rape- should be dropped from quola requirements holds water. Why should a completely Canadian-owned com- pany that processes an Alberta-grown crop be hin- dered in that processing operation by a federal legis- lation? What had happened was that the company bad contracted a certain number ot bushels accord- ing to their anticipated need. The quota happened to be below lhat need so in order to keep the entire staff employed and in order to keep the plant oper- ating, the extra stocks were purchased. Court cases were started and at first, the farm- ers and the company were fined. Later, after inter- vention on behalf of. the farmers and processors, the cases were dropped. Alberta Agriculture Minister Dr. Hugh Homer and Alberta Grains Commissioner John Cliannon were responsible for this action. To date, the fanners and processors are awaiting the outcome of the provincial-federal clash. Now this sounds quite complicated. But after a discussion with the Canadian wheat board some months ago concerning the matter, it was pointed out that because rapesced was lermed a grain by some antiquated law years ago, it must fall under the rules and regulations the quola system. So instead of listening to the demands of hundreds of farmers and Western Canada's largest rapeseed crashing plant, simply dropping the word rapeseed from Ihe rule book and allowing Ihe company to sell a farm product wiUi instant cash rebate, the fed- eral government is continuing to keep Uie hands of the western farmer bound with nice tidy ropes. Let's hope that before the rapeseed industry in not only Weslern Canada but in the nation is de- stroyed that the federal government sees the light. An announcement from College recently brought a breath of. fresh air into the old office. Ima- gine a post-secondary institution of learning offering a course that will put out graduates in a field wilh an actual shortage of workers. Agricultural Mechanics is the title of the program and because of the increasing demand of MECHAN- ICS and not STUDENTS, the first year of the exist- ing training program presently given at Olds will be offered at the Lelhbridge Community College. The first year six-month technical training por- tion starts Oct. 1fi at both schools. 'Hie six-month on-the-job training portion is taken with farm im- plement dealers where employment opportunities are excellent. The second year of the training program will continue to be offered at Olds College only. Then there was old Reddy the Rooster who had managed to survive Ihc chopping block for so many years with a cule trick. Kvery time a new rooster was brought in to relieve the duties old Reddy would suggest that the youngster couldn't catch him with- in the confines of the chicken coop. When Ihe farmer -saw the young roosters chasing old Heddy he would do away with what he thought to be another queer one. Common root rot problem has reduced wheat yields DH. .1. L. NKAL Soil .MicruliiologlrU Ix-thhritlgc Ilirsriircli Stallon Surveys indicate that wheat production mi Hie Canadian Pmines lia.s been reduced in the last three1 years by bushels because :jf common root rot. The- caused by a soil fungus, lia.s been difficult to control by standard methods. Hro'iding programs to develop highly resistant varieties hiwo been only par I tally successful. Resistance to root-rot infec- tion is complicated hy the fact Iliat resistance is not a simple IAVO-W a y interaction, between the plant and the fungus, but rather a complex interaction between the host plant, tho root-rot ar.d the nori- palhogcnic soil microflora. To attack roots, Uio root-rot must penetrate tlic rhizosphere, Mio thin layer of soil that surrounds the roofs of plants. In I he rhizosplvcro are numerous typos of ex- tremely active bacteria arid fungi. To produce disease, the rook nit fungus rruLSt overcome Uic highly competitive- forces of these other microbes. Any changes in the non-pathogenic micro-organisms living in the rliizosphcrc c ouH a f f ect tho growth of the root-rot fungus. At the iri d ge Research Station, a team consisting of e cytogcr.eticist, a plant pathol- ogist, and a soil microbiologist is studying the rhizosphere of spring wheat to determine how Ihc rhizospherce micro organisms can he manipulated to alter Ihe disease Infection processes. IJecau.se the plant is tho pri- mary factor controlling the en- vironment of the parental varieties of wheat carrying genus for disease re- sistance were crossed wilh va- rieties carrying genes for sus- ceptibility hy a selective tech- nique called di.somic chromo- some substitution. We found that these control- led genetic changes in the plants hflil an imjMirtanl in- fluence tht; rhizospherc micro-organisms. These micro- organisms produce various compounds affect plant tour Sept. 8 The annual Alberta Field Corn Tour has been slated this ycjr for Sept, All interested persons are lo meet at the plant science building at the Lcthbridge Re- search Station at a.m. Following visits lo corn plots at the station, the auto motor- cade move lo Hie lEranac Brothers Farms Lid. silage field near Coaldale at a.m. The tour will then move to experimental plots on Alan Od- lnnd's farm two miles north of Tabor Til 11 a.m. prior to a picnic lunch and refreshments at Tony Birch's farm miles oast of Taber, courtesy of Ihc Alberta Com Committee. Fn the afternoon, the tour will visit silngc and grain corn fields on the Biroll farni with a view of .silage harvesting. Joo Kusalik'.s farm six miles smith and mile west of (jrassy Lake is the next slop followed by a visit to the Camp- bell brothers grain corn fields one mile east of Burdcit at p.m. The Franz brothers silage field and hybrid trial plots on Highway 3 near the corn crib west of Medicine Hat will be (he final siry> on the tour. .Supper and refreshments will be available in Medicine Hat at 0 p.m., Ihc location to be an- nounced. growth as well as the growtl of the root-rot fungus. Tile amounts and kinds ol those compounds were changed and could be directly related it genetic changes that made in Ihe wheat plants. Our invcstig a I i o n s have shown lhat there is a mechan- ism by which we can maiiipu late the microorganisms in Iho rhizospherc lo influence- the re- sistance of Ihc wheat plant tc root rol. Further research hopefullj will provide Uie key lo Uw method by which common rod rol can be eliminated from thfl list of major of wheat s ummer is right for pruning trees Although spring i.s the usual time for pruning ornamental trees and shrubs, there is some pruning that can be done only during the summer. This is the time of year for example, when the effects of a disease known as firelight on flowering crab apple trees, ap- ple trees and mountain ash are often most noticeable. Herman Ooslerhuls, In charge of the depart- m c n t of agriculture's tree planting program, says the only way to control the spread of fireblight is to remove the dead worxl, caused by the dis- ease from last year having penetrated further into the tree; and the branch ends caused hy this year's ea.se. In Iwth cases the dis- eased branch slionld he cut hack well into the healthy wood. This is also Hie time when It is easiest to sec dead branches antl stems that were winter- killed. Because they arc not particularly winter hard, dou- ble flowering plums, red-Icafctl barberries, golden plumo eld- ers Siberian elms are sus- ceptible to winter-killing, par- ticularly their recent growth. Now is tho time when sprouts develop from tlie root stock of fruiting crab apples, double flowering plums and tome mountain ash varieties. According to Mr. Oosterhuls, these suckers develop because the trees have grafted on to hard root slock. They usual- ly sprout from below the graft joint during first three or four years of Die tree's life. If Ihey arc not removed, they will gradually crowd out the graft- ed variety ami lake over the Irec. Keeping the earth hilled up around the tree to a level several inches above the graft union discourages sprouting. Except for those which pro- duce attractive the flower heads on nil spring shrubs should bo re- moved when they Ijcgin to fade. Hcmoving lire deaii flow- er lioads from lilacs and shrub roses, for example, enables the shrulw to produce large, healthy bixls for Ihe following year's flowers. Pinching i.s a form of prun- ing that can be ment of agriculture, Edmon- ton. CHOP VARIETIES More than 700 crop varieties were licensed In Canada as of June Of these, approximately 144 were developed by the Canada department of agriculture. A further 103 wore, developed by Canadian universities or priv- ate breeders.