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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 21, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 _ THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, Augusl 21, 1970 Neul Ascherson Czech Mask Conceals Doubts And Regrets Invasion Anmversary There is nol likely lu be any violence in Prague on this the second anniversary of the invasion of Czech- oslovakia by Russian troops. This is not because all opposition to the stil- ling effect of that invasion has died away but because leaders of the dis- affected have thought it wise to dis- courage open demonstrations that could result in .street clashes. appeal has circulated urging the population to boycott shops, movies and newspapers and to observe a vol- untary curfew at 7 p.m. The hand- distributed appeal pointed out that the authorities can forbid people to do something but cannot prevent them from not doing something. It is hoped that empty streets will demonstrate the continued disap- proval of the forceful end to the Dubcek-led reform. A member of the present Communisty party Presidium has attempted to discount in advance the impact of the appeal. He pointed out that on Fridays there is an exo- dus from Prague by people weekend- in" This added to the number who would normally be at home watching television would account in large part for the emptiness of the streets. No matter how the anniversary passes it is difficult to believe that the majority of people in Czechoslo- vakia are happy with the heavy hand of Russia on their affairs. There was too much enthusiasm for what was happening under Alexander Dub- cek to make that believable. Keep Them Out The Journal of the National and Provincial Parks Association of Can- ada strongly advocates the banning of snowmobiles from the parks. These machines are highly disturbing to those who go to the parks to seek some tranquillity. Achieving a ban on snowmobiles may not seem very probable as even the Journal seems to recognize. There is a significant demand for the use of the machines in the National Parks Today there are more than a million of them in operation in North America and production of them is growing rapidly. It might seem more sensible to push for noise control on these raucous things. If there were more silencers the need to escape would not be so great. No great difficulties should be encountered in devising a method of cutting down on the ear-shattering noise. Most things could function more quietly if required. But there is an argument for restricting machines in parks and designated wilderness areas nv addi- tion to that of reducing noise. Wild- life needs some protection from the harassment made possible by ma- chines that penetrate their territories. Alberta now has a regulation pro- hibiting the chasing of wild animals with snowmobiles. But this will not be sufficient to give wild life peace even if it were to be strictly observed which unfortunately it won't. Real- ism strongly suggests that only a ban in designated areas such as the parks can provide the kind of sanctuary required. Nader vs. Big Business Dennis the Menace of the motor car industry, Ralph Nader, is richer by nearly half a million dollars thanks to General Motors. Mr. Nader accused the company of using agents to spy on his activi- ties, of antagonizing his neighbors, of engaging in a nosy investigation into his private life. It made things intolerable for him, he said. GM insisted that its private eyes had nothing to do with upsetting Mr. Nader's home life, which from all accounts is a rather lonely one. But, GM said, to fight the accusations would have involved the company in a proliferation of litigation that would, in the end, cost it mil- lion. In the interest of the stock- holders, it would not fight the case. It doesn't prove much except that litigation is costly, particularly in the American courts, and that a sin- gle individual can fight Big Business and will that is when the indi- vidual is endowed with the ingenui- ty, the purpose and the awesome in- tellect of Ralph Nader. El Dorado Beneath The Sea By Jane E. Hnckvale HO owns the riches to be found in the depths of the ocean? Until very re- cently it was an academic question, irrele- vant to relations between one nation and another. Now it has become a vital issue, one which must be decided before it is too late. Formerly no one dreamt that the vast mineral wealth lying on the ocean floor would be retrieved for the benefit of mankind. Now science tells us that techno- logical advances have made the retrieval of these infinite riches a certainty and within a very short time. The fear that claims staking in mid- ocean could set off an international donny- brook is no chimera. For two years scien- tists for the Centre for the Study of Demo- cratic Institutions, an American think-tank has been studying the problem. They work- ed' in concert with the UN permanent 42 nations sea bed committee, and then with a group of 250 international lawyers, scien- tists and planners before bringing their re- commendations into a draft UN convention form. The 47 article draft, following through a proposal by President Nixon, defines the international seabed area as that which extends beyond 200 meters (650 feet) out- side territorial waters, and it advocates that this area should be "open to use by all stales and reserved exclusively for peace- ful purposes." It proposes that there should be a coastal state trusteeship in the area beyond the depth limit to the deep ocean floor. Resources extracted from this still indefinitely defined area would be partly the property of the coastal state involved and partly international property. Beyond this coastal state area all the resources would be used "for the benefit of all man- kind, particularly to promote economic ad- vances in underdeveloped countries." Objections to the scheme are already pouring in. Big oil companies who want Io establish squatters claims, advanced tech- nological nations who essentially want to do the same thing so that their people may benefit from the metals, the oil. the fish lying un the El Dorado of the ocean floor. These industrial concerns, these nations, know that once claims have become opera- tive, international law is almost powerless to displace Ihcm. Writing for The Ixmdon Observer from Malta, where (he draft articles were ham- ercd out, Gerald Leach writer, thai, 'there Iwvc boon angry charges that Canada in- tends to extend its control over pollution into tull rights to undersea oil and miner- it is two the tanks Now years since came. Under Hie mask of fierce orthodoxy, Dr. Husak's Czecho- slovakia conceals a face creased with doubts and com- punctions. The purges have re- moved tens of thousands from the Party and thousands of the "tehnicat intelligentsia" who were managing the economy. Yet, so far, only one Prague student has been sent down on overtly political grounds, while everywhere there is a feeling that the young managers must somehow "be smuggled back to their posts again. The press attacks the leader of the West German trade mission for try- ing to buy Czechoslovakia out of the Socialist camp, and yet imports from West Germany rose by a starling 45 per cent in the first six months of this year, while the foreign ministry is ready Io accept feelers for a treaty with Bonn. Dr. Gustav Husak. as first secretary, is fighting with some als. Though the Canadians have denied this, maritime lawyers are only too well aware of how often nations have claimed rights for one activity such as fishing and gradually extended them to other areas." Most Canadians are probably unaware that their country stands accused of harrow self-interest in its Arctic waters policy. So far as most of us know, the subject of the deep seabed wealth has hot come up for discussion in Parliament or in the press. The U.S and Great Britain, says Mr. Leach, are prepared to give generous rights to the United Nations for a scheme that would distribute much of the oceanic riches to needy countries. Can Canada afford to stand back? It is an incredibly complex scheme, of that there can be no doubt. There are bound to be objections, from many power- ful UN member nations, even by those underdeveloped countries who stand to benefit most by its terms. The sad fact is that these nations do not trust the highly technologically developed countries to ful- fill their promises. Those smaller nations with long coast lines may prefer to set their own limits, refuse to participate in the scheme, and take their chances in de- veloping what they consider to be their own undersea resources when they can, without reliance on Big Brother who could prove a false friend. The need for urgent action is apparent. Dr. J. Craven, of MIT, one of the world's great ocean scientists says: "It is techni- cally feasible to put men, materials and equipment in the deepest part of the ocean and it will be feasible at low cost in the near future." The time for the "common property of mankind" to come under international pro- tection for the benefit of all men is almost here. There are those who would call the draft resolution too idealistic for accept- ance by the world community. There are those who suspect that selfishness and narrow, short range national ambition mil prevent it from getting off UK ground. But if the pessimists, the fearful, the suspicious can be over-ruled, the rewards for earth cttvcllcrs could be amazing. Idealism is the hallmark of today's so youth tells us and many of us what they say. Here is a cause which youth might study. If it meets wiih approval, it could become something for which it could work, demonstrate, and lobby. Why not make the attempt? success to fortify his position against the hard-liners, the Those who still follow politics now hope that he will stay in command. Nobody wants trouble on August 21, which could induce Ihe Rus- sians to support those who want to seize his job. But to stay in control, and gradually out-manoeuvre his opponents, Dr. Husak has to navigate a devious course. The trials are a typical example. This month, nine or ten men who last August petitioned Parliam e n t against the demolition of the 196'8 re- forms will probably face trial. This is a trial which nobody except the "ultras" really wants. The dilemma for Husak is that "no trial" would be used as a token of weakness by his enemies, while a trial with massive sentences would not only further shatter public morale b u t encourage the "ultras" to ask for sibly even a Dubcek trial. may have hit bottom a writer said. "There are a few signs of In the ruling Party Praesidi- um, Dr. Husak and the elderly President Svoboda lead a small group which tries to limit the dcslrnetiveness of the purges. Usually, as when they opposed Dubccit's expulsion, they are voted down by their colleagues, but these like Alois Indra, Prime Minister Lubomir Strougal and the chairman of the Czech Party Bureau, Josef Kempny back- ed up Husak when he ambush- ed the "ultras" in June. Husak ran this battle with Napoleonic relish. Among the "ultras" there is a powerful group of romantically pro-So- viet extremists who have es- tablished themselves as a bloc in the lower House of Parlia- ment. This spring, things seemed to be running their way. They managed to g e t Party screen- ing procedures toughened, and hastened Dubcek's recall from Turkey. In. Parliament, they openly demanded political trials. They prepared to attack Husak's position at UK Central Committee meeting due on June 1C. Hone their plans began to go wrong. Ironically, their heroes let them down: an accusing dossier against the' leadership which they had sent to Moscow was handed to President Svoboda as a "small present" when he visited the U.S.S.R. in April. Another secret letter from Josef Jodas, a leading to Mr. Brezhnev also ended up OP. Husak's desk. Jodas was sent for, and given suer a for "fractional- ism" that h.e died of apoplexy within hours. Karel Mcstek was told that if he attacked Uie leadership at the June meeting, his own misdeeds under the Novotny dictatorship might be recalled. Mestek crumpled. Husak then switched the date of the meeting to the end of June. A weird article by the Jaromir Lang, attack- ing the Party leadership in an army newspaper and meant to hit the Central Committee in "As a young person concerned vith and dedicated io the salving at today's problems, I know it's wrong; but, occasionally, I this crazy urge to LAUbHI "Chief, maybe you'd better have knocking the press io an Letters To The Editor A Neivspaper's Role In The Community In general in the six months I've been here I think you put out a very good, even excellent paper and I wish to congratu- late you en it. I do find myself often critical of your home grown editorials for their lack of depth in analysing today's problems. I believe that you must strive for greater under- standing in order to do what you can to h.elp the citizens of the world in this period of rising agitation. At the same time I'm often in agreement with the direction of your ef- forts and find the selection of the articles of national and in- ternational columnists to be ex- cellent. I have the feeling that your approach has improved recent- ly. If I am right in detecting a slight shift in thinking (pos- sibly in response to indignant letters from people like my- self) and if this means that you ane reflecting a shift in public attitude then I'm en- couraged. Mostly however you seem to be on the fence be- tween the Ric Swiharfs and Jim Wilsons or between the university and the business community. I guess if you got off the fence you would lose readers and revenue. Such a policy is not likely to best serve the community. I have no idea who controls your paper but if you have a strong measure of autonomy please use it more boldly. Let me encourage you to seek and print truth and be- come controversial. I find real naivete in your "Alleged! Mr. of August 5. It is terribly impor- tant for Canadians to under- stand what is going on in the United States. While it is true that Mr. Nixon is famous for his gaffes, he and his lieuten- ants should be more famous for a long list of attacks beseiging the Bill of Rights, of which this guilty before proven one is merely the most recent. Of course we will never know if this particular incident was a mistake or not but I saw him say his piece three times (CBS, NBC, CBC) and he was speaking slowly and quite care- fully. For a mind trained in law he should have caught him- self a few seconds later, so I could find it "inconceivable" that it vi a s a mistake with exactly the same justification as your editorial can say that it is "inconceivable" that it wasn't a mistake. You must recall his monumentally cal- lous remarks after the sum- mary operation nf "justice" (judge, jury and execution) at Kent State. As for being a costly mis- take. No! Nixon and his men do not believe their other ut- terances are costly considering Wholl Be Left To fay Taxes? does not even have running water and bathroom accommo- dation in his home. Still, he does not go on strike or com- plain. This is not an unusual case, but is the plight of thou- sands. This is also the situation many others find themselves in, and I am not particularly talking about those on public welfare. They do have a prob- lem, and many of them would like to make their own way if I could not help but notice the contrast between two arti- cles appearing in last Satur- day's Herald Weekend Maga- zine. The one, which was also portrayed on the cover of the section, was about the activities of our Prime Minister, and the other was the very informative article about a farmer "going broke on the richest land in the world." The article about the plight of this farmer (and also true of cotmtless thousands of oth- ers) very dramatically told about his hardships and the battle for survival he was fac- ing daily. It took us on a mental tour of the farming problems of the Prairies over a period of some 50 years, ail of it a strug- gle for survival. In this parti- cular ease it is stated, "Five year's in the army and 24 on the farm and it could all go down the drain in five years." Some farmer's years of Mil have al- ready "gone down the and the future as so vividly portrayed in this article is more grim than it has ever bc.en before. Many in industry and other positions in the gen- eral Canadian community com- plain about lack of facilities and low income, but here a "soldier' of the soil" after a life- time of hard work and sacri- fice, spent in feeding a hungry population and being the back- bone of country, n man 'Crazy Capers' He has a theory .about it distracting attention Iroin his baldness. there was an opportunity to do so, but as welfare recipients they are generally provided with sufficient income and proper facilities. The real vic- tims are those thousands of honest and hardworking people who are striving to make their farm or small business pay, and so are caught in a cost- price squeeze as more and more welfare programs are brought in and higher and high- er taxes arc levied to pay for them. When this group of lower and middle income people are completely destroyed, as will be the end result of our socialistic trends, who will be there to pay the taxes that will be need- ed? Yes, who will be there to pay the taxes in order to keep our Prime Minister (and others) in position to earn for "Canada far more worldwide publicity tlian any Prime Minister before for worldwide playing cosis a lot of money. How won- derful it would be if instead of bcying the playboy that he is, our Prime Minister would truly solv.e our economic problems, stem the of socialistic enslavement, and give new hope to those thousands men- tioned in Ihe first article. This would truly make Canada great in the eyes of the whole world. A. E. HANCOCK. Rnvmond. the number they make and keep making. The silent ma- jority applauds these state- ments and one can conceive that this was one more test of pub- lic temper in the drive to reduce certain groups of people to the status of non-persons. You had better know that the U.S. has concentration camps in readi- ness and that the provisions under law for internment are terrifying. I could go on but I will end by asking you to compare this picture with the one being paint- ed by Trudeau and Turner who, as far as I know, have never said anything like what issues from the mouths of Nix- on, Mitchell, Agnew and Rea- gan. I agree with Trudeau that our greatest danger comes from the U.S. I fear that twenty million people perched along the border will not have the view, the strength and the independence to avoid falling into the American vortex. At least our present federal lead- ers must be better than we de- serve. JOHN MACKENZIE. Lethbridge. niK'-sessioii, lamely appeared around the llith and was mas- sacred as "Maoist" by the Party daily, Rude Pravo. When Ihe session did take place, only General ItyUr accused the leadership of and lack of economic vision. Husak told him menacingly that if he really meant "oppor- tunism" he should say so and start collecting his evidence. This slory so far unpub- lished shows that Gustav tT-sak is no puppet and no weakling. It also shows the typically bewildering Soviet at- titude to Czechoslovakia. On the one hand, the with their support in the army com- mand, are clearly leaning on the Soviet headquarters at Mil-'ice, near Prague. On the other, Mr. Brezhnev is equally clearly prepared to stop his hi- de Czech friends in order to keep Husak in power. This leads Czechs and Slovaks to guess that the argument in Moscow 0'iout what to do with Czechoslovakia has been shelved without solution: while the Soviet leader's manoeuvre for influence before their Party Congress neH March, Dr. Husak may have a breathing space in which to build up a firm grip on his own Party. All this guerrilla activity goes on behind a thick screen of privacy. As far as the pub- lic are told anything, they are lold that the Party is united, that the Praesidium is always unanimous, and that chaos in the economy left behind by the "adventurists" of 1968 is be- ing cleared up. As background music comes the ceaseless press and radio recital of tha misdeeds of Dubcek, now aim- lessly swimming in the lake near his country village in Slo- vakia and wondering what will happen to him when his foreign ministry pay runs out in Sep- tember: Dr. Husak and his colleagues, now about to publish the next five-year plan, know that there is no way back to the crazily over-centralized planning of the fifties. They seem to be aware that the wholesale dismissal of clever technocrats who said the wrong thing in 1968 must be stopped. But the problem is how. Eventually, if a modern industrial economy is going to work, factories will have to respond to the market and the "technical will have to be let back to the draw- ing boards. But how can this be done, without imitating the "adventurist" Sik? Probably and if Dr. Husak is allowed to stay in power there will be a cautious return to a "new mod- el" over several years, a model bolder than East Germany's but more cautious than Hun- gary's, and designed to keep control well away from the workers themselves. Husak must finally win the battle for' control over the Party before he can do any- thing constructive. Here lay one of Dubcek's mistakes. He sailed off down the marvellous river of reform while, below deck, a section of the crew plotted mutiny. Gustav. Husak, that wiry little Slovak lawyer who survived the prisons of Stalinism, is not going to re- peat that mistake. He may lose the Party struggle, in which case the country will slide back towards the senseless sloganiz- ing, incompetence and terror of the fifties. At the moment, though, Husak is showing the sort of ruthlessness and skill which alone can secure his position. If he stays, then Czechoslovakia could slowly become a saner place. A jour- nalist, one of the- men he fined, reflected: "What bad luck on them and us that Husak had to come after Dubcek, and not the other .way (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD the Mennonites stay in Manitoba they can expect no special dispensation, govern- ment officials have stated. They will not be persecuted in any way, but must abide by the country's rules. special meeting of city council was called io rescind the motion that St. Mi- chael's hospital be sold three acres of land on the southeast corner of 1.1th St. and 9 AVe. Fresh negotiations will be en- tered into for the purchase of five acres. 1MO Britain will offer the U.S. 09-year leases on air and naval defences in Newfound- land and ths British West In- dies, Prime Minister Churchill announced in London. frost was record- ed in many parts of south Al- berta overnight, with the city baring 32.8 degrees. There was four degrees of frost at Mon- arch, but no frost was record- ed in the Taber and Bamwell district. Chrysler Corporation has dropped DeSoto cars from its production lines. The cars will no longer be made at the Windsor plant, but for 1961 they will continue to be manufac- tured in the U.S. The Lethbrtdcje Herald 50-1 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No C012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager IDF BALLA WILLIAM HAY MiniolncI Editor Associate Editor 'ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;