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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE August Ask Andy LAKES AND SEAS Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to David Ply ley. age 11, of Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, for his question: Why are lakes fresh and seas salty? Billions of years ago. the global oceans were as fresh as our fresh water lakes and streams. Scientists estimate that several billion tons of salty chemicals are added to the seas every year and this has been going on at a steady rate through the ages. Hence the seas grow saltier while lakes and rivers remain more or less fresh. This remarkable situation involves a robbery that goes on and on. We live on a watery world and this has been so since the first rains deluged down on the earth some four billion years ago. These fresh water rains filled and stayed in the great ocean basins. Since then the total amount of the world's water has remained more or less the same. However, an annual quota is recycled back and forth between the earth and the air. Water covers about three quarters of our planet's surface and the total amount is estimated to be more than 330 million cubic miles. Some 97 per cent of the total is salty sea water and about two per cent is fresh water Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Aug. 20, 1974 The Greek general staff announced the capture of Kiafa, the last Communist guerrilla stronghold. 26 years ago today in 1948 in the last major action of three years of civil war. Material and financial aid from the United States turned the tide after the insurgents, under Markos Vafiades, seized control of large areas of the country in 1947. 1153 St. Bernard of Clairvaux died. 1833 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd president of the United States, was born. 1944 Major D. V. Currie of the Southern Alberta Regiment won the Victoria Cross in France. 1940 Britain announced a lend-lease swap of bases to the United States in exchange for over-age destroyers. frozen in icy glaciers. Less than one per cent is the so- called fresh water found in lakes, streams and ground water, some of which is buried three miles deep. We refer to it as so-called fresh water because it is not perfectly pure water. Actually it contains a tiny trace of all the 100 or so chemicals dissolved in the salty sea. All the fresh water lakes are drained by rivers that finally empty themselves into the sea. Water is a great solvent, which means that it tends to dissolve molecules of almost everything it touches. And all the streaming surface water dissolves molecules from all the different substances in the earth's rocky crust. It carries away all this loot from the land and dumps it into the sea. Meanwhile the sun beams down and evaporates countless tons of moisture from the surface of the sea. But only the water molecules become gaseous vapor and go up into the weathery atmosphere. The salty chemicals and other loot stolen from the land are left behind, which is why the sea gets saltier day by day. The water in a lake dissolves traces of this and that from everything it touches. True, it tastes fresh and not at all like the salty sea. But this is because sea water contains a very much higher percentage of dissolved chemicals. It is estimated that 166 million tons of looted chemicals are dissolved in every cubic mile of sea water. And almost 78 per cent of this is ordinary salt, called sodium chloride. A fresh water lake is fed by fresh water streams and springs and other streams drain its mildly salty water back to the sea. But if its drainage to the sea gets cut off. in time it becomes a salt water lake. The same old SUP. evaporates its surface moisture and leaves its dissolved chemicals behind. As streams drain in. more chemicals are added and in time the lake water may become even saltier than the sea. This is just what happened to the Great Salt Lake of Utah. Questions asked by chil- dren of Herald readers should be mailed to Ask Andy, P.O. Box. 765, HuntUgton Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN c Tin CAiCMO Tribune M-iili vulnerable. South deals. NORTH 7 4 2 Q 9 (i 5 8 3 2 EAST A Q J 10 ti 5 VQ10H53 Q J 9 7 6 5 4 SOUTH A K 7 4 2 Void A K 7 4 2 A K 10 The bidding: South West North East Pass 2 NT Pass Pass 4 Pass Pass Pass Pass Opening lead: Queen of 4k Don't lot an apparently easy looking hand lull you into a false sense of security. The quirks of distribution can wreck even the most secure contract if declarer doesn't pay due care. Smith's hand might not quite measure up to the textbook requirements for a forcing two bid. but his hand was so strong distributionally arid so rich in controls that he felt those factors made up for any deficiency in high cards. When North could support his second suit freely. South jumped straight to slam. West led the queen of clubs. ;md declarer started thinking in terms of an overtrick. He won the king of clubs and cashed the queen and ace of diamonds. The fact that East showed out didn't faze him to a great degree. Next came the king and ace of spades. When West ruffed. Declarer's pre- dicament dawned on him. He could discard a club on the ace of hearts, but he had only two trumps in dummy to ruff his three losing spades, so he ended up down one. The 5-1 spade split and 3-1 diamond division represented one of the few distributions that could defeat the slain, but declarer could have guarded against it. If spades were 4-2. the slam was ironclad. Thus, before touching trumps de- clarer should play the ace and king of spades. West ruffs the second spade, but declarer is still safe. Kven if West returns a trump, declarer wins in his hand and ruffs three spades in dummy The defenders are powerless to prevent this, since the queen of diamonds is still in dummy to prevent West from scoring a second spade ruff with his jack. The ace of hearts takes care of declarer's losing club. Your horoscope By Jeane WEDNESDAY, AUG. 21 Your birthday today: This year, the way opens for you at-, the last minute. Sudden events are ordinary, so learn to adapt and make use of shifting circumstances. Relationships vary from quiet calm to vigorous testing: and all do not last the year. Today's natives seem destin- ed for periods of great abun- dance, either material or philosophic. ARIES (March 21 April 19) Swiftly changing conditions slightly dramatize partnerships or marriages. Your common sense and gentle truthfulness make all the difference. Promote creative ventures and their financing. TAURUS (April 20 May Switching work methods or jobs seems likely. Your attitude is of major importance. Clear up home situations; find or give a party this evening. GEMINI (May 21 June You need time to sort out the many details that you suddenly notice. Make no snap judgments; controlling factors aren't readily visible. Change scene and mood tonight. CANCER (June 21 July A fleeting coincidence offers opportunity for breaking off a long standing habit or unsatisfactory- connection. Think what you're doing; be sure this is what you really want. LEO (July 23 Aug. You rally remarkable co operation, but you must do it singlehandedly. Routines have reasons and shouldn't be casually interrupted or dropped. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Exploit all complex and subtle possibilities in today's crosscurrents and conflicts. In the evening, look back and be thankful you've done so well. LIBRA (Sept. 23 Oct. Complete your project without haste or last minute reorganization; changes needn't be extreme. Catch Up on details in later hours. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Plans must take into account your health, perhaps some other limiting factor. Seek political and social endorsement. Present yourself with care and elegance. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. Friends and their advice, at best erratic, yet receptive to your sense of humor, yield good results. Social moves are timely and lucky. Go ahead! CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Avoid drastic moves in career the apparent necessity proves illusory or temporary. Willingly join in with group activities; seek smoother guidelines. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Serious studies, advanced technique in art for personal use are favored today. Self improvements become obvious if you're on the right track. PISCES (Feb. 19 March You find people holding strong opinions where you hadn't expected them. Care with money is urgent. You will soon need to put it to better use. Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER Each distinct letter in this addition alphametic stands for a particular but different digit. It all adds up to a real BALL, of course, so what exactly must that be? Thanks for an idea to J.R. Partington. Holt, England. (Answer tomorrow) Yesterday's answer: Father born 1884. Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb In one of your columns you wrote about skin cancer. You said some spots that are really not yet cancer, but the kind that may become cancer, can be removed by various skin ointments now available. Can you please list some of these ointments so that I may buy them0 Dear Reader I received a lot of mail asking about that. Those ointments are not something you can do yourself. And, you can't obtain them without a prescription. One of these I was thinking about is Efudex. But these ointments must be used with care. Dermatologists use other ointments as well for the same purpose. It is probably not a good idea to be trying to remove skin spots on your own. Your doctor needs to see what they are and be sure you get the right treatment. And, in many instances, for the raised furry spots 'and surface spots that sometimes turn into cancer he can give you a generalized treatment for them. I think I mentioned before that a medical salve like Efudex can even identify cells that are about to undergo changes that still look perfectly normal. So, if you have these raised spots that doctors call "keratosis" and similar skin problem, your doctor can do something about them without having to cut all of them off. Dear Dr. Lamb My mother is a diabetic and when I was younger she would tell me that I could never marry a man whose mother was also a diabetic. She said we would have deformed babies. Recently my husband's mother was told she would be placed on diabetic tablets. This has made me very concerned about having children. Is there any medical truth to what I was told? Is it possible that this factor may cause abnormal children? Dear Reader That is a bit of an exaggeration. You do have the chance that some of your children will be diabetic. That does not mean they will be deformed. I would guess from the nature of your letter that you are still pretty young. Actually about 10 per cent of the people over 65 do have diabetes. The rate of diabetes increases with age. We don't know yet whether or not you will be a diabetic during your life time or even whether or not your husband will be. If both of you are diabetic, then it will be likely that your children will be, but perhaps not until they too are past 65. Both of you may be a carrier of the trait and then some of your children may be diabetic. One of you may be a carrier and the other person be normal. Then more than likely none of the children will have diabetes. So, what you are really worrying about is what are the chances of the children having diabetes, and if they do, when will they have it. I think beyond that you should forget about the problem. I would, though, plan on having periodic checks for yourself, your husband, and children, including at least a blood test to see if you have developed any evidence of diabetes. A THE OF SCHOOL..J Mf PAP I HAVEN'T BEEN EATINS PROPERLY... TO ME UP FOR A NEiO SHORT MBS WASHINGTON THREW A SILVER DOLLAR ACROSS THE" RAPPAHANNOCK ..WAVING THE 6OVERNMENTJ JUST THROW AWAY TAX DOLLARS HI AND LOIS IOKAV, BUT WHfcr-1 SCHOOL STARTS 1 HAVE TO WRITE WHAT I PIP THIS SUMMER, ANP I DON'T HAVf ANVTHIN6 TC WRITE, IT'LL BE a, -z BUGS BUffllY I THOUGHT THIS WAS A COSTUME DON'T ER-..COME IN, WORRY ABOUT IT.. ENJOY YOURSELF.' MAY I INQUIRE WHAT YOU REPRESENT? WHAT DO VOU RECOMMEND FOR A SINUS HEADACHE BLONDIE MOW DO YOU DO, i MY NAME IS WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE IM SELLING THIS 3OOK OF MV PLAYS I THINK IT'S ONLV FAIt? TO TELLVQU I'M THE ORI6INJAL WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE YOU MAD ME POOLED, ARCHIE I SHAME... POOPSIE.' V THAT'S NOT YOU MUST BE CONSIDERATE OF OTHERS ON THE NOW I'M TAKING YOU HOME HAGAR THE HORRIBLE WE'RE id A IT'S THE SAME JEETLE BAILEY ADVANCE AND BE RECOGNIZED THE HiREP TO ENP THE LI'L ABNER UNROLL IT. LI'L VO' EARNED TH.' UNROLL IT IN ENTlTLlN' ME TO A FREE PITCHER 0' AMERICA'S GREATEST HERO- ME IS-P TUMBLEWEEDS HMM...PERCY THE NEWSPOY IN THE THROES OF ANI INPI60 FUNK... WHAT'S PERC? I FEEL LIKE A FILLER ON THE PACK PAGE OF HFE CHEER UP. IT COULP Vc- WORSE ;