Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAlD Friday, August 20, 1971 Tim Trnynor Blundering in Athens Storm clouds arc gathering in Ath- ens again and the issue ol whether the U.S. should continue lo provide military aid lo the colonels' regime is boiling up in Washington. The House of Representatives has voted to suspend such help unless Ihe pres- ident invokes the security" escape clause the kind of diplo- matic waffling that comes in handy under circumstances siu-h as these. The cnix of the issue is put succinct- ly by the incomparable C. L. Sulz- b'ergcr who writes that "Ihe Ameri- can dilemma in Greece is. in a sense, whether to be liked by the govern- ment and disliked by the people in order to shore up a sagging Mediter- ranean strategic position, or whether to jeopardize the United Stales' abil- ity'to stand by NATO and Ihe -Middle Easl commitments in order to af- firm preference for democratic rule." The American image in Greece since the takeover has not been good. For one thing, diplomats are report- ed to have sought cozy relationships with (he colonels and avoided con- tact with leaders of the previous re- gime. This hardly presents a pic- ture of U.S. opposition lo the present one. Accusti I i o 11 s that the U.S., through the CIA, encouraged the coup are probably false, bul such rumors are rife anyway. The plain fact is that Greece is an important NATO ally, and on this fact alone it is entitled lo modern armament. The only thing the U.S. can do under the circumstances is to continue heavy pressure on the colo- nels lo stop their repressive mea- sures and to show their distaste by making contact publicly and private- ly with the opposition. U.S. diplomats could make a good start in doing what is possible to prevent the draft law on the control of journalists a law which vir- tually brings Ihe press under gov- ernment control, just as it is in China and Russia. If Ihe Greek government insists on pulling Ihis law on the books, the L' S. Senate will almost certainly close the loophole in the bill lhal gives Mr. fx'ixon Ihe right lo continue arms shipments. Any way one looks al it, the draft law is a terrible blun- der bolh in timing and intent, bound lo infuriate Americans and solidify public opinion against a government they dislike and appear to support. Think of it! Today for the first time in twenty years South Koreans and North Ko- reans will be talking to one another. Members of Red Cross societies of both sides of the divided country are negotiating to try to arrange contact between Korean families who have been prevented from communicat- ing with one another for 20 years. On the outcome of these meetings are bound to be several- rest the hopes of nearly ten million Koreans, about half (he population of Canada who have not heard from one another for this great length of lime. Even (he suggestion that hus- bands and wives, fathers and sons, mothers and daughters may once again write letters, or talk to one another, must spark the hopes of waiting millions. Talks on Panmunjon have, until now. been talks without result. One can only hope that these meetings will be the start of a thaw in rela- tions in a country whose people have suffered even longer and more than the citizens of divided Germany. Af- ter 20 years of silence a letter, a radio message, even perhaps a meet- ing face to face. Think of it! Embarrassed silence A New York Jewish neurosurgeon who headed a 20-man group on a visit to the U.S.S.R., with the pur- pose of among other things tak- ing a look at the status of Soviet Jews, was refused admission to visit a section where about fifteen per cenl of the population is Jewish. He says he had been led to expect that there would be no difficulty in tra- velling to the area, but his insistent requests for arrangements met with no response. The Soviets simply told Dr. Matthew that everything is fine with Soviet Jewry and there was no need to investigate for himself. Before his departure, four days ahead of schedule, Dr. Matthew told a news conference in Moscow that there must be a Jewish problem in the U.S.S.R. how else could the Sovi- ets justify arresting people who wanted to emigrate lo Israel? He continued, "f got the impression that the U.S.S.R. feels it can talk about Angela Davis and the Black Panthers when they have no black population, but does not have to talk about its own problems." The doctor and his group accom- plished nothing to alleviate the situa- tion of Russian Jews, but there's a kind of vicarious satisfaction in the report that his audience, which in- cluded a few fntourisl representa- tives, listened in embarrassed silence. Plain or jam: [VOTES scribbled in a coffee shop, while waiting for the meek to inherit the earth: I don't believe that the meek are going to inherit the earth. Especially if the earth was what they ordered. If the meek had ordered the chef's special (steak and kid- Qey yes, then Ihey might inherit the earth. With a side order of cole slaw that Ihey didn't order either. These IhongliLs arc provoked by the fact lhat the waitress has just brought me a jam doughnut aflcr I ordered a plain doughnut. I have nothing against jam dough- nuts. I like jam doughnuts, in reason, and aflcr f've ordered [hem. But when what I have ordered is a plain doughnut, the jam doughnut is an offence to body and soul alike. What galls is that I know that should ask the waitress to take back the jam doughnut and bring me a plain doughnut. For all f know, her bringing me llic jam doughnut is part of a pool the waitresses arc running lo break the monotony of serving table. "Two-hits snjs that Mr. Meet ovi'r UKTO, thC'himi) Mailing to inherit Ihe earth, won't ask me to lake back this jam doughnut after he ordered a plain dough mil." "Vou're syy.s Ihe needs glasses. To he truthful, I can't remember ever having asked a wailrcss or waller to rec- tify an error in my order, or to Uikc away nn order lhat turned out lo an error v. hen T tried to get a fork into it. I just cat v.hnl I am brought, hoping that the error will mil In: brouujn ligM by somebody else and become Ihe cause ol a dreadful bcenc. Chewing on my jam doughnut 1 rumin- ated on the division of people into three basic types, as revealed by their behavior at the trough. There is the aggressive type thai rejects not only a dish he ordered but also tlic wine, f can'l relate to this kind of person. Unless the cork is actually floating in my glass when the wine steward sleps back to let me test what he has poured, and the cork is attached to a line with a hook and a worm on it, be knows and I know that I am going to nod sagely, choke and turn as scarlet as the plonk. The second type of individual sends back a ]am doughnut when he ordered a plain doughnut. He is elected chairman ol im- portant committees, and dogs instinctively stay off his lawn. The third type, found under this rock immediately alwve me, shrinks from com- plaining about anything at all unless it physically attacks him. II is just such liiUe indices of character that ruin us mcekies. I remember a period of my nonage when I was escorting a young woman and making what I corsidered to brisk time for the dislancc. Rut I made Ihe blunder of Inking her to dinner once loo oflon. Thai evening (lie waitress brought me liver uhen I'd ordered fish and chips. "Make Idem chMigr it." "Srrirl il. said mv fair Tbe spark ol gumption flared briefly un- der her indignation. I made the flimsy ex- cuse that 1 loved liver, almost as much as I loved fish and chips, and besides blood needed the iron. Needless lo say, I never Iricd for llic goodnight kiss. Iron in the blnod is nn snh- .slillile for slccl in ivill. My chance's were fried with liver. The meek wiU inherit the jam doughnut. U.S. forced into corrective measures WASHINGTON Abrupt- ly, tlic tr.S. Iws (alien a niiijor turn, upsclling lire cer- tainties which have underpin- ned the West and its prosperity .since llic early no.it-war years. It is however, a turn toward which lire U.S. lias been mov- ing for a very long lime. For years throughout sporadic monetary crisis a basic psychological adjust- ment lias been taking place, and its end result has been skepticism about the pater- nalistic role of the U.S. in the western economic system. This sentiment evidently took final hold of President Nixon as be confronted a scene only drearier than that of every oth- er recent year: inflation resur- gent and running at above six per cent, gross national prod- uct growing al an indifferent four per cunt ami the prospect of a deficit not only in (lie bal- ance of payments, but also in the balance ot trade. The indicators clearly spell- ed 'drifl' a drift which presaged a continued slippage of U.S. performance in world markets, as well as political troubles for a president soon to face re-election. Faltering eco- nomic performance foreshad- owed a further ballooning of the already large planned bud- get deficit and there could only be yet another worsening of Vae chronic balance of payments deficit. This in turn pointed to yet more questioning of the dollar, speculation against it, and strain on the monetary .system. The full presidential weight was thnnvn behind the long- postponed basic corrective measures. W i t h eye opening thoroughness, he ordained a radical reshaping of the ex- isting economic pattern, wheth- er in the freezing of wages and prices, the slashing of taxes to stimulate growth, the with- drawal of Lire props which have prevented devaluation of the dollar, or llic curbing o[ im- porls through the imposition of a 10 per cent surtax. Overnight the new presi- dential thrust has become a central factor of the world scene. The international mone- tary structure which was based on a fixed dollar ex- change rale must be refor- mulated, undoubtedly in such a way as to remove some of the shackles which have rigidly bound the dollar to gold and have somewhat hamstrung the U.S. in her trading relation- ships, It is plain that, in the up- coming period of reconstruc- tion, all interested countries will have lo reckon with a .strong firoundswell of U S. pres- sure for an improvement of America's competitive position in world Irade. A major prem- ise of the Mixor. administration thinking wlu'cli led lo (lie dras- tic break with the past is that weak countries of the imme- diate post-war period have grown immensely but have retained unfair trading and monetary advantages under the existing system. There were clear overtones of a loss of patience with the situation in the president's announcement of -steps to float the dollar and curb im- ports to Hie U.S The president said the im- port surtax was the tempo- rary action which, while not directed at any other country, was designed "to make certain that American products will not be at a disadvantage be- cause of unfair exchange rales. When the unfair treatment is ended, Hie import tax will be ended as well." He added that unfair edge" that borne competitors had had "is a ma- jor reason why our trade bal- ance has been eroded over Ihe past 15 y t- a r 5." He ncled that Ihe US'. had distributed S143 billion in foreign aid and call- ed on beneficiaries who have come strong "to bear their fair share of the burden of defend- ing freedom around the world." The lime hart come fcr the major nations lo "compete as equals" and there was no long- er "any need for llic United Stales to compete with one hand lied behind her back." There is little doubt that Japan was the main object of these comments, since the iimnlJiiigness of Die Japanese to allow changes in the value of the yen which would benetit Ihe U.S. has caused increasing resentment. The Nixon admin- istration has also become in- creasingly exercised over its in- ability lo get the Japanese to meet requests for the lim- itation of textile exports lo the U.S. Japan is. however, only one aspect of Ihe picture: indica- tions are Iliat Canada with its massive U.S. trade, is another. In tlie aftermath of Mr. Nixon's announcement, responsible offi- cials were linking the presi- denl.'s comments on unfair treatment lo long-standing U.S. complaints about the Canadian- American automotive Free Trade Agrecmcnl. Secretary of the Treasury John C'onnally has in the na.sl pointed to this as an instance where trading partners had used unfair de- vices lo gain trading advant- ages over llic U.S. (Canada has maintained cer- tain qualifications lo the auto agreement, which was osten- sibly to have led to free trade. The U.S., which had enjoyed a considerable surplus in auto trade with Canada, is now in deficit as a result of the agree- ment The deficit in trade with Canada is regarded as an im- portant element of the overall U.S. balance of payments pic- ture, and officials express hope that Ihe measures announced by President Nixon will strenglhei, the U.S. position in trade with Canada.) As a major trading partner, Canada is deeply involved in the U.S. measures, but there is little apparent disposition to make special arrangements for her. It is said lhal she can fall back on a strong balance ot payments and currency reserve position, and that some of the impact can be cushioned by ad- justments in the floating Cana- dian dollar. (The import surcharge will apply lo a number o[ impor- tant Canadian exports, includ- ing some machinery, such minerals as copper, and whiskey, but will not apply to such major exports as oil, news- print, unprocessed minerals and aulos covered by the Free Trade Agreement. Preliminary calculations arc lhal between 60 and 80 per cent ot Canada's roughly 51] billion annual ports lo the U.S. will nol be af- fected. The surcharge does not apply to goods already subject to quota. materials, or goods which are classified duty- free.) Though a substantial part of Canada's exports are unaffect- ed, most notably aulos. the Im- pact is still likely to be impor- tant, possibly resulting in pain- ful new unemployment in Can- ada. This could set the stage for bargaining between the two countries centering on the auto agreement and the defence pro- duction sharing agreement, un- der which Ihe U.S. has also ex- perienced a considerable deficit recently. Confronled with the new import limitations, the Cana- dian government rray be more willing to make changes in Ihe auto agreement which the U.S. Ihinks are called for in the interest of fairness. (Herald Washington Bureau) Maurice Appraising President Nixon's announcement rjTTAWA The sweeping economic and financial measures announced by Presi- dent Nixon had the effect on Monday of emphasizing drama- tically the divergent approach- es lo external policy of the Tmdeau government and its NDP critics. First to the microphone and first to issue a public statement on behalf of his party was David Lewis. While the NDP is seldom hesitant to put words on the record, this precipitancy was almost certainly a mistake and Mr. Lewis must sensed il. localise he did lot appear to he his usual confident self. Any policy in ington of Lho.sc dimensions is bound to have important, ef- fects on Canada. In Ihe fLrsI six months of this year, nearly 69 per cent of our exports v.enl lo llic American market. The United Stales is also our larg- est supplier; last with iinpoils- Jagging rather notice- ahly, it was the source uf about 71 per cent of cur for- eign purchases. In addition, it is our greatest source of out- side investment and formidable competitor in many markets. Thus. Canadian business is hound to be affected. Any lead- er of (he New Demncrvitic Par- ty, which is peculiarly sensitive lo American actions, would un- doubtedly wish on the first ap- propriate occasion Lo express his views; to advise and ad- monish Ihe present govern men L and to put forward suggestions for a program in accordance with NDP analysis. Bul Mi. Lewis, acting JXT- haps on umvisc advice, hurried lo a press conference while the facts on which anv judgment must he based were .still far 1'roni clear. Letter to ihe editor Why hiss about languages? I am a plain housewife, with- out any university degrees. a high school cdncii I ion. I It average iHlclligentv, .jij.il ,-if least 85 Lo 90 per cent of house- wives in Canada, I don't have any desire lo protest violent Iv about changes, but in the fol- lowing article, T will use plain Canadian lo express my feel- ings and I'm .sure the feelings of a lot of women, and prob- ably men, of my status, about these discussions radio, TV, etc., in regards (o the Quebec problem and should we or will we he m ade Ihe filly fir.sl slate of Ihe Ciiilcf' In the First place 1 dun'l tlmiK i.hc United Stales has am Mich ideas about us al prn.rut but if wo falk il oflon eunuch ,ind loud enough, I hey might get ideas. 1 love Ihe United States, I love lo (ravel Ihroi'ph il, I like the people, and 1 like them to visit us. FluL I do not want lo become the fifty first stale of Ihe Unilrd Slnfes. I am nn polilirian. hul ;r- ;i liorn. I am sick ;iiid tired of hearing these di.scus- sions. THIS IS CANADA. NOT ENGLISH CANADA, NOT FRENCH CANADA, JUST PLAIN CANADA. There is not wily Ijiigluh mil] J'Yerieb .spo- ken in our homes but hundreds of different languages because a lot of our ancestors are Euro- pean, etc. My parents came to Canada ;it the age of Ihree and seven respectively. Their par- ents were pioneers and he- cause there were no schools where they Jived (Saskatche- wan was not even a province at Hi at lime) they bad lo learn I lu- Knplish language Ibe bard ujiy. They lauglil us children liicir mot her tongue but. I hey an- guild Canadians and proud of Ihis land uliicli they helped build. M r'.V l.l.ir fll.vi guagrs? Why don't ju-4 con- centrate on keeping Canada beautiful, clean, and raise our children lo be good citizens tint] neighbors and forget ahoul who Inndcd on the eastern coast fir.sl, the French or Ihe Eng- lish. After all ue are all the same in llic of ANNOYED CANADIAN. Lcllibridge. He was fairly sure lhat cer- ium goods automobiles, oils, .strategic iiiiileriflls would nol be subject to Ihe American sur- charges but what proportion o( our trade would be affected he simply did not know. (In fact, the government itself on Mon- day night was not sure of the position in regard to strategic materials.) The NDP leader candidly admitted at one point (hat it might be a month or so before the prospects became clear. Nor was lie clear as lo the nature of the threat lo our currency; presumably Lhe danger is that il will become too expensive bul Mr. seemed Lo worry unduly about the possibility of withdrawal of profits by American compa- nies, which probably would have Ihe opposite effect. Nevertheless, in the compul- sion Lo prescribe, Mr. urged lhat we should be "very lough" (which is none too easy with our best customers) and suggc.sleri thai we were not without weapons given the pres- ence here of international cor- porations based in the United Slates. What we need is an agency to monitor their acti- vities, making sure, that they do net transfer production Lo the cllicr side of Ibc border and for- bidding them, if necessary, from Iransferrijig profiLs earn- ed here. Much later in Lhe day, Milch- ell Shcirp, the acting prime minister, commented on (he basis of more comprehensive facts and a more serious ap- praisal of the new situation. Mr. Sharp did not prcleml lhal the new policy would benefit us. Rut he was clear that the surcharges not af- fect goods previously not sub- led lo nor those under restrictions. Willi raw materials exempt, il ;m- [inir.s lhal ahnul per crnl nf Irarle Lhe United vulnerable, aIIbough in a good many cases llic Pill Ifl pr-r cent levy (a maximum) will nol apply. Having set out those and other facts, Mr. Sharp proposed a policy course which .seems allogrlher more likely lo cure a relatively favorable out- come for Canadian exporters. This i.s biused, not on .1 get tcugli policy nor on any new mechanism lo intimidate Am- erican companies bul on a fair recognition of the. difficult prob- lems with which Mr. Nixon is trying to grapple and careful analysis of what he actually said in the Washington an- nouncement. The key lo this is the con- viction lhat Ihe president's case for I fie surcharges, on Lhe basis of his own words, is noL appli- cable Lo Canada. Their purpose is lo bring to reason, and more sensible inlernalional arrange- ments, countries which main- lain artificially low currency rales dims securing unfair al U.S. ex- pense) or else rely on discrim- inatory trade practices. Since Canada qualifies on neither count, (here is no reason lo be- lieve lhal action taken against this country, which would na- turally injure over-all trade, be of benefit to the United Stales in its current, dif- ficullie.s. Thus the action proposed is Lhe despatch, almost immcdi- Looking Through llic Hernld I'M] Enlistment of British citizens for .service in Moroccu In- Ilic Spanish roiisulalc iras suspended and men enter- ed Llie service, lo light against the Moors he discharged. lentativc agreement has been reached IxHwccn the dominion and provincial ROV- crnincnls and Alberta cities whereby the two fiovcrimicnl.s will pay fi3 per cenl of llic cost of relief work for married un- employed men with the cities the remaining 3j per cent, mil The ashes of the Miir- ately. of a team headed by min- isters (o put the Canadian case as .slrongly as possible be- fore their American counter- parts. In fact, as Mr. Lewis could not have known when he recommended liis lougli course, Mr. Benson has in effect al- ready been invited in a letter from the president to Mr. Tni- deau. All this may be ]ess drama- tic than the hastily improvised NDP policy, based on a gloomy view that the world is plunging back to the 1930s and Ihat the Canadian government must stop basing its plans on the ex- pectation of American recov- ery. I Why? The United Slates has been in difficulties Ijcfore but Ihe Americans have sur- vived and their neighbors wil.h Ihem.t Bul drama on the inter- national scene, however emo- tionally satisfying, does not commonly pay off in jobs. Pur- pose does and the government on Monday sounded a great dea.l more purposeful than Mr. Lewis. (llnrahl Ottawa Bureau) backward quis of former gov- ernor-pciicral of Canada and Viceroy of India were buried (ofJ.'jy in Westminster Abbey. Margaret, the darling of Ihe com- monwealth, became of age to- day. Her 21st birthday was celebrated with n few close friends and family at Balmoral castle. Jomo Kcnyalla, the Afric.iH n.'ilioti.ilisL leader who is 'xpcc.led to play the biggest role in Kenya's policfical future. was freed today after s o v c n years o' imprisonment for his part, in Ihe Man Man uprising. The LcthbruUje Herald 50-1 7lh St. S., Lothnridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 195-1. by lion. A. BUCHANAN .Srcnnrt tlflss Mall ReqMratlan No 001? Member of Thn Canadian Press and ihf Canadian Driiiy Newspaper Ar.roci.Tlion nnd Iho Audil Ourriiii ol Circulations Cl.ro W. MOWERS, Edilor nnd Puhlir.hor 1 NOVAS H. ADAMS, Gcnrr-ti Wariiinrr JOE n A 1.1. A W11.1.1 AM MAY (TiMnr A- tu f'rMrr ROY F Mil f.j nntlGLAl, K WAI KGR Advertisniri Mtir.fiflcr r.ciiiori.n r.inr; Editor "THt HtRALD StRVES THE SOUTH"