Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, Au.just 20, 1970 Carl T. Rowan Over The Oil Barrel Western Europe is almost totally de- pendent on the Arab world for its oil requirements. No long term depend- able resources have yet been found to replace the viscous gush that pours out of the Middle East and North Af- rica to fill the fast growing require- mens of industry in sophisticated ec- onomies of the technologically oriented western. European nations. The crisis- prone underdeveloped Arab countries literally have the West over a barrel. It has been a matter of some com- fort to Europeans that since the 1956 Suez crisis, dependence on Middle- East oil lias dropped from 80 per cent to 50 per cent of total require- ments. Most of this must now be transported around the tip of South Africa. The big new source is North Africa, which now accounts for al- most 33 per cent of Europe's oil. Transport routes are unaffected by the closing of Suez. Politically the chief North African sources are lined up in the Russian camp. Libya and Algeria are said to be in sympathy with the Russian bloc. In the Middle East, Iraq is in the Communist camp when it comes to oil sales preferences. The two North African oil producing nations and Iraq make up an aggressive trio. The only other promising sources from which Western Europe might draw in the immediate future are the North Slopes of Alaska and the North Sea. But the Alaskan source is not expected to yield much more than the needs of the United States, and al- though predictions have been made that there are seven billion barrels of oil ready to be pumped out of the North would supply Western Europe's requirements for only two years. There are many reasons to hope and work for peace in the Middle- East, but at the top of the list must be written oil. Russia needs it, Europe needs it. The Arab nations have it. And the Arab nations are learning fast how to play the cat and mouse game. In the meantime, as an American executive of a Middle East company remarks, "it's mostly a day-to-day company to company confrontation That's the way it is, and that's the way it's likely to remain for years to come. Rock-Music Festivals Banning rock-music festivals as called for by many people and ac- ceded to by the Quebec government does not seem to be an answer. Applying the guillotine to end a head- ache is too radical a solution. Young people at least some young people apparently find a considerable attraction in assembling for a marathon of rock music. They are likely to find ways of continuing to gather together for such festi- vals. The affair recently held under the guise of a motorcycle race is a case in point. Unless there are laws prohibiting all gatherings of people it is patently impossible to eliminate rock festi- vals. What is to prevent young peo- ple from assembling for a religious revival, for instance? The sort of ecstasy some claim to experience as a result of prolonged exposure to the music would seem to lend some justi- fication to such a resort. And obvious- ly it would be difficult to apply a ban on religious gatherings. Objections to the festivals are not to the music that is performed but to the unsanitary conditions that tend to prevail and to the open flouting of the law regarding the peddling of drugs and alcohol, ft should not be too difficult to correct the first of these abuses. There is plenty of ex- perience to draw on in providing sanitaiy facilities for large crowds. Even the litter left afer the music festivals is not a new thing that no- body knows how to handle. The real problem, then, is coping with the illicit sale and use of drugs and alcohol. It is a big problem, too. Clearly, a decision must be reached speedily about whether to cleave to the law on the festival sites or to look the other way elsewhere as well. The inconsistency of arresting people for infractions of the law in some situa- tions and ignoring the flaunting of it in others is intolerable for everyone especially the police. Consistency should prevail in an- other consideration, too. If the cost of policing these festivals is to be charged to the promoters and passed on to the patrons, then the cost of police supervision of other special events such as sports competitions should also be levied on their pro- moters. Rock-music festivals are not likely to disappear because they are frown- ed upon. What seems to threaten their continuance most is the way promoters have been losing money on them! While they persist they de- be treated with fairness and firmness as would be expected in the case of any other assembly of people. Wanted: Freedom Too many students are in univer- sities who really do not want to be there. They have been pressured in- to it by a combination of the draft (in the United the demands of an increasingly complex society and the rising expectations of their parents. The consequent feeling of captivity in the educational system is the chief cause of campus unrest. Dr. S. I. Hayakawa, president of San Francisco State College, who presented this view in testimony before President Nixon's Commis- sion on Student Unrest, thinks it is bored students who are the disrup- ters. They are tired of being treat- ed as children and tired of pre- paring for life. They want to tackle real problems so they attempt to have the universities reconstituted so that there will be some flavor of the outside world where there is power politics, graft and intimida- tion. Student activists may not accept this analysis but long before they appeared on the scene it was ob- vious that only those who wanted to be at university to achieve an ed- ucation really applied themselves. The bored in the past put in their time at play. When older, married students began to attend universi- ties after the Second World War the difference generally between them and the recent high school grad- uates was striking. University was not a drag to them, it was exciting. If universities are to function as places of learning, freedom has to be offered to young people, accord- ing to Dr. Hayakawa. They must be free to go or not to go as they wish. In the U.S. this requires an end of the draft or of draft defer- ment for students because escape from the draft has been one of the prime motives for seeking higher education. Everywhere it means a lessening of emphasis upon a uni- versity education or at least of acquiring it immediately after leaving high school. It is the opinion of Dr. Hayakawa that all young people at the age of 18 should be required to enter a pro- gram of national service civilian or military, at the option of the in- dividual. This would provide most young people with the necessary break from school life. But it is a questionable remedy, as The Wall Street Journal has pointed out. It ignores "the impor- tant fact that personal growth is, after all, a deeply personal matter and is best enhanced by personal freedom, not more social manage- ment by government." The Journal suggests that young people should have a couple of years to spend travelling, working, or just sitting around meditating. A further suggestion by the Jour- nal is not so attractive, however. It is the proposal that universities im- plement "strong admissions policies designed to admit only those young students who truly understand what academic life involves and who truly have an interest in it." There should be room for people in uni- versities who are testing and who might be awakened to a love of learning. There is a final disturbing thought in connection with any discussion of cle emphasizing higher education. This is the prospect that in a world of diminishing work opportunity, ed- ucation may have to take up more and more time to become almost an occupation. What will be Hie cure for boredom then? Research Continues By Doug Bob Anderson hns nol been given another chance lo usher at church and will not have one for at least a year since he scon departs with his family for Niger- ia. The consequence is that there is no- thing to report on how he made out in his research on a suitable grecling to Rive a "rat" like me on a Sunday morning. However, Bob assures me tlwt his re- Walker search will continue in Nigeria. My hope is that he only finds a way to greet me in an African language and doesn't dis- cover how to put a hex on me by means of some esoteric rite or formula. My mother is going to be really ilis- lo think that IV. Ancleihon is going all iiie way to N'igeria on such a trivial undertaking! Dr, King 'Blackmailed' By Wiretaps WASHINGTON There k a sort of unwritten rule in this town that journalists don't write about the sexual pecca- dilloes of prominent public of- ficials. A president can go searching secretaries with a pencil flash- light when Ihe hounds are bay- ing to a full moon, a key Sena- tor can keep as many mistres- es as age and bankroll will permit, but "responsible" cor- respondents are self limited to laughing about them at the Press Club bar. In this town where not much hanky panky goes undetected, that gentlemen's agree- ment has kept many a plu'lan- der's political career from go- ing up in the smoke of his wife's divorce court anger. For this unwritten rule permits the really top political figures to shack up and ship out without their constituency ever getting a whiff of scandal unless the poor cluck is dumb enough to smoke in bed and set the motel afire. But that gentleman's agree- ment apparently docs not apply, even posthumously, to a man like the late Dr. Martin Luther King. So certain char- acters keep oozing into public print the kind of salacious gos- sip about Dr. King that they only whisper about carousing White House occupants and as- pirants. Time magazine has now put into print some six year old gossip about what allegedly oc- curred when King has his cele- brated confrontation with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover in 19G4. Time says: "Hoover explained to King just what damaging private detail he had on the tapes and lectured him that his morals should be those befitting a Nobel Prize winner. He also suggested that King should lone down his criticism of the FBI. King took die ad- vice. His decline in black es- teem followed." This will surely please those racists and reactionaries who hated Dr. King and everything he espoused as a civil rights leader. Some of them waged an "A PRIME MINISTER? I don't believe incessant campaign of charac- ter assassination even while King was alive. The magazine story will also anger many blacks who know that King was a Puritan com- pared with some Washington characters who enjoy the pro- tection of the press's "gentle- man's agreement." But the issue of overriding national importance is not whether Dr. King engaged in extra marital sexual activi- ties. Whether he did or did not is a personal matter that in no way affects the national wel- fare. Nor is there any point in arguing about whether Time should have printed this old gossip. The critical question is whether this society is going to permit public officials who have tapped telephones and bugged hotel rooms to black- mail the victims of their eaves- dropping and spying. And let it be clear that Time has accused Hoover of black- mailing King into easing the civil rights leader's criticism of the FBI. If Hoover can do this out of personal pique, why cannot some other official use wiretap and bugging data for political blackmail? Or to extort money from someone? What is to stop officials from spreading dirt around prominent people out of pure malice? Some of Dr. King's aides deny Time's version of the Hoo'ver King confrontation. They say there was no men- tion of King's personal life. Perhaps not. But I know for a fact that what Time prated was fed, by the FBI, to dozens of Congressmen, especially those who detested King's fight against racism and segrega- tion. I know absolutely that FBI agents went to many newspaper editors to whisper the same dirt. Some of my colleagues who know of the campaign to de- stroy King's reputation have expressed amazement that more of this kind of dirty busi- ness has not taken place. Well, it may yet occur. And that is why no free society ought to blindly approve new authorities for spying on the private lives of its citizens. Or let the army and other bureau- cracies start computerizing their own stockpiles of dirt and And that is also why the naming of a new FBI director will be one of the most impor- tant presidential appointments of this generation assuming someone comes along in this generation with the courage to let J. Edgar Hoover retire. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Maurice Western Flexible Guidelines On Northern Development .OTTAWA: The guidelines for northern trunk pipe- lines announced recently by Joe Greene and Jean Chre- tien are general in character, sensibly limited and timely. They are not related, according to the ministers, to enter nego- tiations with the United States reflecting instead the concern of the government and of Par- liament to safeguard our com- plex of interests above the 60th parallel. As Mr. Greene pointed out there are advantages in being second. With the discoveries at Prudhoe Bay, the Americans are far ahead of us in exploit- ing the hydrocarbon reserves in the North. At the moment, apart from the small field at Fort Norman and the discov- ery, which may or may not be of commercial importance, at Atkinson Point, we have no- thing in comparison except for interesting geology. Bui the Americans are also in trouble over their Alaskan pipeline be- cause the project was started without proper research and without a settlement with other legitimate interests, including those of conservationists and (he native people. Letter To The Editor In our own North research represented, for example, by the pipeline experiment at Inuvik has preceded devel- opment. But time presses if the territories are to derive the ad- vantages which ought to accrue. from their proximity to the American field on the Alaskan slope. The incentive to private enterprise to construct an oil pipeline through the Macken- zie may be minimal at the mo- ment but the case of gas is dif- ferent and a major worry to U.S. authorities. The situation is that several major companies have already expressed an interest in pipe- line construction. There is much that is still not known about the environmental ef- fects of such a development. Thus it is important to estab- lish some ground rules and prudent to insist on an orderly development. Initially only one trunk gas pipeline (and one oil pipeline) will he permitted and this will have to be located within a coiridor, the location of which will be determined in consulta- tion with interested groups. An important perhaps the most important decision is that Slimmer Games Great! We have sent the following letter to Air. Ellsworth, Rec- reation Director for Loth- bridge, but we tccl your read- ers should be informed as to the time, we the par- ticipants had, at the first Southern Alberta Summer Games. Dear Mr. Ellsworth: Wff just got hack from P'mcher Creek and we would like to thank you and your staff for the wonderful time we had at the first Southern Alberta Summer Games. We know you tried very hard lo make these games success- ful and may we add you suc- ceeded with high honors. one minute while we were there was boring. If we weren't in any of the events we helped judging, timing, doing errands, or meeting lots and lots of nice people. That part was the most fun, being somebody with some- thing always to do and loving it every minute. So we and a thousand oth- er people, arc grateful to you and your wonderful staff for p V o d u cing these wonderful games. Thank yon very much. UOSANNA SILVANA ANGELA (8) SACCOMANI. I-elhbridgc. this must provide common car- rier service. This is to guaran- tee that, in the event of Cana- dian discoveries, the com- panies concerned will haye what Mr. Greene calls an "in- alienable right" to use the ser- vice. The government, aside from protecting the future in this fashion, is in effect producing the companies. To quote Cue minister of energy again: "Either get together or only one of you is going to win the ball game." What considerations will be given weight by the govern- ment in the event of a pipeline application or applications? The guidelines indicate them only in general fashion. In ef- fect, there are Hires. First, the government will take into account "means by which Canadians will have a substantial opportunity for par- ticipating in the financing, en- gineering, construction owner- ship and management of north- ern pipeline." What "substan- tial" means the government it- self does not know. It is not pre- judging the inquiry of its own ministerial committee and is not, like the external affairs rommitl.ee, thinking in terms of a pre-ordained 51 per cent. In fact, it is in no position to do so because it has no idea how much Canadian invest- ment can be or should be di- rected into territorial pipelines. Th.e funds required if both lines are eventually lo be built will be of the general order of billion lo billion 10 times the cost of the St. Lawrence Seaway without the power in- stallations or five times the cost if power is included. (It has been recently reported that the seaway debt is greater now than it was when the project was completed.) The Trans-Canada Pipelino provides no sure guide to Ca- nadian capabilities in this sit- uation because it was largely debt financed and we are now living in the era of nine or 10 per f.ent money. Secondly, any applicant will have to document his research and submit to the National En- ergy Board a comprehensive report on the expected effects of the project upon the environ- ment. Any certificate issued will then be strictly conditioned in respect of preservation the ecology and environment; prevention of pollution; and erosion protection of the rights of northern residents .and free- dom of navigation. Thirdly, since development must serve the people of the North and companies left to their own devices are often well content to import man- power while ignoring local resi- dents the government will in- sist on specific training and employment programs. The guidelines are thus any- thing but detailed. They are notice to the companies of the general considerations which the government will have in mind in weighing one proposal against another or in accepting anything. They are enough to sharpen interest in northern develop- ment and to provide interested companies with minimal cri- teria for planning purposes. But they are open to revi- sion. (In fact they are to be under continuing reveiw.) They do not preclude, on na- tionalist grounds a project which may be economically de- sirable and in other ways sound and they commit tte government to no guarantee that an RCA style offering will necessarily be preferred to a Hughes. In the present state of knowledge about the economics and other aspects of Arctic pipe- lines it would be foolish to go further or to Attempt the im- position of conditions which might well prove unrealistic and self defeating. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH TIIE HERALD dirigible R-33 be- ing constructed in England for the U.S. navy department is more than 60 per cent com- pleted and probably will be ready lo take [a the air by the latter part of November. necessity of meat inspection was brought lo Ihe attention of city council at a regular meeting. The fact that there is no such inspection al- lows tainted meat lo be brought into the city and sold to the public. Lelhbridge residents were registered to noon on the first day under the national registration plan. Over 750 volunteer workers are em- ployed in the work. 1950 The United States army estimated that the North Korean Communists have lost men so far in their in- vasion of South Korea. South Korean casualties have been J9GO Canada's own mush- room cloud made its debut at the Defence Research Board .station at Sulfield, when a 20- ton charge of TNT was set off to provide valuable data for scientists. Tlie Lethbtndge Herald 504 7th St. Lcthbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Ho 0012 Member of The Canadian P'css and "the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association end Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY AAinitninn Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH"