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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Herald VOL. LXIII No 210 1.KTHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 20, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 20 PAGES United States Mail System Gets Overhaul By HAY DICK WASHINGTON (CP) The United States postal service, which delivers more mail than all other coun- tries combined, is getting a new look that postal offi- cials here believe will halt its "race with disaster." It wasn't Uie "snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom ot night" that stayed the American postmen from their appointed rounds. It was a cumbersome, ineffi- cient and politically-dominated system that fouled the mails. With more than GO billion deliveries a year and post offices under its wing, the post office de- partment faced many of the same problems, but on a larger scale, as other countries, such as Canada and Britain. The new look means the post office department, long an when it came to congressional ap- propriations and the butt of public criticism for inef- ficient service, is on its way out. President Nixon last week signed a bill establish- ing in its place an independent governmental agency which eliminates the grip Congress has had on the mails for almost two centuries. The change marked the culmination of a long struggle for postal reforms that would improve mail service and working conditions for postal employees and provide the funds needed for modernization. Since the early days of colonial post riders and the pony express the postal system had grown, and deteriorated, to such a state that former postmaster- general Lawrence O'Brien said in 1967: "The post office is in a race with disaster." Like A Corporation The reorganization in the 181-year-old, service provides for establishment of a corporate-like federal agency within a year and a retroactive eight- per-cent pay increase for postal workers. It also makes likely an increase to eight from six cents in the first-class mail rate early next year. The new service will be run by a nine-man, presi- dentially-appointed board of governors who will select a postmaster-general and a deputy postmaster-general. Rates will be set, not by Congress, but by a five- member rate commission with the approval of the board of governors. The postmaster-general, frequently in Hie past a political handyman of the president rather than a work- ing head the mail system, will be removed from the cabinet. He will be a permanent manager and not subject to replacement with a change of administra- tions. The new system also will do away with political patronage in appointing the various postmasters and the hiring of mailmen, long blamed as a prime cause of inefficiency in the system. Henceforth, the country's postmasters will be appointed on the basis of their regard to their party affiliation or their personal loyalty to the local congressman. To Eliminate Deficits The new system is designed to modernize and streamline mail delivery and eventually eliminate the huge deficits that have been an annual feature of the post office budget for the last 16 years. Rather than going to Congress for higher wages, postal employees will bargain with the board of gov- ernors of their union, which will have all the rights given to labor organizations in private industry ex- cept the right to strike. Postal management, rather than going to Congress for money to construct new buildings and equipment can issue up to billion in bonds. The bill continues 10-per-cent subsidies totalling about million a year, largely for rural service, through 1979. The subsidies drop to five per cent by 3934, when a decision is to be made whether to dis- continue them and put the mails on a self-paying basis. The U.S. service has not been unique in its prob- lems. Dissatisfaction with the mails also has been increasing for the last few years in Canada and Britain. Canadian System The Canadian system, a scrupulously-regulated pub- lic service with many privately-contracted operations, now is going Uirough a period of transition in the di- rection of greater autonomy for local officials. Reorganization will consolidate 14 districts into four autonomous Quebec, Ontario, and five autonomous urban Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg and to re- port to Ottawa headquarters. Within the regions, postmasters will have greater authority to award contracts for rural deliveries, a process now controlled by Ottawa. 'Hie cost to mail a first-class lelter in Canada is still six cents, but an increase is possible following settlement of the current contract dispute. Consultants have estimated the rate will increase to 12 cents by and to 25 cents by 1995. The post office deficit in 1968-09 was ?88 million and the consultants forecast an imbalance of mil- lion by 1930 unless measures are taken to modernize Uie service. The payroll, with employees last year, accounts for 70 per cent of the annual budget. Political patronage, however, has not been the prob- lem it. has with (he service. Appointments and promotion within the post office are based on public service competition regulations, not on a political Storm Declare attered Sudbury Disas THOMAS O'CONNOR new mediator Posties Get Last Chance OTTAWA (CP) Two old sparring partners, the govern- ment and the postal unions, start meetings today with a newly-named mediator in what many consider the last chanc? of compulsory legisla- a contact settlement. C. M. Drury, treasury board president, announced Wednes- day the appointment of Thomas O'Connor, a Toronto industrial relations expert, to mediate the talks.' A spokesman for the pub- lic service staff relations board said discussions will begin today. Mr. O'Connor, second media- tor in the dispute, follows A. W. R. Carrothers, president of the University of Calgary, who quit after a four-day settlement at- tempt last June because he said no progress was being made. The public service staff rela- tions board said in an announce- ment Wednesday Mr. Carroth- ers had been as'ied to try again but university commitments prevented it. Mr. Drury told reporters Wed nesday he believes the agreement by both sides to the appointment of a mediator is an indication progress will be made. He said there is no constitu- tional or legal deadline for the length of time that may be al- lowed the mediator but "I have some idea in my own mind." Many sources believe the gov- ernment will act quickly to end the strike if no progress is made in the talks within a week or two. LOWER DEMANDS Union spokesmen say they have lowered Shear contract de- mands by two cents an hour. The government has offered a 47-cent hourly raise in a 32- month contract and the unions want 58 cents hi a two-year agreement. The council also says it has dropped a demand for a weekly premium for vacations dropped a demand for a taken outside the summer months. Average pay under the old contract was an hour. Prime Minister Trudeau said in Prince George the govern- ment all other mea- sures a full-scale closing of the post office, en- force arbitration or legislate a return to work. Meanwhile the rotating post- al strikes hit 66 offices in Que- bec, Ontario, Manitoba and Britsh Columbia today as 725 workers walked off the job. BURIED WORKMAN RESCUED Rescuers dig free David Scanlon, 21, who was.buried with two fellow-work- man in a Philadelphia construction cave-in. Scanlon was completely covered and it took other workmen 90 minutes to dig him fres. He suffered a fracture of the right leg. The other two were trapped up to their waists. Red Troops Push Near Capital SUDBURY, Ont. (CP) Mayor Joseph Fabbro declared the city a disaster re- gion today, a few hours after a sudden storm of hurricane proportions killed at least 10 persons in the area and left thousands homeless. Mr. Fabbro said he estimated damage in the city at ?5 million and asked for immediate aid from the provincial government. The mayor ordered all city policemen and firemen to duty and ordered all traffic halted. Police said about three persons died in Sudbury, at least six in nearby Lively and at least one in Copper Cliff. An Ontario Provincial Police spokesman said Lively, a community of was "demolished flattened right out." FIRES BREAK OUT Police said the three hospitals in Sudbury were "jammed with injured" and Mayor Joe Fabbro appealed by radio for volunteers to assist city maintenance crews in clearing debris. Police said hydro wires were down in the area and several small fires were reported. Several boxcars were blown off the tracks and there were reports that several men were trapped underneath. Police in Copper Cliff, just west of Sudbury, said at least one person was killed there when a tractor overturned. The hurricane-like storm, which lasted about an hour, was accompanied by torrential rain. Streets in Copper Cliff were under 10 inches of water. "You could go in with a a police spokesman said. "I've never seen anything like it." The Trans-Canada Highway just west of Copper Off was blocked briefly to east-west traf- fic by heavy debris. Police in Field, a community of 600 about 45 miles east of Sudbury, said about half the houses in the town were blown down. A huge lumber mill, the town's main industry, was de- molished as well as a freight shed belonging to Canadian Na- tional Railways. The storm started at about a.m. 'Remember Wiien we used to think smoke was a health Helicopter Crashes At Banff PHNOM PENH (AP) Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces overran the Cambodian defenders of a village nine miles from Phnom Penh today and pushed within six miles of the capital. Air strikes continued as an es- timated three Communist bat- talions pushed southward from the village of Prek Tameak, which is northeast of the capital and on the other side of the Me- kong River. One reinforced Cambodian battalion was reported holding out on the Prek Tameak sids of the river. A spokesman in Phnom Penh said fighting was continuuig at Prek Tameak with heavy casualties on both sides. But reporters who drove to a large number of Cambodian sol- diers left Prek Tameak by boat Wednesday night, taking their wounded with them. Cambodian and South Vietnamese gunboats were positioned on the river to provide covering fire during the night. At least too villager's were wounded during the night by what they said was unprovoked fire from the gunboats, but a Cambodian captain on the scene said the villagers were hit by Viet Cong fire from across the river, which at that point is nearly a mile wide. The Cambodian command long has feared Communist at- tempts to secure positions in the wooded lands just across the Man Turns Up In Edmonton EDMONTON man missing and presumed drowned in nearby Lac Ste. Anne appeared _in the city Wednesday nigh't and then disappeared again. RCMP have discontinued dragging operations of the lake, 35 miles west, for Vic- tor James Alexson, 19, of Broadview, Sask. Mr. Alexson was last seen Sunday sleeping in the bot- tom of a boat headed for open waters of Lac Ste. Anne. Police believe the boat drift- ed back to shore, he got out and came to the city with friends. BANFF (CP) Helicopter pilot Jim Lewellyn Lewis, 27, of Calgary was in satisfactory condition today after his air- craft crashed into a mountain in Banff National Park. He suffered facial injuries when the 10-passenger helicop- ter lost power shortly after takeoff Tuesday night and sum- mersaulted into Br'ewster Rock Mountain, 16 miles west of Banff. Mr. Lewis, the only occupant of the aircraft, was en route to a ski lift construction site to pick up five workers. The helicopter was complete- ly destroyed. Tea Champion BARTON ON SEA, England (Reuters) Housewife Marion Tindall claimed a world tea- drinking record Wednesday, downing 78 cups in six hours. "It will be at least a day before I can face another cup of said 45-year-old Mrs. Tindall. TEL AVIV (Reuters) has officially replied to UN envoy Gunnar Jarring about discussions with Arab states, in- dicating it will no longer delay Uie issue over its accusations of Egyptian ceasefire violations. But the differences over the level and site of the talks may still hold up negotiations for some rime, usually well-in- formed sources said today. Israelis generally were disap- pointed at the American state- ment Wednesday that violation charges could be neither proved nor disproved. But they were pleased with the reiteration of U.S. assurances that the bal- ance of power was not tipped against Israel. Sources said Foreign Minister Abba Eban had told Jarring in a letter that the talks should be held at foreign minister level near the Middle East region. Egypt and Jordan already have named their UN envoys as their representatives and picked UN headquarters in New York as the venue. Israel claimed the Egyp- tians, with Soviet help, moved a number of missiles close to the Suez canal in breach of the 90 day Middle East ceasefire leading to proposed talks among Israel, Egypt Jor- dan. But Washington said its evi- dence of the alleged violations is not conclusive but it has passed it along to Russia and Egypt. Hours later a senior Israeli staff officer in Tel Aviv reiter- ated the missile build up charges and produced as evi- dence two sets of photographs first showing scanty con- struction work and the second showing missile sites fully completed and operative. The staff officer said the first batch of photos was shot on the eve of the ceasefire which began Aug. 7, and the second B week later within the 32 mile zone on the canal covered by the ceasefire. Once A Singer Eddie Fisher Is Broke Body Found In Town's Water Tank FOUNTAIN, Colo. (AP) The decomposed body of a man was found Wednesday in a 000-gallon water tank that prov- ides this town of with about one-third of its water sup- ply. The body was recovered when the covered stainless steel tank was emptied by town officials after two boys earlier reported a stench coming from a hole in tlie top of the tank. Tests are being run on the water to see if any health haz- ard exists, officials said. Sheriff's officers estimated the body had been in the tank four to six months. No identifi- cation was found on the body. pomi. across me nver irom me river iroin .riuium .rcmi. num village found everything quiet. there they could harass the cap-Troops in the ai'ea said a ital with rocket and mortar (AP) A former aide estimates that Eddie Fisher made more than ond in his peak years. Now Shades Oi Mutiny On The baritone has filed a bankruptcy petition in Puerto Rico. ROSYTH, Scotland (AP) A swain of the warship, the happened? court martial today found five ton minesweeper Fisher watchers Roval Navy seamen guiltv of The five seamen pleaded associates speculate: "I mutiny for disobeying orders guilty to mutinying and disobey- pCONOMIC Development don't think he's kept his from the lieutenant of their war- ing orders from the ship's s e c r e as up to date as Sinatra ship and staging scenes from lieutenant the night of July 5 Bell complaining Or Andy Williams, who the book Mutiny on the Bounty, while the vessel was in the Chamber of kept developing with the The court said it would an- northern Scottish port of secretary nounce its sentences later in the hogs all the public got tired of him. case, Britain's first mutiny trial The prosecution said the in the new was the former Mrs. Eliza- in .16 years. Conviction of mu- men sang rebel Irish Ralph Remmie tiny carries a maximum possi- after imitating scenes from David claiming to be Taylor too long." ble sentence of death. tiny on the Bounty before of the Over-40 always been a giver. The court also found AB Ed- manding to see the first team after a time you admired anything ward Griffiths guilty of striking ant to make complaints had reached his he gave it to you. More CPO Stanley Templeton, cox- conditions aboard the craft. are wearing old Eddie Nevada Test Site Contaminated Fisher suits than any other en- tertainer's." In the petition the 42-year-old singer listed debts of nearly million against assets of .The debt total .of in- cludes in U.S. taxes, to the state of California, to Paramount Pictures, to Bank of America and to a jeweler. The shocked-haired, 5-foot-81J "little kid with the big voice" reached a popularity and money peak in the first half of the 1950s. Eddie Cantor had discov- e r e d the Philadelphia-born Fisher singing at a Catskill re- sort and introduced him on a tour and on radio. In a newspaper contest, Eddie outdistanced Frank Sinatra and Perry Como as "king of the baritones." Bicycle Hit LAC LA BICHE ald William Rybicki, 17, of Lac La Biche, was killed when his bicycle was hit by a car on a highway near Ibis community, 150 miles northeast o( Edmon- ton. WASHINGTON (AP) Some 250 square miles of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's Nevada test site are contami- nated with plulonium, a radio- active element that can linger years or more. The con- tamination came in 195K durhig above-ground tests of nuclear weaponry. In addition, 49 separate areas on the site have been fenced off because the radiation level is too high to permit human ac- cess. These so-called radiation- exclusion areas total 12 square Radioactive elements have life spans that range from min- utes to years, with plutonium laving one of the longer life spans. The extent of contamination left by 19 years of tests is dis- closed in a draft statement Uie AEC has prepared for submis- sion to the U.S. Environmental Quality Council. The plutonium is harmful only if it is inhaled or if it gets into the bloodstream through an open wound. The amount of dement picked up by wind and blown around is not danger- ous, the AEC says. Contaminated areas comprise about one-fourth of the desert test site 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. The AEC statement notes that radiation levels over most of the facility remain low, about dou- ble normal background levels. Since the nuclear test-ban treaty -utlawing tests in the air and sea was signed in 1963, all 210 announced explosions at Ne- vada have been underground and designed to be fully con- tained, The plutonium scattered over 250 square miles witliin the Ne- vada facility was left from tests conducted in 1958 to make cer- tain that the crash of a U.S. bomber would not set off a nu- clear explosion. Nuclear bombs carried on air force planes are unarmed. Un- less the electronic steps are taken to arm a weapon, its high explosive charge will simply de- stroy the setting off a r.uclear explosion. This is what happened in the 1958 '.csts, scattering Uie plutonium on Uie desert. EDDIE FISHER Lists DcbiJ ;