Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Where will Uganda's Asians go? llj KKVIN DOYLE of The Canadian Press LONDON Given choice, most Asians in Ugan' would prefer ID slay where they arc. But faced with Ihe threat of expulsion, the major- ity would like to go to India, with smaller groups selecting Britain and Canada. Surveys taken In East Africa by the Minority Rights Group here, prior to Uganda's recent decision to espcl about SO.000 Britisl> ho'ders indlcotf 67 per cent, If faced with deportation, wished to go to 'About 18 per cent preferred Britain and six per cent, the third largest sector, selected Canada. A recent pamphlet published by the rights group, large voluntary organization, says: "Many of the Asians equipped for life In Uie United Kingdom could also lit into Canadian society and most would be willing to emigrate there. But immigration regulations are stringent so Canada cannot really be looked at to alleviate the hardship cases unless there is a significant change In policy." QUESTIONS KAISED Meanwhile, the two major questions are being asked in unofficial circles here: How did the Asian involvement in East Africa begin in the first place and bow did Britain come to accept final responsibility in the situation? Uganda was made a British protectorate In 18B2 the heady days in the last 20 years of the 191h century when European powers raced to acquire pos- sessions in Africa and Asia. But Asian contacts with East Africa BO back many centuries beyond this. For mure than years, Asians have .stood at the centre of the economic activity which brought influences of a wider world to the east coast of Africa. The Britisli began, recruiting indentured labor from their colony of India in the 1390s to help with con- struction of the first Uganda railway. But despite popular belief, the present Asian pop- ulation throughout East Africa totalling cannot he regarded as descendants of these workers. HAM' HOME Of the recruited, returned to India died, C.OCO were invalided home and only remained. The majority of Asians, therefore, came to East Africa voluntarily. From the earliest times, white British settlers In East Africa resisted Asian demands for equal political and legal rights. But efforts to curb Asian immigration were tem- pered, by the British administrators' need for artisans, pin-Its and Iradcrs, skills which many Asians pos- ECAsec! in abundance. Kvcn in commerce, however, there were ordin- ances preventing Asian Iradcrs in East Africa from carrying on business outside restricted areas. Still, this did not prevent them from moving into positions of economic dominance. At the lime of Uganda's Independence In IOM, Asians with British citizenship who had been born in the. country and had at least one parer.l born thorn Hulomalically qualified for Uganda citizenship. Those who did not qualify mitnmalirally hut whn lived tn Uganda had two years In which In decidn whether to lake out citizenship there or retain their British status. The Asians now facing expulsion arc those who turned down Uganda citlzcaship. The Lethlnidge Herald FORECAST HIGH SUNDAY 85-90. VOLT LX No. 212 ".Srrfdin Sntilli Alberta nnil Southrrttlcm B.C." ALBERTATSATUHDAY, AUGUST 19, 1972 Price 15 Cents FOUR SECTIONS 58 PAGES Major Idgluoays to Saigon, closed by Communist drive SAIGON (AP) North Viet- namese and Viet Cong attacks closed two major highways leading into Saigon from the east and south and created huge traffic jams totlny and a third main road north of the capital was cut anew. Hundreds of government reinforcements were trying to reopen tho roads. Meanwhile, a new drive was launched by thousands of South Vietnamese troops east of An aimed at regaining control of (he old U.S. base in the Quan Loi niblH-T plantation 60 miles north of Saigon. nee planning h welfare overnaui Proposals could lead to guaranteed income ally Are politics strangling the Olympics? By C'Y FOX of The Canadian Press The current wrangling over Rhodesinn parlicipa- lion in this year's Olympic Games at Munich is an- other example of how international sport has become either highly vulnerable to political pressures or a direct manifestation of rivalry among nations. "A moral equivalent of war" was tho term used by one philosopher to descritx: sport. lly Ibis he apparently meant that much of the nggrcssive energy which otherwise might go Into military belligerence is, in effect, syphoned off Into harmless forms of competition by athletic effort. Tliis In ilself might explain why international sporls competitions sometimes spill over into a more serious brand of rivnhy an extension in fact of political antagonisms Iwluwn one country and another. Such antagonisms necessarily lurk only just Mow Ihe surface of any major sporls meeting at the world level, ranging from tho present chess tournament in Iceland to Iho vast array of (rack and Hold events BOOH lo begin in Munich. II1VAUMKS EMKHCR The coming turkey g.imes Mween teams repres- enting Canada and the Soviet Union may not he Im- mune from such subconscious drives. In Ihe case of the Munich Games it Is arguable whether a fresh statement on the Wiodesian dispute liy fM-ycar-nld Avoiy Brundage, president of the Inter- national Olympic Committee, will help or hinder tho cause of harmony at this year's events. Brundage warned black African learns lhat any hoycolt by them of Ihe Games would endanger their parlicip.ilicm in fill lire Olympics. This warning may arouse further resentment in black Africa against wha! mililnnl.s there are likely to Interpret as a further sign of tolor.-mre Inwards "iwv colonialism" in certain international organizations. P'or 'ieir pnrl, Ihe filicxlcsian alhleles intending In the Games are reported lo bo irrilfiled at lo participate as representalivcs of an entity l.ilwllrvl .Southern Rhodesia. This was Iho r.amo liorno by Iho controversial African leirilory unlil I DM only a year prior to tin; while iuspirrd unilateral declaration of independence front il.iiu Thus them Is Inlcnso Ill-foolinz on both sides in prmcnt ot Munich, King's 'denounced as traitor TIABAT (CP) About a dozen Moroccan air force offi- cers, including two sent back from Gibraltar by Britain, nra to be tried following on at- t em p I, masterminded by strongman Gen. Mohamcd Ouf- kir, to shoot flown a plane''car- rying King Hassan IT. Gen. Oufkir, who was defence minister responsible for tho king'? safety and wa.s regarded as his staunches! supporter, killed himself with his own pis- fol al Kkiral Palace only hours after jets failed Wednesday In shool down a Booing bringing tlio Moroccan mon- arch back from France. Tnlorior Minister Mohammed Ttonhimn said Oufkir com- mitted "traitor's suicide." Bcnhlma announced that Ihe officers will be tried. About Moroccan air- of the country's air been rounded up and arc under heavy guard at Kcnilar nir base, 35 miles north of Rabat. FLEES PLANE A United Airlines pilot on ihe forklift at rgihl, flees from the plane during tho shooting of o hijacker who hod comondeered the jelliner in Reno, Nevada, Ihen forced it to fly to Vancouver, and Seattle as FBI agents climb up the rear ramp and onto forkliff lo assist two other agents subdued the middle-aged hijacker. Battle aboard ends dramatic hijacking Vietnam auuoiuiccincnt. possible MIAMI BKACIT, Kla. (AP) IIP was com- menting on "a ,strU'tly specula- tive (icrnkl K. Ford, Republican pmrty loader of llic U.S. JJou.sc of KeproscnJatives, said todciy there is ;i "possi- bilily1' of an announconipnt concerning peace in Vietnam may lw forthcoming at, UIR Ilo- publicnn national convention which will nominate President Nixnn lo run for a .second four- year term in (lie November election. tlm t.iorxt oM hoforn Cofottct Saufxtors (tot fito tha From AP-nEUTER SEATTLE (CP) A man was in hospital today after being shot in the finale of an airline hijacking thai look a jel- liner from the United States to Vancouver and back again in what tile armed man said was n protest against the U.S. Mrar in Vietnam. The hijacking began when tho 4.1-year-old man rode his bi- cycle up lo a United Airlines jelliner parked on a fteno, Nev., runaway and took over the aircraft. He forced officials to hand over S2 million ransom in Seattle after he received IS gold bars in Vancouver worth The 12-hour, 800-mile hijack- ing ended when two FBI agents, posing as a relief crew, shot (he man in the shoulder and leg and dragged him from the plane here. The extortionist, described in good condition, had forced Iho pilot, co-pilot and flight engi- neer lo fly to Vancouver nntl then to Seattle. The man claimed member- ship in a para-mililary organ- ization opposed to (he Nixon ad- ministration's Vietnam policies and snid he planned to use Ihe rnnsom for crippled Victnmn- r.sc chilitren. inKNTII-'IKS .MAN U.S. Attorney .Stan T'itkin identified (he wounded man as Frank Markoe Sibley of Stale- line. Nev. Pilkiti said Sibley would be charged with air piracy. Sibloy's wounds were descrilxxl as serious hut not critical. Tho penalty under the law is 20 years lo life. Sihlcy was shot In the hi- jacked Boeing 727 here Kri- day night after a four-hour slop in Vancouver. Two FBI agents Iwardcd tho plane after Ihe sky pirate in- sislcd on a new crew and de- manded maps of Cnn.ida. While Iho ngrnls were fork- liflrd aboard the 737 semi- nudo lo prove they were unarmed, other FBI men passed a gun on a pole through a cabin window. Wilh that weapon, the FBI agenls con- fronted the hijacker in Iho cockpit ns he held an army- typo carbine, on the airliner's pilot. .1. I.eiuilian of DOIIMT, the Kill Miid. An FBI spokesman said Jtboirt ahote were fired, Tha man was hit by two bullels In the left thigh and one in the shoulder. The FBI said he tried lo re- sist after he was hit by drawing a knife but was wrestled out of the plane and to the ground where he was overpowered. l.'niled Airlines said the hi- jacker pedalled a bicycle through a hole in a fence and up lo the jet, which was pre- paring to leave for San Fran- cisco with 52 passengers. Ho was holding a rifle and wearing a ski-mask. Moores planning suit against oey ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CP) The Newfoundland government will take civil action against former premier Joseph Small- and two other men named in a controversial royal com- mission report into provincial liquor store rentals, Premier Frank Moores announced Fri- day. However, Ihe premier told re- porters following a cabinet meeting, the government will not take criminal action against Ihe melt mentioned in the re- port. The report named Mr. Small- wood, Oliver Vnrdy, former depuly minister of social devel- opment, arid businessman Ar- llmr Lundrignn ns shareholders m a company renting seven buildings lo liic Newfoundland liquor commission. Mr. Moores said the govern- ment will write to all principals Involved requesting adequate settlement of past overcharges and insist that .present agree- ments and leases be settled to the government's satisfaction. "We feel very strongly that moiiics due lo (he people of Newfoundland from over- payments and future obliga- tions must IKS recovered as scon as Mr. Moores Si! id. Tho Conservatives, while in opposition, charged lhat ex- oibilant rentals were being paid by Ihe liquor commission for liquor outlets. When Mr. Moores' Conservatives defeated Ik' Liberals earlier in the year, ending years of Liberal gov- ernment, a royal commission was established lo investigate (he rentals. Meanwhile, in an interview in London, Mr. Smallwood said he had nothing at all lo do (he leases. CALGARY 'CP) A major overhaul of the welfare sys- tem, being considered by Ihe provincial government, conirl lead to higher income lor re- cipients and possibly a guaran- teed basic income. The suggestions were two ot several contained in a position paper released by Bruce Raw- son, chief deputy minister of Health and social development. The paper said the province Is considering abolishing the requirement that welfare re- cipients reduce assets to less than lor a family and MOO for an individual before getting assistance. Also considered is a system lhat would allow those receiv- ing aid to earn more before the amount of assistance they re- ceive is reduced. Recipients may now earn Vancouver clock talks to resume VANCOUVER (CP1 Nego- tiations were expected to re- sume today In British Colum- bia's longshore dispute as the Vancouver dock shutdown dragged into its 12th day. There were no meetings Fri- day and Ed Strang, president of the British Columbia Mari- time Employers Association, said "no constructive negotia- tions" had taken place nl Thursday's meetings. Don (jarcia, chief negotiator and Canadian area president of the International men's and Warehousemen'.1; Union, said the union was ready to resume talks but was "una'ble to speak with employ- ers" Friday. Vancouver's dockers are not on strike, but employ- ers have refused to hire them from the dispatch office alter the core of about 600 regular workers trained lo do specific Jobs resigned and began report- ing lo the hiring hall to be as- signed jobs on a dally basis. Meanwhile, 35 ships, 20 ot them grain ships, were at an- chor in Vancouver and emer- gency supplies of fresh food were being sont lo communities up the coast by barge and plane. a month without losing any as- sistance hut if their income goes higher, an equivalent amount comes off their welfare payments. Another method would be lo take off a percent- age, rather than a flat amount. Four alternatives were given for relocalion of responsibili- ties between the municipal and provincial governments, some of which could leave either level in complete control. Mr. Rawson described godai assistance as a "complicated issue torn by conflicting opin- ions'' and indicated reaction to the proposals would be sought before the system was sig- nificantly changed. The paper did not rani trie provincial municipality pro- posals but leaned towards ei- ther a provincial or shared sys- tem. A full provincial program would "eliminate the need for each municipality to maintain the administrative structure ne- cessary for public assistance programs." A municipal program, would also place just one level of gov- ernment responsible, but could create financial problems for the municipalities least able in give assistance where it is most needed. Shared programs could leave the province to lake care of. those who are unemployable, about 80 per cent of the case load, with the municipalities looking after the rest and pro- viding counselling services. A guaranteed basic income would be more expensive- than the present system, Mr. Raw- son said, and could perpetuate some problems. "The social and economic ef- fects of such a scheme ara mcny and complex. Not the least of these is the impact such a plan would have on In- dividual initiative and to work. "This Is the same question now facing the existing soda1 allowance program." Seen and heard About town AMBITIOUS Jeanetle Draglanrt cutting up cu- cumbers and onions tor her pickle relish and when done finding she had also clipped nails in Ihe process G o r d o n Collcrtge coming hack from holidays with the "beatnik look" but soan "con- forming lo standards" and becoming bare faced again Paulino. Chilian! crawl- ing on her hands and knees in a local pub looking for the head of a rubber snake and finding it had landed in her frolhy brew. Sharp talks with Chinese fruitful PEKING (Routed Chinese Foreign Minister Chi Peng-Fei said today his talks this week with Canadian External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp had achieved positive results. Chi was speaking at a lunch- eon given by Sharp in return for a banquet given by the Chi- nese foreign minister Thursday. The lunch followed a morning round of talks between the two third so far of Sharp's visit to covered bilateral matters. The ministers and their aides held two rounds of discussions Thursday on international af- fairs. Clvi said today that "in the pnst few days our two sides have held useful talks in a friendly and candid atmosphere and exchanged views on the present international situation and questions of common inter- est, thus further enhancing our mutual understanding. Chinese minister's visit, profitable ior trade breakthrough seen By PAUL JACKSON Hrrnlcl Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Trade Minister ,lean-Lur I'cpin Fri- day lhal Canada tw mi Iho verge of a great break in trade relations with the Peo- ple's Republic of China. At the very 'oast, suggested Mr. Pcpin, Canada and China are entering an era of'mutual trading opportunily. Mi'. Pepin made the com- ments rn e I i n i; Chinese foreign trade minintri' Pal Hsiang-Kuo and afle.r sign- ing agreement with Algerian Ambassador T> j a m e 1 llouhou thai could mean as much as an additional MS million a year in sales lo lhat country for Hip nexl five years. The trade, minister was also enthusiastic about future Irade prospects with Algeria, a coun- try he described as a "rich de- veloping" nation. Discussing China, Mr. Pepin said it was almost "incredible" that more thnn 200 Canadian companies had derided lo par- ticipalf in Ihe Peking (riide fair v.liieh is .now muler Some 500 Canadian executives are at. tending tho fair, Canada's larg- est solo effort in any Mr. Pepin held high hopes lhat in such areas as "oil and gas equipment, minerals and metals" Canada could offer China the products and exper- tise that nation requires. After pointing out that tha new option agreement with Al- geria gave Canada an opportu- nity to put some regularity info its grain exports rather llvan de- pending on hit and miss con- tracts, Mr. Pepin "id he> was hopeful that Canada Mould Iw able to get similar agreements from China and other countries. He said it was a "crazy situation" when Canada had to launch a program to actually cut wheat production ticcaase of no poler.lial buyers at a particu- lar time. Mr. Pepin was careful to stress tha' the new agreement under which Algeria would pur- chase up to metric tons of wheat a year from 1973 to 1977 inclusive was ir, addition to the long term agrecr.ier.t signed in calling for delivery of hot ween and one million melric tons of wheat by July 31, J973.