Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Thursday. August 19, 1971 Maurice Weslcrn Blackmail and backfire Tin; people of Alberta arc indebted to Attorney General Edgar tierhail lor his firm stand on the strike threat posed by the staffs of Alberta's cor- rectional institutions. The strike is called lor August 25, just five days before the provincial election. One official ol the slaft as- sociation admits "it is an opportune time to strike" but denies it is black- mail. What is it but blackmail? And the attorney neneral. on behalf of the government, will not be black- mailed lie has Ihreaicncd lo fire any employees who don't mm up for work. The matters in dispute are hardly the issue. The government, on the recommendation of a mediation board, sjave a wage increase which the employees thought was inade- quate. The attorney general lias agreed to talk wilh the employees. But no. ihey have called a strike un- less Ihe government buckles under, conveniently liming it lo cause Ihu greatest embarrassment lo the gov- ernment, A government can err in cither uf two extremes. H can give in to any and all demands, for more roads, more hospitals, higher school grants and a hundred other things, thereby hoping lo disarm the critics. Or it can sa1.' no when it thinks it should say no', thereby risking being con- sidered arrogant and harsh. But we suspect the people wajit a govern- ment they can respect, and that means a government that says no to anything unreasonable. In this case the tactics of the cor- rec-lional staff could backfire. By calling their bhilT Ihe attorney-gen- eral may be demonstrating that his government has Ihe courage of its convictions and will not bow to elec- tion blackmail. The objectives of the corrections officers may be legitimate. With the changing emphasis in the field of cor- rections, more will increasingly be expected of tiie officers with better remuneration being necessary. But I his doe.s not excuse the unfortunate tactic of trying lo take advantage of the government lo gain the desired end Crisis in Japan A crisis in Japanese American relations has been building for months. If reached a new high with the news nf President Nixon's im- pending visit to Peking and has be- come much more serious with the announcement of Washington's new economic policy. .American industrial- ists have been vocal in Iheir com- plaints about unfair Japanese com- petition in electronics steel, automo- biles, etc. Because their companies are not allowed to cut their losses by building branch plants in Japan. Competition in the textile industry has caused much dissatisfaction in Die U.S., particularly in the South. Last year the American trade de- ficit with Japan was over a billion dollars; this year it is expected lo be double that amount, Japanese pay- ments balance abroad is in surplus and its currency reserves are report- ed to be mounting every day. At a June meeting of the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-op- eration and Development! Japan promised lo start easing restrictions on imports, increasing economic aid to developing countries, cutting ex- port subsidies and liberalizing pol- icies in regard to foreign investment in Japan. These vague promises will have lo be implemented now. The main reason for Japan's re- markable resurgence from the de- feal of the Second World War, is the extraordinary ingenuity and capa- cily for bard work of her people. The other is that she has not had lo spend any appreciable amount for her own defence because she is protected mil- itarily by the U.S. Any change in this policy would be bound to cause a cataclysmic uphea- val in Japan and the fall of the. Sato government. Even before the Washington an- nouncement Foreign Minister Fuku- da acknowledged that if his country is lo avoid the burden of 1111111317 ex- penditure, if must do more to sta- bilize ils lop sided world economic image. The crunch has come. There will be a joint Japanese- American cabinet meeting next month. One trusts thai when it lakes place ihe atmosphere will be one of mutual understanding and accommo- dation. Treasury secretary Connal- ly's talk of "gelling tough" with Ja- pan may gain him some political mileage, but in the long run it will do nothing to cool the atmosphere. ANDY RUSSELL Little Grey Wolf QF ALL AXLMALS native to North America, the coyote is likely the most intelligent and adaptable. He has proved it in many ways, but Ihe most signi- ficant of Lhese is the fact that be is still with us. For he has been pursued un- mercifully with hounds, traps, snares, guns and airplanes. For the past 150 years he has been the excuse for tlie most intensive and shameful poisoning campaigns in hu- man history. At the same time the poi- sons have resulted in tbe decimation and near extinction of many other kinds of wild- life: the black-footed ferret, the kit fox, California condor, bald eagle, golden eagle and others. Yet the coyote survives. Maybe this is why blind tiate still condones the use of poison, for man tends to destroy what he does not understand and dislikes being shown up as something of a fool. The coyote is one of the most effective controls of rodent pests, but can be de- structive. They do kill sheep, poultry and sometimes even young calves, although this is by no means a universal habit; it is a circumstance often cultivated by human carelessness. Carcasses of dead animals left unbuncd or not burnt are fed upon, which leads the coyotes into killing live domestic animals. When an individual be- comes a specialist at this, there is no choice but to destroy it. but this should be selective and carefully managed so that other animals and birds do not suffer. The natural food of coyotes is wide and varied. He is an inveterate hunler of mice, gophers, ground squirrels, rabbits and even birds if opportunity allows. Deer fawns and elk calves are easy prey. Two or more coyotes can kill mature deer and wild sheep. During berry season, coyotes will live alnicst exclusively on these, as careful examination of reveals. 1 once observed four coyotes pursuing and catching grasshoppers for most of two hours. The coyote is a most canny oppor- tunist when it comes to feed; his bene- ficial qualities far outweigh the damage he does, A deer or mountain sheep herd is al- ways beallbier and more vigorous in coy- ote country, for the little grey wolf takes what is easiest to get, thus weeding out the weaklings. The coyote is a handsome animal with a trim body designed for quick manoeuvring and speed, a sharp featured profile and a silky coat of fur in shades of grey. The average weight of mature animals is 27 pounds. Coyotes male in late winter and from four to eight pups are born in a well-hid- den den the following spring. Both male and female atiend the little; indeed the male is a steadfast and responsible father taking full share of family responsibilities, until the pups are old enough to hunt for themselves. The parents Irain and instruct their young with care in the art of staying alive under heavy odds. A mated pair of may slay together for years, al- though if something happens to one of them, Ihe survivor will rrmiate. This fleet and intelligent animal is a colorful and very desirable part of the life pattern of OIL-; counlry. If we observe him with an open mind ant! an appreciation for the warm-blooded association we share, there will be no doubt that the coyole is a very beneficial part of the complicated ecology of Ibis land. Many the night over (.lie past fifty years I have slept out under the star-studded canopy of night sky and listened to him yodel away off among Uie hills. It is to contemplate the adventure and joy of being a part of big country, where there is still a clean quality of air and water lo be found, ft is to know we still have a litllc time lo mend some mistakes and avoid a very possible unending sad- ness threatening our future. Positive identification By QN a day that Herb Johnson wasn't home for luncli D'Arc Hickard got the idea he should borrow Herb's bike. Herb was agreeable. Walker "How will I know which one lo asked D'Arc. said Herb, "II is red, has a wooden seat, a generator ami light and it's UK only one out there." Sweeping ambiguities into oblivion OTTAWA AS tiou nas- Ford's n e w Competition Act, in its regulatory aspects, is bound lo excile major eon troversy, there is perhaps a danger that other proposed changes may he insufficiently appreciated. In fact the revised conspiracy sections if accept- ed by Parliament, would of Ihemselves constitute a major reform. Existing combines law hears on ils face the marks of a long and very complex history going hack to 1880 when the the United States in Roosevelt- this legislalion is to prevent the lems of interpretation for Uic in e i' lems which the tax structure of neither can any longer meet. Many fanners today work for wages that indeed are little short of slavery, but how is this to be accounted for when there has never been an NDP gov- ernment in power in Ottawa or Edmonton? As to the charge that social- Sportsplex needs pool The present large number of unkempt and bewildered yculh, is a trend that could continue. Coaldale children blister their feel by walk-a-lhcns, knowing Hiafr Hie really painful is (he search for sponsors and the collecting afterwards. R. I. Raker children rained SIOCll. ConmiiUcf's smile and hay VI'.MV our SporUsplcx. Our Sucrtsplr.v offices, kilchens, art1; and crafts room, changing room, etc, Too bad. we ran out of cash before starting (he pool for the children. Looking backward Through tlio Herald The nev UFA gov- ernment in Alberta has follow ed up its promise to help .drought stricken larmci-s. Its first prop-am be to pro- vide Ihe necessary funds lu open Hie schools of southern Alborla, manv of "liich dad been closed because of lack of funds by the fanners. 19.11 A scorched silver fox pen and a sinftcd-licn coop are the only buildings left amid a heap o' .smouldering ashes of what was a block of the village of Elkc in Hast Koolcnay. export clear- ance of Canadian wheat total- led bushels this week compared lo in the corresponding week last year. The loll of known dead from the weekend's savago In'rricanc rose lo tun today in -Jamaica and is expected to go liipJnT as the storm blows ils way across [lie Yucatan ncniii- suia into Ihe Gulk of Mexico. According to n Sales Management Survey, a market dala report Ihal covers all of Canada, Ix'thhridpn residents spend most of Iheir money on food aiifi iiulomolive menl The Inn allraded per cent of all local retail busitie.ss (his year. oven our parade goes aduil; it was a political cam paign. What happened to the pancake breakfast, ban Is, grandparents in Ibc parade, prizes, money and even the cherished children's trophies9 I hope the committee n-.embcrs have a banquet lo congratulate themselves on hav- ing spcnl so little. Maybe lire commille.'.'s need New Hath Tbe publicity and promotion for the Sportsplcx quotas the Sportsplex provincial grant as yet the much- puhlicizer1 colored Iwoklel (Oct. '70) quotes Uie provincial grant as Also it staled ins Kinsmen collections as: "Figures not available at Ibis time." Can you believe that we have councillors. Kinsmen, accountants, managers? It is time now lor adults lo him off their self-orientation and make some of the committees prn- duc.r. A simple slalcmenl of amounts collecled and amounts .spent might make tbe adults ashamed. Kick a kir and bis answer is likely to be Ihe revenge of bc- coming a hippie. A IN Till', IIIITIK MACIHMC. Coaldale. ism leads to communism, per- haps with a little elfort in valid research a good case could be made to support, the fact that socialist govern in e n t s saved Great Britain and the Scan- dinavian countries from com- munist domination. Actually we have had "so- cialist govemment" in Canada smce before Confederation. The vast amount of property given to the CPR was socialism at its best, according to Mr. Han- cock's version of socialism. Docs the CPR pay its fair share of taxes? What happened when Hawker Siddeley threw in the towel? Now that the Nova Sco- tia government is running it so successfully it has become a mild embarrassment because it compromises "free enterprise" principles. Canadian firms are subsi- dized left and right at laxpay- ers expense so that they can meet foreign They all know where to go for more capital in time of need. I suppose Ihe theory used to rationalize Ibis approach is that by helping big business some of the benefits will eventually l.rk'klc down lo the little guv. I submit that this trickle down polity ought lo be stood on its head. Why not help the many at the middle and lower scales of the economic ladder in hopes that this might also Ixmeiil the privileged few eventually? A NEW DEMOCRAT FOR A BETTER CANADA B. HELMUT HOFFMAN. Lelhbndfic. inal Code. For example, the present conspiracy sec-lion I'M sets out four offences. Except for the adverbs, their meaning would lie clear. Everyone who conspires, combines, agrees or arranges with another person to limit unduly the facilities for transporting, producing, manu- facturing, supplying, storing or dealing in any article is guilty of an indictable offence. What is undue and bow is it to he measured? The word is> repeated as In a litany. "To prevent, limit or lessen unduly Ihe production of an article or lo enhance unrea- sonably the price thereof." Here we have a double com- plicalion what is unreason- able? to prevent or lessen un- duly competition and so on. Again the word "merger" bad Iraclilionally been defined as an arrangement whereby competition is or is likely to be lessened to the detriment or against the inlerest of the pub- lic. How much lessening is det- rimental? And is undue limita- tion. whatever that may be, the same as detrimental limita- tion? Not surprisingly these words have led to many fierce bailies in the courts and some- times lo cases lost by the pros- cculing officers. Mr. Basford, with his new broom, woi'kl sweep these ambiguities into oblivion. ticle 16 of the 1971 bill, setting out the prohibitions, is forth- right in ils language. The ad- verbs have vanished along with public detriment, sample "no person shall conspire, combine, agree or arrange with another person (A) to fix or determine, in any manner whatever, the minimum price The broom also lakes in more Lcrrilory. Any commod- ily or service is the new description of u'bal the act covers. Formerly most ser- vices were excluded from the scoixt of the legislation. Tt is of interest Ihal Uie list of prohibitions has become very much longer than in former ads. There arc inter- esting innovations. Thus it henceforth be an offence "lo boycoll (he suppliers or acquirers of a cnmmodiU' or scr'icc lo pi1 in any market. Intriguing also is the con- cluding paragraph of the sec- tion which reads: "And no person shall do auyl.hing n-ilh- in Canada that is directed to the implementation of s con- spiracy combination, agree- m e n t or arrangement where- ever entered into, that has. is intended to have or if imple- mented would be likely lo have ill Canada one or more of the effects described in the listed offences. The interesting possibility arises Ihal wilh Ihe new law in place, Ihe government for the first time be in a posi- liou lo act against any con- spiracy whidi for effective im- plemenlalion requires some sort of Canadian base. Following Mr. Fulton. Mr. Basford has included a list of defences in the new legislation. This is longer than in the past, partly because the tribunal is now lo play a most important role in competition policy. But it is also raiher more careful- ly drawn. For example, Mr. Fulton saw nothing dangerous in he ''exchajiee of statistics." Experience suggests otherwise and the new language is the exchange of statistics except prices or Iransaclions or Ihe idenlifiealion of customers. Sports are different as any- one may observe from a glance at Ihe snorts pages. II is amus- ing lo observe that in this field fnew to combines law) Mr. Basford departs from bis own pattern, in the realm of hock- ey football, adverbs will reUiin Iheir lepal place. "No person shall conspire, etc (a i In limil nndi'ly the oppor- tunities for any other person and (hi lo limit unduly the op- portunity for any other person lo ncgoliale wilh' and of agree- ment is reached lo play The merits or otherwise of this interesting exception will doubtless bo expounded in due course by sports aulhori- lies. Illi-ialil IHIaua liiirrau) The Letlibndge Herald TilM 7lh St. S., [Abridge, Alborla LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published in05 -1954, by Hop. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasj AflaM No 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Prrss and the Canndlan Dally Newspaper PuWlsfters' Association flnd Ihn AiwJM nitrcnu Clrcufnflons CLEO W. MOWERS, Eillinr .mil Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General W.nn.itior JOE BALLA wii i I'AM HAY Mjinanmt] Editor A ,o( l-rliior ROY I noilOl WAIKTR AdMrtlsiflfl Manager Cdiloriat Page tdifor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"