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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wednesday, August 19, 1970 THE lETHflRIDGE HERALD 5 John Mika Equal Opportunities On Arctic Frontier (Third In a scries) INDIAN and Northern af- fairs Minister Jean Chre- tien addressing a Yellowknife audience last fall said: "The federal government is firm in its determination to create equal opportunities for residents of the north. "Being a Canadian citizen is a rare human privilege in to- day's world. The advantage to be obtained from this privilege must be available to all Cana- dians. "You people who live north of the 60th parallel have dem- onstrated an admirable spirit of adventure in keeping with the exciting tilings that are happening here. "I a p p e a 1 to your instincts and invite you to join with me in tliis great adventure in Ca- nadian citizenship in the new north." And native Canadians, of whatever origin, can still be excused if their hearts skip a little even over that because this time there might he just a slight difference, there just might be the tiniest little ker- nel of truth in it and Canada conceivably, just barely by hook or crook, might live up to at least part of her promise of proving the brotherhood of man. Chretien is bright, capable, dedicated, born in this century and very earnestly believes what he says but we've heard his message countless times be- fore. Yet there is that slight dif- ference. This is the first time that a politician said those things be- fore a massive development wave hit the latest frontier. The same words, played over and over again like a cracked record, in eastern and western Canada have always come from politicians after the dirty work was done and the enrich- ed were satisfied they could af- ford a little brotherhood. There were no ministers of the Crown preaching equal job opportunity, s p e cial schooling and vocational training, decent housing and racial tolerance when the southern frontiers were swept back and the In- dians along with them. Nor were there any minis- ters of the Crown then worry- ing that slag heaps and un- bridled development would harm the environment. The north has been fortunate that it was totally ignored by Canadians until a decade ago. That gave society time to be- gin appreciating the horror it created for Indians and for the landscape and it also gave the Eskimo time to watch from afar so that his cultural shock now is nothing like the one that befell Indian tribes when they collided with a machine-made civilization. Today Eskimo demands for fair treatment even for pro- hibition on oil reported to the public by jour- nalists and to the government by field officers. The dangers of vehicle tracks Christine Doyle Why T ONDON Children who can produce a large cracking noise by pulling their finger joints apart enjoy a cer- tain amount of enviable status among their fellows. Yet strangely enough, until a recent investigation by bio-en- gineers at Leeds University, nobody knew just why finger joints cracked at all. All that was known was that some peo- ple could and others could not. Some could achieve resounding cracks with every finger joint. Now it is. disclosed by the scientists that pulling a finger, or a leg, does not actually "crack" anything. The noise is associated with a tiny bubble of gas, formed by water vapor and carbon dioxide, which builds up in the fluid surround- ing a joint. Mr. Tony Unsworth, a mem- ber of the group, built a finger pulling machine, and took x-ray pictures of joints crack- ing. He has also produced a in the tundra to the ecology and the callousness of segre- gating whites into expensive bungalows and Indians or Eski- mos to shantylown ghettoes are discussed as travesties. Sometimes nothing more than words result but increas- ingly positive action follows. A "I realize these new attitudes and approaches can't be turn- ed on like a light said Mr. Chretien. "I realize this is a long term proposition, but we can make a meaningful resolve right now." Since he spoke those words, the w o r 1 d has become aware, not entirely with pleasure ei- ther, of Ottawa's efforts to pro- tect the Arctic ecology by con- trols to prevent wholesale pol- lution instead of waiting to remedy it later. The 100-mile high seas ship control zone, torial Lands the Act new Terri- which re- quires companies to abide by any required controls before undertaking any new develop- ment, oil and gas conservation legislation all these have been promulgated while north- era development is still on its very threshold. It's worth remembering, in- cidentally, that the recent pipe- line oil spill at Fort McMur- ray in Alberta occurred and was allowed to make its way through provincial territory with a lot of hand-wringing and breast-beating but was quickly stopped and cleanup began as soon as it entered a national park and Mr. Chretien was able to seize jurisdiction of the problem. Improved housing for Eski- mos is steadily widened, through the eastern Arctic par- ticularly where there is more dependence o n government, and official injustice is slowly being eradicated. [er Joints Crack steel and plastic joint to show what actually happens in a It now appears that when a finger is pulled pressure in the joint is suddenly lowered. As .this happens water vapor and carbon dioxide. is extracted from the joint fluid and forms a bubble of gas. This all hap- pens very quickly and almost simultaneously, the bubble bursts. The crack which can be heard is due to fluid rushing back to fill the space formed by the bubble. Unfortunately for obsessive finger crackers, it takes at least 20 minutes, says Mr. Uns- worth, for water vapor and carbon dioxide to be complete- ly dissolved again in the joint fluid, so the feat cannot be re- peated during this time. The Leeds scientists are un- able to say whether or not finger cracking is actually good for anyone. But it is known that most rheumatism sufferers find it impossible to crack their joints, which may help the team to provide use- ful information about the chemistry of rheumatoid joints. It was to find out anything helpful at all about joints that the study was undertaken. Al- ready it has revealed that the surface of joints is very nearly spherical. Previously it had been as- sumed by most experts that they were not spherical. As a result, it is believed that artifi- cial finger joints could become easier and cheaper to manu- facture. It is also held that the differ- ence between "crackers" and "non crackers" could have something to do with varia- tions in the "pull of ligaments" and bone shape. But the team can offer no suggestions to wculd-be finger crackers as to how they can acquire the knack. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET Trtlm BUlKitTFOOD PRICES EFFECTIVE THURS., FRI., SAT., AUGUST 20, 21, 22. PORK LOIN 75 FRESH PORK BUTTS BOLOGNA BY THE PIECE ,b 49c Freezer Specials Chucks Of BeeftA0v2Ti5bl1b.47c Sides Of Beef Knr 59e Sides Of Pork 47c Luncheon Meat BoognMoc Pickle and Pimento, Meat and Olive I pkgs. Dinner Ham Side Bacon Wieners Reody To Eat, Cry-0-Voc Vi's Ib. Seven Farms Sliced......1-lb. pkg. Seven Farm......._.... 1-lfa. Cello pkg. ].39 89c 59c JAVEX BLEACH SOCKE YE SALMON 69 STRAWBERRY JAM 47 BARTLETT PEARS -n 3 95 I MIlV I r LMJ Malkin's 14-oi. tin for ALPHA CREAMED HONEY PEACHES BATHROOM TISSUE Better Buy White or Pink 6 roll pkg. 79' 16-oz. pkg. 35' ROSE BABY DILLS 48-oi 85' B.C. Red Haven, Canada Domestic Ib. 29- California, Celery Hearts Canada No. 1 pkg. Green Peppers -0 Canada No. 1 L Ibs. H7S Apples B.C. Duchess Cookers, Canada Cee 3 bag 59C GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 70S 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-543T MEATS 327-1812 OPEN THURSDAY Tilt P.M. PHONE AND SAVE FREE DELIVERY There are only some persons living 'north ot 60' and more than halt are not whites. There are about register- ed Indians, Eskimos and Metis. Dr. T. F. Wise, an economist with the northern development branch, points out that Ottawa has spent considerable .time and money to determine wheth- er there was any possibility of helping Eskimos to live off the land as trappers, hunters and fishermen of old. It has concluded that only a handful can continue living as then' forefathers did if the Eskimo race is to enjoy the prosperity it has seen and wants to share or even if it is to avoid a decline in num- bers. There are three reasons: the fur market is steadily dim- inishing in the age of artificial fabrics; the severe Arctic con- ditions always will keep the game population tiny; and the nomadic life of hunter and sealer will create insuperable obstacles if the Eskimos are to have the benefits of schools, hospitals and other modern amenities. Can the Eskimo learn to make his living in mechanized or professional work? Prof. James Lotz of the Ca- nadian Research Centre for Anthropology here gives an un- qualified yes. "The Eskimo is highly adapt- able and intelligent and he could turn out to be a better technician of northern indus- trialization than even possibly the white if given a chance and the he says. Mr. Chretien has publicly called on al! employers both private and public unions and all employees in the north "to reflect on their corporate and personal attitudes in their hiring practices and in their relationships with their fellow workers. "It is worth remembering that together, the Indians, Metis and Eskimos form the majority of the population (and) I ask the minority to examine its relationships with the majority." The government has launch- ed an intensive effort to give native people a chance to catch up. Relocation grants and training are available to the able-bodied but, even more im- portant, th-ir families are trained too for the inevitable adjustments in a new way life and they're relocated as a family. One of these training pro- grams, a co-operative effort by the government and oil in- dustry, has a continuous pro- gram for Eskimos and Indians which this year will place 40 among the drilling crews of Panarctic Oil Ltd, alone. The program also trams me- chanics and other trades and will enable those with ability to become foremen. Seventy Eskimos last year were employed at the Rankin Inlet nickel project and at Frobisher Bay an Eskimo-own- ed and operated company suc- cessfully entered the contract janitorial business. Under a new agreement Okanagan Helicopters Limited trains Eskimos as fixed wing and helicopter pilots and I have flown several hundred miles in an Atlas Aviation Ltd. two-engined .turbo-prop with an Eskimo cp-pilot handling the controls with aplomb. The new airport at Copper- mine will be built and main- tained predominantly by Eski- mos. The major Anvil and Pine Point mines are required by an agreement with Ottawa to train and lure an increasing number of Eskimos and In- at 5 per cent of their total work force and ris- ing to a minimum of 25 per cent in five similar agreements will be one of the conditions of federal help to any resource company in the future. Ottawa also has established a million fund for small bus- iness loans to help any north- erner who has a reasonable proposition and this is expect- ed to be of particular benefit to Eskimos and Indians who might be disadvantaged in tlie commercial loans field. The number of individuals helped so far by the various government programs is small but growing steadily and show- ing promise that eventually it will improve the lot of the en- tire potential workforce. When there are fewer than in that group. Ihc training of a few hundred Eskimos and In- dians each year in modern skills carries a big impact. If the government is success- ful in its pioneering attempt to eliminate job and social dis- crimination in the north before unbalanced development bene- fits create unbridgeable gaps, it will have created a new kind of Canadian. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Drugs, Drinks And Hypocrisy From The Christian Science Monitor TTNEXPECTED results often cor about in unsuspected ways. For so: 3 mo unsuspected ways. For some time now we have been wondering whether concern over drug abuse in the United States might bring about an improvement in another area of abuse, that of alcoholic beverages. If this sounds cryptic, let us explain. As is well known, one of (he leading ar- guments used by young people in their ef- forts to justify the use of narcotics is that their elders make an even greater use of alcohol. Youth points to the persons killed yearly on American highways by drunken drivers, the broken homes, the battered children, the economic loss, the ruined health which follow the use of al- cohol, and youth charges that adult attacks upon drugs are hypocrisy. As the New York newspaper columnist Pete Hamill points out in the current is- sue of Seventeen magazine, youth is justi- fiably put off by present strictures against marijuana when nothing is done about; al- cohol. The basic argument here, Mr. Ha- mill tells us, is not that marijuana is good for you, but that the law discriminates against its user and lets drinkers do almost anything. Is it loo much to hope that an America, increasingly concerned over the spreading tragedy of youth and drugs, may come to recognize this hypocrisy and its terrible effect upon youth? Won't American adults come to see the validity of what their children are saying to them: If you want us to show restraint and good judgment, you must set us a good example at home? Can we not hope that out of national con- cern over drugs may also come a national concern over a related problem which to- day is still causing vastly greater harm than are drugs? There is no sadder situation than that which requires the suffering of children to make parents wise. But on occasion man- kind seems to need hard knocks to learn wisdom. This may be one of those occa- sions, and out of the drug tragedy thera may emerge a desperately needed revision of outlook on alcohol. But X adultdom does not; see this, if it continues through its use of alcohol to provide youth with alleged justification for drugs, then a heavy bur- den of guilt will fall upon the parents, grandparents, teachers, and leaders of to- day's America. Faster Than They Can Spend It From The Financial Post disbursements for interna- tional development increased by more than 65 per cent during 19G9-70." With this proud start, the Canadian In- ternational Development Agency (CIDA) recently chronicled the fact that Canada's foreign aid spending rose from million in 1968-69 to a remarkable million in 1969-70. Does this make you feel good? Does it still the qualms of the relatively well-fed in a world of much hunger? Does that sound like a wise investment in future stability? Before the idea takes hold that our aid program is growing by leaps and bounds, some other figures should be considered. These suggest that CIDA is limping, not running, towards its aid- goals. The fact is that Parliament had author- ized CIDA to spend million in 1968- 69. It spent only million and therefore fell short of its appropriations by more than million Last year it did some- what better, managing to spend mil- lion of the million authorized. Even this apparent improvement is open to qualification. CIDA appropriations are non-lapsing, which means that what the agency fails to spend in one year, it can carry over into succeeding years. Presum- ably, then, last year's spending Included some of the shortfall from1 1968-69. In the past, CIDA officials, when con- fronted with this lag involving appropria- tions and actual disbursements, were quick to point out that spending was deliberately slowed down to permit reorganization of the agency and a better system of dispen- sing aid. Putting the best possible complexion on the matter, it looks as though the reor- ganization is cow over and the spending brakes are finally off. At the same time, it is abundantly obvi- ous that if CIDA is going to spend all the money available to it without losing con- trol over the quality of aid given, the or- ganization will have to move quickly and with discrimination. Commitments for many large new projects will have to be undertaken to provide help on the scale Parliament envisaged when it approved the spending estimates. The present tortoise-like pace loudly sug- gests that the government is backing away from the much-discussed and fairly widely accepted aim of getting foreign aid totals up to 1 per cent of gross national product. Is this what Canadians really want? Fluoridation Gains Favor From The Calgary Herald CALGARY'S medical health officer, Dr. Leslie Allan, has endorsed fluorida- tion of Calgary's domestic water supply. That factor alone should be enough to allay any reasonable doubts about the safety and desirability of fluoridation as a public health measure. Dr. Allan said recently that no signifi- cant reduction in tooth decay will be achieved in Calgary so long as the initia- tive for administering fluoride supplements remains a home-based program, as is now the case. The medical health officer's statement .should do much to assist the campaign now developing for another plebiscite in Calgary next year on the fluoridation is- sue. It is amazing that unreasoned prejudice still exists against this important public health advance in view of the countless endorsements by the medical and dental professions. In fact, the prejudice has disappeared in many Canadian centres in recent years. One-third of the Canadian population drinks fluoridated water today. There are 155 communities in Ontario which fluori- date their water. Consumers served by these supply systems total or 55 per cent of the province's population. Sixty-two per cent of the Manitoba popu- lation drinks fluoridated water. In Saskat- chewan, 117 communities have fluoridated supply systems. The total for Alberta is thirty-three. None of the dire consequences predicted by rabid anti-fluoridationists have befallen any of these many Canadian communities. Indeed, the movement toward fluorida- tion has been gathering momentum in re- cent years as reason has taken over from superstition and fact from prejudice. It would be a great pity if Calgary not given the chance once again to make a choice in the matter. Equality-Under The Law From the International Herald Tribune Women's Eights amendment that was overwhelmingly passed by the House of Representatives bans infringe- ment by the federal government or any state of "equality of rights under the law" because of sex. That represents an impor- tant change in attitude change that has been in progress, economically and so- cially, for many years. But it is as far from achieving the goals of the Women's Liberation Movement as the Civil Rights Acts have been from achieving true equal- ity for non-whites. The analogy should not be pressed too far. Despite some geneticists, the only ap- parent difference between whites and non- whites lies in skin color and social condi- tioning. But there are pronounced differ- ences in biological structure and function between men and women, plus a millennial difference in social status. It has yet to be determined, with any accuracy or general consent, to what extent the biological dif- ferences are significant, in any purely practical sense, in determining social sta- tus in the modern world. The question goes deep into a great num- ber of social structures and individual re- lationships; into the psychology of men and women and the very existence of the fam- ily unit the oldest, simplest and most enduring social nucleus. It involves, to a far greater degree than national, racial, economic or religious ideologies, the basic patterns of human existence. fiut whatever changes may occur in the direction of a new association between the sexes in the world, the pragmatic facts of an industrialized society dictate the justice of the Women's Rights amendment. It is just that women should have the control of then- own persons, their own property and their own careers on equal terms with men. It is just that they should receive equal pay for equal work, and not be barred by their sex alone, from access to the professions, or from advancement in them. That tin's kind of equality, if achieved to fact (and prejudice or preconceptions are stubborn, even in the face of the law) other changes in feminine status will doubtless occur. Society at large must be prepared to adapt to them, and to test their validity and acceptability with ob- jectivity. This responsibility applies to women as well as to nten; it may be dis- covered that the differences are more fundamental than the radical females are now willing to concede, or less important than male chauvinism will now admit. In any case, women's rights are more com- plex and more significant than the right to brawl in McSorley's Old Ale House. I think we can predict that in another 10 years, the intensity of the conflict on many dimensions between the males and females in our society is going to be where me conflict is today between teenagers and parents and between blacks and whites. We're just beginning to see the revolt of women. Dr. Ronald Lippitt, University of Michigan psychologist and sociologist. ;