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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, August 19, 1970 Krai I Please Trust Uncle Sam! Israeli accusations that tlie terms of the 90 clay ceasefire have been violated by the Egyptians have not been proven, but Cairo has not denied them. The American Defence Secre- tary Melvin Laird did not deny that there "might" have been such a viola- tion in the hours of darkness immed- iately following the ceasefire, when Russian missiles could have been moved closer to the Suez Canal. The urbane Mr. Laird, understandably anxious to calm Israel's apprehen- sion, said that the charges were im- possible to prove or disprove. He is probably right. It is unfortunate that Egypt and Israel are responsible for observing one there is no third impartial force responsible for reconnaissance. Israel has filed her complaint of a ceasefire violation with the UN Truce Supervision Or- ganization but the text is being treat- ed as a confidential communication. It is quite possible that the Egyp- tians did commit a technical viola- tion of the ceasefire. This in itself could hardly be reason to break off negotiations or even to delay the com- mencement of the talks. What the ac- cusation of violation by Egypt has done is to undermine the already fragile confidence of Israel in the good faith of Cairo, and even of her ally the United States. The U.S. as- sured Israel that there would be no military build up by Egypt during the 90 day interval. Israel lias staked everything on this assurance. Any violation of the terms to which they agreed under U.S. pressure is bound to widen the gap of confidence be- tween Tel Aviv and Washington. Mr. Abba Eban's recent statements bear this out. Expert diplomacy is the only way out of the present dilemma. Delay in getting the peace talks going is dan- gerous. The Washington Post comments editorially that "it is up to the United States to satisfy Israel's understand- able apprehension about being let down by the U.S. for Washington's own convenience." If diplomacy can- not survive this crisis of confidence, tlie talks are plainly doomed before they get off the ground. Drug Addiction In U.S.S.R. Drug addiction is a problem throughout most of the world but it is of minimal importance in the U.S.S.R. Such is the assertion made in the July issue of the glossy publi- cation Soviet Union Today. Not a single case of drag addic- tion was found in 1968 amongst youngsters under 17. Most of the known addicts are invalids whose ad- diction is of medical origin they were introduced to drugs through hav- ing them prescribed to ease pain. Absence of a serious drug addic- tion problem is attributed to two things. The social system which has eliminated unemployment, prostitu- tion, poverty and vagrancy has cre- ated a barrier against drag addic- tion in the Soviet Union. And the fact that there are no privately own- ed pharmacies means that it has been possible to establish efficient su- pervision over the production and dis- tribution of drugs. Both of these things express the ideological bias of a Communist. Whatever truth there is in them is almost certain to be overstated. Con- trol over the manufacture and dis- tribution of drugs might cut down on abuse of some, of them but the prob- lem would remain in most countries because of smuggling. Also an im- provement in social conditions might lead to some curtailment of abuse but unfortunately as a panacea it founders on the fact that abusers of drugs do not belong to underpriv- ileged groups only. If the Soviet Union has indeed found the solution to drug abuse in its sys- tem, it is not a sufficient selling point to make people of the free world buy it. The oppressiveness of that sys- tem is not more attractive than the possibility of freedom from drug in- festation. Curiosity Costs Obviously it is good public rela- tions on the part of tlie university administration to provide the curious with a safe vantage point from which to view progress on the building pro- ject on the west side site. It is a rec- ognition of the real interest there is in the development of the university. Most people could see with greater comprehension what is going on if they were to attend a slide presenta- tion such as one recently given by Acting President William Becke" But even though the majority ot viewers are not likely to have much idea of what they are viewing, there is a fascination about an actual con- struction operation that cannot be denied. So visitors to the site are in- evitable. But visitors cannot be allowed to interfere with the workmen or be- come accident victims. Therefore it has been necessary to expend some money to give them a vantage point and to supervise their presence. Curiosity thus costs the university and ultimately the taxpayer money. But it could cost more not to take these precautions. And it may be money well spent so far as creating and maintaining goodwill toward the university is concerned. Art Buchwa d At first glance Tahiti and the surrounding islands live up to their reputation as being an earthlike paradise. But after a week you notice many things wrong. It's sad to report but Tahiti lacks many of the refinements that Americans are used to. For example, during the 10 days we spent in Polynesia there was not one smog alert. I kept inquiring about smog, but only got blank stares from tlie natives. The simple souls didn't even know what smog was, which shows you how far be- hind the times the Polynesians still arc. Another thing that struck me was the fact that none of the dancers out here arc topless. The Tahitian dancers prefer to wear bras to going bare, and an American tourist can make a fortune selling photos of Los Angeles go-go dancers to the na- tives, who are shocked that we allow our women to dance with nothing on. It takes a few days for an American to get used to dancers wearing bras, but after awhile you stop staring and it doesn't bother you at all. One of the things that strikes you about Tahiti is the noise, which is deafening. The wind blowing through the palm trees, the surf crashing against the coral and the constant flapping of the sails in the breeze is more than a person ran stand. It's no wonder after n few flays of Illis that a per- son longs for quiet and solitude of New York City or Cleveland. Another things that hits you is the lack of formality in clothing. The women out. here arc not even conscious that the is now in fashion and they are still wear- ing their sarongs above the knees. They also insist on wearing flowers in their hair. One is amazed to see men without coals and ties in restaurants and bars. A tourist can't help wondering what on earth the missionaries have been doing all these year's. I am sorry to report that when you leave the main island of Papeete, there is no television. The only entertainment avail- able on Bora Bora and Morea and Raiiaea is provided by Ihe nalives who sing and dance until early hours of the morning. It's hard to believe that any civilization can survive without Johnny Carson or Laugh In, but somehow the Tahitians man- age to do it At the same time, you can see the ef- fects the lack of television has had on the natives. They have no idea which deter- gent contains the most active ingredients; they don't know which shampoo will add lustre to their- hair. They have no clue as to what works faster than aspirin, and they don't even know what mouth wash to use when someone accuses them of bad breath. The only thing the Tahitians have going for them, as far as we could tell, is that there is no generation gap. A young man docs not argue with his father when he's told he can't borrow tile outrigger canoe. A young girl must be in her hut by 10 o'clock at night. How do Tahitian parents manage to wield this control onr Ilieir children? They attribute it. lo a .secret Tahitain phrase that has been passed down through the When a child asks why he cannot do a certain thing, a Tahitian par- ent always replies. tc rnca ua paran van mi tcra.'1 Translated in English, it means "Because I said so." (Toronto Tdcgr.ltn News Service) Only Minimal Gestures In Peace Moves WASHINGTON The world lias recently been wear- ing a more peaceful aspect he- cause of some give on lira So- viet side. But the Russians have been obliging on problems that are about as apt to go away as rheumatism. Their concessions have been trivial and subject to easy re- versal. So the Washington view is that the Russians are mainly trying to gain time for sorting out internal leadership prob- lems which must be resolved before fundamental decisions can be taken. The most striking sign of So- viet give has come in the re- cent agreement with West Clermany to renounce the use of force. The agreement was tied up months ago in negotia- tions between Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Egon Bahr, a special assistant to Chancellor Willy Brandt. For purely internal political reasons, Bonn then decided to append to the agreement pro- visos that would keep open the questions of German reunifica- tion and a possible Big Four arrangement on the status of Berlin. The Russians could easily have balked, leaving the Brandt government in an awful hole. Instead they accepted gracefully. And when Chancel- lor Brandt decided to go to Moscow for the signing, Pre- mier Alcxei Kosygin even came off vacation to be pres- ent. A similar show of pliability has marked the Soviet role in the Middle East. The Russians could have gone on using ten- sion between Israel and Egypt to penetrate deeper and deeper into the area. Instead they elected to favor the 90 day cease fire pro- posed by 'tills country. And in the Moscow talks with Colonel Nasser, they used their influ- ence to foster Egyptian accept- ance. Lastly, there is the matter of the strategic arms limitation talks in Vienna. The proposals put forward by the United States could have been rejected by the Soviet Union on a num- ber of plausible grounds. For example, they do not cover the MIRV, or multiple indepen- dently targeted re-entry vehi- cles, where this country is way ahead. They impose special limits on the biggest bombs and missiles where tlie Rus- sians have put their energy. Instead, the Russians let these proposals go by without serious protest. And so the sec- ond. or1 Vienna, phase of the marathon talks lias featured a note of amity. Despite these pleasant at- mospherics, however, the So- viet moves are trifling in their intrinsic significance. A settle- ment in Europe still turns on two almost primeval issues the status of Berlin and the role of the two Germanics. In the Middle East, there are not even the beginnings of har- mony on such basics as the status and borders of Israel. And while an arms agreement is likely, the area covered seems to be shrinking with the final outcome not yet assured. Indeed, the striking feature of current Soviet behavior is that minimal gestures are being made to look like major steps forward. And it is in this connection that the theory of unresolved internal problems comes on stage. For the exis- tence of these problems is be- yond question. A new party congress, Rus- sia's most important political forum, was announced at the. highest levels for last month, only to be postponed a few days later until next spring. Adop- tion of a long overdue five- year plan has been similarly put off. A number of the high- est Soviet leaders including Premier Kosygin, President Nicolai Podgorny, and Mikhail Suslov of the party secre- tariat seem ripe for retire- ment. And continuing transfers of younger contenders most recently the rumored shift of V. S. Tolstikov from party boss of Leningrad to ambassador to China suggests that major shuffles are being prepared. The best guess, in these cir- cumstances, is that tlie Soviet leadership is easing pressure on foreign fronts in order to gain a breatlu'ng spell for set- ting its own house in order. The big decisions are almost certainly yet to be made. And while the harmony of the pres- ent moment is not to be wholly discounted, while indeed it makes sense to seize opportun- ities, the most important thing for the United States is to be ready for" any outcome in the uncertain shifting now going on inside the Kremlin. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Tim Traynor Oil Stoppage Could Jeopardize Security (Second of two articles) WASHINGTON The U.S. has had reason for in- creasing alarm about the drift of events which has resulted in the curtailment of oil ship- ments from Libya and the clo- sure of the Trans-Arabian pipe- line. In both cases a confrontation has developed between West- ern oil interests and Arab gov- ernments demanding higher revenues for tlie production of movement of oil in their coun- tries. In the back ground looms the growiBg hostility of t h e Arabs to the U.S. and other Western backers of Israel. A grim appraisal of the prospects was recently given to a congressional group by Dr. Wilson Laird, head of the U.S. office of oil and gas. After deal- ing with the impact of a re- newal of the Arab-Israeli war, he envisaged a situation short of war in which there was a deepening of the current con- frontation between govern- ments and oil companies, with consequent interruption of oil movement. In Libya, the confrontation has already developed to the point where the government has nationalized substantial elements of the oil industry. Dr. Laird raised the possibility of a total takeover and a total stoppage of Libyan oil produc- tion (about 3.6 million barrels a Pointing out that Europe draws 30 per cent of its oil from Libya, Dr. Laird said such a stoppage would cause severe disruption to the West generally, especially if it was superimposed on a blockage of the lYans-Arabian line and the closure of the Suez Canal. "With a sustained loss of tlu's magnitude of more than a few weeks, the ability of the free world nations to fuel their domestic economies would be so reduced as to jeopardize their national se- he said. A similar pattern could de- velop in li'ak, where British, French and American oil com- panies have been engaged in a continuing dispute with the government over revenues. By Dr. Laird's estimate, ation in Iraq could result in the further denial of 1.5 million barrels a day. "It is unlikely that the oil deficit resulting from the added denial of Iraq could be offset by remaining supply sources without resort- ing to rationing by the consum- ing connlries." Ultimately, American oil companies and consum- ing countries might reach an accommodation with the Arab governments, but the U.S. had to reckon with the worst pos- sibility. Dr. Laird envisaged progressive nationalization in which: "American capital in- vestment of billions of dollars would be wiped out, together with profit remittances and tax Letters To The Editor payments to the United States Besides exerting a strong in- fluence on U.S. Mid-Eastern policy, these gloomy pros- pects are an increasing factor in U.S. thinking on oil imports. The manifest instability of M i d d 1 e-Eastem oil supplies strengthens defenders of the protectionist system which has prevented large-scale reliance on foreign oil. Up to this point, circum- stances have been strongly in favor of opponents of tlie sys- tem of import quotas, which has recently been extended to cover Canadian oil. With the price of Mid-Eastern and other foreign oil below that of the domestic product, there was force in tlie demand for Manpower Will Help To Find Jobs During the last few months (since May or April) I have been in correspondence with the Manpower office and dur- ing this time I have known and met most of the student coun- sellors along with Manpower's head supervisor. I have found summer job hunting a prob- lem but certainly not impos- sible. Through Manpower, job opportunities have been gain- ed, not to mention many help- ful hints as to where to apply for employment. With Manpower's advice and knowledge gained from my last summer's job hunt I began the 1970 job hunt. Be- tween this time (January) and May 30, some 45-50 applica- tions were placed through the city in everything from trailer- building to dishwashing in res- taurants to carry out boy in a local supermarket. Manpower visits were kept up and about July 9 I was offered a job on a farm for a week at S12 per day. This I ac- cepted and after the first day's work I returned to find that a Degrading During a Little League base- ball play-off game between local Norcrest and Moose Jaw Americans last Thursday eve- ning we were extremely dis- gusted with some of our local fans. A fine young Moose Jaw pitcher, Dwaync Pierson, was heckled discriminatingly; "That Indian, he can't What a pity such degrading actions have lo go on at all, anytime, any place and least of all in Lethbridge a thriving beautiful community in which we wish so many more people to be attracted. ORAL and BERYL BOYCHUK. job as a flagman on a road crew had been offered to me, paying approximately a day (sometimes As any normal person would do, I ac- cepted the new job, quit the farm job, and went to my new job as flagman. The first day proved slightly disheartening. It turned out that I wasn't needed after all and my first bum steer of the season struck. Things like this have to be ex- pected of course, so efforts through Manpower, Board of Industrial Relations and Work- men's Compensation Board were made to try and keep the job as flagman. They proved fruitless but the foreman of Ihe Start Brushing! To comment on Cliff Black's eloquent histrionics I am de- lighted to say that his analysis of the rise and demise of civili- zations is very intuitive, exem- plifies extraordinary common sense, but the conclusion is slightly inaccurate. The cause of tire cultural decay was not t Ir e consequential result o f "moral but of "dental Contemporary "avante- garde" historians are increas- ingly correlating the decline of civilization with the increasing incidence of poor dental care. I must add that as yet they have not been able to ascertain whether the former was the cause or the consequence of the latter, but they are con- tinuing their research and are optomislic shout getting to the ultimate truth. To those people who fear the untimely dissolution of our civilization and wish to avert it, the solution is quite grab that toothbrush and start brushing. PAUL KAZAKOFF. road crew was fired for ac- tions towards myself, Mali- power and his own boss. Approximately one week later Manpower landed me a part time job with1 a student- formed company. The remain- der of the summer I have worked with tlu's company and earned enough to finish my Grade 12 and keep my winter recreation (skiing) financed. In conclusion I would like to say that job hunting is not impossible, and Manpower will work with you, if you show them you want to work. Don't look for the best job available; you won't find it. Take any job. D. R. R. Lethbridge. liberalization to allow a er intake from abroad. The argument was rein- forced by steep increases in the demand for all forms of energy, including oil. The fact that supply is lagging behind demand under existing condi- tions becomes more and more evident as Ihe country experi- ences increasingly serious pow- er shortages. With the deterioration in the Middle East, however, the idea of increased use of non-domestic oil has become less attractive, both from the point of view of security and of price. Defenders of the quota system are making the most of the situation, as evidenced by the fact that an effort to freeze the system has been in- corporated into the protection- ist trade bill authored by the influential Ways and Means committee of the House of Rep- resentatives. In face of fuel-supply short- ages, backers of the quota argue for greater exploitation of domestic resources, espe- cially oil and natural gas. They brash aside concern about the eventual exhaustion of U.S. reserves, maintaining that these have been underesti- mated. However, it is doubtful whether they can demonstrate that this is a realistic alterna- tive to increased imports beyond the short term. (Herald Washington Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD who wants to work should be without a job these days as farmers are of- fering a day for stocking in the harvest fields. taking an automo- bile without the owner's con- sent, a juvenile was ordered a strapping by Magistrate Ham- ilton. Two more juveniles are to come before the magislrale charged with the same offence. Ihe air baltle over Britain, Germany lost 144 planes in one day, while Brit- ish fighters blasted German bases in France. I of the ac- tual fill for Ihe St. Mary river flam-building job is expected to be completed with- in another three weeks. Soviet Union has sentenced Francis Gary Pow- ers, American U-2 pilot to ten years imprisonment for espion- age, but modified that by say- ing that only three years are lo be spent in prison. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon, W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 001! Member of Tho Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genera! Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pag a Editor '7HF HFRAID THF SOUTH" ;