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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY rORECAST HIGH THURSDAY 75-80 The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 209 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS FOUR SECTIONS 46 PAGES Cities Closed In Cholera Outbreak By BRIAN SULLIVAN AP Science Writer NEW YORK (AP) In 1893, just 10 days after his great work the Pathetique Symphony was per- formed for the first time, Peter Ilych Tchaikovsky was dead at the age of 53. He died of cholera. The Russian composer died at the height of his artistic powers of a disease that has taken uncount- ed lives in repeated waves around the world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Now cholera has returned to the Soviet Union, striking resort areas on the Black and Caspian seas. A number of cities there, and in the Volga River basin, have been closed. Cholera seems to have originated in India, in the Ganges River delta and in lower Bengal, and prob- ably was present there in the deep past. But the first great epidemic, called a pandemic, was recorded in 1817, when the cholera bacteria burst out of India and followed land and sea routes to China, the Philippines, Russia and elsewhere. In 1826, anather pandemic began, following the same course, but spreading farther, to Europe, Brit- ain, and North America. Reached Canada That pandemic reached Canada in 1832, moved south to the Chicago area and down the Mississippi valley. It spread to Boston and New York and1 by 1836 throughout most of the U.S., before disappearing in 1838. There haven't been any cases of naturally acquired cholera in the U.S. since 1911. Tchaikovsky died in the pandemic that started in India in 1891, one of seven global pandemics record- ed .before this latest began apparently in 1935 in the Celebes Islands of Indonesia. The comma-shaped bacterium, called vibrio comma, spreads hi primitive conditions of poor sanitation, in contaminated water and food. After a person is infected, the virulent bacterium Incubates for periods ranging from a few hours to five days, but usually from two to three days. Then it explodes. The infection produces a violent diarrhea, then watery ttools, vomiting and. rapid dehydration. Death may occur within a few hours. If cholera is untreated, dea'ths may exceed more than 50 per cent of those stricken. But with modern treatment, restoring fluids and salts and giving drugs, deaths can be reduced to less than one per cent. There's little chance of the current pandemic af- fecting Europe, Canada or the United States. Chlorina- tion of water, proper disposal of feces and sanitary food handling prevent the spread of cholera. But with modern travel, other susceptible areas, such as the poor areas of Central and South America, could be reached by a cholera pandemic. Give No Figures An unco-operative information policy at the Soviet health ministry has prevented a reliable estimate of the seriousness of the outbreak. No figures have been published. But thousands are affected by the quaran- tine and travel restrictions. In Moscow and other cities, rculti-colored posters are abundant in markets and food stores warning shop- pers to thoroughly clean all food and boil all drinking water. Soviet television aired a 20-minute discussion Mon- day night on preventing the spread of cholera by strict sanitary measures in homes, restaurants, public facili- ties and stores. Barred From Docking About 80 merchant ships sailing in from the Black Sea, Turkey and the Middle East have been stopped outside Genoa, Italy, and barred from docking until all persons were checked for cholera, a communique is- sued by harbor authorities reported today. .It said that up to now no trace of the disease has been found and all-vessels were permitted to dock, after animal furs and rags were disinfected. Outbreaks of cholera were reported last week hi Syria and Egypt but Egypt sent a message to the World Health Organization in Geneva denying that the intestinal epidemic there was cholera. Visitors to Canada from cholera disease areas must have a certificate showing innoculation against the disease, a health department official said in Ottawa. Any visitor to Canada without the required certifi- cate must report to a local medical health officer, ths official fald. GOTCHA New log-loading machine (left) seems ready to pinch as passing trans- port truck whips up a young Vancouver lass' skirt- Vancouver Sun photographer Ken Oakes, poised to take pictures of the machin e, caught the unexpected action. Fuel Oil Crisis In U.S. following a press briefing at which he discussed the adminis- tration's decision earlier this week to scrap a proposed revi- sion in the country's oil import control program. The revision would have sub- stituted a system of tariffs on foreign petroleum products for the 11-year-old quota system. In abandoning the tariff proposal, the administration decided to concentrate on improving the quota system. Residual fuel oil, however, is not affected by the import con- trols, while Canadian crude, oil imports are. Because the needs of the United States never could be met from domestic supplies, all limitations on importing foreign WASHINGTON (AP) Worldwide shortages and. sky- rocketing' prices for fuel oil have hit utility companies in the United States so hard that the result could be across-the-board utility rate increases for con- sumers, a high Nixon adminis- tration official says. The crisis involves residual fuel oil, used principally by heavy industry and utility com- panies, and in greater demand because of its low sulphur con- trait. Since the first of the year, the price of foreign-produced re- sidual fuel oil has doubled and American fuel oil prices have increased by about 40 per cent. Nearly two-thirds of the resid- ual oil used hi the United States is imported, mainly from the Middle East. There are no limi- tations on such imports. "Utility companies are being 1iPftllP hit George A. Lincoln, L L'VUVK director of the office of emer- gency preparedness, said in an interview. Asked if this meant a possible rise in electricity rates, Lincoln said, "It certainly does." WON'T PREDICT Lincoln would not predict when and by how much utility rates might be affected, but he held out little hope that much could be done to alleviate the crisis any time soon. He was interviewed Tuesday residual fuel oils wefe lifted in 1966. But import controls were kept on Canadian crude. The U.S. al- lows barrels a day of Ca- nadian oil into the country west of the Rockies. However, in scrapping the proposed tariff system, the U.S. plans to overhaul the import quota system, allowing more Canadian oil into the country. Lincoln said Monday that ar- rangements have been made for the U.S. oil. imports appeals board to provide relief for hard-pressed U.S. refineries by authorizing imports of Canadian crude above the level of the Ca- nadian quota. But Lincoln did not say how much the increase would be. Freely Without Permission Picture Butte Man .Killed In Canal VATICAN CITY (AP) Pope Paul has decreed liberal rules for priests, brothers and nuns including one permitting most nuns to leave then- con- vents freely without permission. The document was prepared by the Vatican's Congregation for the Religious, and the pon- tiff signed it in June. A Vatican source said heads Scot Dickout, 20, of Picture Butte, was killed Tuesday when the self-propelled swath- er he was driving plunged off a bridge and overturned in an irrigation canal near his home. RCMP are investigating the accident. Police said he was pinned underneath the machine in the canal. Coroner Dr. John E. Morgan of Lethbridge said an inquest will be held but no date has been set. The victim was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Dickout. of Picture Butte, 20 miles north of Lethbridge. of religious orders in Rome have been informed of the de- cree, which has already gone into effect. The Vatican Will publish the document in the next edition of the Acts of (he Holy See. Points in the document in- clude: nuns may come and go freely from their convents without checking with superiors and without specifying their destinations. Convents are warned, however, to exercise vigilance to prevent sisters from becoming involved in "in- convenient" episodes. longer will a testimonial letter from a bishop be required to certify "the good behavior" of candidates for the priesthood. Religious superiors are asked only to seek whatever informa- tion thsy consider necessary to make a character judgment. e 1 i g i o u s superiors are given authority to modify the boundaries of their orders' prov- inces, or in some cases to cre- ate new provinces, without con- sulting with authorities in Rome. U.S. To Consult Russia, Eg On Violations WASHINGTON (CP) The Israeli accusations of violations by them of the Middle East ceasefire agreement. The U.S. itself is still examining the re- cent charges. In a statement today, the state department announced the U.S. conclusion that there was "forward deployment of sur- face-to-air missiles" on the Egyptian side of the Suez canal front before the ceasefire went into effect and "some evidence" indicates this movement contin- ued beyond the ceasefire dead- line. But the statement declared that "our evidence of this for- ward movement after the cease- fire began is not conclusive." The effect of the statement and of comments made by a state department spokesman on Israel's charges was to deny full support for the Israeli accu- sations, to appeal for a prompt start on peace talks between Is- rael and the Arab states and to renew U.S. assurances of mili- tary support of Israel. "I do want to make press officer Robert J. Mc- Closkey said, "as President Nixon and (State) Secretary Rogers have done before, that we will not allow the balance to be be turned to the disadvantage of Israel." The U.S. position has been ex- plained to the Israeli govern- ment by the American ambas- sador in Tel Aviv, Walworth Barbour. It was also discussed with Israeli Ambassador Yit- zhak -Rabin Tuesday. Rabin ar- rived in Israel today on a plane from Washington. MEETS AMBASSADOR Rabin met Tuesday with As- sistant State Secretary Joseph Sisco. Sisco was reported to have given Rabin the gist of the proposed U.S. statement. The state department's state- ment on the Israeli charges against Egypt is expected to urge Israel to name Us repre- sentative to indirect talks under the auspices of United Nations mediator Gunnar Jarring. The fear in Washington was that delay in starting the talks, agreed to by Israel, Egypt and Jordan in their acceptance of the U.S. peace initiative which brought about a 90-day military standstill, would imperil the fragile truce. In Moscow, the Soviet govern- ment newspaper Izvestia termed the Israeli charges fab- rications and said even the U.S. disavowed them. PROOF OF VIOLATIONS Israeli diplomats said they had given the state department irrefutable proof of Egyptian ceasefire violations and felt that lack of U.S. support undermined Israeli faith in guarantees to en- force any political settlement With the Arabs. U.S. officials said numerous photographs taken by high- flying American reconnaissance planes had been examined but intelligence experts were ham- pered by the fact that the flights did not begin until the day of the truce. 7. i 7 Mediator Appointed In Post Office Dispute OTTAWA (CP) Thomas C. O'Connor of Toronto has been named mediator in the long- standing dispute between the government and the Council of Postal Unions. The appointment of the new will be the second to try to bring hot', sides togeth- announced by Treasury Board Chairman C. M. Drury. The public service staff rela- tions board later identified the new mediator as Mr. O'Connor. Mr. Drury said he didn't think there would be agreement on the appointment of a mediator unless there was hope that prog- ress could be made. However, he said that the rejection by the unions of the government's "substantially revised offer" last week makes him less opti- mistic than he was about an early agreement. Asked whether the govern- ment had set a deadline for the new mediation efforts prior to further action, Mr. Drury said there is no constitutional or legal deadline. But "I have some idea in my own mind." He said he didn't agree with suggestions that Canada's mail service is in a state of chaos. Mr. Drury said the six-per- cent wage guides is not "the controlling factor" in a settle- ment of the dispute since the guides, announced earlier this year, were meant to apply to this year. The wages now being discussed with postal workers go back to 1969. But the government wanted to see the same general "pattern" followed as in other areas, of the public service. Labor Pains Foil Hijack Attempt TOKYO (AP) Because a woman complained of labor pains, police today foiled the hi- jacking of a Japanese akliner by a only with a toy pistol: Police said the woman faked the labor pains. Officials said police sneaked aboard the Boeing 727 at the Hamamatsu air base during the confusion after the woman said she was about to give birth. The police tackled the hijacker from behind and found he was armed with a toy pistol, the officials said. The All Nippon Airways plane had taken off from Nagoya bound for Sapporo with 81 per- sons aboard. Shortly after, a slim Japanese pulled what ap- peared to be a pistol on the pilot Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN YEAR OLD fudge maker Lisa Johansen, with encouragement from friend Marilyn Carbert, whip- ping up a batch of "Blue Monday" goodies and finding the recipe was enough to ex- tend the sweet treat' to Tues- day, Wednesday and Thurs- day Members of the Alberta Youth Orchestra and Chorale displaying signs reading "Take an autoharp player home for dinner" on the" side of their bus Liz M a t h e w s complain- ing that every time she tries to take a picture of the moun- tains "they seem to move the other way." and ordered him to land at Ha- mamatsu, 125 miles southwest of Tokyo. The hijacker was identified as Sacliio InagaM, a 2-1-year-old metal worker who lives in Ha- inamatsu. Police quoted the man as say- ing: "I was tired of living and decided to die. I asked for a rifle from the self-defence force to shoot myself or be killed by self-defence troopers. I had no intention of killing passengers." The landing was made" safely and about 50 passengers were allowed to get off the plane. The hijacker held the others and de- manded that he be given a sni- per rifle with telescopic sights, 100 rounds of ammunition and two five-gallon cans of gasoline. PREVENT TAKEOFF Later he demanded that the plane be flown back to Nagoya, but automobiles had been drawn up in front of the forward land- ing gear to prevent the plane from moving, troops surrounded the craft, and two Japanese fighter planes circled overhead. It was the second hijacking of a Japanese airliner. In the first hijacking, nine armed members of a radical student group known as the Red Army seized a Japan Airlines Boeirig 727 on a domestic flight March 31 and demanded to be flown to North Korea. GABOR ROBBED Zsa Zsa Gabor, star of the Broad- way hit play Forty Carats was robbed of a lot of carats in New York by two men early today. They held her up at gunpoint in an elevator in the Waldorf-Towers where she lives and took more than worth of jewels, the hotel said. The losses in- cluded a set of earrings and and a ring valued at nearly Nixon Proposes Treaty Banning Gas Warfare WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Nixon asked the Senate today to ratify a 45-year-old treaty banning gas warfare, with the understanding that it does not outlaw tear gas or de- foliants. "Today there are 85 parties, including all other major pow- ers, to this basic international agreement which the United States proposed and signed in Nixon said in a message to the Senate. "The United States always has observed the principles and objectives of this Nixon said. "I consider it essen- tial that the United States now become a party to this proto- col." Senate ratification is needed don't want proteins. J want the moon tractor Youth Crushed In Collision CALGARY (CP) Vincent Dagostino, 17, of Calgary was killed Tuesday when crushed in a collision with a car in Cal- gary. Farmers Feed Sheep To Pigs A D E L A I DE (Reuters) Drought-stricken farmers in the remote western region of south Australia are feeding their sheep to pigs, government agri- cultural adviser T. R. Davidson said today. Davidson said the farmers found this was cheaper than to chip the cheep to market in Ad- elaide where they are fetching only 10 cents each. "There is a good market for pigs, and they grow well when fed on he said. The rush to sell sheep other- wise doomed to die on dusty plains has caused the price to oosedive. for the U.S. to put the treaty fully into effect. Smoke, flame and napalm also would not be covered by the protocol, or treaty, as inter- preted by the Nixon administra- tion in asking Senate approval of the pact. Senator George D. Aiken of Vermont, senior Republican on the foreign relations committee, predicted dear sailing for the 1925 Geneva protocol. Because of Nixon's interpretations, it will allow use of such chemi- cals as teai' gas and herbicides. Nixon previewed his message for congressional leaders Tues- day. His interpretation, they said, is that the agreement cov- ers only gases harmful to man. as are used in the Vietnam exempted because they were not known when the treaty was drawn. Vessels Crash In Fog ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CP) Ninety-two Portuguese fisher- men were rescued, five were missing, and two bodies were recovered following a collision early today in dense fog be- tween their fishing vessel and a Newfoundland stern-trawler on the Grand Banks. Other Portuguese vessels con- tinued the search for the miss- ing fishermen while the trawler Newfoundland Falcon beaded for port in rough seas and high winds with a hole in her bow. The 836-ton Falcon plucked 45 of the Portuguese fishermen from the water. The other survivors also taken from the water were aboard a number of Portuguese vessels. There was littls wind at the lime but two hours later the wind had risen to 50 miles per hour as a tropical storm passed across the banks. The Capitao Jose VI- larinho sank less than an hour after the collision with the Fal- con, 17-man crew es- caped injury. ;