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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 19, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta f AGE FOUR THE LEri-HBniDGR UAILT HRItALD MONDAY, AUGUST 19, 1918 XetbbriDoc, Blbcrta DAILY AND WHKI.Y icn Praprlctert and Publlthem rHI LKTHBniDGE ^ERAUD PBINT-INQ COMPANY, LIMITED naeth Straet South, Lethbrldg* W. A. Buchanan Praftdent and Managins Director V�hn Tonaoca -  BualnMa Uanaiar to end? And whnt is going to hnnni to the structure after tho' war? Probal)l>- prlco fixinfe In the case of life's necessities would create .i situation that w-ould bo hard to handle. But wo do not see tlint it could ho much worse than tho haphazard plan under which we are now opcraliuK. And wo would have tho knowledge that legitimate profits could ho measured. Under the present plan petty profiteering is rampant. TELEPHONES Oftice .............. �M OMica .............^ IM* Butlnaat �dltorlBl ubacrlptlon Rataai Pttlr, Callrared. par weak .t>,i -l* Dally, dellrared, per year ..... DUlT, by mall, per year ......I*.0� Waakly, by malL p�r year .....Il-W Waekly, by malU par year to T;.8..|J.�* -^PICKED UP PASSING tbb BUSy'mJn or Datea ot axplry ot labscrlptioci a�^ dally oa addrait label Aceapt-1 not yet been solved, ot papera tito. explratieB aata la autliorlty to continua the lub-acriptloD. THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR. The situation on the western front has changed little during the past week, although satisfactory alterations In the lines from the allies' standpoint have been made. The French on Sunday commenced an attack on a ten-mile front between the Aisne and tho Oise, and advanced a total of two miles into the enemy lines. They have penetrated to within a mile ot Roye. The British and Canadians during the week have been able to make some satisfactory progress, although the general offensive has not yet been re sumed. The sitnatlon In Siberia has- also Improved. The Americans during the week landed forces at Vladivostok, and the Japanese are also rushing troops into Siberia through Manchu ria. The Indications are that Increasing aid win be available for the Czech forces contending the Bolsheviki. U.S. APPRECIATION OF GREAT BRITAIN. J. C. Herbsman. of Seattle, told a Chautauqua audience tho other evening that he -was ashamed of the history textbooks placed In the hands of the children across the line. He apologized for them and declared they would be re-wrltten after this war. Britain and Canada have received many enthuslaatlc tributes from Am- THE RETURNED SOLDIERS AND THE ALIEN ENEMY. Wo do not particularly blame the Great War Veterans for the stand they have taken in tho I'iucus matter. The iillen enemy question is ono which has been troubling the authorities In all the belligerent countries, and while Britain and tho United States seem to have gone much farther than we have done, nevertheless a perusal of British and U.S. papers from time to time will show that the trouble has John Bull'' has been making a great campaign for closer watch on the alien enemies. This has been based on tho menace ot the German spy system, and ot course It has been a very important question. In the U.S. while there are thousands of alien enemies on parole, tho freedom ot those people is being curtailed greatly 'from time to time. There Is no doubt that there has been much about the alien enemy policy of the Dominion that has been loose, and which tends to arouse the anger of'tho Great War Veterans. Tho effective plan of dealing with the trouble would be to intern all alien enemies, but this would have such a depressing effect on production that the government has looked for some method to get around the difficulty. Paroling the alien has been the plan used In t^e case of those aliens whose presence In the country is not considered a direct menace to the cause of the allies. This plan however requires an Individual policy 'for each alien rather than a general policy for all, and It Is but natural that the individual plan should go wrong at times, thus putting the government in hct water with the returned soldiers. As the war goes on and more and more soldiers return, thero Is bound to be a growing demand for a more suitable policy of a general nature. One ot these is advanced by tho Great War Veterans In a resolution to the effect that the alien enemy labor he conscripted, and that his earnings over and above the pay of a .soldier - Lieut. R. Peachy, Mounted Rlllos, of Medicine Hat, has been wounded. Lieut. M. L. Green, ot tho Royal Air Force, son of Mrs. Frederick Qroen ot Hamilton, was killed In action. Lieut. Albert Cadotto, ot Montreal, we'll known ns a hockey and lucrosso player, was killed In action. Lieut Solon Abright, a son ot Mr. and Mrs. A. Abright, of Kitchener, w.ts reported to have died ot wounds in France. Lieut. Wilfred C. West, of Calgary, at ono time a member of tho Bank of Commerce at Calgary and Lcthbridgc. has been wounded for tho second time. Capt. A. A. Campbell, who was for some time supervising olllcer ot tlie Canadian Y.M.C.A. in tho Paris area, is coming to Canada to take charge Over JdO.OOO.OOO has been raised In Canada for tho Pntrlotio Fund, Miss Delia Penrco, of Toronto, was found drowned In Long Pond. Capt. Roy Mnnzer, ot the R.A.F,, sou ot L. S. Manzor, ot Medicine Hat, Is reported missing, ' Roy Kspoy, aged 21, was drowned In a duck-pond on the farm of W. S, Rumble, at Richmond Hill, Out, The death occurred at Quebec ot Capt. W. 11, Carter, former collector of customs, Quebec, at tho ago ot 84 years. j In some parts of Ireland whore there is a marked shortage ot silver coins, the merchants blame tho .nmall farmers for hoartling it. Among the war- courses at Princeton in the fall naval training will be of tho Y.M.C.V. work In tho Murltinie! u feature. There will bo clasaes 'for area, with headquarters at Halifax, j naval otllcers under the supervision - I of the Navy Department. Captain Alexander Watson Baird. son of tho late Jamea Baird. K.C., County Crown Attorney, and Jlrs. Baird, of Toronto, , was killed in action August S, It is omclally announced. erican speakers here during the past few -weeks. We believe these tributesshould go to t^^ government treasury. havci been sincere because they have beeu uttered by men who are In a position to know the facts at first hand. The relations between United States and Great Britain have undergone a lightnln'g-llke change since the U.S. entered the war. The American press teems Tvlth kindly references to her Anglo-Saion ally. One ot these, from the Kansas City Star, is worth reproducing: -We owe England a cheer for this. The old girl is game. She has In the nautical phrase ot one of her own favorite sons-and ours -laid a point closer to the wind for us than a man coufd expect of his own married wife. She has stood by at every crisis from the start. Her destroyer fleet took the sea before ours was ready and battled the submarine at a time when It seemed that monster might dispute our passage. She sent us coal last winter when thousands of tons of ships were tied up In our harbors for want of fuel. Let's noC forget It. England's been a good neighbor and a good ally right through the time when most ot the flowers we were sending, down to the footllght | were marked for her co-star. La Belle France. Lef s not forget that she never failed to Join her voice to ours in acclaiming that wonderful people-and kept right on doing hard, practical, handy jobs for us. This would be an Ideal program, though whether It could be carried out In a practical way we are not sure of. We know that at the beginning ot the war when a labor was a glut on the market, organized labor was opposed to the plan. It savored too much of placing organized labor in competition with prison labor, and the labor men would not countenance It. Now, however, there is a demand for labor on every hand, and the plea of unfair competition would not enter into the question. The government should give the veterans' proposal every consideration before turning down the request. It Is certain that some other plan for handling the alien must be adopted it trouble Is to be averted. WHERE IS THE END OF IT ALL? It may he all very well to say that price-fixing ot the commodities ot life Is an impossible task, but when one is confronted every three or four months with a statement from the director of coal operations of this district that the wages 6i all coal miners must be raised 20 or 25 cents per day the need of price fixing in order to rrlve at a basis for wages Is at once apparent. Tha Increases granted to the miners under the plan of Increasing the dally wage according to the Increase in the price ot commodities, has amounted to 79 cents a day since the laet �greement was signed This is orar |20 per month. Other trades haye a right to ezpeot a similar increase. And the end Is not yet. For the price of ooal goes up, and tho rail-'Wttys then start talking about the Increased fuel cost. Then comes an increase in the freight rates, and Immediately an Increase in the price ot A>odstuOFs follows. And automatically tb�i raises the cost of living ot the miners and they get another wage In or�u'�. We do not Wame the miners tor �tling an increase In wages to meet tbe Jumping cost ot living. But it �aa ba seen that aa long as the present pUm. or lack of It, obtains, increases an bound to oome. Where is it going ENLARGE ELEVATOR AT NOBLEFORO Persons who want to avoid the Spanish influenza, or the common variety o( the pamo disease were warned by the Ne'v York health department not to kiss "except through a handkerchief." Subject to his acceptance, A. D. W. Kay. M.D.. ot Ottawa, was appointed medical superintendent ot tho Regina general hospital by the board of governors to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Dr. Dakin. Sugar bowls are to be banished from the tables ot railroad dining cars according to an order received by the Federal Food Board from the Food Administration iu Washington. Travellers who eat en route will receive not more than one teaspoonful of sugar. Premier Oliver has instructed J. H. Turner, agent general for tho province at London to keep British Columbia house on Regent street open on Saturday afternoons and Sundays. British Columbia soldiers are to have access to the place at these times. As an additional conservation measure the Canada food board has ordered that, until further notice, manufacturers ot canned fruits for sale .�V ICOOO-milo trip was made b5' Sergt. Frederick H. Johnson, of the Philliplnos to be msrrlcd at Water-town, N.Y.. Miss Edna H. Rickott, Three Mile Bay, being the bride. During tho six months just p.'isscd about 1,079 cases have been treated in the alcoholic ward of UellovucS Hospital, New York, as against 3,375 cases treated there throughout the corresponding period of 1917, J. R; Cook, tor a period ot 25 years teacher and instructor in printing at the provincial deaf and dumb Instl tute, and among the best known and popular deaf mutes in Winnipeg, died ot typhoid fever. Women's overalls lontinue to sell In large quantities the rountry over, ac cording to reports from several manu facturers in Now York. The west and middle west are said to be the largest markets for these garments. The British army has 3.294 commission cha'plalns, including ],8S4 Church of England clergymen, G62 Roman Catholic, 774 ot Protestant denominations and 14 Jewish rabbi's. Thesli figures do not include colonel chaplains engaged locally and uncommissioned. Rev. Walter T.- Lamb was charged at Winnipeg with being a draft evftCer. He was fined the costs of tho court and ordered to be turned over to the military authorities at Minto Barracks. Mr. Lamb is a Western Canada mia- must not uso more than an average of; sionary for the Missionary Church As-25 p"ounds of sugar to 100 pounds of; sociation. prepared fruit. The order is now effect- ive. It does not apply to jama, jollies or marmalade. * : o ? COOL WATER WITHOUT > ? ICE. ? : : : : : > ? : : : � � : : : : > How many times have we stopped at the farmhouse along our way in the hot summer time and called tor a drink of water, and been told to go to the spring, or drink spring water that had been standing in a pail for several hours? For those who have not the convenience of the Ice house or a cool cistern the following description of how to m.'tke. an inexpensive and satisfying-water cooler will prove Interest-in,":. Any keg or barrel will do for ordinary purposes, but for the dining room or sitting room in any home the following will make a neat piece of furniture. Secure a 10 or 15 gallon cask or keg, hardwood, preferably oak. A new one, one that may be stained, filled, and varnished. Next secure a stone jar, one of which the diameter is 3 or 4 inches Xeas. than the keg, and the length of which is 4 or 6 inches less. Fill the keg with charcoal until tho jar sets in level with the top; that Is, have the tops of each on a level. If any difference, let the jar be one quarter of an inch the lower. Have the jar in the exact centre ot the keg and pack charcoal tightly around the jar until within 2 inches ot the top; then fill in the rest ot the way with Portland cement and sand, three parts sand and one part cement. Finish off smooth and level, and keep a linen towel dampened and spread over the jar, hold in place by a tight-fitting cover. Fill tho jar with cool water early In the morning, and It will keep cool for day,s. United States Government requirements for the army are expected to call for one-third ot the output of canned tomatoes, twenty-flve per cent, ot the total output of canned peas, corn and string beans, about sixty per cent, of the salmon pack, one-half the output ot canned cherries and or." halt that of dried peaches. DOUBLE TRAGEDY (From Our Own Correspondent) Nobleford, Aug. 16,-Mr, McKay of the Dominion Experimental Farms together with Mr. Fairfield, paid a visit here on Wednesday and had a look over the crops ot tlie Nobletord Foundation Ud. They were very well satisfied with what they saw in the way of wheat and oats. The Kev. J. A. Leslie, who was taken sick last week left, here on Monday accompanied by his wife and child to spend a few days In Lethbridge seeing the doctors and they intend to go to the mountains for a couple ot weeks for a change. Services will be arranged for in the local church while they are away. Addition To Elevator. Work has been commenced on the new addltton to the elevator helonglng to the Alberta Pacific Elevator Co.' This addition will double the capacity ot the present house and will enable them to handle their business here in a better way. Miss Benson was a visitor from here to the rScent fair at Macleod. Mrs. W. J. Buchanan has been spending a few days with 'friends at Vulcan. Women's Institute, Last Thursday tho Nobletord branch ot the Women's Institute held their meeting at the' home of Mrs. Buriis, Whlto Lake, and a very enjoyable time was spent. H was decided Ihsit tho canning outfit proposed to bo got at the last meeting would be too late to be ot much service this season,, and so Mrs. Buchanan moved and Mrs. Burns seconded that a knitting machine bo purchased together with the necessary wool to make comforts for the men In the trenches. Mrs. Smith's resignation as secretary was accepted and Mrs. J, Harris was appointed In her place, while Mrs. Buchanan was monthly meeting last night, but there elected asslsMmt auditor in the place was only routine business to of Mrs. KurrlB, The recent vUit ot ihromjU. Montreal, Aug. 19.-A. J. Mullen, 25 years old, ascertained by papers found on his body to be a cashier at one of the National banks in New York, shot a girl, Vina Roy, 20 years old, In the left breast and then shot and killed himself Jast night, In a rooming house on Metcalfe Street In this city. Mrs. Rogers was discussed and it was regretted by all that more of tho mem-hors did not attend on that occasion. An Invitation from Mrs. Saunder.son to hold thftir meeting on September ,"th, at lior home was accepted. After all the business was over .Mrs. Burns served lunch which was very much eur joy�il by all. Tlin school board has decided to build a house for tho use o' the prln-ciiKil. U will )>e build within the S(;hool grounds, which have now been fenced off, and will make a groat im-provemonl In that part of the village, Tho village council held Its Usual go To prevent drafted men from leaving tho Dominion without permits the military authorities are planning to establish a mounted patrol along the international boundary bordering the Detroit River. During the past two winters, according to �V\'indsor officials more than two thousand Canadian soldiers crossed the border to the United States. Amendment has been made to the military service regulations by order-in-council. They now provide that iny person who knowingly employs, harbors, or conceals, or In any way as sists a deserter or a man absent without leave from the CE.F. is liable to imprisonment not exceeding six months or a fine of not less than flOO or not more than |500. R'ov. Murdock McKinnon, of Knox Church, Regina, fanpous as the m'.n istor whose attacks on tho Scott gov crnment in Saskatchewan over the school question forced the resignation of the then premier, has resigned and entered the militia as chaplain to a Calgary battalion.' Since the opening of the war .McKinnon has taken a lead ing part in the fight against alien en emy propaganda and influence in the prairie provinces. incltido those who wore 21 years of ago on or before Juno 5, 1918, up to those who had not yet attained their 3l8t birthday on Juno 5, 1917, or In other words men born after Juno 5; 188B, and not later than Juno 5, 1897, The Alternative. ' "Tho convention provides that Americans In Canada within ^ tho United States draft ages Avho desire to enter tho military service ot their own country must enlist or enroll in the United Stntei* forces, or return to the United States, 'before the expiration ot GO days after tho date ot tho exchange ot ratifications of this convention, if llnhlo to mi'litary service in tho country In which they are at tho said date; or, it not so liable, then before the expiration of 30 days.nfter tho time when liability shall accrue.' "According to my understanding of the foregoing, tho persons immediately affected by tho convention are men ot the ages mentioned who, if they were British subjects, Vould bo In Class 1 under the Military Service Act ot Canada, that is to s^y, men who arc unmarried (or married Since July 6, 1917) or who were widowers without children on October 13, 1917, Not Affected. ".Married men (married before .Xuly 6, 1917). widowers with children, and widowers without children who have become widowers since October 13, 1917, are probably not affected by the convention at present but will be affected by it when Class 2 is called under tho Military Service Act of Canada, and tho 30-day period mentioned above will iipi>ly to them, counting from the date on which such men would become liable for compulsory service In Canada if they were British subjects. "Men not yet 21 years ot age on June 5, 191S. are not affected by the convention at present, but will become liable tor compulsory military service under the laws ot the United States. Presumably they will then have a period of 30 days within which they may enlist or enroll in the United States forces or return to the United States, Subject to Draft Here. "Americans to whom the convention applies who do not enlist or enroll In the forces of the United States, or return to the United States, within the periods mentioned above, will, after the expiration of such periods (unless exempted by the American consul-general at Ottawa under article 3 of the convention), become sub-, ject to draft Into the Canadian forces under the laws and regulations ot Canada, and may claim exemption under such laws and regulations, it entitled Uiereto in the same manner as if they were British subjects. Such persons, however, should not look to the consulate for intervention in the event that they are dissatisfied with the decisions of Canadian exemption tribunals. "According to instructions received from the Department of State, at Washington, men who have already registered tor the military service ot the United States and men who register, therefore, through tho consulates within the sixty days after July 30, 1918, (that is not later than Sept. 28, 1918), will be regarded as having enlisted or enrolled in the United States forces within the meaning of the convention, and after registratioii need not return to tho United States within the periods fixed by the convention unless and until called by their local boards in the United States, and are not siibjoct to tho military service In^s 6t Cnnnda, To Provide Cards. "Americans who desire to register for the military sorvlco of the United States, but whd find It Impracticable to appear before a consular officer for tho purpose, may write to the consulate aiikliig tor blank registration cards, and naming some notary luib-lic, commissioner, or justice of tho pence In their locality bnforo whom they wish to sign tho cards. If tho consulate la convinced that it is actually impracticable, or would lie n hardship, tor Iho-reglHtrunt to appear In peraon in Calgary, Kdmon-ton, or Lothbrldgo, a card will bo furnished and a local officer will bn designated to take the registration for tho consulate. Must Get Permits. "Americans who desiro to go to the United States will have to obtain permits to leave Canada ifrom a Ca|pdlan Immigration Inspector, Tho blank' forms may bo obtained from a postmaster or railway ticket office and should be tilled out. .Higned, and sworn to In the locality where the In- dividual Is known, leaving only tho signature of tho immigrant Inspector to bo obtained at Calgary, Kdmonton, or Lnlhhrldgn, or other point whore .such an officer is stationed, Tho Immigration inspector will doubtlesH re-qulro them to produce proof ot their American citizenship, "This office has ot present no information regarding the granting ot oxoniptlon by the Amcrlcnn constil-genoral at Ottawa; hence It la useless for Americana to nddrofls cnqulrlcH on this subject to the consulate for the timo being. Tho . consulate will nuiUo an announcement through tho press when it receives Information re-, gnrding this, "Tho foregoing statement convoys my present understanding �- of the provisions of the couvnntion. Various questions will doubtless arise from limn to time, and further stulomonin will bo issued as instructions are ro-colved." BIRTH Mcdonald-At the Van Haarlem Hospital on Saturday, August 17tli, to Mr. and Mrs, W. M. i^tlcDonnld, 5lh Ave. A. south, a daughter. 211-1 HOW AIR W N CANADA ARE NOW AFFECTED Many Americans IWIng In Canada are very anxious to kdow just how tho convention 'between the British ^ Empire and the United States affects i them, and M, P. Johnston, American | consular agent here has issued a pro- J liminary statement touching on all points that have arisen. Some of the Information has not as yet arrived here, hut rather than delay tho Information to the anxious ones the following statement was issued this morning, and 'further Information will bo given out just aa soon as It is necoivod. One point that is not quite clpar to Mr. Johnston now is the status ot men married before July 6, 1917. Tho statement follows; "The ratitlcatlona of a convention between tho United States and Canada for tho reciprocal drafting ot tholV citizens or subjects for military service were exchanged, on July 30, 1918, and the conveiitldn 1^ In force jfrom that date. � ,.^:,^:'''M <'� "This convention applies to mala American cltlzouH In Canada who are the Uultod Stutos Uraift ages, wbicU The Knock-Out How many rounds before the knockout? That knock out blow, when "Mr. Out-of-Town Trade" gets his final "wallop" from Home Interests. Are we in training for it? Here is a fight in which the interests of the entire country are one. It is all of lis-you and me and our children and our neighbors. Our town and,our-neighboring towns-against this one evil. Our champion is ourselves-all of us, vvelded together into one co-operative whole. Will our man wiri? And when? It all depends on us. If we think as one man, act as one man, trade �it home as one man, then we are in good training for that final knock out. In reality we are not at the ring side. We are in the fight. In this picture we see oyM0v�i^�u:jr^ed,a$ home interests, triumphant. ;