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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 19, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta THK irK|lAl.D, LETHBIIIUGK, DOOOOOOOOOpCXXKJOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOPOOOOOOOO THE PERIL TpEMOGRACIf Ws Dr. Anilri'w Afnriihnil It la most BiispL'ctdd. Jn niunlcipal I KovcrriiMUMit ill Aiiinrlcii l!. li.ia fnl'cUr | imil if It. r.'illH In 80 Sinn!) a maLtor, | liow, It miiy wdll bR nshcd, carl' tt ' siiccooil In national lifrnira, whlcli ftro \ ^ of viiHt oxtcnt wnil grniil comploxi'v. i I 'I'lio fnllure of domocracy lo suiuily i ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooodoooooooooooo^ i L'^ovaw^'u.Hvm:!;:!] mo)^'\,Hs'i^i!; (Copyright by PiibllahcrB Prfiss Utl.) _________........ Tho worst-foe of drniocracy Is ,lo-I I'V tlio Hcnnlslllon o'c Vro'iiurty! Tiul i Wn Irlnrt l.y tl,n pnn,ln and It lias mocracy lts,,lf. its porll ,,.onics from \ lnriii,-no, of ti,n ihnory, broken in tbclr lian.lH. 111^1,1 and f wifhin, It Jiaa iiiado way afiaiilKt , 'ail ninn aro iinua), a ,r,w prln- � loft they ure cukIIhk awu" 'h.. 1 Klilj?, -noWe, and rcrlealas! c. From | olplc nrO.se, that onn innn ran fill mi Whpro it has been comptQtely ,t(>,at.- jiDCpOCp^OgpOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOOQOOOCOCOOOOOOCX^^ cd, domonrncy is beginning' to'dlH-rP ''''''''�'' M trust Itsolf. Wlipro It Is soen cloHnst, lONADrSWEST; ITS f PROGRESSllNtE FRASEHi I{y \Si 11. McHrlde. liv fnfoiin..t.. .1 ii � notorioiiH ill C'ljinda r id in - ovon ^ nrntcd Statrs. Tho Instnimont JmS ^ boOOOOboOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOQOOaoOOOOOOOOOOOC^ iiniTisii ivsmr rioxs law prorf.'ftdod tiu-ni Into tho wastn ? away th. of .thj^t t dors work woll Dnmocraoy of notorict)- ' how surh u �t,uo of IM tbP l.nfflt,ni,, .1,, � . 1 has sifetchort out its neck, and la tlow affairs worked out in tho Unitod wont \o t / H^^^^^^^ 'r ""'"-^ 'vnuu to sot: States; too often In rto, and lawloss-| ^ iw iMt, iiHwrniuKs not a.s tho i M., hnol upon It moro rnlhlossly than uoas tempered by crncy can novor rlKo supo.rlor lo those rostraintB. It is btmnrt as Htrulglilly us ever tyrant or autocrat was bciind. In all government Ihoro is a powor wlilch draws to tlio contro, .-ind It draws (ho moro stronKly as tho people are careless of iliolr llbcrllos. AViien tho restraining i(ifluftnco of tho Roman Kmplrc waB at an end, and the barbarians were pressing hard, tho people wore only too willlnK to shelter themselves In tho shadow of tho foudnl koop, and Rurreiidor their lands and tholr liberties to the overlord for tho price of protection, Tho barons, for the sake of organization, were content to "fttige themselves around tho kinp. iiS'rtinp Jin ''-ll- the evIlK la democracy is moro demo-icaiiftot b�t. be lmiiro�i;,>d with this 1 Ac-corHnL to th, ?nrny^ '''""^J'' i'^^ol.vMt of lawlcssun.ss fh,-,t pervades : ... 'IV' "'IS law, tiicir iinrt, and not abandon It, as I It and that we aro rallo.l upon to! ' ' 'admire as Amvican. It luis Us effect i upon Capada also hut fortuntcly not i in tfie way of omnlatiou. Itritlsb in- i stltiitlonS met similar cnndltlons in \ the West, and better resultK were pro- i assomblieB. " ' popular j pprlenco now Is that thoy must bo When a popular assembly no lonso? paid for tholr sfirvlces. Tho finanelaliy .. .......iiii.uij iiu MKiKP/i poor man has always boon considered offers a seat na a mark worthy of the , , porson of groat value In the highest ambition, and when it is no ) councils of the nation against whom longer attractive to decent and civil- j ,o should be set up. A man Is Ized men, then indeed democracy is ! pQQr because ho has no money, and in per')- One single member can do j jf i,c rncolvc twenty-five hundred much to make tho company dlatasto-I (loiijirs for attending a session at At"the'"8amo""tlmo tho people lost I fj'U and ho Is the w-orsi enemy of their spiritual llfo, r authority wlilch the imnrncd. Sunk In innkr'rt unon one whii comu i.-uu, .i.-.i j twmi no amouni ot ; j^ve passed away and parliament be w hiid sklU In IpttoYs. as a pillar i Pourugo oven in a bud cause, could ; deprived of tho virtue inherent in It. nfllirht and a miracle of illumination. ! Pffoct. Dad manners under certain . jn view of our' own experience I Then Vo � l?ondu|o was comploto. circumstances are even .worse than i,,,,,^ ,l,nt Ihc va SS'^SiS^Sur^o^^ 'lr:;^:V,cy at ..est the repr. T"^^ : ="^Thrfc^;"^u^n .^z vaa 'as 'nu Z e rntule^s tha� ; reason, and perHuade; to feH-fe advlco king noble, or-priest, as a machine , and Instruction; to carry on a con-King, ""'"*;,,,,'.i,,n n man linual campaign of education, ratbor ''Th7\ch\oven?en of llCty 1b tho.i than a.ttempt To stpy a liae of public ,nl .ft huS^urvlng. ^ f�!ll- i^f" it was iioAr fviU flood. In frrst f?l TardUTp^of a savage democracy at It.s worst a politician Is onrt T i pubUc life, that tJio people-have sur-' ^ayn apart He s not merely a .........._ ..... rendered their im4rty into the hands ""'.'^f'^ '^^ to rcqord ah. they acceiit that great gift as tf Itj of a tyrant. N'o representative can I "I""'"" �'' were avUomatic, and as much a matter j serve two masters. The power which of cou-.-so as electric light, a water gave him his place, and can take U ,fhV�'f,, ' n,',oiV,;H "ViV-,",," , i WPO" one,' fitiPl>ly. or travelling by railway. | away, is tliL laastrr whom hc.-Beplcs i '''^ f""''''�'V P"'^'''''''' -^^^^ - Ijlborty must he assiduously guarded, i lo serve In the way that master clae It will be filched away and . fors. private rlnterest  substituted for the \ Tbo most elaborate democracy Wlio snccocdfil Visroniit Iloyle in 1886 ns mcHibivr Utr .Macl.ootl dls-�rlct In the I'roiiiicial IIoii.mc of Ko|trcsentilflvps, Xiiskiitrhcwan. He iij u.v-preniicr of (lie I'rovtiive. his coustifuonts may' have for the.l , imp lieinp arrived at. If this narrow ITl'" comparison forces itself ------- -----^^(1 jt ,.,,i(j 1,0 mock to avoid starvation. The Greek demo-  was presumed that "their votes would tho two Companies united, down to 1870 when the sovereignty of tho Oompany erased, .'"ul further from ��lis?!* to mil. under tho rnlo of Canada, and tliese fads stand out. There lias iirvir [icon a lynching in the Vi'cst, niui bad men wore never billowed to flourish "guns". There hj\s never hi-(ii a massacre ,cxcept cracy"Buececded because the phUo-; bo riircctcd to those mqii only who have ISlre'o''~\"t wrs^asv for'a'^epres^^^^ ........,-- Bophcrs had ^''^^''^�"J":.^ '"^^'^^^^^^^ nf'r^,mHn='"nn', 'vfw!"'"!^''"T. "'ivo to carry with'him the colloctive j olJ^ fo'r'wlm'h we'are'not responsible. It fulled for exactly ^^"^ abilities and virtues These of ,,5^ electors, as a delegate | �t; ,u,iians bv Whites; or of Whites Govornmont, It was ""'le^sl''"  *' ^ ! men were expect.-d to exorcise an iii-I ^ convention from a labour union J^Uians. rscopt one during the ro-tbo business of wise men, but w e (,ci'eudout judgment. If such an j ,,ops. With the onlarj^fment of j wl,,,-" ,{ iss",. A homesteader has elector were now to use his own : f,uchlse to embraee as many na | ",vor been driven out by ranchers. judgment. It would be oonsidored an,. . . _________. -� � -----------I act th 1804, Jeff, an Ia'cu artlnt^llmT'''"' "'^^ compl�ie . aiscovering what that mandate ; ;vo,,pi, in a century or moro been proceed upon the assumption that a man who may know nothing about enythlug olso knows all about govL-rn-ment. In life there aro two fr.ctors, the environment and the character of the Individual. The fault of domocracy Is that It makes overything of the environment and little or nothing of the character. If, it sa^s, men are only allowed 'to vote freely enough, thou all will bo well. Hut men have votcfl, and things arc not well. Tho remedy now proposed is that women as well as men shall vote, as if at the mere spectacle of a woman pausing In her domostlji duties for f.uch time as is necessary to cast a piece of paper Into a box all the forces of self interest and evil -'01110 rim backward and fall to tbo ground like dead men. Voting is merely a method nt ex-prcasluK an opinion. The result Is pood or bad, depending upon thj cor-rcclnoaa of tho oBlnlons which tho voters entertain and their ability ttj enforce thoni. Tho mothod has worked well l;i cortalt: casc.i namely, those id which conimunltlea had ducoviiod tho true prlnolples of inibllc policy by long ages of experience in public iiffnlrs, by Uving -a lite of freedom, resolute to maiataln it oven a', tho (ORt ot sacrificing the la MvUUml lilo. Certain tribes fi'Oin the hhorcs oi the North Sea which afterwards developed , into tho Anglo-Saxon race earned (liclr freedom ,by romnlnhig frcn. lOvory man voted. Tho reevo with four .men from each township appeared at the hnndrcd-mot to tuforco an opinion which was in reality a derlvntlvo from the need and art of fighting. Other communities seized this weapon without paying the price and It broke In their hands. The negroes of tho United States had tho duty of voting thrust upon them; and ono would bo nalvo indeed who should say that tholr condition was improved thereby, or that they brought any groat acceaslou ot wis-dom to tho public councils, j All democracies In tho beginning were served by tho wisest citizons. It appeared as a law of naturo that tho best men In tho community would bo eager lo serve it, and that tho people would bo swift to demand their services. 'I'he rebellion ot tho Thirteen Colonies which afterwards grew into the United States, was conducted by tho bi;st men, by men of character and pronilnonco, who had In Eomo way lifted themsolves above tho crowd. Tho right thoy demanded , was tho right ot filling tholr offices with the most compotcnt mon who had proved their aV>lllly In lUu various vocations in life, either by lioliJtu),- In Canada ho had realized this as a fact. The thin.g that Impressed lilm most In Canada was the administration of law and particularly the oxeeution of a man named King at north, rind drnlned a lake to got the! Indians who wore suffering.froin evidence hidden nt Its bottom. ThU I tho dBr.rfiRse of ths biirfato h^rrtH; Olio event gave this young Gorman 1 immigration was also actlfo American a lilKhor opinion of Oamtda : 'iTnands wore mads upon theljl and rtrltlsh Institutions tUat\ any other ', fof roads and school and tv thouRatyl thing could. Helng a law abiding | loulenant fofunatn at the outset in being ma(|lil Governor of Manitoba'as hejid of the '�'^�"�' orstpr shed '.a ill -ii,. West In those dav.s. Hon. -"^ '*oltit is that when the pressing nrfcd powers, and lu 1874 prohibited tho for those changes wos made apparent .. manuracture or sale of liquor in the to the people of the Dominion they territories. This undoubtedly made 1 could liot .be dolpyed long by any for peace, ^'^oln time to time Its' Giavernmont. THo terms of autonomy powers were changed and ampudei|,'j'l.n respect to jtho pnbMo lands seem and ill 1875 provision was mtidp tor cftrt^iii l,o become an Issue In Donil-ilip riertion of mnnibers to tho CotJn- nloit'"politics. However, our concern Is with this fact that under Brl'.lsh i institutions properly artmini8r>roJ no t class of the people need suffer long from a grievance which Is capable of j being . romedied^ by law. Since tho [ |CIuK'enn do no wrong and his mlnls-; tors aro d(re,ctly responsible to Par-\ liniment ar^d.' poapl�,.^:puMio jioirfnlQn CRii'^-tnalco' .JtBeU � effectJvQ;;v Soiifto Am^lcansi-', roillze'- Ihls � \flV^;^\-j�l^-i-Ja^Ifiii.aji8,nof-Aiht�ie^ufprl8oigP(w'c'c , lh�i'Keglnnlng we have' b'eeh inftflCHted lb.v. Atiiorican oruaadcs'tor 'tlje'...ljN8 landiihnt retorin. Though the'^JttlWo i (o(ly of ma^clng layV:: offic'dnt,- arid jndgos elo.^tlVc has cost the,litUtert Staios doai' It was �idVocalod'Vn.On-I'tarlo 'In the firtles. A Philadolphia inilHon.iire who wished to convey?, .ir.o world to single tax assiircd Westpru Canadian audiences that to obtain . (his boon We must' first achieve th6 Referendum, tho Recall ^nd pirCot legislation. This Is a spd, outloiok for Single Tax. Yet at the scSsibp o" the Saskatchewan Legislature wj-.lch was gitling wlien he spoke cities M'irc .'empowered to bring their taxatior''t.tIio elected mom- liers leaclyid tho .iiudiber of 1'5 tho Cotini'll as Hucli shnulil consn and the l.ijgtBlative Aasomhly of llie North W'o.st Territories by tliiit fact c,amo into beioK. In October 1870 the North W^st; 'I'erritorlos Act was procJttimed law,lace, no one knew how or why, i'.llliough they susiiectdd that It had hern hy secret favour and Intns-'e. This Is tho main pi>ril. to. doiiiocra..y, ihe withdrawal frpm tho'Ic-Ki-d'aiure T-d In me by a thou.ghtful American .sr;ilor. Tho socrol was the � Tho ! i'in ; 10 ; and [ r.'xtonded | ' ere. ; his I ........... his ; subjects iiu�l!i iiRiietrnte. In fact the of his couniry, not for pecuniary re-, ward, hut In aiipor devotion to duty, because it is fine and noblo to serve one's native land. Courts wrrr drclared closed agaln.^t wild ii'li themselves lo have person.' So long as the fmpression prevails ' been ri(;i-'ri..v.. (1. that a country disch.Trgen Us whole obllRnlioii to Its legislators when it ]^^ (i;,, si'iDiid session ot tho Alberta lp.)jislalur>-, an act respecting the has piiid their wages or Indomnlriod I lio'nds .fru^i'.V^'- ^^l''.''"'''' ihem for tlieir loss ot time, just so', Great '^V:i^;vvv'.iya UaiUvaj C-uu^^^^^ long win that rountry ho deprived of i was pii^^s'''' ' , ,i ? the wi.Hlom aC members who find \n'' Pff'!''' '''^^ ''''''^ I'"J\Hlo tliat BRITISH INSTITUTIONS The people of the West have absolute confidence in i' j North West Mounted Police. HIver iu .March 1S77. I;im!i- In the year the, capital was oslablislied at llnltltv ford. X notabli. effort of this Cnii'n-cU' was to rri,'Ulutc the killing of buffalo in order lo rotiKcrve liio herds, lutt as it cxcltrd (liscoiitot\t and as tho corruiitor finds his roadiest clionls. A rich country then coiiirs lo be governod by poor men, whoso first husliiess appears to bo to iiuiko ibeinseivps rich. Alexandor JlHinilion WHS tho father ot luodeni domocracy, and ho proceeded upon tho nsininiy-tion that "no man can bo a cji.j-potent legislator who does luit add lo an upright inteiilion and a .'.ouml judgment, a certain degree of kiiow-ledgo ot tho BUlijrclH on wliicli ho is to legislate. Domocracy la doomed to failure when the Intelligent and wealthy men withdraw tliemsolves from government, when tho "best men" turn aside lo follow their own pleasuru, and allow "Uie worst me.i" to seize tho reins. In America - and Canada Is in Amorlcn - where an elaborate "experiment In freedom" lias been m.'.ue, and its effect observed for ono liuiidred years, ilonioi'racy, is not so cocksure ol itai^lf. Tbo I'lilli',! Maves has been derived becaiisc It ilesl ;iu.d to follow the experience ot older countries. Knglf.nil Is now iinic.cil-ing to till) limit ot deuuicrutic y,ovi. rn-iiu'iit witlioul lakiiiH; heed of \\n ecu. I'raiiu' of mind to Help themselves ^ Parliaiin'"'- liY'bruary 21st, 11)11. from the IveasMvy which they aro paid ! a Hill introduced lo make to fviianl. I nrovisloii with roapect to the powers WUUiu their respective spheres the I pt the Uous. ot Lords iu relation to lauwl'cro 'n"'W'b!n-lrv Son'"? FT ieg^Iamre" that the courts shall be, .'�1. ,.-�'.'Is � .^1? ',1 �''ort closed has a sinister sound, li means , iifl, 'a del..; V r '� thiU. the Ic^i-'^lature lias don.., .some- iho .^ 1 : n' /^^^ ^ the legislature, ot | When"democracy becomes (vriuui.'cal , 85 per cent .of the funds necessa.T. The Conaerva.tive OppOBltlpn contehd^-ed thnt the famiors wore botrayed''-�ii thoy had been led to'cxpoct govc?Pj-meat ownership as In MauUoba.. ^Vb are not concerpod witli this Issue hern, except to point out Ihat.farmcrp have moans of making their vote's count without direct leglslaliou. ;A companion speaker tpld of the gr.itl-fylng triumph of tho poop)o o,( Oregon in winning direct nouilnntion, direct primaries as tliey .(lall' It. This" Is a I'iRhl whicli was theirs by iii)ce8t.Tail inlieritancu .and out of .>vbi(ih thoy took pains lo logiplato thBinaelvod, ('iinadliiiis have possessed It'alwri'JiS. Ill sliort in Ihe West as evoryW'hf.t'j! ,olse under nirtish instltutioiis -itf.tr ever Is the established \vlll of thp pnnplo must prevail tor good or for ill. � � .11 Tho lllinrlles all nrltlsh peoples ert,'-.ioy tool; ten ecnturlcs lo develop and .are worthy of being .jeaioiisly gijard-eil even against zealous but lgnoran\ reformers. Often wo seek short oUtu that show simply our Impatiouco i�i(l aliort sigiiledness. ... ^ Tho late l^ofd SalitUmry wlt\i wisdom and grim humour told tljo Imperial I'refercntiaiists that.all thOJ had to do to Induce his (jovernment'.tD help on thrlr scheme was to go dijt and convert tho people ot DrltaVa. Many modern rotorincrs will qot stand such a tost, and desire to enforce their so called reforms on nn unwilling people Proof I'oiltive. Ontario by whli'h cerlaiii c:inlrai?t eiiteri!il into with llio 1 lydro.lOliatrii.' Cmnniiaaii'u were decUiml valid, 'r'i,-> Cniu'ts were restrained from passiu'.', upon tUelr valiuitj', ami any i,ii;i;oii,EiV SK'I'TLKUS. IU nn'' i for 'tho ax to feel. The i ". . . 1.1........... ji... i,...i..., ,,,, ............^vprst slaughter was done south iievil 1' democracy In short, la, tho Uliis shows, the Indian has a great withdr"''vai of Iho best citizens from ! respect for the while man's law In It,,' so'' I'ice of the static Thai is tho , 'he Cmuidinri West. The police pur-Koiifc' lud origin nt all political evils. Uucd the murderer over thousands of Andrew iMaopliall | miles uf wlnlor v,-ildernes3 i-v tho of tho lino where It luid no control thli effort did not succeed. Tiio Governor and his Cnuncll had no i Hl'iiecuro nt this linio la deiillng witlii ^'i''' A farmer returning home late at night found a man standing beside tho house with a lighted lantern in his hand. "What aro you doing here?" he asked, savagely, auBpectlng h� had cHught a criminal. For answer came a chuckle, and - "It's only meo, zur." The farmer rocognlzud .John, his shepherd. It's you ,Iohn, is it? What on oartli are you doing hero this time o' night?" Another chuckle. "I'm u-coorlln' Ann, zur." "And CO you've come courting with a iantorii, you fool. Why, I never took a laiilei'ti wlu'ii 1 courted your mist reus.'' ".No, zur, yiMi ditln'i, zur," John ' eliiickled. "We crtu all zee you diau't. ;