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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Auguit 1973 THE LETHMIDGE HERALD People of the South Chris Stetvart Happiness is to keep on learning The Voice Of One -By. DR. FRANK S. MORLEY thanked for giving the you say. would ever thank a teacher for strapping According to ex-teacher Mrs. Maurice Parfitt it is entirely possible. In fact she has been thanked herself after strap- ping her pupils when they realized she was only acting in their good. She always look time to explain to them why she was administering punish- ment that discipline was in their best interests and to ig- nore their need for correction was actually harmful to them. She never once received a par- ental complaint or encountered a rebellious student following a strapping. Instead they were appreciative and in every case their school attitude improved. She prides herself in her ex- teacher student evidenced in downtown Leth- bridge this summer when two former pupils living in stopped to chat with her. always tried to create an appreciation for life in my pu- she says. would ex- plain to them that the commun- ity was theirs to enjoy but also to care because it was their parents' tax dollars that had the town's facilities. She scores today's practice of hiring teacher aids. can a teacher follow closely the progress of her pupils if she doesn't even mark the I wouldn't think of allowing anyone else to mark my pup- ils' .Mrs. Parfitt views life as a learning process only fully en- Joyed by those with an appe- tite for knowledge even if they have reached as she has. Her living room at 539 20th Street features her paintings and and next to husband Maurice's home-made engines he has exhibited local- is her kiln where she teach- es pottery to other senior citi- zens. not happy unless I can pass my knowledge on to someone while learning from them She credits her craft interest to her Metis Marie Hose whose excellent beadwork and buckskin gar- bought by the Hudson's Bay earned her the nickname of She spoke and understood Eng- Blackfoot and served as midwife for the Pincher Creek cooked with herbs and made her own soap and taught creativity to her 17 chil- dren. Mirs. Parfitt has trans- mitted this knowledge to her own six daughters. Heir moth- er's life requiring four years of recorded in the The Prairie il- lustrated by Mrs. Parfitt and written by her youngest daugh- Mrs. D. D. is expected to be published this falL Her late father Charlie at merely left his native Norway in the early 1800s to peek his fortune as a fur trader In the Canadian west. He met his nee Marie Rose Del- 20 years his when he camped near a Metis carrying freight for the Hudson's Bay Company from the White Horse Plains to trading posts in the North West Territories. In a union arranged by Charlie and the bride's par- Marie Rose at 16 married the 40 year old Norwegian in St. Alberta on March 1877. They traded furs as far north as Chicken Prairie in the North West birth- place of their first and to where they welcomed their second youngster. Their decision to seek a per- manent home brought them northward to the grassy slopes of the eastern Rockies where they established a homestead at Pincher Creek. Fifteen o f their children delivered without a doctor's were bom in the 60 foot log house on their Jughandle ranch ed after a scar on a cow's throat resembling a jus han- six miles west of Pincher Creek. Mrs. a devout served as area mid- wife as well as gracious host- ess to passing includ- ing Father Albert whom the Indians called of good and Kootenai Brown and his ni-ti-m o u s the first set- tlors at Waterton Lakes. Mrs Parfilt had always waji'.ed to be a teacher. The middle child in the large fam- she attended St. Agnes srhool and was the first girl to graduate from the Kcnnaria convent op- erated in Pincher Creek by the Sisters of Jesus from France. She was appointed to Chipman Creek's one-room 16 miles west of Pineher upon her graduation from Cal- gary school. She rode home weekends on horseback. Her knowledge of learned from the brought her job offers from Jackfish Saskatchewan and later from northwest of Bat- before the news of her father's death and later that of her brother Joseph brought her back to teach at the Pin- cher Creek convent. Early in the First World War her brothers Jonas and Theo- later killed in action on the same day in brought home their soldier bud- dy Maurice a member of the 13th Mounted who had come out to Canada in 1912 from England. He had worked at the Taber coal had landed a job erecting the cribbing at Hen- derson and when almost destitute had been hired by the CPR being tipped off by the Lethbridge police chief that such a job was His vis- its became more frequent as his interest in the attractive young teacher mushroomed and final- ly culminated in marriage at Cranbrook's St. Mary's church on July 1915. After a short stint in the Kootenays the new- lyweds moved to North Leth- bridge where they resided until building their southside home 20 years ago. Bob the Smith's fifth born during the Riel rebellion in is Mrs. Par- fitt's only surviving tbere are two remaining sis- ters. Mrs. F. Birk. Calgary and Mrs. Eva Forsland of Ed- monton. whose left arm was am- putated in 1903 at Lethbridge's Gait hospital following a wrest- ling left Pincher Creek in 1913 with his first nee Jan- et Gilmore from to try what appeared to be greener fields of country was wide open and free in those days all the way to recalls Mr. Smith. He rented a pool room at Hot found work in a Poison logging work- ed in a saw and with only the use of his right arm freight- ed with six horses and two wagons along the 22 miles of mountainous wagon roads from Plains to Permer. He became a rancher manager at Avon and Helmsville he married the former Leora his wife for 33 served as a guard at the Deer Lodge peni- tentiary for 16 years and later at the Wallis operated in conjunction with the jail. At this widower continues to do his own and drives between Lethbridge and his home in frequently. Childhood In the foothills of the Jughandle ranch was ad- venturous and beautiful for the Smith family. As many as 25 rode off on horseback to picnic at Waterton picking buckets of choke gooseberries and saskatoons en route. Toys and rag dolls were fash- ioned from anything and vases were made from whiskey bottles by tieing them tightly with siring soaked in coal then igniting the string with a lighted match and im- mersing it quickly in cold wat- while the bottle was hot. It would break off clean and serve as a useful vase. Mrs. Parfitt used this method in her credits her craft inter- est to her mother's early train- ing. She believes the failure of today's youngsters to fill their idle hours creatively robs them of much of life's pleasure. Mrs. Parfitt's background en- riched her pupil's classroom experience St. Har- dieville. Allan Watson and Hamilton Junior High Her pupils became familiar with nesting snowflake the artistry of but- terfly the process of bursting buds and the miracle of migration because their teacher shared her appre- ciation of nature with them. Her classroom particpation was equalled by few. Household involvement was another specialty. She and her six daughters one son is cro- painted and baked to- gether with Mr. Parfitt coming to the rescue when needed. He always backed his wife if dis- ciplinary measures were re- quired. were never idle. There was always another project or hobby to tackle. Home was a refuge a retreat where everyone found joy in creativ- The religious emphasis shar- ed by the family was valued highly. Sunday would see them walking they owned an from the northside to St. Patrick's church in the even through deep snow drifts and Christmas and East- er were never complete with- out attendance at mass. Traditions kept the home to- such as the annual Hal- loween costume making pro- when mother and daughters fashioned award-win- ning paper mache outfits. Their daughters living in Lethbridge include Mrs. Tom Mrs. Frank Mrs. Alice Mrs. D. D. Carpenter and Miss Geraldine Parfitt with Mrs. Frank Webb residing in Cranbrook. There ere 24 grandchildren and eight great grandchildren. Grandma Marie Rose blind in her later made her home with the Parfitts during the last years of her life prior to her death at the ripe age of 98 on April 1960. of example in the life of a child is one of the great- est teacodng tools in the according to this re- tired 15 years ago. demands adults wiih high im- peccable character and an awareness and appreciation of if today's youth are to pass on to their offspring the qualities which make a better Her mother did this f ot- her and she has successfully followed her example. Us the annual cattle- -p in May when captains were carts loaded with and cooks hired. Excite- ment filled the air as six or seven outfits started out togeth- er in search of cows roaming the and as night ap- they formed a circle centred by a cheery bonfire. Riders tried to spot their brands among the thousands of and run .them into a catch pen. When the branding began the smell of burning hair mingled with the prairie dust. Charlie Smith later switched from cattle to horses. He raised several good racers including Flying Fox and both lost during the fierce snowstorm of 1E03 when drifts rewhed the roof tops and range horses and riders alike suffered snow blindness. Photo by Rick Ervin Bob Smith and his sister Mrs. Maurice born on the Jughandle ranch at Pincher look over a family photo while husband Maurice looks on. Book reviews Demonstration of mass hysteria Children's by George ZabrisWe Gray Morrow and Com- 191 distributed by Geo- rge J. Most people probably only dimly recall hearing about the Children's Crusade in the early part of the -13th century. The reason the recollection is dim is that little has been written about it- Hardly anything was known about this crtsade be- fore George Zabriskie an American hunted down inferences in various books and produced this account in 1870. There were really three groups of totalling nearly one hundred thousand who vainly attempted to go to Jerusalem to convert the Mus- lims. Two groups left from Germany and one from France. Their journeys on foot involved them in great suffer- ing especially the German children who undertook to cross the Alps. Many starved or were frozen to death. Sev- eral thousand French children sailed from Marseilles In ves- sels provided by a couple of seemingly sympathetic merch- ants. These children were sold into slavery to Muslims in North Africa their fate only becoming known 18 years later when a priest accompanying them made his way back to France. These according to were victims of mass hysteria often played upon by adult fanatics. Sober some clergy among tried to avert what could end only in disaster but they were un- able to prevail against the tide. This fascinating bit of history is marred from the perspec- tive of a more ecumencial age by the author's slighting references to the Muslims. But Gray was a child of his time. This is seen in another too- He writes in an inflated style characteristic of the last century. The republication of this his- tory is accompanied by the memorial sermon preached at the time of Gray's death in 1889. Although it provides some information about Gray it really adds little to the inter- est of the book. DOUG WALKER Worst drug of all Our Biggest Drug Problem And Our Biggest Drug by Joel M.D. Hill Ryer- son Ltd.. ISO This while pontiiig out the futility of alcohol's traces its origin the first brewery in Egypt in 3700 B.C. to today's billion dollar indus- try. Even the renowned So- crates against the use of wines. The a former consul- tant to the World Health Or- ganization on drug abuse pro- spares no effort in con- vincing the reader that alcohol is a drug. With and the written Dr. Fort vividly shows the futility of al- cohol and its use. One of the most startling figures he puts forth is his revelation that every 18 months more Ameri- cans are killed in accidents in- volving drunk drivers than were killed in the entire Viet- nam war. If the country would make half the noise about al- cohol abuse as was made about the Vietnam war the problem would be licked in a week. Society is so generally ignor- ant about alcohol addiction that it shows up in the most surpris- ing places. For more than people suffer from cancer in the U.S. and they spend a year on re- search for its meanwhile over nine million people afflict- ed by alcohol see a mere 82 million go toward research to curing their illness. The liquor industry is a huge spending OVPT a million a day on advertising alone in the U.S. It's ironic to realize that the agency receiving the biggest chunk of money from this huge legalized drug indus- try is the government itself. Tliis is a very informative but it's a shame that the people who don't need to read it are the people who will resd while the alcohol orientated person will avoid it like the plague. This book was made for Leth- the newly crowned capital of but I'll bet the sales here can be counted on one hand by the end of the year. GARRY ALLISON Victory through failure Great men not only survive but are educated by failure. George Washing- ton was at the beginning of the Revolu- tionary War a bumbling military a poor of whom a historian said not that he lost every bat- tle except his last one. Washington increase in competence while his splendid character commanded the peo- ple's loyalty and admiration. Few if any nobler men have graced the American pub- lic life. Following her crushing defeats at Ulm and Austria grew in strength so that her intervention against Napoleon would be decisive in his defeat. After her ignominious dpfest at Prussia was roused to prodigious efforts of valor and national determination. The whole world looks with awe upon the recovery of West Germany and Japan from defeats that were as overwhelming as any in history. What is true of nations holds true of man. Darwin in Origin of from the war of from famine and from the most exalted object directly Albert Einstein was ex- pelled from a school in Munich when 15 years old. He failed his entrance examina- tions at Zurich Polytechnic. He was refused a situation as a mathematical assistant. He was later dismissed from hb position as a tutor in a boarding school. When he came to Princeton be was asked what salary he expected. He had such a low opinion of himself and he feared he might lose the so he asked only 000 annually. The astonished Princeton authorities quietly raised this to Sir Walter Scott considered himself a fail- ure as a poet and in bitter disappointment turned1 to writing novels. Phillips Brooks was a dismal failure as a school but he became America's greatest preach- er. Bertrand Russell tells of a man who when young lost the use of both but he became an expert on rose blight and wrote five columns on the subject. The Dutch was a sorry fail- ure handling his ending up bad- ly in debt and losig his house and all his possessions. His wife and his four children died. Tragedy seemed to stalk him. But who can describe his life as a The story of Winston Churchill's life Is that of one failure after another. In the thirties he was booed on the platform when he attempted to so that he could not be heard. He turned to writing the life of Marlfcorough and even took out a union card as a bricklayer. Out of utter failure he rose to the heights of fame. When he was 25 years old Henry Faw- cett was blinded by gunshot. Yet at the age of 32 he became a member of the Britisn Parliament and went on to become Posfmaster-General. He had the experi- ence that Helen Keller recalls in the story of her I knew the depth where no hope was. and darkness lay on the face of a'l things. Then love came and set my soul free. Once I knew only darkness and stillness. Now I know hope and St. Paul knew many but he de- scribed his life as a constant pageant of victory. Like Jesus and all the company of saints Paul knew the victory that over- comes the world. In praise of Bill Buckley By Norman Editor Saturday Review-World For a Bill Buckley has been resounding and controversial fig- ure in our political life. I have had no dif- ficulty in disagreeing with him on the ma- jor issues of our and he is probably even more appalled by my ideas than I am by his. with the possible exception of James there is no conservative thinker I regard more highly. I would admire Buckley if for no other reason than his respect for the English language. Almost no one in political journ- alism conservative or has more felicitous command of words. One of the prime weaknesses of too many con- servative before Buckley came was that they sounded as though they regarded stylistic English as a liber- al plot. It is difficult to be persuasive and strident simultaneously. Bill Buckley's sting can be lethal but he is never shrill or inelegant. If I were a teacher in a journalism I would unhesitatingly use Buckley's writings as a model of effective opinionation. I would point to Buckley as an example of a journalist who doesn't sit back and wait for facts to flow to but who is con- stantly on the road as a covering stories at digging hard for his factual material. I salute Bill Buckley not just as a news- paperman but as the editor of National Re- view. Few things are more important for the political health of the country than journals of all the way from ex- treme left to extreme right. A nation lack- ing not just in dissent but in dissent from dissenters is lacking in rich sources of ba- sic energy. Publishing a magazine these days is not the easiest undertaking in America. A magazine is the only other than a that is sold to the consumer for less than the cost of manufacture. This means that unless readers can be per- suaded to subscribe at regular and unless a reasonable number of advertisers can be persuaded to buy a maga- zine may have little claim on survival. Bill Buckley's National Review is deserv- ing of the widest readership and not just by like-minded people. Some of the best and not merely some of the most pro- vocative writing in America is to be found it its pages. Some people may find their blood pressure rising at the arguments and viewpoints expressed in but they will also have a matchless opportunity to put their own ideas to the test. My main argument with Bill Buckley over the years is that he tends to divide the human race into two absolute cate- gories called conservative and liberal. He doesn't allow sufficiently for the fact that many people are a combination of both conservative in their desire to hold tho values that are worth liberal in their hopes upgrading of the condi- tions of human conservative in their resistance to mindless liberal in their willingness to consider rational al- ternatives to unworkable ideas or situa- tions. Most people. I don't want to be tagged with ideological they place high value on their political Inde- even though their actual voting records may have heavily favored one party or the other over the years. The strength of the American political I is in its fluidity and pluralism. Political parties or like department should be in a state of constant competition for the favor of the public. And the public should never allow its support to be taken for granted. The trouble with a political philosophy that sees most people as either conservative or liberal is that it makes for a hardening of the categories and impairs essential cross- over and cross-blending. But I am veering in the wrong direc- tion. My main purpose is to salute W. B. as a major force in our political life and to express the hope that large numbers of people will read his National Review. Angeles Times Pitiful giant From ihe New York Times India is courting a Malthusian disaster with the decision of the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to sharply reduce spending for birth control. It must be conceded that India's ambi- tious and often pioneering family-planning efforts have thus far not been notably suc- cessful. A great deal of scarce maney and. talent has been expended on schemes for limiting family size that have had little or no impact. In no one in India or elsewhere has come up with an effective and acceptable formula for checking the population explosion in developing coun- tries as big and poor as India. Yet these are all the rwro reasons for India to redouble its efforts to find an- swers to the population for itself and others. If the current growth rate of thirteen million people each year India's best efforts at improving the lives of its ordinary citizens through develop- ment will be hopelessly frustrated. By the end of tliis there will be a billion Indians. Can anyone in New Delhi explain how their country is going to be able to feed that many mouths when it cannot even adequately provide for the current population of 570 despite impres- sive increases in food production achiev- ed through the green Indian leaders plead that they are forced to introduce economies in such areas as family plan- ing because of the high cost of relief for last year's drought victims. If birth trol is the fiscal and human im- pact of inevitable future bad crop yca.-s will become progressively move severe. New Delhi continues to spend heavily on military hard.ware. Lr the present order of priorities is not a chaotically over-populated and chronic- ally starving armed to the may become a classic example of Presi- dent Nixon's helpless ;