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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, August 18, 1971 Joseph Kraft Will the people be there? When City Council holds its special hearings into Lethbridge sliopp i n g hours, the main question will be whether and how well the shopping public is represented. The merchants, with their tlili'cring points of view, will be there, for sure, and doubtless the retail clerks will be heard from. But what about ''the Who will speak for them? Although adherence to pure prin- ciple is difficult and in this case un- likely, it is well occasionally to re- call some of the principles involved. It is well to remember, for instance, that the standard of living enjoyed in Canada (and a few other parts of the world) was arrived at through enterprising and industrious indivi- duals being free to serve people's needs. It is well to remember that the rights of free enterprise carry with them responsibilities, including, sup- posedly, the responsibility for decid- ing when the shop door should he locked and unlocked. It is well to remember that the Wednesday half day is a carryover from different long gone days, and that compulsory Monday closing could work a hardship on many peo- ple. Legal restrictions on a merchant's operation are not good, but worse would be chaos in shopping hours. Ideally, there would he no laws on the subject, but the merchants would agree among themselves to have some general shopping facilities open to the public six days a week and two nights. Kissinger to Cuba? Will U.S. presidential adviser for national security affairs, Henry A. Kissinger, turn up in Havana for talks with Premier Fidel Castro one of these days? Latin American diplo- mats are asking this question follow- ing the opening of warmer relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China due to Mr. Kissinger's surprise visit to Peking. Much of the rationale for refusing to recognize the Cuban revolution- ary regime has been removed as a result of the attempt to establish re- lations with China. The Nixon ad- ministration cannot be unaware of the inconsistency of continuing to boy- cott Cuba while courting China. If pragmatism is to prevail over ideol- ogical anti-communism, it would be logical to expect some kind of over- ture to Cuba. Observers of the internation- al scene will be tempted to see the visit of a U.S. volleyball team to Cuba as a prelude to a new relationship. It was the entry of ping pong play- ers into China, after all, that pres- aged the openness of the Chinese re- gime to talks with President Nixon. The fact that Premier Castro made a point of declaring there was no change in Cuba's "irrcduceable, in- transigent, and unyielding posit i o n toward Yankee imperialism" will not put an end to speculation. In China, anti American statements arc Etill being made. too. So strongly arc some Latins in- clined to believe a U.S.-Cuba change is in the offing that Galo Plaza Las- so, secretary general of the Or- ganization of American States has been working to try to prevent uni- lateral moves toward Cuba. He be- lieves that such moves should be kept within the OAS framework and is reported to have asked the White House in Washington to keep him in- formed about any changes in policy toward Cuba. Some day the invisible walls be- tween Cuba and the U.S. have to come down. That day may be soon. A mint for Mint off? Mr. Dom Mintoff, newly elected prime minister of the strategic is- land of Malta, is a keen bargainer on a very large scale. Already he has pushed NATO communications headquarters out of the island and currently he's busy trying to per- suade the British to ante up far more than they've been paying to continue to use it as a naval headquarters. Britain has been paying nearly five million pounds a year for the exclu- sive use of the naval base. Mr. Min- toff is reported to be asking 30 mil- lion pounds rent. Rumor has it that some NATO countries are willing to help Britain out so that she can pay 10 million pounds over two and a half times what Malta has been get- ting to keep the naval base in the family. This means keeping the Rus- sians out. In order to cushion the blow, should the British and their NATO allies de- cide that the naval headquarters should be abandoned because of the high price of upkeep, Mr. Mintoff has been hopping back and forth to oil- rich Libya to find out what Colonel Qadaffi would do to help out. (It would have to be a really big deal considering that the British garrison spends something in excess of 17 mil- lion pounds a year in Malta, and Brit- ish tourists and expatriates spend more than that. Most of these sources of revenue would dry up if the Rus- sians and their Warsaw pact allies took over the Loss of Malta would be a severe strategic blow to NATO and the Brit- ish, but there is a limit to what they will pay. Take what we've made up our minds we can afford, they say, or lump it, and get what you can from Qadaffi and the Russians. Mr. Mintoff hasn't lo make a decision. He's been wheeling deal- ing on his own until now but on Aug- ust 26 he will have to meet Parliament which lias not been call- ed since the election. He has a ma- jority of only one, and if he hasn't got a fat package for the future lo offer, lie may find himself voted out of office on opening day. Inefficiency experts By Margaret Luckhurst 1YTEN claim that one of Uie reasons women seldom gel to top managerial positions in business is because they are in- herently disorganized. As this theory smacks of male prejudice I have never been able to buy it until a couple of per- sonal incidents occurred recently giving me cause Lo wonder if there is some basis in it. It was during a brief 48-hour period when I was flattened with flu and my hus- band was detailed to kitchen parade. As he tried lo prepare the meals he kept un- covering what he termed "inefficiencies" insofar as my routine kitchen-organizing is concerned. It started with the brown su- gar. "Where do you keep the brown he yelled from the kitchen. "In the coffee 1 replied, "it keeps it fresher there." "Oh. Well, Where's the coffee? "In the fridge." "Oh. Well, what do you keep in the tea "Cookies." "Oh." I could bear him mumbling away as he fussed around opening cupboards and slam- ming drawers. A few minutes later he stalked into my sickroom. "Why is the flora1 in tile hollom "Because the flour canister isn't large enough In hold 10 pounds of flour, so "So you keep raisins and coconut and stuff in (Jie flour canister." "ililjlil." "And all the baking ntalcrial is on one side of the kitchen while Ihe stove and ulcnsil.s clc. are on Hie otlicr. You must waste upwards ot 10 minutes running from one cupboard lo another just to bake a T disliked the idea of him duing a Lime study on my culinai'y expertise so I re- plied coldly. "The exercise is good for me." Later when he wanted lo press a shirt for himself he hollered up from Uie base- ment. "Where arc my clean "In the deep-freeze." That was met by silcnec. He plodded upstairs lo my sickbed, clutching a handful of frozen shirts. "Do you keep the side of hecf in the ironing he abked sarcastically. "No. I replied. "I had the shirts all dampened before I took sick so I just them there so they wouldn't mildew. You'll find them easy lo iron when they thaw out." "When arc you going lo get heller any- he groused, "you've been lying around here for weeks it seems and I make a lousy housewife because T don't know the rules." "1 think I'm well enough lo get up and help" I said Irving In sound bravo. "I want to run l.hc sweeper over the rug.-.." "I'll do il, you'd teller stay where you are I don'L want your germs. I I'll find the sweeper in the broon: "No, Uie ironing board lakes up loo much room in there so I keep Ihe sweeper under the bed in the spare- von-.. Il's handy there." lie sighed. "No wonder a woman's work i.s never done she keeps making up more [or borsclf as she goes alongl" German issue has faded in importance WASHINGTON The fid'- mans have a saying Ihal, wliile Uoun is bordered Bad Godcsberg ;iml Bruehl, Berlin lies bchveen Washington and Moscow. And ton years when the infamous wall was built. Berlin did indeed seem lo he (lie eenlrc of the world. But now all that lias changed. Berlin, ami inrlcerl Germany, lias ceased to be the pivot of world politics. And the mark of the city's decline is that there is now shaping up a ma- jor agreement embracing Ber- lin, the two Germanys and the great powers. Berlin became a crisis cen- tre as a'Jt not as a cause of East West len- sion. Stalin in and Khrush- chev in both set in motion vigorous attempts to separate the "My from the Western Big Three and the Bonn regime. Perhaps the Soviets sought no more than to settle once and for all the East European bor- ders which they bad establish- ed by force of arms in the Sec- ond World War. But their methods were not only brutal. They were stupid. Ultimatums and pressures in- spired misgivings about aggres- sive Soviet intention among even the most well meaning and large minded of Western leaders. Cold warriors, deter- mined to draw the line against Communism, found in Berlin a convenient rallying point for re- sistance across the board. The air lift o[ 1948 was not only the response to (he Berlin blockade, it was also the sym- bol of rearmament for this country and Western Europe. President Kennedy's famous burst of eloquence served Ihe same purpose after the huild- ing of the wall ten years ago. And for years thereafter every Western statesman of note counted it an obligatory duty to visit the wall and repeat, in one form or another, the fa- mous words, "fell bin ein Ber- liner. But as two far sighted col- leagues, Walter Lippmann and Joseph Alsop, pointed out at the Lime, the fact of Ihe wall chang- ed the equation. The flow of refugees from East to West Germany was finally stopped. It became possible to build in East Germany an economy that could rival that of West Ger- many. Thus insulated against competition from the show win- dow of the Western world, the Communists could afford to piay a waiting game Li Cen- tral Europe. The more so as serious prob- lems began to crop up inside the bloc countries. If there was .THE-TELEOtAM. a threat to East Germany, it came more and more from lib- eralizing tendencies in tile oth- er Communist states of East- ern Europe. As a superpower, moreover. Russia had to worry not only about Europe. There was the Near East and Afri- ca, South Asia and Latin Amer- ica. Above all, there was China. In Ihese circumstances the Russian leaders who followed Khrushchev have taken the pressure off Germany and Berlin. The absence of pres- sure made it possible for a gov- ernment ready to compromise with the Communists to take of- fice in Bonn. That regime, the regime of Willy Brandt, has moved to reach agreements on outstand- ing issues with the Soviet Un- ion, Poland, Czechoslovakia and even East Germany. The prospect of agreement caused the Russians to substitute for the prickly East German lead- er, Walter Ulbricht, the more docile Erich Honecker. All these undertakings have been made conditional on con- clusion of a Big Four pact gov- erning Berlin. And the latest news from the Big Four nego- tiations is that an agreed for- mula for Berlin is in sight. The formula is liardly likely to be ideal by Western stan- dards. Russian hegemony over Eastern Europe is confirmed. The legitimacy of the East Ger- man regime, while not specifi- cally accepted, is strengthened. The Western and West Ger- man presence in Berlin is lliinned out and access remains dependent upon the good will o[ the Sovicls and Ihe East Ger- man regime. _______ But what does the West yield in accepting these conditions? Nothing that was not previous- ly a fact of life. Nothing that the Soviets did not pay for many limes over in the 20 mil- lion deaths they suffered in the Second Worlc' War. And there lies the lesson of the whole af- fair of the Berlin wall ten years after. The moral is that problems arc not so much solved as for- gotten. Berlin, as well as the whole German issue, has paled in comparison to other ques- tions. Hardly anybody remem- bers exactly what all the old fights were aboi'l. And in this season of oblivion, it is possible to make arrangements that we are all pleased to call settle- ments. (Field Enterprises, flic.) Real Asclienion The Berlin Wall made East Germany a reality IT is ten }ears since they began lo build the Berlin Wall, since night workers coming borne off shift and slightly unsteady gentlemen making their ways back from parties in other sectors of the city found their way impeded by lorries and armored cars and men in tin bals hastily un- reeling barbed wire across the streets. It was the early morn- ing of August 13, 1961. The po- lice and armed forces of East Germany were closing the Ber- lin border, at first with wire and later with a wall of con- crete blocks. Walls, looked at with the pes- simistic lens of history, tend not to be knocked down again. The Great Wall of China is still there, and so is Hadrian's Wall. Ihere, tend lo be gradually over- run or perm e a t e d: circum- stances gradually bore holes through [hem until they be- come u.onuinents rather than lacls of daily lite. This, in all probability, is what will happen in Berlin. The four Power talks now in progress Iwtwcen the Soviet Union, America, Brilain and Franc i on Ihe fu- ture of the western half of the city seem to be ncaring a solu- tion; this could in lurn make it seem more acceptable to Ihe Herman Democratic Republic thai West Berliners .should be able to pass through the check- points and visit their relations in Ihe east. Over a decade, the wall has slowly changed its appearance. The barrier which cuts through urban Berlin has become high- er and smoother, an imperson- al bureaucratic token thai a world ends here. The rusty barbed wire has mostly vanish- ed. Round the rural fringes of West Berlin, on iLs border with Iho liDK proper. Iho frontier IKI.S even been laiul- .seaprd, Ms .'-pinicr ciclails con- cealed by sunken trenches. It is many years since uoth sides creeled wooden grandstands nn each side, lo provide tourists with an edifying shudder over Communist brut a 1 i t y or, re- spectively, the barrier against imperialism. A party ol Ameri- can trippers on the caslcrn grandsland recently found it- self being addressed us "lilthy Commies" by en American party on the western grand- stand, until embarrassed recog- nilion set in. At night, there is still the glare of lights along the bor- der and the bowl of Alsatian dogs canlcring miserably along wires Lo which they are attach- ed by a sliding leash. But Ber- lin, though haling the wall, has become used lo il. There are plenly of Berliners who have never needed or bothered to see it The Western Allies, taken in- explicably by surprise when tbc frontier was closed, at once agreed that there was nothing much to Ijc done and now de- vote some attention to prevent- ing West Berliners tampering with the wall. After years, it is clear that the building of the wall was a considerable event in post-war European history. Tlic argu- ment of tbc GDR used lo lie that its erection had saved (he peace of Europe, by blocking the outrusli of East Germans to the west and thus prevent- ing a social collapse in the GDR which would have tempt- ed West Germany and prol> ably its allies in Ihe Noiib At- lantic Treaty Organization lo tiy their luck at a swift annex- ation. This is nol altogether false: the GDR could not have survived a human hemorrhage on such a scale for much long- er, and its collapse would have [lung Iho Russians and. the Western Powers into a ma- jor German crisis for wluch (hey were not prepared. More certainly, Ihe closing of the Berlin border destroyed West German hopes that a re- lentlessly hostile and subver- sive policy towards the other German stale would cither bring it lo ils knees or per- suade the Russians to abandon it. Up to 1961, it liacl been a dopma of Adenauer's succes- sive Rovmiir.enls lluif Gorman ralilicalion must and would precede !bc. sclllemcnl. of oilier I'lasl. West disputes in Eiu'opo. After miil, although it took West G e r m a n y many more years to acknowledge the fact, it became clear Adenauer had put the cart before the horse. There was now no direct means, like tbc luring away of Ihe German population, which West Germany could ex- erf lo bring about reunification on her terms. The Russians, who had decided as long ago as 1953 that they required two German stales and internation- al recognition of the status quo in Germany, pointed out that reunification could only come at the end of a long peacemak- ing process in Europe, if at In 1966, President Johnson pub licly agreed willi them, when he said that the reunification o[ Europe must lake prece- dence over that of Germany. In the following years, West German governments came lo accepl this too, Internally, the wall was de- cisive for the GDR. Qualified and skilled young men and wo- men, who bad formed the bulk of the emigralion in 1961, grad- ually resigned themselves lo farcers m Iheir own part of Germany. A touchy patriotism began lo emerge, founded largely on resenlmenl at West German jeers at the erly" of East Germans. Guid- ed by a series of intelligent and controlled reforms, the economy began to improve ra- pidly until today the GDR is one of the leading industrial na- tions of Ihe world and the most prosperous member of the War- saw Pacl. The diligent and in- ventive arc well rewarded; the acquisitive and the consumer are coining rapidly inlo their own v.-il.h good beer, color TV. expensive resl a u r a n I. s and cars. Though the parly speeches arc bleakly aulliori- larian, and the Press perhaps the most boring in the world, ordinary citizens are more in- clined to speak their minds openly lhan they were a fo.w years ago. A tradition of tcam- wcrk, of collective decision at a low level, has grown up which is still far fron- Ilio ideal of socialist democracy hut which mum- nl" IhoM1 uho luive agod IP leave Ihe in re- rrnl years di.scovcr they miss in Ihe. West. The wall irade Germany a rcalily, as il made West Ger- many realistic. This can bo seen with hindsight. But what about Berlin itself? Although west German and for- eigners can pass oasl wards Ihroiijili Ihe cily border, Wesl Berliners c.innoi, and Inivcl lo the west as wliolo remains denied to GDfl citizens under retirement age. Since Ihu wall was erected, some 63 East Ger- mans have been shot attempt- ing to cross the barriers, the last only a few weeks ago. Fam- ilies r e MI a i n divided. Tho wound still aches. But over the years, as a seri- ous attcmpl by East and West to reach a settlement of the European dispute has develop- ed, Berlin and this really means West Berlin has be- come the central problem. It is Ihe rusted lock of European peace. Only if a "satisfactory settlement" is reached by the four Powers, who have been in conclave for 17 months, can Chancellor B r a n d t' s treaties with Poland and Ihe Soviet Union be ratified, a European security conference meet, and an agreement between the two German states be negotiated. The four Power talks revolve round a secure agreement on access to West Berlin across the GDR, and on the setting of a limit to Wesl German politi- cal activity in the city. These talks may be near suc- cess. This would mark the achievement of two Soviet am- bitions: Ihe idcntificalion of West Berlin as a problem on ils own, and Ihe initial accep- tance by the Wcsl of East Ger- man legitimacy. With so much won, the restoration of contacts between West and East Berlin would become a less perilous undertaking for the East. The wall will not be demolished: Berlin will remain two cities. But they now have the chance lo become cities which live to- gether as neighbors. OVi-itldi for Tlir Herald and The Oliscrvcr, London) Looking backward Through tlic Herald 1921 The creation of an fn- tcrnational court of justice is assured, according to reports from the secretary ol the League of Nations. survey compiled by Chinese authorities claims persons have been left homeless and about ol these totally destitute in the four provinces hardest hit by the current Yangtze River Hood. Hollanders paid witli their lives today for as- sisting British fliers who made forced landings on Nelhcrlands Icrriliry. Two others were sen- tenced to prison for live after court martial by German mili- tary authorities on charges of giving food and clolhine lo Brilish fliers. 1951-Three Egyptian swim- mers have turned down prizes Mailing for swimming tlic English Channel because the newspaper which sponsored the prize, the Daily Mirror, slandered King Farouk of Egypt. early morning fire one mile east of Lelhbridgc city limits completely gulled an old d.iiry tarn, killing hun- dreds of lurkeys and destroy- ing 'wo trucks and farm equip- ment in an estimated ?25 000 blaze. Tlic Letlibridge Herald 5Q-1 nil St. S., Lctlibririgc, Albcria LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 195J, by Hon. W. A, BUCHANAN Second Clnss Mall Registration Nn 0013 Membor o' The 'Jonodlfln Press and me Canadian Dally Nowapapitr Publishers' Association and lha Audi) Bureau of Clrculatloni Tl Fn uu unuuPBq. Prlllnr PnhlKhrr "THOMAS H" ADAMS, Gonernl Minnncr JOE BAI.LA WIL 1 1AM HAY M fin fining Frlllor Crlilor ROY F WILES DOUGLAS 1C WAI. KEB Advertising Manager Editorial Paga Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;