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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta '4 1HE IETH8RIDGE HERAID Tuesday, August 1C, Joseph Kraft Credits For Middle East Gease-Fire Diplomats vs. Terrorists The cease- The Sisco old saying that victory ha: did man, rough in manner and proposal differed Middle Eastern problems away llic hope that the big powers of (lie fire. contribution was made by As- fire in the Middle East sistant Secretary of Slate Jo- from previous offers in two from the Big Four the Am- would pull their chestnuts ou't has brought back in vogue Hie scph Siseo, an outspoken, can- crucial ways. First, it was pro- ........1. t'cdural rather than substan- French who had been Because it avoided subslan- Aiiother American diplomat, :ralic republic as opposed to a mili- nal urges an international convcn- ;ary dictatorship. The price de- lion under which governments cratic tary dictatorship. The pr manded by the guerrillas was high. They asked for the release of 150 prisoners who had been convicted of crimes by due process of the law. Under the legal system of Uruguay, they could not legally be released, even after the declaration of a state of emergency, since they had been convicted before the state of emer- gency existed. This situation does not apply under a dictatorship. Some have suggested tighter se- curity precautions, but armed guards following a diplomat every- where he goes prevent him from doing an effective job. He cannot travel about the country in freedom to make bis assessments and re- ports. He is in effect, cut off from contacts he must have in order to report his assessments to the na- tion he represents. would agree to refuse ransom, or to pressure oilier governments for the release of foreign diplomatic repre- sentatives. This has already been suggested by a number of com- mentators, but nothing has come of it. Now it emanates from the men and women most concerned the diplomats themselves. They are quite aware that giving in to pres- sure from terrorists or any other dissident groups, simply encourages the proliferation of similar incidents all over the world. Nothing succeeds like success. The diplomats' suggestion is a courageous one, knowing as they must do, that it is by no means the perfect solution. It is high time that the machinery leading to an agreement between nations on this question should be set in motion. view who did what, if only to able, after innumerable rebuffs, lions of territorial borders, ret- the United Nations mediator, 'ndicate the pitfalls that lie to come up with the proposal ugccs, and international rights. Gunnar Jarring. That meant ihead. that led to the cease-fire now in Secondly, the Sisco formula the contesting parties did not By far the most important effect. took substantive discussions of liave as an excuse for refusal Lowering Noise Level The annoyance caused by noise eventually produces an effort to crack down on offenders. This is being demonstrated repeatedly in many centres of the world. Behind Alderman Jim Anderson's request for a report on the effective- ness of the city's anti-noise bylaw doubtless lies some rumbling of dis- content. There may not actually be a worsening of the noise situation it may only be that the noise seems worse when people are already some- what irritated by the heat which has been so noticeable this summer. Few could dispute that unnecessary noise persists in the city. There seems to be an over-abundance of cars, motorcycles and Scooters operating without the required mufflers. Thoughtless people continue to play radios at high volume outdoors and sometimes to run power mowers at forbidden times. It is not likely that the law is in- adequate but simply that it is diffi- cult for the police to be on top of the whole problem._ A responsibility rests with the citizen, who is annoyed, to register a complaint which the police can check. Barring such co- operation the control of noise will likely remain hit-and-miss as it is en- countered in the routine patrolling by the police. The request for a report is certainly in order. Such a report may indicate that nothing more is required. But the very fact that it has been requested is apt to evoke a renewed awareness on the part of citizens of the impor- tance of being considerate of neigh- bors. Tin's alone could lower the noise level. Human Nature Vs. Marx A decree recently issued by the Kremlin provides that those farmers producing cattle, fowl, milk, wool, and eggs on their privately owned plots will be paid from 20 to 50 per cent more than they've been receiving. The general impression abroad is that nearly all Soviet argicultural pro- duce comes from State farms, which would not be affected by the decree. But the fact is that about 40 per cent of meat production in the U.S.S.R. comes from private sources. With some other farm products the per- centage is even higher. for industrial expansion. But the rum- blings of discontent at food shortages in the U.S.S.R. has compelled the Kremlin to act. Party chief Leonid Brezhnev has admitted frankly that private plot owners must be given more incen- tive, and in effect has said that the only way to provide it is to give them more money for what they have to sell. The private farmer has been given a hike in income that would make the demands of the most irre- sponsible labor unions in the West pale by comparison. The Kremlin has been forced to rec- "You wanna read the funnies or Nixon's pollution report pssals were first surfaced on June 25. Even so, it would not have succeeded without a change in attitude by the So- viet Union. For months the Russians had been talking sweet in New York and Washington while acting tough in the Middle East. In the very midst of the Big Two and Big Four discus- sions, they had taken over air defence of Egypt. If that evolu- iton could have continued, nei- ther the Russians nor the Egyptians would have any in- centive for a cease-lire, and the Israelis would be strongly pushed to undertake a new pre- emptive strike. But in the last week of June, there came especially strong statements on the Middle East from San Clemente by Presi- dent Nixon and his chief for- eign policy adviser, Henry Kis- singer. The Soviet Union was warned that any further penetration would mean strong American counteraction. Mos- cow and Cairo now had truly serious reasons to accept the Sisco offer. Finally, there was the Jar- ring problem. The ambassador is a slow and methodical man. But if the cease-fire plan was to take hold, there had to be a whirlwind of action. So Secre. tary of State William Hogers flew up to New York, swept aside complicated objections Ambassador Jan-ing was about to raise, and pushed the whole show into the stage of consulta- tions. The lesson of all this is that progress has been made chief- ly by finessing problems. The rivalries that divide the great powers in the Middle East have been temporarily shelved. The substantive issues that divide Arabs and Jews have been swept under the carpet. Progress in the future prob- ably depends upon a similarly unpretentious approach. No doubt it will be necessary to to refer matters back to the great powers from time to time. But these matters should be seen chiefly as elements of a more mcdest goal. For now, and for some time to come, the immediate American target should be the preservation and extension of the cease-fire. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Tim Traynor The government has told the people ognize again, that the only way to that the rise in price to the producer assure maximum agricultural produc- will not mean a boost in consumer tion is to rely on the capitalistic food costs. These costs will be ab- instinct of the farmer. It is a simple sorted by the government. This in fact of human nature and no Marx- turn is bound to divert funds required ist-Leninist ideology can eradicate it. Impressions That Last A Lifetime By Joyce Sasse JJOBEA Some Korean colleagues and just because of me, wouldn't Yes, myself have been hosting and guiding son, you don't relieve your guilt feelings iby handing-over out of your abundance. That's the stuff wars are made of. I got tired of the constant complaints that the hotel "had a lovely big bath tab, but never enough hot water." Even after we carefully explained that, here, you wash yourself outside the tub, rinse off the dirt and soap, get in the tub to soak, get out and leave the water for the next guy, students and leaders alike persisted in using the tub like they do at home home ways are always best, you know. Cold bath again tonight? Too bad! "It's unfortunate they haven't yet come Lengthening Shadows Over Arab Oil Supplies a large number of Canadian visitors to our land. The task has been demanding, but we've enjoyed it and, what's more, we think the tourists have, too. Fortunately, not all the groups were high school students. Fortunately, too, theirs was the only group that had a hundred members in the party. But it's their ex- periences that come to mind during these brief moments of recollection. To ride third class from Japan to the southern tip of the Korean Penninsula by ferry is one thing. A hundred Orientals, who have been brought up knowing how to (First of two articles) WASHINGTON: The U.S. ini- tiated breakthrough hi the Middle East is revealing as well as heartening. As the Arabs and Israelis move tentatively toward a cease-fire and negotiations, it has become clearer than ever how deeply anxious the U.S is about trends in the area. The Israelis obviously thought long and hard before moving into line with the Amer- Letter To The Editor position to countenance outright talk of withdrawal from cap- tured Arab territories' and in- direct negotiations through the UN mediator, Gunnar Jarring. Premier Golda Meir and her colleagues evidently acted with a view to accommodating the Americans, in the knowledge that the United States is in- creasingly appalled by the traumatic prospect of another Vietnam type involvement, and perturbed by the lengthening shadow over Western oil sup- plies. world's oil is currently drawn from the area.) The West has had a fore- taste of this over the past few months and Dr. Laird laid heavy stress on the worrying Plain Discrimination sit and sleep small and travel light, may to the age of one of the fit into the hold of that vessel. But these British Columbians were big as big and cumbersome as their luggage. Add to this a typhoon on the high sea, and you've got their travel picture. Once in Korea, cultural lessons were of- ten served with deft blows. Getting edu- leaders lamented as we bounced over dirt road between the rice paddies. "Ger- many has developed some dandy little tractors that would fit into these fields. So, I imagine, has Japan." Go ahead. Buy a tractor. You'll have to import it, which would cost Korea eight hundred dollars. uuilalo. f, Way ys easy' bUt U into the countryside and let it do the work of four or five men. What does it matter? These men only net a hundred and thrity dollars per year as it is No, my North American friends, when you leave your continent, leave your machines, too. Give us new varieties of rice and better fertilizer if you will so wo can increase pur yield. But remember, we are not ashamed to work with our hands, so long as we can feed and educate our chil- dren. One of the girls was from a reserve on Vancouver Island. "I've learned so much coming here. You know, at home we In- dians think we arc pretty poor. And when we compare ourselves with our nicghbors, maybe we arc But. here in Korea, the people have so much less By I heir standards, we are rich! Yet, look at them Look at the things they arc doing for themselves I can hardly wait to get Impressions that last a lifetime: is effective! Take the young girl who spent her time at the Expo site gathering as much infor- mation as she could about Russia. She ignored warnings that Korea was one of the strongest anti-Comrnunist countries in the world ignored the warnings, that is, until all her precious material was con- fiscated and destroyed at customs. Tears and arguments were to no avail. We don't fool about such matters. We can't. Our chartered bus stopped long enough to take on a couple of cases of pop. But I noticed, when we started on our way again, that my 15-year-old seat mate didn't seem so refreshed. .Matter-of-fact, he was pretty down. "You know, back there, t saw a little boy crying. He was dirty and looked hungry, so I gave him a coin" It was only ten won (3 cents) The minute the other boys saw him get it, tlvsy chased him. He ran like mad. but maybe they caught him He'd be beat up, Several evenings ago two friends and I went into a lead- ing establishment on the south side of the city with the inten- tion of having something to eat. One of niy friends wear's his hair long, myself and my other friend wear short hair. We entered this eating estab- lishment, had our orders taken and proceeded to a seating place. About one minute after we sat down, the manager ap- proached our table and asked my long-haired friend to leave. He further went on to say to my friend lhat Ins hair was getting loo long and apparently he did not fancy the idea of serving individuals who wore icii.1? hair. Why should this be? To me this sounds like nothing but a case of pure discrimination. Do we have to look to the race riots in the States, do we have to look to mass discrimination and prejudice over the world, do we iiave to look at cases where the poor man is pushed down the gutter and the weak man kicked in the head to rea- lize that (his is a sick world in some ways? No. we can see it here, right in the matrix of our own society. What is Ibc difference be- tween myself (a short-hail cd individual) and another human being who wears his hair long, a person who gets great satis- faction by feeling a sense of in- dividuality? To me and to other sane individuals there is no dif- ference. Long-haired indivi- duals are not all speed freaks and dnig addicts. They want to feel a sense of freedom from the conventionality of society, and'they want to express them- selves in their own ways by means of dress and ap- pearance. Is theru anylhing wrong in this? I hope everyone who reads this letter sees the point I am trying to convey. If so, then do you think we should allow something like this to lake place in our city? Discrimina- tion of this type makes our long-haired brothers rebel against society and against lh.e 'establishment'. We are not giving them a fair chance to al- low them to be what they want to be without forcing discrimi- nation upon them. The discrim- ination against my friend can be the start of a society; a case where a sick-minded in- dividual refuses to serve anoth- er human being because he did not approve of his appear- ance. II. SIRVINGRIGALOR. Lethbridge. The grimness of the oil pic- ture cannot be overstated. The U.-S. has had to reckon with increasing alienation from the Arab oil-producing countries as the result of the polarization which has aligned much of the Arab bloc with the Soviet Union as against Israel and the United States. The mounting Arab interference with the movement of oil to the West has had a substantial direct impact, and authorities have in- creasingly had to contemplate the possibility of a total denial of Mid-Eastern oil as part, of a new flare-up of the Arab-Israeli war. In late June, a top-level U.S. committee on oil supplies was called into emergency session to go over the prospects in de- tail. In a statement to a nsen sharply and congressional group, Dr. Wilson Prices have soared. Dr. Laird spoke pessimistic- ally of the disputes over money which are at the root of the current troubles. Having re- duced oil shipments by almost half a million barrels a day, possibilities short of an actual the Libyan government is ag- outbreak of war. Expensive readjustment has been required to come to terms with the disruption of Libyan supplies and the closure of the Trans-Arabian pipeline, which normally carries large quan- tities of oil from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean. The cumulative effect has been greatly to increase the need for the shipment of oil from the Gulf around South Africa to Western markets. Since tanker capacity is insufficient to meet the demand, shipping costs oil Laird, head of the U.S. office of oil and gas, later summed up the likely impact of a Mid- East war. "The denial of oil (fifteen million barrels daily) is of such a magnitude that it would cally impossible to re- place it from other known sources of the free he said. In the face of this "most alarming" prospect, the U.S. would be able to take care of its own military needs, but would generally be in a poorer position to meet the crisis than during the 1967 phase of the war. With demand rapidly ris- ing and domestic development lagging, unused capacity was at a lower level. Pending the availability of Alaskan oil, the U.S. would not have the capa- cily to replace imports with domestic oil in a crisis. There would be little the U.S. could do for hard-hit allies such as Japan, which relics on the Middle East for nearly 90 per cent of its oil supply and for 60 per cent of ils energy. West- ern Europe, for its part, relies on the Mid-East and North Africa for 86 pnr cent of ils oil and more than half of ils energy supply. (Forty-five per cent of the non-Communist gressively pursuing its cam- paign to extract higher reven- ues from producing companies. Likewise, the Syrian govern- ment is seeking larger rev- enues from the movement of oil through the Trans-Arabian line in return for its consent to repair the break which has cut off the normal flow of over half a million barrels a day. With a continuation of polit- cal tension, there might well be a deepening of the confronta- tion between governments and oil companies, with consequent interruptions of oil movement. (Herald Washington Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD Bassoff, alleged train robber and double mur- derer, has been committed for trial at the criminal assizes in Macleod which open October 12. 1930 Tentative plans for a trans-Atlantic air service by the British government were announced. The trips would be made between Cardington, where the dirigible R-100 is kept and Montreal and New York. 1910 Crops and gardens in the Morecambe district, 130 miles east of Edmonton were damaged by frost when the mercury dipped lo 28 above. A quarter-inch of ice was left on water. Canadian Federa- tion of Agriculture, represent- ing Canadian farmers, today declared the government should take over operation of the railways as a national emergency if the threatened Aug. 22 strike materializes. iniio Work on a 100-bed chronic hospital for Lethbridge may start next spring, accord- ing to Alberta Health Minister, J. Donovan Ross. The site for the new hospital has not as yet been determined. The Munici- pal Hospital site is being con- sidered. The LetHbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by lion. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Ho 001.' Mombor ol The Canadian Press and'lhe Daily Publishers' Association and the Audit Bmeau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM MAY Managing Edilor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;