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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY FORECAST HIGH WEDNESDAY 70-75 The Letlibridtjc Herald VOL. LXIII No. 208 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 14 PAGES Story: Stimulants To Heroin By HARRY FOELL TORONTO (CP) A federal government official said Monday use of stimulants and hallucinogenic drugs may lead to the use of heroin. R. C. Hammond, chief of the federal government's division of narcotic control, told an international sym- posium on drug abuse that statistics indicate progres- sion to the use of heroin by persons who started off on amphetamines, marijuana, hashish and LSD. Mr. Hammond said although there has been no in- crease in the number of heroin addicts in Canada during the last 15 years, there has been a rapid change in the type of individual involved. He said that prior to and just after the Second World War the average heroin addict was between the ages of 25 and 40 and become addicted through asso- ciation with other heroin addicts. But during the last two years, he said, officials have noticed an increasing frequency of heroin addic- tion among persons betw.-en 18 and 23 years of age who started off on marijuana, hashish and ampheta- mines, commonly known as speed. During the first seven months of Ms year a record has been compiled on 67 youths addicted to heroin who at first started using cannabis derivatives such as marijuana and hashish. Many of the youths were from middle- or upper- class families with no previous criminal record, he told 450 delegates to the symposium. Differs With Study Mr. Hammond's contention challenged one of the findings of a recent federal inquiry commission which studied non-medical use of drugs. The commission said use of so-called soft drugs does hot lead to heroin ad- diction. Mr. Hammond also said drug abuse in Canada, at first basically confined to city slums, has infiltrated the whole fabric of community life over the last 23 years. He blamed increasing marijuana and hashish use on better transportation facilities and the fact that "our youth started to move from country to country." The number of convictions under the Narcotics Con- trol act for possession of cannabis had increased to in 1969 from 28 hi 1964. The bulk of LSD, he said, is being smuggled into Canada from California and confiscations of tablets by customs officials are not uncommon. Dr. Edward Leis Jr., speaking on the abuse of drugs in the United States, said deaths related to the use of heroin are increasing at an alarming rate. U.S. Count Doubles Dr. Edward Lewis Jr., chief medical officer of the U.S. bureau of narcotics and dangerous drugs, sajd the number of heroin addicts in the U.S. has doubled dur- ing the last 10 years and the problem is most acuts in New York City. The number of addictions to opium-related drugs known to the bureau now is about compared with about in 1960. In New York about 900 persons died from heroin- related causes last year, among them 224 teen-agers. He said in the period from 1960 to 1965 heroin claimed only 300 lives. At the same time, he said, heroin addiction is be- coming less of a "ghetto problem" and is infiltrating middle-class society. In 1960, 56.9 per cent of known addicts were Negroes, but their ratio now has de- creased to 48.8 per cent with the number of users in- creasing among the white population. Dr. D. A. Canal senior principal medical officer with the department of health and social security in Britain, said the problem there is minor compared with most Western nations. But he said government is concerned with growing numbers of young persons starting to use hard drugs. Dr. Masaaki Kato, president of the Japanese As- sociation of Neuropsychiatry, said abuse of drugs has declined in Japan, especially since 1955. He said the demoralized state of UK Japanese population after the Second World War was a factor in the drug epidemic which reached its height in the early 1950s, but it has been reduced largely through the introduction of new laws and treatment facilities for addicts. Klaus Maekelae, a member of the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies in Helsinki, said abuse of hard drugs has never been a problem in Scandinavian countries. But he said there is an increasing use of marijuana and hashish, partly as a result of an influence from the U.S. and the "international youth culture." The symposium, sponsored by the Council on Drug Abuse, ends Wednesday. The council is an organization established earlier this year by businessmen and mem- bers of the Canadian pharmaceutical industry. Trudeau Visits Virgin Islands NASSAU (CP) Prime Min- ister Trudeau arrived at this Bahamas island resort today on a chartered flight from Andros Island and promptly boarded a department of transport Jetstar for St. Thomas in the Virgin Is- lands. The vacationing prime minis- ter, looking tanned and fit fol- lowing five days of skindiving at Small Hope Bay in Andros, one of the Bahamas out-islands, was accompanied by three unidenti- fied man and two women. Missing Child Found In Bush CLYDE (CP) A old girl lost in bush for 1G hours was found today by a man on horseback near this community, 45 miles north of Edmonton. Karen Boychuk was separat- ed from her parents Monday while picking wild berries. About 60 people, RCMP and an aircraft took part in the search in rolling sandhills, bush and sloughs. Alberta At Standsti il Service Scuttle Nerve Gas Ship ABOARD THE HARTLEY (AP) Water poured into the hold of the dilapidated freighter LeBaron Russell Briggs today and the hulk began sinking with its controversial load of nerve gas. An eight-man team of special- ists spent about two hours aboard the ship preparing it for scuttling.- Then they turned wheels on the deck opening seven valves deep in the hold of the rusting vessel. Capt. A. G. Hamilton, in charge of the sinking operation, estimated the Briggs would take four to six hours to disappear beneath the waves and another 30 minutes to plummet feet to the bottom in the muni- tions disposal area 283 miles east of Cape Kennedy, Fla. Going down with the Second World War freighter were 418 concrete and steel vaults, each condoling 30 rockets or GB nerve gas, a total Of One coffin holds a land mine con- taining highly toxic VX gas. The eight-man crew of spe- cialists went by small boats from tlie Hartley and Hie Men- riota to prepare the ship for sinking. The first thing they did was go below deck where the nerve gas coffins were stored and checked' six rabbits that had been the only passengers on the old freighter.. "We've got six healthy rabbits one of the team radioed. It the rabbits had been dead or ill, it would have indicated a possible gas leakage. PARLIAMENTARY BATTLE Police infervene during a skirmish inside Lebanon's parliament at Beirut. Fighting broke out after speaker Sabri Hamadeh, facing camera, declared a new ballot. Later the deputy speaker took 1he chair and declared Suleiman Franjieh the new president- elect by oneftvote. Moderate "Named Lebanon's Chief Amid Shooting BEIRUT (AP) Suleiman Franjieh, elected Lebanon's fifth president by one vote at a violent session of parliament, promised today his regime will be one of "democracy, eco- nomic expansion and national reconciliation." Franjieh, a 60-year-old moder- ate, made his statement to the newspaper Al Nahar. He was unable to deliver a victory speech after his election Mon- day night because of fistfights inside the parliament chamber. The new president takes office Sept. 23 for a six-year term. Newspapers ranging from the extreme right to ths extreme left echoed the president-elect's call for reconciliation. It was a bid to both the conservative Christians who want a crack- on Palestinian guerrillas raiding Israel from Lebanon. Pooch's Fleas Are Infected With Scourge SANTA FE, N.M. (AP) Gov. David Cargo says fleas in- fected with bubonic plague have been found on his family's mon- grel dog, Snoopy. But Cargo said the dog has been deloused, and health offi- cials said there is little chance of the governor's family con- tracting the dread disease. Cargo acknowledged Monday that Snoopy had been found har- boring fleas infected with the scourge that decimated the pop- ulation of Europe in the Middle Ages. and to the Arab nationalists who want the government to give the guerrillas free rein. GUERRILLAS PROBLEM Franjieh opposes guerrilla raids from Lebanon because they bring retaliatory Israeli at- tacks. But the presence of Palestinian Arab refu- gees in camps in Lebanon will force lu'm to take a moderate approach to the problem, or a bloodbath probably would re- sult. President Nasser of Egypt, who has a large following among Lebanon's Moslems, was said to have favored Franjieh's chief opponent, Elias Sarkis, governor of the Central Bank of Lebanon. But political insiders say Franjieh and Nasser ara likely to get along without fric- tion. Franjieh's election also is not expected to change Lebanon's traditional pro-Western foreign policy. The election in parliament Monday night was the most vio- lent in the 26-year history of the Lebanese republic. The deputies traded punches and political partisans massed in front of the building opened up with bursts of machine-gun fire. Calgary Worker Falls To Death HUSSAR James Robert Hamilton, 36, of Cal- gary was killed when he fell 25 feet while working at the Al- berta Gas Trunk Line com- pressor plant, 60 miles east of Calgary. Mail service across Alberta was virtually at a halt today with about postal workers on strike for a second day in Calgary, Edmonton and northern Alberta towns and post offices closed in southern Alberta, in- cluding Lethbridge. The postal department closed offices across south- em Alberta following the walkouts which began as 24- hour strikes in Calgary and Edmonton and 48-hour strikes in smaller centres such as Lethbridge, Red Deer in northern Alberta. WALKOUTS INDEFINITE William McDonald, an Ed- monton s p o k e s m a n for the Council of Postal Unions, said the walkouts could become in- definite. He was awaiting word from national council officials in Ottawa. Workers arrived today at off- ices at southern Alberta centres Government Will Act Next Week OTTAWA (CP) The govern- ment will act next week to bring the simmering postal dis- pute to a head if a settlement is not reached before then, govern- ment sources said today. A spokesman for Treasury Board President C. M. Drury said Prime Minister Trudeau will be back from a Caribbean vacation next week for a cabi- net meeting where a decision on government action will be made. Mr. Trudeau told a news Con- ference in Prince George, B.C., earlier this month the postal dispute was not tolerable "much and Medicine Hat to find doors locked. Signs ssid no work was available as a result of strikes elsewhere in the province. Mail service there Monday was nor- mal. Jim Rourke, acting director for the Edmonton postal dis- trict, said mail service was sus- pended today in all major towns in southern Alberta and three in eastern British Columbia be- cause of a lack of mail. The B.C. towns affected were Creston, Golden and Fernie. Mail service also was sus- pended at Yellowknife, N.W.T., and several small northern towns. There was no indication when suspended service might re- sume. LETHBRIDGE SITUATION The Lethbridge post office was closed today on orders from the Calgary district postal department and will remain closed until further notice. All mail service has been curtail- ed. Supervisor R. A. Lane said that the close out began at 12.30 a.m. Tuesday and the night shift winch had just come on duty was sent home. "The day shift was not allowed in when members showed up this morning, and the only person- nel in the post office are super- visors who are tidying up a longer.' Unless a settlement could be few management p, soon, he said, the gbv-" Laiie said, ermnent would move "to bring the situation to a crunch." The prime minister said a "crunch" could consist of a complete lockout, a legislated return to work or enforced arbi- tration. Postal workers began a series of rotating strikes in May to support their contract demands in negotiations with treasury board. The government retaliated by closing down regional offices in some areas hit by the strikes. About workers were on strike in Calgary and Edmon- ton, and another 200 are in the northern zone, which extends from north of Hed Deer to the Alberta-Northwest Territories border, including the Peace River districts of Alberta and British Columbia. Calgary postal workers walked off then: jobs starting at 11 p.m. MST Sunday. In Edmon- ton and the northern zone, the walkouts began about 7 a.m. Monday. Yacht Starvation Death Mystery Remains Unsolved DUBLIN, Ireland (CP) The mystery of the yachts- man who died of starvation sometime after beginning a 36-hour cruise remained un- Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN CASUAL DRESSER Law- ranee liallcy seen dress- ed in a suit and tie for the first lime in two years when he attended a wedding Dennis Van Sluys teasingly claiming he may never wash the hood of his car again after his girl friend sat on it Ann Crawford catching her shoe lace in a locked door and husband Gunner making a window entrance to the bouse for the rescue, WOMAN OPERATOR Dallas Bradshaw, 28, from Victoria, B.C., Canada, is seen aboard the ore ship, M.V. "Duncraig" docked at MidcIIesboroiigh, Yorkshire, England. She is Britain's first woman radio operator. solved Monday after an in- quest. Edward Kneal of the Isle of Man, 66, started out May 23 on what his nephew thought was a vacation, but the re- tired petty officer of the Royal Navy bought a yacht. He weighed 126 pounds and was in good health when he left Plymouth May 27. On Aug. 12 Laurence Hala- han of' West Cork found the yacht, M o n a v e e n, drifting about three or four yards off shore at Ti'alagach Bay near Skibereen. He found Kneal's body, emaciated, lying on a bunk covered with a blanket. Kneal weighed 62 pounds. Dr. R. B. O'Neill, assistant state pathologist, told the in- quest the body showed no signs of any reason for death except starvation. He said Kneal could have been dead for a month after living for about 20 days without food. But, on the boat with the body was radio equipment and food supplies which in- cluded a dozen packets of bis- cuits, tea, cocoa, powdered milk and fresh water. The unanswered question afte. the inquest verdict if starvation was why? J. VV. PICKERSGILL challenged WINNIPEG (CP) Winnipeg public hearings by the Canadian transport commission, thrown into confusion by legal man- oeuvring, were adjourned today to October. The hearings had been called for submissions on the CPR's plans to reduce its passenger train curtailed operation of its pas- senger train, The Canadian. Meantime, a court action by the rail unions, which have moved to have commission chairman J. W. Pickersgill dis- qualified from participating in the hearings, will be heard Wednesday in Court of Queen's bench. Originally, the date set was Aug. 27. The adjournment was an- nounced by Mr. Pickersgill, who said he .would advise interested parties as soon as possible whether the commission will be able to proceed with hearings scheduled to Regina for Thurs- day. Other scheduled hearings are Calgary Aug. 24 and Van- couver Aug. 27. The hearings ground to a halt at the start Monday when Maur- ice W. Wright of Ottawa, coun- sel for the Canadian Railway Labor Association, announced he was applying for a court order to prevent the hearings continuing under Mr. Pickers- gill's chairmanship. He accused Mr. Pickersgill of pro-CPR bias, with the writ of application alleging "bias, prej- udice and partiality." Mr. Pickersgill, hi calling the the yet-to-be an- nounced date in October, said he was reasonably certain there would be no legal impropriety in continuing with the hearings today, in advance of the court case. But he had decided against this out of respect for the courts and, he said wryly, after the events of Monday he was more conscious that the appearanca of things is of the greatest pos- sible importance. Mr. Pickersgill added. "Moreover, it will be appre- ciated that it is a rather painful thing for me to have to sit with a cloud hanging over my head and I would prefer to have the cloud removed. Monday, Mr. Wright cited a speech by Mr. Pickersgill, made in Montreal June 9 to the Cana- dian Manufacturers' Associa- tion. The speech, he said, gave an impression of bias against the point of view the rail unions seek to advance at the hearings by Mr. Pickersgill and two other commissioners. First Delivery Quotas Listed WINNIPEG (CP) The first delivery quotas on wheat, oats and barley for the new crop year were announced today by The Canadian wheat board. The list, effective Aug. 24, in- cludes an advance quota on low-grade wheats for most of the Frames to meet urgent needs for early commitments. NEW SYSTEM For. the first time the quotas are allocated to shipping blocks rather than individual country delivery points. The shipping blocks, of which there are 48 in tlie gram belt, were estab- lished to facilitate boxcar movement and to collect spe- cifically needed grades and varieties of grain. The advance quota on wheat will be applied aginst regular quotas when these are an- nounced later. It is for two bu- shels per quota acre grading No. 4 northern or lower, in- cluding Garnets and Alberta red winter. The quotas do n o t apply to six blocks in Manitoba and Saskatchewan La Riviere, Pas qua, Bulyea, Saskatoon CPR, Saskatoon South and As- siniboia. The board said space is not available in these six blocks but they currently are getting slu'pping priority. For oats, the quota is five bushels per quota within 16 blocks Winnipeg North, Winnipeg South, Winnipeg West, Brandon North', Melville, Dauphin, Saskatoon West, Rc- gina North, Regina South, Re- gina West, Kcewatin, Carberry, Brandon, Weyburn, Breden- bury, and Wilkie. Barley quota is three bushels per quota acre for all blocks in Alberta. Tlie board noted Al- berta was not included in the supplementary barley quota which was in effect during the final 10 weeks of the 1969-70 crop year ending July 3L Neiv College Construction Date Set GRANDE PRAIRIE (CP) Construction of the mil- lion first phase of the Grande Prairie Community College will start in the spring of 1971, college board chairman Ed Martin announced today. Tlie first phase includes basic facilities of the complete pro- ject which will cost mil- lion. The first phase will be completed in the fall of 1972 and will accommodate 550 stu- dents. The college was founded in I960 and now has more than 200 fuli-time students housed in temporary facilities, ;