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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 18, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta Copyright by Pubjishors Press Ud. v-Tho yorfit'foe democracy Is niocnicy lisulf.' Its' peril comes fro'i withlu Jt his nude v.iy at, ilii King -noble cmd PtclesHs ur Froi Uieso.It lias nothing to four BO long U remans, Iruo to Hut ac stupidity tlio goils themselves poworless Tho absence of danger Is ttio wors of nil dangers, and the souse of curfty Js.tlio prelude to disaster. Bis marck himself tho InvoU'rato democracy, was In Hie habit1 o saying lu his contemptuous way tha Itarlinmentury institutions werb on trlai; Hie vofk of democracy has beu to ohillze mllitari. to what cloilcal to popular its what nas but unros trained is worse tMn soldier priest, or 'king. No power lias existed long, >vhleii yielded to its own Trill, and felt itself free to disregard ttfo eternal principles of human liberty and earthly Justice. Demo- cracy can never rice superior to -these restraints. It -is hound as straightly as eyer tyrant or autocrat was bound In all government there Is a power which draws to the centre, and it driws the more the people ire cireless of "ielr liberliea >yhen the restraining Influence of tfte Ko- inan Empire was at on end, and the barbarians- '-were pressing hard, tho jjeoplo wore only too willing to, shelter themselves In tho shadow ..oh the feudal keep, and surrender tbeir; lands and; 'thoir. liberties to the over- lord for the price of protection. The Imrons, for the sake of organization, ere content to themseh es around tho king At the. same time the people lost their spiritual life, and yielded to "he authority which th'e 'ecclesiastics had usurped. Sunk in ignorance, they looked upon one who could read, and had had skill 'in letters, as a pillar of] light and. a mjracle of Illumination, Then the Bondage complete This phenomenon Tg not singular e have witnessed in our own day the democracy .of New York fall undo the sway Hall, as much more ruthless than hihg, hahle, or "priest, as a machine is more ruthless tljau a. man The of liberty is the end of all human fatrnine frepdom first, from the hardship of a saragt and igain from the op prefe? intolloctuul- or even 'hv the acquisition of property u'ut uuu tho Inlhitncj of tho theoij Hi it dll imn trt (jrnnl, a IIOH prin arose ihitoni man a i well aa unj olhei the opinion of one man is ns opinion of anyone else can fill ind good uj.nnuii ui iUIJOllp CIHC. Offices hid inherited eer! iln iplnlons.Mlio0 than bv men who hid pioved their compctencj to dhdnrte the dull s of them Spoils for Iho vicloi was the cry, which is always the crj of birb'artuns In tho beginning went to the assemblies del tiles from ,tnde> e Whpro H. has been fqiiipletoly tost- od, dombenicy frust itself. Whore It is neon closest. It i Is. most suspected. In uiuiilcjiwl lioveriiiiioiit.ln America H has failed; and If il falls In so small a manor, how, It may well .bo succeed of vast complexity. Tho failure1-'of democracy to suiipty n government of cities which mlflit be tolerable to civilized men. has be- come notorious in Canada .'.id In t.ho United States: Tlio instrument lia's'i been It-led by the people unit It has' broken In their hands. Right and' left thev iro custlni, ni ij (lie rem- nants and thev aie s.okhiL. a heller w iv Unablo themselves they are now hiring mon to govern them. Thev are resorting to Govpin mcnt by Commission and appointing as commissioners men hr the Greek elites wore called lyrants. ho new nvstcm works The peril lo (Utnoeiio) IIPS in the fiet thtt It docs work well Demotrno) has stretched out its neck, and Is now n mm lly II. M unions LO to live upon tho Industry of others ra'ther than .to. exist by their own labour. In coin- munitips recent generations bavo heen born free They hav p not heen obliged like their fathers to achieve- their liberty: at a high price JJow thev accept that great gift as If 11 were automatic, and as much a matter of as electric light, a water supply, or travelling by railway 'Liberty must "be asslduoiislj guarded else It nil "be filched away and private Interest-substituted for the public good Demgciacj, will do well for a company of philosophers in which all are striving'to be wise and none are compelled to devote their everv thought to the problem of aow to avoW starvation The Greek demo rracy succeeded becaiuse the philo sophers had slav es- to w ork for them It-failed for exactly the same, reason. Government, it vvas understood, -w-n's the business of wise men; but we proceed upon the assumption that- a iman who .-may know nothing about anything else knows all about govern ment In life there are two fcclors, the environment and the character of the Individual Ihe fault of democracy Is'that It. makes everything of t environment-' and little or nothing 'the charactei If it men only allowed 'to vote freely enoug .then all will UP well But moil In Soted and things are not well PI 'remedy now proposed is that womi ios well aa men-shall vote, as if i the; mere spectacle of a vvomr 1 pausing ir her domestic duties fi such .time as is necessary lo ca-st piece of paper" into a box all tl forces of .self interest and evil von' run backward and fall to the groun like'deadimen.- 'Voting la merely a melhod-of ex 'pressing an opinion The rrsult good or bad depending upon Iho coi rertncss of tho opinions which th voters entertain their ability 'enforce them The method has pd well 11 cprtalr. cases nam. 1> tlio' iL which communities Ind disrovue true principles of public polic by long ages of experience In- publi affairs, by living -u life of freedoiii resolute to nn it ev e'l a' th cost of sacrificing ia Mvidnal i te Certain tribes fnSrn the shoies oi h North Sea which afterwards develope into the Anglo Saxon race earuci i their' freedom .by remaining free man voted The reeve will fo'ur men' from 'each township ap peared at the hundred mot to tnforci an opinion which was In reality i derivative from the need and art o; t'ighling. Other communities seize. this weapon without paying the-price and it broke -In their hands. The negroes of the United States had the I duty of voting thrust upon them, and ono would bo naive Indeed who should say that their condition was I improved thereby, or that they brought any great accession of wla, do'm to the public councils. All democracies In .the beginning were served by tho wisest citizens. It 'appeared us a'law of nature.that the best men in the community would be eager to .serve It, and that the people be switt to demand their services. The rebellion of the Thirleen Colonies which afterware's grew into the United con- j ducted best men, by men of character 'and prominence, who had In: some way lilted themselves above i the crowd. The right they demanded was tho right pf filling their offices with the most competent men who j had proved tliclr'ahility In the various I vocations In life, cither by holding UM .tntUUow Uulr uinb.i fclster tho vote hid been p trusted lo them but Wpiesenli'h of Iho wholo eonuminltj bus ness It was to consult and confe and give Judgment according to tl needs of the case. Inert Is a pnnelple of commeic -nowii as Grcshnm's Law, which i piles as closely to-day as when it wi p.opounded by the tin incier of LI time whose niinu It heal Accordant to the lerms of Ibis I iv nipdn of dlffoienl vain -ircnlatc on equal terms tho base novHublv dmos out its more pro clous rival Ihis pimc.ple applie nth equal cogenev to politic il lif. nd explains the automatic and pro grosslve degradation of all uomila issembjies. When i popular assemblv no longe 'ffeis a seit is a mark worth} of th ilghest ambition, and when it Is n onger alii active to decent md eh II zed men then indeed democricj i n peril One single member can do nuch to make thVcompanj distaste ul and he is the wont enemy o the people He ,inve% other chain pion, from thp field bj the disuus which he inspires, and accomplish s by baseness what no amount courage even in a bad cause, conli effect. Bad manners under certain circumstances are even .worse than bad" morals In democracy at-Its best the repre- sentatives ire answprahle to the people Thcj feel bound tp .oMIam reason and persuade to Uve'advlco and instruction; to carry on a con- tinu il campaign ot e. notion rathei than attem.t to stay a tide of public follj after it was lioir full flood. In democracy at its worst a politician Is bio lo the boss who s .1 to then the boss enter public life It i who mils one ui md thrusts motle. mastei who must le plicated and appeased and (hit tho direct cause of corruption in public life that the people liave sur rendered their libertv into the hands of a tirant represenlathe cm servo two misters Ine povier vvhieh gave him his place, and can .take it is the mist i whom he-seeks lo serve in the wa) that master pro fBrs Tho most el borate democracv of we have any knowledge is the United btates Iho toi- sliuition deylscd an eleelorpl eoil( or choosing chief magisliate was "composed of th-3 most enlishti ed and icsponsible v as presumed'that "their votes would >e, directed to men oni) who have become the most distinguished bj their abilities and virtues These men -were'expected to exercise an in- Ippendout judgment If such m elector weie now to us. his own udgment it would he considered nn act of the basest treacherj Indeed .he system broke down as early 804 Mhen Bun foi President and efferson for resident received 1'nhllshers Press -Md.) I lie (.overnlng of a toi i Itoi of cr half u inltllon squire i poi was partly settled, and tho lirjjiji jurt Inhahittd bj nonudlc .siungm ind'iicople of mixed bboil hnntert. and w imtoierH liltc the law proceeded them Into tho waste place? ,nujj iliero. no oscaping from It ulthln lealms I he Gann dlnn -government made- this theory effeetlv'e h> inc. iiiB of the Hoj il North West Nountld Pplne lliev noro the arid into ivhich stream ot bpttltri, pouring presented difficulties It is a matter of notartetj how such visible, stron clgns law ci II a long arm of the Sovei bci were i mllltarj i uitl l judlciil forte In north, ami drained a lake (o get tjio evlrtonca hldilen ut Its bottom.- Win one-. event gave this young German m and -DrlllBli othe thing Being ii; laiy -.aiililhig man v It (loitlinando'tl his loyalty. I have heard similar views from many Americans. An eminent Canadjan Writer .-linii said that Ilu llrltisli Vcrinstitutloh. liu no finality; change and growth Is lis portion. It Is Ibis adaptability that" made so p cull-irh i iluable 10 iho ost In the. early seventies the Lieutenant euioi pf Manitoba ns heftd of the Council of Assliuiboil was glien over Nor.th oiitslde' ot Mnnl- tobi Sllptndlirj wen- sent Into (he countrj anil l[ B C men were made Justices of tho Peac o the Mounted all sorts bolh chll dirt, duty of and Its only waiting for some tyrant to bis bee! upon i! more ruthlessly than ever before. The reason why the new sjitpm woikB well is iWnuse the ni-wlj Modal commlsslonois ire good 'whiles ind nnthti men ____ -tile of l affairs worked out in the United, States; top often In riot and lawless- ness tempered by vigilance commit- tees ..and private.vengeance; In native and alternate nussaens of I vcn when more more men hop bad men tiln eontiol oflsettled tonclitions were brought about .10 olcotoMl machlnei} ns Ihej did 'old order loft the legacies of bite Derore and wl'l do igain in the [and disorder and file standards ibsence of vigilante on. the whieh have been piisiirmed put of the people the la-t stilts of national literattiie undir -inso of I democricv will be worse than tho romance Am person vvho h n, load current Ainc-lcart fiction' cannot but be Impipss.d with (his spirit Of lawlessness tint pervades it and that vie ire cilled upon to admire is Amnrican It h is lu upon Canada also but fortuntely not in the wa> of emulation Hrilish in slitutlons met similar eondllions in the West and tetter results wore pro _ first sovereign remcdj for ill the evils -in. doinocracy is more demor eracy in which good men will take their part, and .not "abandon It. as the} have done In the p ist to men uhosp sole guide of conduct Is sell Interest So notorious has It become thai an equal number of votes showing that party alignment was complete even it that time Until the up-rising of In- surgents Ihe bondage vvas complete Iso citizen was illowed to share i the selection of n candidate unless he 'had voted with one party or'another upon a. previous., occasion. If he exercised the alienable right of In- dependent voting he was exolud 1 from the primary selection and Ihis made Ihe organization of rthoso who remained, the. more, complete- an. their power the more tynnnicil in best then tint could happen woui, bo lhat one partj was replaced In another without my alteration m it- character. Consctiuentlj of all tie legislatois was OIIB of automatic de- gradation, as self-respecting ..ien for ook. them dositnuig to alt with other legislators vvho had attained to their high plaee no one Itnevv how or v 1 although they suspected that it had' been secret tivoill and i. Tins Is the main jerl1 Ihe withdriwal from the legislature of men of indo] mind aul n dependent means. ail inevitible effect astern 'lies fall Into the hands of men who arc both ignor infant! pool ind hen Urn two fompan es united down to 1870 when the sovereignty of the1 'Company 'ceased, and fnrtlier from 1879 to Mil undef the rule of Canada, and stand out There lias never. bQpn a lynching in the: West, and had men vvere.-never There except biie for which vve'are not responsible or of-iWhitos- luring-the re bellion of 1SS A homesteader has ever been driven out bv ranchers nor rival ranchers sheep and cattle men ever been allowed to molest each olher "with impunity.1 Cattle thieving has been .repressed'. Settlers have slept in peace on.; their grants of land. Never, have .white women in a century, or inpro heen nolested bv or whiles except n a few exceptional cases 1 e iceable Dcb'nle' in short conld'come and go at: will none- daring to make them to me by a thoughtful settler. The secret vvas the fiverse theories .of .government. The heor-v of the British momrphial foim i tint all power proceeds from tho rovvn Ilencp the majeitj and authority of Hie" Sovereign-extended ov a'll 'his' Dominions everywhere, ic'rice also his officers carried his inlo unsettled parts wher.ever his iulueets pgiutiatc In fact 1119 one. ..Also they -stood between the white, men .And .th'e, .Indians." alid the latter cime to tiust them ns their protectors In the Republican theorj of the-UnHefl Slates all authority pro ceeded from 'the people. Until there were people, there could he no or- ganization for luwland order, and the men'In the -frontier had reasons often to u oid law Turbulent law ess meii an' the frontier had more power than low Chiding men. From ail this it followed that disorder was inevitable foi a time until the forces or iw an order conlu gain control Some of the-ablest publicists of the United St written books that prove no more than the roncluslani> of this settlor upon the plains of the West. A yoilhe Gorman American who has a homestead near "Maple Creek told me AIv father often tolif manj things dpne better inonnrchy. than .in a itpflublic and since he had lived 1' look twentj j0jrs for_________ Into Its own llerp legislature 'at the North met until thp prqvluc.ei> of chewan were cieated In pgineo then magnificent ,pnhlic baltilnii have been erecled nl Reslnii iid.Ed- monlon ns the meeting nlnces if (liMr loglslituics In 1880 VisLounj Bovte having reslpnpd his seat Mr P W G Ilaultaln was elected for MacLeal district, to the a.nd lotjr bee lino premier of the Goiernmoijt. nn office which he held almost Jnuouslv until 1905 hinco tlieu he ns been leader of the Opposition tn Saslalchev in At the CoronatioS ilnqucl of King ird In 1902 Mr laultun sat beside Sir reneli Commissioner of the North Mounted Police until 1876 had beep virtually autocrat of tjjb whol.. West before and yet ift Jlaultani had been premier of tan rrspons'ble Qove.nment which direct ed Ihe affiirs from 1S8J onward unill iheir meeling This illllo fact hrlnm out In i strong light the certaintv aaS just celerity wilh which British Jnstf tutions develop in an orderly manner in a new British land Puling the sejf- "ion of 18SB provisionwas made forik wholly elected legislature with ti hvecutive Council or Cabinet of first meeting was held in mnlpeg' ministers to advise the Lieutenai In March and Chief Factor j ernor in nrrjing on pilbllc 3 Christie travelled in oo.divs from I fnlrs. ..In.l887 from Port Simpson en tile Pacific Ocean to attend the meeting This example of. public spirit and devotion -to-' dut) w.as such as was shown by.many of North West sat for the first time the Dominion Parliament the me.nl Ut.r for Aselnpbola bold Mcholas Hood Davm whose repntj the rompaps s officer? and. Ut "on a wit author and oiator, slud f i m Hie West In dns-, Hon la upon Regma which It has James llcKaj who did good service "ren appreciate at its proper for Cm ida in treating with the In- Responsible roveminent was dians succcpded at this time In i gradmlh achieved The North West placating tho American Sioux "ot attain it without effort fenred I' lls Part Aor a- autonomy vvere to he exterminated md 'or two new provinces altogether result were'in.a warlike mood. 1 ho Council vvas given certain leg's-' had fled to Canada and they administrative .w. me nun IM iiiees aiiogeincr a free unsolicited gift ot an enlight- ened Parliament at Ottawa, but tbp point is that but tbp .____ hen the pressing u. in 18i4 prohibited, the i for these changes VMIS made apparent ir sale of liquor In the [to the people of the Dominion they alive as .well powers, and in iianufactnn _ __ ___ territories. "This undoubtedly made tccmid 'not, "be 'any for peace. From time to time ft.deaf It; unl On- In the fifties Philadolph a rmirp ifthp to lie world'to single tax assured Canadian audiences that to obtain Ihis boon we must first achieve thfe Referendum the Detail pnd Direct legislation Ibis is a sad out'qck 'or Single Yet at the sosslbn of ht Sa.sk itphewar Legislature wfleh 'f sitting he spoke wire to bring their taiitiorCtA a ilngja UK but is wilhin four y; time npre Courts vvere declared closed against rame of mind to help themselves 'rom tho treasury which they lire paid :o guard. Within their respective spheres the ,arious legislatures of tlie British mplro arc supreme hit thei lo, they can undo, and there is ndn'o' o stav theirli-ind Ihe dinger whl h lies in the possession 'of sunr'ema powei is the temptation to uso.it In an arbitrary fashion, to'take sliort'l closed has-a sinister sound. It meaiib ants towards a desired elid, to'avo'ft! I that tiie legislature has dono some- ilic law's delay, and refuse lo si'ibrilt- tiling or is about to do somolhlnt lo those rules of justice which have Knioii the legality of which it is in- grown up in tlie slow evolution of a I willing that the of justi thonsiftid years. [.should pass upon.. Several of the Canadian Although the legislatures are have set out upon this dangerous supreme that supremacy can be main- icrsoiis felt themselves to have boon ag0nevul in tiie second session of the Alberta legisliluri m ict respecting 'he bonds gim inteet lor thp Alleita ai d Great Railwav vvas passed in 1910. The ultimate effect of this liw was lo provide Hi it the- proceeds of the sale of the bond, iss le of r lilvvil) should tal en BRITISH INSTITUTIONS The people of the West have absolute confidence in t! West Mounted Police North Parliament On Feljrmiv 21st, 1911 Bill was introduced to make provision" witli respect- to the powers the of Lords rel.itioil to li'ose of the House''of and he duration ot parliament. Tlie Cu-i- of th.. I iid cl ui e 'and shall not he'tiuestioned In any co.it of lav Tie declaration of River in March 1877. later.in the year Ihe was esl blished at liattle ford. A of "this CQifn- eil was to regulate-the killing of buffalo in order to conserve tho herds, It excited discontent-and; as gislatnie that the courts sh ill be course. Examples of Ihis lendcney to proceed to "the extremity of their powers have recently been furnl-hert by Ontario and Alberta. .In 1908 an act vvas passed by tiie legislature of Ontario by which ce'rtain entered into with tho I'ydro-KIqetrie Commission wero declared valid. The Courts vvere reslrairied from .passing upon their validity, and any, actions that were then pending vvcrc directed to be forever stayed. In sh ;rl the talned only so long as It Is exercised icordance with .the common sense in'aci of for .there is, after, all, .ho (fill physical force When democracy becomes tyrannical it-ioo'reill learn that It'hds a bone In its ns 'i for 'the "ax- to feel. The Vcril )j- domocra rltlidf of th. icy in short, Is, the the'-bcfit citizens from this 'shp.ws, the Indian has a great respect for the white mm a law In (ice of the state, That is. tho "i" Cnnaili m The policp pur soiirW 'ind origin of nil political cvllg smd the murderer ovqr thous mils of Andrew Miiophail. miles of wlnler the HIST the worst slaughter vvas done 'south of the line where it had no control .thfe effort did not succeed. The Governor and his Council had no sinecure' at this (Imo In dealing wilh tan Ijmls within four y: >ri At the same session farneis empoweicd to own and cpeifje iln grain elevators co opojf the government lending tbiira per cent ot the fundn ncoessari The Conservative Opposition contpnif- ed that tho farmers were hrtrajed a? they lud been led to expect meat ownership as in Manitoba yt? are not concerned with this igau.e liere except to point out lhatsfarnieif- havp means of making llioir votes count without direct legislation "A companion speaker told of the zratl fj ing Irlmpph of Iho people of Oregon in winning direct nomination direct prlmarips as thev call it This ip a lifeht which wal tjiotra bv ancestral inlieiitanco and out of vvluc.h they look pains to legislate Ihomselved Canadians have possessed In shdrt In the West ai el P Blrllfill institutions lift ever Is the established will of people nmsi prevail ror good or fof '1 j ,i The liberties all British peoples JDJ too c ten centuries to develop a'uil are vvorlhv of being iPilouslv guard ed even igalnst zealous but reformers. Often .we seek short .hat-show.simply our. impatience short sifebtedness The late Lord Salisbury with visdout and grim Iiumour fold the nperial Pieferentnlists that all ad to do to induce his Governmenlltp elp on their scheme vvas to go qit the people of BritaiV: [any inodflru .reformers will net land' such a test, and desire :to eiv orce their so called reforms Von nwilling people ________________V, tmt farmer returning home late ai ight found a man itanding besjde he house with a. lighted is hind Wiat are >ou doing here" c asked, savageh, suspecting had aught1 a criminal. For an8wer''came chuckle, only mee, ziir.l' The farmer rccognited John, his aepherd. It's you John, Is It? What on re-you doing here this time o' Anolher chuckle. "I'm s-coorlin' nn, zuV." "And no you'v'O'Come lantern; you fool. Why, r never ook a lantern when I courted your. Istress." didn't, John Hickled. "We can ail zee you didn't, ;