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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE August Consultation nil over Commons speaker The goats are on the farms The grain-handlers' wage dispute at the West Coast is a vexing one. There is merit on both sides on all three sides, to be exact. On behalf of the union: the conciliation award, supposedly objective, is acceptable. And certainly the commodity they are handling has greatly increased in value. On behalf of the four terminal elevator companies, three of which are owned by prairie farmers: the conciliation award is highly unreasonable about 60 per cent increase over two years to employees already not badly paid. On behalf of the government, which has accepted responsibility for selling the farmers' grain and which is under pressure from foreign customers because of the union's slowdown: the conciliation award is all it has to go on. and since it is not out of line With some other West Coast wages, should be accepted: and if the companies won't accept it voluntarily. Parliament will be asked to force it on them. Another meeting between cabinet ministers and company presidents is to be held next week in an attempt to pressure the companies into surrendering. Let's face it. The conciliation award is indeed outlandish and inflationary. But it is the result of an apparently honest attempt to arrive at something objective. If compulsory arbitration prevailed (as more of it must in Canadian labor-management relations) there would be no continuing dispute. The companies would be paying the rate they object to. But if so much importance is attached by the union and the government to this conciliation award and indeed it is all they have in rebuttal of the companies' position then what about other conciliation or arbitration awards which unions have been happy to defy if they didn't happen to like them, and which governments have been equally ready to overlook if it seemed politically expedient to do so? In short, the principle is a good one, but it is honored only when it goes against management. So some hundreds of thousands of prairie farmers, who will eventually pay the increase, seem to be the goats. Turkish aggression regrettable The Turks have demonstrated that if a point cannot be made through negotiation it can be achieved by military force. Not able to convince the other participants at the Cyprus peace talks in Geneva that a third of the island should be under Turkish authority, Turkey has simply captured it. There have been other instances when negotiations have resulted in participants not getting what they wanted but with the signing of agreements nonetheless. Then, as in Vietnam, the insincerity behind the signing gradually became apparent. The Turks would have nothing to do with such sham. Some sympathy can be mustered for the Turkish position. Greek officers, who had infiltrated Cyprus, were responsible for the upheaval. Turkey can argue, with some justification, that Turkish Cypriots require assurance of safety in the face of continued threat of Greek interference. Yet the whole business of the Turkish invasion and later advance after the ceasefire agreement is disquieting. There was no obvious worsening of the Turkish Cypriots' lot. In fact the prospect for improvement had improved with the fall of the Greek military government and the emergence of a new head of state in Cyprus itself. What was needed was time for these changes to be expressed in new policies. The is strong that Turkey didn't want an improved political climate to interfere with federalist intentions. The blatant defiance of world opinion in ignoring the presence of the United Nations peacekeeping force certainly has set back the hopes of peacekeeping becoming the wave of the future. United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim is right in viewing the Turkish action as a major threat to UN credibility. Is there a grants policy? There must be some guidelines by which Lethbridge aldermen make their decisions regarding the bestowing of grants. What they are is not obvious, however. A few years ago city council appeared to adopt a "no grants" policy and abrupt- ly cut off a number of agencies giving service to the community. Since then there seems to have been a gradual return to the giving of grants on a basis that must seem rather arbitrary to those previously disinherited by council. This summer at least two ball teams have received grants to enable them to travel to compete in national events. No doubt it is a good experience to engage in such competitions and perhaps some glory comes to the city. But questions are raised about policy as a result. WEEKEND MEDITATION Are grants given only when groups wish to travel to national or international competitions? Does this apply to par- ticipation in all kinds of sports? Can organizations promoting cultural com- petitions expect such assistance? Would church and community groups wishing to travel to get togethers qualify? If the aldermen have reasons for believing that a handful of individuals appearing at a national ball tournament are more deserving of assistance than the hundreds of youngsters in the year round programs of the Boy Scouts or Girl Guides or Navy League it would be interesting to hear them. A grant to a ball team may be defensible but the defence is not obvious when council ignores the plight of the agencies suffering from dwindling sup- port through the United Way. The struggle of the soul Thomas a Kempis was well aware of the struggle of the soul, but to him it was a struggle against a personal devil who was as real to him as any enemy could be. He was just as real as he was to Martin Luther who once threw an inkpot at the devil. Everyone with a moral sense is aware of this struggle, even if he doesn't define it in the terms of Thomas a Kempis. The modern man will more likely use the terms which H. G. Wells used of his character Mr. Polly who was "a walking civil war." Like Carl Sandburg he may find in himself a wolf, a fox, indeed a "zoo." "a menagerie." Or he may use St. Paul's description of life as a fight in a ring do not box as one beating the air" 1 Corinthians or a warfare in which you must "take the whole armor of God that you may be able to withstand in the evil day." (Epnesians 6.10-20) Paul describes the Christian's defence as the armor of a Roman soldier. For example, prayer is for him the greatest weapon a man can possess. Ortega y Gasset, the Spanish philosopher, maintains that Western civilization is threatened by the self-satisfied man, the average man, who takes pride in his mediocrity. Robert Louis Stevenson compared Jesus to a moral huntsman who roused men from their little burrows of self- satisfaction with the challenge, "What do you more than "Except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and pharisees you shall not enter the kingdom of heaven." Here you have morality with a plus factor, a surplus. Most people are self-satisfied in their ability to walk the taut line of the Ten Commandments without falling off. But the Ten Commandments do not touch the springs of action. They are negative. The truly moral man lives a positive life. He feeds the hungry, helps the needy, visits and cheers the imprisoned and depressed. He has a "second mile as Jesus described it. Lord Melbourne said that, if England was "to have a prevailing religion, let us have one that is cool and indifferent." Stevenson had something quite different in mind when he said. "If your morals make you dreary, depend upon it they are wrong." Stevenson thought that true virtue was always enthusiastic. Dean Alfange expressed this invincible struggle of the soul: "I do not choose to be a common man: It is my right to be uncommon if I can. I prefer the challenges of life to the guaranteed existence, the thrill of fulfillment to the stale calm of Utopia." The road winds uphill all the way, said Christina Rossetti. It surely does! One fights discouragement, the betrayal of friends, the unfairness of enemies, the ingratitude of all men, the disillusionment of life, the discovery that the reward for faithfulness is often the cross and the crown of thorns, that evil men prosper and good men are often brutally used, so that again and again the vision is lost in storm and fog. Also there are the same old temptations, the lust of the flesh, the weakness of the will, the broken resolutions, and the depressions of the spirit. But don't try to judge yourself this way. As St. Paul said, measuring yourself and judging yourself by yourself, you are not wise The great fact is that you have not surrendered, you have held to your dissatisfaction with yourself, kept alive in yourself a faith and hope that one day you will climb your moral Everest, and meanwhile like the prodigal of long ago you have left the far country. PRAYERS: For the will to live voctoriously, for the strength to struggle against the currents, and for the grace to find joy and enthusiasm in the struggle, dear Lord I pray. F.S.M. By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA In a brief press release on Thursday Robert Stanfield revealed a situation which is both surprising and disquieting. Correcting a Canadian Press report of August 13th, the Conservative leader stated that he had not been consulted by the Prime Minister about the nomination of James Jerome, Liberal member for Sudbury, as Speaker of the new House of Commons. Mr. Stanfield neither en- dorsed nor opposed the nomi- nation, stating merely that his party had taken no position on the matter. But the lack of consultation in this instance is plainly unfortunate and could contribute to unnecessary difficulties in the 30th Parliament. It is not solely a question of the usual courtesies, the "cus- tomary practice" referred to in the CP despatch. The implication is that Mr. Trudeau has treated the nomination as an ordinary Government appointment which it clearly is not. For while a Government, through its majority, can enthrone a Speaker, it cannot sustain him. To rule the House he must have broad support; without it, the position is impossible as was demonstrated dramatically in the course of the famous pipeline debate. Mr. Jerome possesses impressive credentials. On that, there appears to be general agreement. He is bilingual, a good parliamentarian, was well re- garded in the role of committee chairman. Indeed, his qualifications are so obvious that the nomination (in the event of Liberal success at the polls) had been widely predicted in specu- lative stories about the next Parliament. At the same time it must be recognized that Mr. Jerome will not inherit the unprecedented prestige of his predecessor, Lucien Lamoureux. He must hope, over time, to achieve a similar authority but his position at the outset is bound to be weaker for reasons wholly unrelated to personal considerations or to the rules. Mr. Lamoureux arrived in Ottawa at a time when the reform Of parliamentary institutions was engaging the attention of all parties and was, indeed, the subject of widespread public discussion. There was very strong support for an independent Speakership, which was considered a key to other desirable changes. Views differed (and still differ) as to how this could be established on a permanent basis. As the member for Stormont-Dundas, Mr. "What d'ya mean the crisis is over... democracy has triumphed world expresses relief when we're faced with a beer shortage." Greek NATO withdrawal a heavy blow By David Macdonald, Herald London commentator BRUSSELS Withdrawal of Greek military participation in NATO is a very heavy blow to the alliance. The immediate tactical loss is eight army divisions, (which is the majority of the Greek the Greek tactical air force and Greek naval forces. In strategic terms there now is what one American diplomat called a "yawning gap" in the defence posture of the alliance, theoretically laying a red carpet for any Soviet military adventure. It is a major psychological setback to the organization, recalling the trauma of 1966 when President de Gaulle of France evicted NATO from French territory and withdrew French military participation. Feverish efforts are in prog- ress to convince Greece to re- gard the withdrawal of its troops as a temporary measure only, to be reversed as soon as the military situation in the eastern Mediterranean cools down. A Canadian diplomat said a major problem just now "is to establish how firm is the Greek decision to keep its forces out.'' "In the event of war, do we regard Greece as an ally or not? That's the kind of question we're faced with. "Members of NATO are in it because they think it is essential to their defence and security. The Warsaw pact will still be there after this situation is over, as will the Soviet Union. "The basic facts will not be changed. Greece has more to lose than the alliance and we're hoping they will reconsider." He thought it would be some time, as in the French case, before "we are fully aware of the consequences of the Greek decision, especially considering the very strategic position of Greece." Other efforts are in progress to try to make Turkey ease its hard line position over Cyprus. One German NATO delegate said he had "talked very strongly to the Turkish representatives, pointing out that if they are not careful they will be responsible for bringing back the colonels to power in Greece, the last thing wanted either by NATO or Turkey." There was virtually no read- ing to be made of long-term Greek intentions during the two-hour emergency meeting of the NATO council at which the dramatic announcement was made, according to participants. Greece remains a political partner in NATO and has given no indication that existing NATO bases inside Greece will be dismantled. Secretary-General Joseph Luns, hastily recalled from a vacation in the Black Forest region of Germany, made forceful representations to the Turkish, Greek and British delegations that a swift Cyprus settlement is vital to NATO. He also ordered the defence planning committee to under- take the melancholy task of repairing a breach in the THE CASSEROLE Conservation is a two-way street, it seems. A spokesman for the B.C. Cattlemen's Association links attempts to preserve such predator species as wolves, cougars and coyotes, with the fact that 1973 cattle losses to predators in B.C. increased nearly 400 per cent over 1972. volves training both parties to keep the wife calm and relaxed during labor. There are plans to publish a booklet soon on 'prepared childbirth' and other aspects of young parenthood. The Canadian Criminology and Corrections Association thinks those who commit similar crimes shouldn't necessarily receive similar sentences. It believes that in sentencing a convicted criminal, it's not the crime that counts but "the individual offender's ability to adjust to community living, and the effect the sentence-will have on his efforts to ad- just." The report does not say who is to assess this propensity to adjust. Ladislav J. Kubricky. a Czechoslovakian who confessed to Yokohama police that he was a Soviet spy. has been ordered expelled from Japan, but allowed to remain pending word from Ottawa on his application for residence in Canada. The report does not say whether or not he is studying ballet dancing. eastern Mediterranean that has two aspects, Greek troops are not only withdrawn from NATO's com- mand structure but also are heavily concentrated on the eastern frontier with Turkey, to the detriment of the northern frontier with Soviet- controlled Bulgaria. Turkey remains militarily committed to NATO but has massed forces west of Istanbul to counter the Greek buildup, has 40.000 of its best combat troops in Cyprus and has heavy concentrations of other troops in the southern region facing Cyprus, to the detriment of defensive positions on the border of Soviet Armenia and the Black Sea. NATO defence planners say the Greek defection is far more dangerous than the 1966 French one, since other NATO countries and troops stood and stand between France and the Warsaw pact forces. There is no alarm at NATO but there is despondency and some bitterness that Greece should pull its forces out of NATO because the alliance could not restrain Turkey. One Canadian said NATO was being made "the fall guy." One difficulty seen for the Soviet Union is that it has been generally towards Turkey when taking sides at all in the Cyprus situation. Having accused NATO of engineering the island's difficulties so as to make it a NATO base, the Soviets now see pulling out of the alliance the country that Moscow attacked for organizing the original anti-Makarios coup and most of whose army officers are violently anti- Communist. Lamoureux had been elected as a party man: a Liberal. His unusual gifts as a presiding officer had become apparent during the period 1963-1965 when he served as deputy Speaker. When he was proposed as Speaker in 1966, the nomination was warmly welcomed by the Leader of the Opposition, John Diefenbaker and the leaders of other parties. It was clear that he started with the goodwill of the House. But he did not have the authority which he afterwards attained. In the months that followed. Mr. Lamoureux's position was strengthened by the abolition of appeals from Mr. Speaker's rulings and, of course, by his demonstrated good sense in the chair. Nevertheless, it was not at that time comparable to that of the Speaker in the United Kingdom. What brought about the change was the fact that Mr. Lamoureux severed his party ties. In the election of 1968 and again in the election cf 1972 he stood as an Independent. It was generally understood that, if re-elected, he would be renominated as Speaker. This meant that Mr. Lamoureux had no obligations to a party organization and had not engaged in partisan struggles. It did not mean that his rul- ings (the effect of which might be to open or close off opportunities to this party or that) always commanded general consent. At times they were unwelcome to the Government; at times to the Opposition. But whether welcome or unwelcome, they were not suspect on the ground of partisanship be- cause Mr. Lamoureux had placed party behind him. Mr. Jerome will lack that advantage. It would be unreasonable to criticize him on that account. Voters, in normal course, are extremely reluctant to send independents to the House of Commons. Furthermore. Mr. Jerome could not very well have argued that his situation was unusual: that in effect he was running for the speakership. No agreement existed and it would obviously be pre- sumptuous to anticipate the will of an unformed House of Commons. In the absence of any special arrangements regarding the Speakership. Mr. Jerome stood (exactly as Mr. Lamoureux had done in two elections) as a Liberal candidate. What was a help in gaining asso- looms as a handicap to be overcome in his prospective role as impartial Speaker. If Parliament gained from the authority of the Lamoureux Speakership. which is certainly the consensus, it must be in the interests of Parliament that members should assist a new Speaker in every way to strengthen his position. Mr. Trudeau seemed disposed in the last House to carry reform a step further: on his initiative (after consultation with Mr. Stanfield) a Conservative member. Robert McCleave. was named deputy Speaker. As the new Speaker will nec- essarily start at a dis- advantage, it is important that there should be unanimity about the choice. An initiative would naturally be expected from the Prime Minister but it ought not to appear to Conservatives and New Democrats that Mr. Jerome is a Government appointee comparable to one of the new Ministers. It would seem, in these cir- cumstances, that there was nothing to be lost and some- thing to gain in prior con- sultations with Mr. Stanfield. As it is now revealed that there was no such approach, Mr. Trudeau must have held a different opinion. An explanation may or may not be forthcoming. What is clear is that the prospective Speaker will not be helped if there is initial conflict. The Lamaze method of childbirth is receiv- ing enthusiastic response from many young Canadian fathers who have recently ex- perienced the joy of helping their wives in natural childbirth. The method, developed in the Soviet Union, is being promoted by Child- birth Education Associations across the country. It is essentially exercise, and in- There's a troublesome aspect to this business of sex selection. If people were to select too many boys, there'd be a shortage of women. And vice versa, of course. Either would profoundly upset the arrangement whimsically known as civilization, and almost undoubtedly bring about laws to regulate selection and put things back the way they were. The only circumstance in which there would be no problems would be if people didn't change what's happening now. Wliich brings up the inevitable question, "Is it really worth the The Lethbridge Herald 504 7tn St. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;