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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THt LETHBRIDGE HERALD August 17. 1973 EDITORIALS Appalling concept Mansfield argues for U.S. troop cuts Robert London Observer commenUtoi It may be hard to at but there will be life after Watergate. Sooner or there must be an end to the the and let's face it the politicking and straight play- acting that presently dominates Am- erican politics and the world's news. It is safe to bet that America will whatever its there is Ear too much life and resilience in the American way of doing things For any scandal to do permanent in- jury. It was Lincoln who said the people retain their virtue and vi- no by any extreme of wickedness or can very seriously injure the government in the short space of four Ihough the present admmistrat ion has a longer tenure than four and though the American people may not always exemplify the and vigilance'1 that Lincoln his thesis is as sound today as it was when he made his inaugural speech in 1861. But though the soul of America has Little to fear from the likes of Isixon and his whatever his or their something he continually em- phasized during his most recent pub- lic attempt at exculpation points to i a that could des- not only the American govern- ment but any democratic institution nat man has so far devised. While speaking of the relatively neonsequential the long run it -eally won't matter who eavesdropp- ed on or who can eavesdrop on Jie matter of har.d- ng over some tape he asserted the president's absolute -ight to confidentiality in all of his dealings. He that government itself is impossible with- Dut this which he dearly equates with1 secrecy. President Nixon truly believes he is there to govern. He has brooked no opposition in foreign the management of the economy or any- thing else he considered important. He has run the White the trea- the the the Pentagon and the tax department exactly as he pleased. He even waged war as he wished until emboldened by enacted the' August 15 bombing deadline. It is also clear that President Nixon believes governing the nation is and must be a secret not to be disclosed to the to the courts or to Congress. Surely this is an appalling concept of government. Secrecy in any kind of dealing is habit it feeds on and grows on such feeding. And because men who work in secrecy can avoid or put off being called to account for they become and in tune believe they are not ac- countable. The term for in gov- is not 'democracy.' Secrecy in government did not start with though he may have made a practice of what others thought of as an expedient. But how- ever it came and whoever may have been it is now a a threatening and not only in America. This us to the real ques- one that must be answered sa- tisfactorily in America if there is to be any meaning to democracy anywhere in the world. If Nixon is if the real process of govern- ment must be then what is Congress all Are the House and the whose meetings and deliberations are open to just something to amuse and reas- sure the a charade behind which the president carries on the real business of Investigating the weathermen WASHINGTON After the Senate gets imshed investigating the I lave another subject for them to delve nto. And that is the weathermen on tele- vision who promise you a sunny md then it rains like hell. Here is how this nvestigation would Please state your name and jrofession. Archie Hargill. I am the wea- ker forecaster for television station WFOG. Now on July according your own you predicted that ihere could be dear warm and sun- ly weather. Do you have that statement in iront of Yes sir. I may have said Dut I don't recall it. Those remarks are in your That is correct. Now according to t rained on both Saturday and Sunday of he weekend. Could you in your own jxplain why you predicted a nice I think we have to look at his in perspective. At that point in had received information from the Wea- ker Bureau that a cold front was moving n from Canada. I assumed from this in- which I believed to be hat the weekend would be sunny. Didn't you think you owed it o your viewers to go outside and check to jee if it was In that is probably vhat I should have done. But in the per- od we're talking I accepted the leather Bureau's assurances that this front would move in. Now when you realized you lad made a why didn't you go on the air and admit you nad you think that would have been the Jecent thing to I'm not sure. It could have the station a sponsor. Are you trying to tell me that a sponsor Is more important to you than the thousands people who were making plans to go away for the week- I believe you're put- ting words in my mouth. Let's go back to your lag for early July. You and I'm using your own words sailing wea- ther and a blue sky from Boston to Nan- I assume you're talking about the day there were hailstorms all across Cape Cod and a tornado on Martha's Vine- yard. That's the day. I know this may sound but I don't recall it. When you found out about the hailstorms and why didn't you tell the president of your Don't you think he should hava been informed about this He was in Key Biscayne at the I did tell his administrative as- sistant that I thought something was fluk- ey. But until the tornado actually hit Martha's I had nothing more to go on than hearsay. as far as you the president of the station did not hear of your forecast until the houses were wiped out by the tornado. HARGILL'S Mr. Is this relevant to the In North Carolina we think it is. One last question. How can we avoid bad weather reporting in the fu- How can we keep young men like yourself from falling into the same trap of perjuring themselves before the television cameras every What I'm trying to say what advice would you give to other forecasters who are thinking of going into the same I'd tell them to become disc jockeys instead. Poor track record Doug Walker Two sets of friends of long standing xl us on the long weekend at the beginning August the Goodwins from Calgary md the Wards from Saskatoon. While we men sagged in the eoft seats n the living room after a hard day on he golf Etopeth busied herself in he kitchen getting food ready for the hun- zry horde. I help you with Eve- line Goodwin asked Elspeth. Elsptth keep the men Eveline said was never very good at If Goody hadn't been flaked out at the time he probably would have bad some comment to About that. LONDON The Senate ings on the Watergate affair have held the fascinated atten- tion of the European public in the past few but it is likely that the European gov- ernments have kept a closer' watch on another much less publicized Senate hearing in Washington. This is the Senate sub-corn- xvittee which has been hearing statements on the reduction or maintenance of United States troops in Europe. Chaired by Senator Edmund the Democrat leader who once aspired to be presidential can- its full name is the on Arms Con- International Law and Or- ganizations of the Senate For- eign Relations Its hearings began on July 25 and included major statements by Senator Mike Senate Democratic majority putting the case for a quick and massive cut in the numbers of U.S. troops station- ed in Europe and elsewhere and rebuttals by the newly appointed Defence Sec- James and by the deputy secretary of Kenneth Rush. These statements set out the groundwork of a debate of which a great deal more will be heard in the coming year. For it touches a key issue in relations between the United States and its West European allies and in relations between the Western alliance and the Soviet bloc. In particular it af- fects two important sets of ne- gotiations which will get under way this autumn. One is the conference between the NATO Atlantic Treaty Organi- and Warsaw Pact Powers on mutual reduction of forces which is due to open in Vienna on October 30. The other is the series of talks on international trade and mone- tary matters which will kick off with the meetings next month of the International Monetary Fund in Nairobi and of the GATT Agreement on Tariffs and in Tokyo. In both currency and trade problems the central issue now is in the future economic rela- tions between the European Economic Community and the United with Japan as the third major party. Senator Mansfield has long been an advocate of a big re- duction of U.S. forces abroad and was the author of a Senate resolution to that effect. He be- lieves that forces the Unit- ed States keeps abroad are too big for either its economic means or the needs of its for- eign policy. In his latest Sena- tor Mansfield poiota out that the United States now has ever military personnel on foreign with another 000 off foreign amounting to almost 30 per cent of all U.S. forces. Some of these forces are sta- tioned in the core of them being the four and a third American divisions stationed on NATO's Central European front. Senator Mansfield argues that half of these forces could be brought back to the United States without weakening the security of the West. He bases this argument on four premises. 'He's found another excuse smoking ruins his Second chance for democracy in Pakistan By Walter London Observer commentator RAWALPINDI which was the first casualty among democ- returns to constitution- al rule tihis wetk. After 20 years of parliamentary alternating with military dic- tatorship and culminating in war and Presi- dent Zulfikar All Bhutto be- came prime minister Au- gust dependent for his power on his majority in Parliament. The event is being celebrated with pomp and public holidays. The new democracy is precari- ous and and the new prime minister is not personal- ly free of some of the dicta- torial ways of his military pre- decessors. But it brings im- mense relief all the same. After 20 years the rule of law is at last entrenched in a consensus Letters Teaching is reivarding Terry a teacher at Fleetwood has written a number of articles dealing with education which have been published in The Herald. It is most unfortunate that most of them are in a negative vein. He seems to be unable to' find any- thing good in education to write about despite the fact that many exciting and interesting things are happening in the system which employs him. He seems too have two major dis- likes open area school's and administrators in general. Be- cause I was the principal of Fleetwood School until 1973 and because I helped plan the open area for that school I feel constrained to reply to his article of August d. In this article Mr. Morris in- timates that open areas are very noisy where nei- ther pupil nor teacher can function. an open area is only a large space de- signed for the use of pupils and in itself no noise. The noise level in an open or a single classroom for that mat- depends upon the stand- ards set by the teachers in charge. During the two and one half years the open area has been in existence in Fleetwood hundreds of people have come to see K In opera- tion. The most common remark made to me by the great ma- jority of the people concerned the lack of noise in such a large area housing so students. This is not to say there is not some noise on occasion. Where- ver a group of youngsters gath- er for any length of time there is bound to be some noise states that teachers who jump on innovative band-wagons re- ceive fringe benefits in the way of the right to at- tend conferences during school and a host of other good- ies. I never found this to be true. Those who received pro- motions did so because the school board felt they had something to offer to the school system. Those who attended conferences did so because they expressed a desire to do so and were closely connected with the work being exploroed at the conferences. If neither of these two things happened to Mr. Morris he should remember he still has a long future ahead of him and anything might happen. Mr. Morris says that admin- istrators try to escape the agony of teaching as much as possible. there are frus- trations in teaching but most peoople find teaching a reward- ing and satisfying experience Lethbridge. G. s. Violation On August to advertisement appeared in The Lethbridge Herald for one When I phoned the next I was told that the motel wanted a female and that it would not hire me because I am a male This incident seems a serious violation of the Alberta Bill of Rights. D. EGAN constitution the first Pakis- tan has ever had. hope to God it said a business- man in not without trepidation. Some of the fears arise from the new democracy's freakish birth. In the undivided Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party came second to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League. But the Parlia- ment elected in 1971 was never like so many others. Civil war followed and Bangladesh broke away. The defeated army installed Bhutto in what was left of Pakistan the western half. And even now the army is still on the sidelines. A briga- a colonel and 19 other of- ficers are now on accused of planning a coup for last April. Bhutto still remains ner- vous about the army and so do many other Pakistanis. That is one reason why Bhutto is so implacably opposed to the pro- posed trials of Pakistani war criminals in Bangladesh. He fears that the sight of their fel- low soldiers in the dock will try the army's patience to break- ing point. Many of the fears concern Bhutto himself. The manner of his rise to power makes him suspect by many. Some of his critics and opponents consider that he played a suspiciously large part in the pre-war drama which broke up the country and left him presi- dent of one part instead of leader of the opposition in the wihole. Faced with the task of keep- ing the four remaining prov- inces he has been ruthless as well as skillful. Some of his opponents have been brought to court under spurious charges from murder and rape to petty others have been ar- bitrarily yet others shot at by hired thugs. Now they ask whether this same Bhutto can be trusted to bring back genuine democracy. The which Bhut- to skillfully piloted through months of leaves him more powerful than most prime ministers. A successful vote of no-confidence is a vir- tual impossibility under the new rules. And the the Upper House designed to give an equal voice to all four prov- lacks the power to be an effective check against the old seat of Blhutto's power because most Pakistanis live there. He has been in ousting the National Awami the main from power in the North-West Frontier Province and Baluch- istan. Parts of these provinces are now in a state of disaffec- tribesmen in Baluch- istan are actually in armed re- volt in the mountains. Having struggled to preserve what was left of Bhutto's own unwillingness to suffer opposi- tion gladly may yet threaten the country's unity. But Bhutto has done more for Pakistan than keep what remains of it in one piece. After the shattering defeat of he has restored national pride. Like the Arabs after their de- feat by he has found a way of saying to vic- torious India. When the Indiana agreed to vacate territory oc- cupied in the he infuriated them by quibbling over every inch of land. With prisoners in In- dian Bhutto's bargain- ing position was weak. The In- dians wanted him to recognize Bangladesh and freeze the Kashmir dispute before return- ing the prisoners. Bhutto re- fused to do and con- ducted a skillful propaganda campaign which convinced much of Che world that India was hi the wrong in holding the prisoners. Now the prison- ers are being offered back without political conditions. For all his Bhutto has achieved the rare feat of turning an autocracy back into a democratic system. The sys- tem is still heavily loaded in Ms but he can argue that Pakistan needs tougher leader- ship than more mellowed de- mocracies. The unanswered question is as prime he will learn to tem- per toughness with forbear- ance. Tne first is the progress of East-West illustrated not only by various U.S.-Soviet and Soviet European military and political agreements but also by the growing volume trade between the West and tlw Soviet bloc. in his reduces tension and the risk of war in Europe. The second is the growing strength and stability of West- ern Europe itself. The third is a refutation of the U.S. govern- ment's claim by its European that to cut U.S. troops now would be to de- stroy any hopes that the Vienna talks on mutual force reductions would lead to a parallel withdrawal of Soviet forces from Central Europe. Senator Mansfield argues that a unilateral reduction of U.S. forces would probably bring a similar cut on the Soviet without waiting for the prob- ably long drawn out Vienna talks to bring results. and perhaps most is Senator Mans- field's challenge to the basic strategic doctrine of the U.S. government at least pub- of most of its NATO the strategy of re- Under this strategy NATO forces are supposed to be able to contain a conventional at- tack by Warsaw Pact forces without resorting to nuclear weapons at least long enough to create a during which a settlement could be reached. This implies being able to fight a substantial conventional war for 69 days. In pursuit of this NATO keeps on the European central front a con- ventional force almost equal to that of the Warsaw Pact but also some American-con- trolled tactical nuclear weap- ons. Senator Mansfield argues that this kind of prolonged large scale conventional war would be highly improbable. If the American nuclear de- terrent failed to stop serious hostilities breaking out then the fighting would inevitably become nuclear in a matter of days. Whether there were four or two U.S. divisions in the field would make a difference only perhaps of a day or two in the length of a possible non-nu- clear The U.S. administration de- fends the strategy on two because Russia's achievement of nuclear parity with the Unit- ed States has made the former doctrine of retalia- obsolete. It is no longer so credible that the United States would respond with its full nuclear arsenal in the event of a Soviet conventional attack in since it would then invite Soviet nu- clear retaliation on itself. Sec- anything which reduces the need for an early use of nuclear weapons is good. The presence of US. ground forces is also valuable evidence to the European allies of the seriousness of the U.S. commit- ment to the defence of Europe. To reduce NATO conventional strength and the American presence would be to tempt the Russians to try out a minor military probe to see how far they could or to exert pres- sure on the West Europeans to curtail their political and eco- nomic as well as military co- operation with the U.S. So President Nixon has resisted the Congressional pressures for troop with- drawals from Europe. But most European governments fear that he may not be able to maintain this position for especially after the erosion of his authority caused by the Watergate scandals. 'Crazy Capers' What's this 'Women's Lib' they're on about7 The Lethbridge Herald _____ 9M 7th St AJbtrta URTEBRIDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and Published 1906 by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Memd AMI RagWraflM No. Nil MWMMT M TM Canadian and fte Canadian Dall HN Avdtt CLEO W IMtar and PuMMMr THOMAS a Manager PILLINO ____jlno Idltor ROY F MILK WILLIAM HAY Aawclatt Editor K. WALKIM ;