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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta ,2 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, 17, 1973 U.S. bombings in Cambodia saved Nol government fall New York Times Service PHNOM PENH, Cambodia Military experts here agree that the bombing of Cambodia half a million tons in four and a half years was the oruy thing that kept the gov- ernment of President Lon Nol from falling, that it slowed the impetus of the enemy offensive and prevented the insurgent forces from massing in large enough numbers to take Phnom Penh. In short, their view is that the bombing gave fhe bad- ly disorganized government forces some breathing time. But western military attaches also point out that it was the sheer massiveness not nec- essarily the effectiveness of the bombing that fcspt the en- emy's hands off the capital. Whether it crippled the en- emy's ability to take the coun- try in the near future is quite a different question. Trying to assess whether the bombing accomplished its stated purpose is difficult not only because the documentary evidence needed is not avail- able but also because the Nixon administration kept changing its description of wfhat that purpose was. In the early years the ad- ministration insisted that the raids were designed only to de- stroy the lines of supply to the North Vietnamese and Viet- cong troops operating in Cam- bodia, primarily in the border sanctuaries next to South Viet- nam. However, when the in- surgents began their offensive in February with the help of the North Vietnamese, the ad- ministration, faced with vol- uminous eyewitness evidence. acknowledged that the empha- sis had shifted to close combat support for Cambodian troops in trouble. A high official at the United States embassy in Phnom Penh recently described the. purpose as follows. "To bring the enemy to the negotiating table we have to convince them that military victory is not pos- sible. Tl I only way is to make as costly as possible for them to continue fighting. Though the bombing pre- sumably inflicted considerable casualties, there is no sign that the insurgents have been persuaded that military victory is impossible particularly now, when the plants are gone. One of the key unanswered questions is how the insur- gents without any planes of their own, and without the ex- tensive artillery support the government troops have, with only small arms and mobile weapons like mortars and re- coilless cannon and rockets have been able not just to match the government forces, which are more than twice their size, but to push the gov- ernment troops back and sus- tain tihe offensive for six months without any significant lull. Since the insurgents are not superhuman there must be other explanations for their success. Although American of- ficials condemn their terrorist tactics, they also describe them as determined and cap- able. An embassy official who be- lieved in the bombing put it this way recently: "they have strong leadership, men trained in Hanoi. Thev believe in THE PARK PLAZA PRESENTS THE CANDI-SHOPPE from MINNESOTA IN THE IMPERIAL LOUNGE AUG. 13 AUG. 25 OPENING SOON BUT MEANWHILE... Wt have o very special offer for all past, present, or future students of any studio an offer of fun, friends and pop- ularity for a very special price For those who de- mand the Finest) PRIVATE HOURS GROUP HOURS FOR ONLY LIMITED TIME OFFER1 3290955 WE PRESENT THREE OF THE GREATEST INSTRUCTORS IN ALBERTA MARC DERKSEN, LUKE OUELLETTE ANITA PIGOT CALL TODAY 2-6 P.M. AMI CONplTIONED strong discipline. They shoot deserters. They are strongly motivated. They are less fatal- istic than the Khrners on this side. They believe they can change their environment." bombing doesn't create dis- orders and destroy their disci- pline, it doesn't hurt their or- ganization too he con- tinued. "Tlrey must be exhaust- ed after six months, but they're "Perhaps as long as the j still pushing hard." There is also a widely held belief in western embassies here that the insurgents' suc- cesses are sometimes less a reflection of their strength than of the army's many weakness- es. Sea canyon floor viewed by underwater explorers By WALTER SULLIVAN New York Times Service PARIS Three dives have been made into the mid-Atlan- tic canyon where the world's surface is being torn apart and born anew. For the first time human eyes have gazed direct- ly on the evidence for this pro- cess beneath the sea. Two of the dives, in the three-man Bathyscaphe Archi- mede, each carried a French scientist and the other had an American on board. In all cases they reached the floor of the central rift zone, some feet below the surface. By the light of four powerful floodlights the undersea ex- plorers looked through the utter darkness Of the waters into the maw of a small vol- cano whose many fresh lava flows bore witness to recent eruption. So did the total ab- sence of any sediment on the bottom. So chaotic was the floor of the canyon, apparently from various forms of volcanic ac- tivity, some of them unknown on land, that the bathyscaphe had to be maneuvered with ex- treme caution lest it collide with an obstacle. In fact, the third dive was cut short when the vessel, piloted by a French navy lieu- tenant, suddenly came up against an impediment. To avert damage to the delicate, craft he released a load of iron ballast, causing it .to riss rapidly. By releasing gasoline from the great envelope of gasoline that provides the vessels buoy- ancy, like the gas bag of a blimp, the pilot tried to keep it near the bottom, but this was difficult with so little ballast and the dive was terminated after a total submerged time of four hours. This dive took place on Aug. 8. The previous ones, on Aug. 2 and 5, lasted six and eight hours respectively. In each case the craft was manned by a French pilot and copilot plus one scientist. The American, Robert Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, was on- the second dive. The first scientist to descend was Xavier Le Pichon, one of the prime movers of the proj- ect and one of the scientists most involved in assembling evidence for the concept of sea floor spreading that has gradu- ally won acceptance in the scientific community. Dr. Le Pichon worked at the Lament Doherty Geological Ob- of Columbia Univer- at Palisades, N.Y., when for the theory was first becoming persuasive. He then returned to his native France and the National Oceanographic Research Cen- tre in Brittany. According to the concept. some force beneath the rigid plates forming the surface of the earth is pulling or forcing them apart along the full length of the mid-Atlantic ridge. Earthquake records, lava samples dredged from the central valley of that ridge, bottom photographs taken by cameras lowered from the sur- face and magnetic evidence all support his view. However, the nature of the I force responsible for this pro- cess, which seems to have pro- duced the mountains on the land, as well as the ocean basins, is unknown. Nor is it understood why it should pro- duce a central rift valley whose walls, according to the Archimede divers, at least in places, are vertical. It is to explore this process at first hand that the dives are being made. DAWN'S DANCING STUDIO 1418 17th Street South REGISTRATION FOR ALL CLASSES AUGUST 21 st-24th, P.M. TAP JAZZ ACROBATICS BATON PHONE 328-5056 328-1578 Qualified Teacher and Owner Classes Commence SEPT. 4th DIANE PUNGOR Qualified Baton Teacher danoo ooodemLj] 426 -13th St. North million award made to fireman DETROIT (AP) A Dear- born fire department captain and his wife were awarded ?2.75 million Wednesday in what was called the largest personal in- jury award in Michigan history. It was also repDrted to be the first such award given a fire- man injured on the job in the United States. Capt. Peter Gherardini, 51, suffered brain damage and lost the use of his arms and legs after falling through the roof of Ford Motor Co.'s Rouge Plant rolling mill while fighting a fire June 13, 1971. Gherardini appeared briefly in court in a wheelchair to tes- tify. His lawyer, Leonard Jacques of Detroit, contended Ford was liable because they did not warn Gherardini of the condition of the roof. Ford lawyer Henry Notte said he expects to appeal the ver- dict. ARGENTINE CONTENT BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) A government decree says 75 per cent of the music played on radio and television must be by Argentine com- posers, and foreign-language films must be dubbed in Spaa- ish. If s all over but the shoutin' and the savin To bid farewell to all that remains of this model year, we'll accept any reasonable bid you make on the car of your choice. Get the car you really wanted all year long at the price you'd expect to pay for second-best. We must convert all our stock to cash. Today, you can say: "Goodbye, old car. Hello, new