Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBR1DGE HERAID Tuesday, August 17, 1971 Joseph Kraft, Lindsay switch foreseen but regretted The U.S. in trouble The stock market is usually a 1'air- ]y good guide lo the immediate pros- pects of the U.S. economy. Monday's spectacular jump in Hie Wall Street market may not be too much as a long term prediction. It is far too soon to forecast the ultimate re- sults of President Nixon's drastic Sunday speech. That the U.S. lias been in real trou- ble is clear. Part of the reason has been the inflationary price wage spiral. Another part is the cost of the Vietnam war and of maintaining the rest of its world wide military presence. Tied with these is the de- teriorating trade pattern, with many other countries (notably West Ger- many and Japan) cutting heavily into American markets. As Mr. Nixon said, the American people gave billions lo war ravaged Europe and Asia to help them re- build their economies, and now is be- ing hurt by those flourishing nations and expects sympathy and under- standing and restraint. However much it may he resented abroad, it must be admitted that Mr. Nixon's first responsibility is to the American people and the American economy. He cannot shut his eyes and do nothing while his country, sym- bolized by its dollar, is being assail- ed from both without and within. It is unfortunate if his actions hurt oili- er countries, but what is Ins alter- native? Tlie danger is not in the 90 days of ordeal he has ordered, but in the possibility of the rest of the world ganging-up, so to speak, in defence or in retaliation. Where does Canada turn? She has profited immensely, through the years, from her geographic nearness to the U.S. and to the intereaction of their economies. Now, in the hour of American trial, she must suffer too. Her fortunes are tied to those of the U.S.. for good or ill. Many Canadians will be hurt, but that is life. It is doubtful that Nixon's emer- gency measures will be as effective as he would like. As long as the war drain continues, as long as the infla- tionary pressures remain (he has asked only for voluntary restraints for 90 the threat to the dollar and to the American economy re- mains. It would be well for Canadians at a troubled time such as this, to re- member that at least 95 per cent of the world's people are infinitely worse off and would be glad to have Can- ada's troubles if her blessings could be tasted too. Down with air fares! Lufthansa, the German line, has thrown a monkey wrench into a pro- spective agreement worked out by the International Air Transport As- sociation (IATA1 in their behind- closed-doors meetings in Montreal. The international cartel has except for Lufthansa had to face up to competition from chartered air- lines. Even if Lufthansa docs mil change ils negative vote on Ihe package deal before Sept. 1, the 23 other airlines flying the North American Euro- pean route are going to reduce their rates considerably under cert a i n conditions. If Lufthansa does not change its present stance before September 1, there will be an open- rate schedule, in other words a price war, by the time the present IATA agreement expires next spring. In- dividual travellers should benefit by this competition if they make their plans three months ahead, which they ought to do anyway if they are able to take a long holiday Busi- nessmen, diplomats and others who are unable to plan ahead will pay the full shot. There are still some questions to be asked in regard to the proposed package deal. What, for instance, about the individual traveller who plans three months ahead, and wants lo stay away two months or more'.' The present plan says this arrange- ment i.s only good for a 45-day stay. And if fares are reduced on the At- lantic route shouldn't there be some corresponding adjustment in Pacific air fares even though competition is nol as keen. Is it logical lhal it should cost only a small fraction more to travel from Montreal to Lon- don as it does from Montreal to Win- nipeg? There ought to be some pack- age rates introduced for travel in Canada at times when domestic flights are operating only half full. Further, if the new rates are not to go into effect until next year, what's going to happen this fall and winter? No answers are expected at once, but if genuine competition among the major airlines is in Ihe offing, the public can expect to benefit both in better service, greater efficiency, and cheaper travel. One sure thing there's going lo be a lol of confusion in Ihe months to come. How are tlie mighty fallen Ky Richard .1. .Nccdhain (Tins column was written prior to Pres- ident Nixon's Sunday announcement on economic policy.) has been called Ihe gloomy science, bul I don't see why. The world ilself is from the Greek, mean- ing household management, and we've ex- tended it lo mean the management of wealth in general, the housekeeping of na- tions. Some keep house well some badly; it depends on Ihe kind of people they are; and thus we get to the eternal and eternally fascinating subject of human leadership. "The proper study of mankind is man Wlial fascinates me at the moment is the war being waged and won against the American dollar. But first I'd like lo go back a long time, to my own youth. When I was in my teens, the world's great currency, the cue mcst eagerly sought after, was the British pound. It stood for so much in purchasing power that Canadians and Americans were willing lo pay five of their own dollars for it. What f didn't know then, what few peo- ple knew then, was that the pound was on the skids. It was on the skids because Britain herself was on the skids; living be- yond her means, slackening her industrial efforl, ceasing to produce the best goods at the most competitive prices. (During the 1820s, letters mailed through the British Post Office bad their stamps cancelled with a slogan, ''British goods are licst.'1 It came out that the machine which did the can- celling was American.) In the world-uidc cconoiiuc blizzard which started lo ajre around IWfl, the truth came out. Confessing bankruptcy, the Bri- ilsh Government went olf the gold stan- dard, and the value of the pound promptly tumbled to a little over S3. To Britons liv- ing or travelling abroad, it was a hrulnl shock. Accustomed to being fawned upon when they handed over a pound, they now were rewarded with dirty looks. Subsequent devaluations of Ihe pound have taken it lo Canadian. It's no longer strong in pure-basing poucr because tlie country which prints it is no longer Btrong in productive power. That's why Prime Minister Ted Ilcnlh is dismanlliug the British welfare stale, and hiislling Bri- tain into the European Common Market. It's the lasl, almost desperate, hope of get- ting Brilain and the British pound off the skids. So we come lo the Yankee dollar, and can't you remember it reigned su- preme around the world? Can't you re- member when countries like Brilain blamed all their troubles on their inabil- ity to oblain enough of those little bits of paper? Here in Canada, it was deemed so valuable that we needed special permis- sion to buy it; and people kept little hoards oT it in their desk drawers against the time when they might (wheel) visit the Slates. That's over now. The world's engaged in a flight from the dollar comparable to the flight from the pound that's been going on through most of my lifetime. The rea- sons arc much the same; the dollar no longer commands respect because the in- dustrial effort behind it no longer com- mands respect. The German mark, the Dutch guilder, the Japanese yen, offer better value than the Yankee dollar at its existing level. Tlie logical step is for Washington to de- value. But that would be a tremendous blow to American pride, already baidy wcunded in Vietnam, ft would be a public confession (and on the eve of a Presiden- tial election campaign) that the world's most efficient and most productive nation had lost its grip. What's more likely to hap- pen (what already is happening) i.s that other nations will m effect devalue the American dollar by avoiding and down- grading it. Can the decline of the American dollar he reversed? More accurately, can the de- cline of the I ,S. be reversed? I don'l think so, and here again we must look at the British pound. Once the process of de- cay sets into a nation, there seems no way of stopping it. During Ihe Second World War, the British made great and heroic ei- forts on the military front; but they werirt prepared either or after that war to make similar efforts on the economic front. They were willing lo save Ihe nation, but wcicn't willing to save Ihe pound. The same, I Ihink, must be said of the Americans and their beleaguered dollar. Why do some nalions (and their curren- cies) go up while other nalions (and their currencies i go down? 'that's one of the great inquiries inU> human hisloi-y, human eonducl. human character and leadership. The United Stales is slill, one supposes, Ihe world's mosl. powerful nation; Richard Nixon is still, one supposes, the world's most powerful man. But all lhal power cannol save Ihe dollar; (lolialh goes doun before David; and Washington trembles as Ihe gnomes of Xuricli cackle away. YORK It was a bravura performance John Lindsay put on here in an- nouncing his switch from Ihe Republican lo the Democralic Party. He whipped up out of Lincoln and Roosevelt and peace, the cities and civil li- verlies, a set of standards that would ehminale all other pos- sible candidates for the While House. No one who heard him can doubt lhat the mayor wants to become the president in the worst way. Nor that he ivill have a go at the job if the opportunity presents itself. But for all the exaltation of the occasion, it was more an end than a beginning. What- ever happens in the future, the mayor's switch was chiefly significant as a sounding of the dealh-knell of the Eastern es- tablishment as a force in na- tional polilics. NoL even Ihe recent rape of exact terminology by (be young can blur the definition of that establishment. Its membership was drawn from men of good family, educated at boarding schools and Ivy League col- leges, and trained in the pro- fessions. Tliey moved comfortably at those intersections of national life where government, educa- tion, communications and busi- ness converged. Their special stock in trade the capa- city lo slay in a high office no mailer what political party was in Ihe While. House. In Ihe slricl sense of being imper- vious lo the ups and downs of nalional elections, they com- prised an establishment Though their roots went deep into American history, Ihcir shining hour came after Pearl Harbor. Through the war and the post-war period, establish- ment figures worked in the higher posts of government to the enrichment of both major political parties. The Democrats used the es- tablishment to develop biparti- san support for the foreign po- licy Ihr.t brought this country lo the foremost rank among the nations. On the Republican side, eslablishmenl figures worked through Thomas Dc- wey and Dwigiil Eisenhower to move the party away from the isolationist impulse and toward a reasonably progressive stand on the issues of economic man- agement and race relations. It was in this tradition lhat John Lindsay entered polities as a Republican. But as the spell of the Sec- ond World War wore off, the principle that life is always hard for an elite i.i a populist country asserted itself against the Eastern establishment. Vietnam and the problem of the cities came to the surface in ways that seemed lo justify radical critiques of tile power IKNEWNEREWAS I A CATCH TO THESE LOWER FARES.' structure. On Hie defensive, es- tablishment figures moved more and more to embrace the life-style and values of the American underdogs. The leftward drift of the up- per-income Americans on so- cial issces put a significant sec- lion of middle-income America up for grabs by Republican party. It became possible, as Richard Nixon showed in 1960, for stand-pal Republicans _ to win elections by running with- out, and in some cases against, the Eastern establishment. John Lindsay was inevitably caught in these cross-currents. In keeping with his conscience, class and the needs of his city, he moved toward the ra- dical fringe during his first term as a mayor. A conserva- livc legislator of no distinction then ran against his radical connections and beat him out in Hie Republican primary for nominalion as mayor. Though he won re-cledion as an independent. Lindsay was cut on" from moving upwards to tlie Senate or the slate house or the While House as a He- publican. And it was in Ihese desperate circumstances, block- ed from all advance within his own parly, that Mr. Lindsay became a Democrat, His switch means that the few progressives left inside the Republican party now have a more difficult time than ever. As a vehicle for innovation and forward movement, the He- publican party has been vir- tually closed down. For practical purposes the Eastern cslablishmcl has been locked into Ihe Democralic party. That raises Ihe possi- bility (hat for a long time In come some of the most enlight- ened American values and mosl public-spirited American lead- ers will be inescapably lied lo an unpopular minority of radi- cals and ethnic pariahs. Worst ol all, a new thrust is given to confrontation politics the left clearly connected with the Democrats, the right unmistakably bound up with the Republicans. One of the coun- try's special ways for com- promising differences in the in- terest of good government has been pinched off. Except for the pseudo-conservatives on the far right and the prophets of the new life style who arc pleased to call themselves ra- dicals, we shall probably all be the poorer for the political re- alignment so dramatically per- sonified by the Lindsay switch. (Field l-jilcrpriscs. Inc.) Dave Humphreys A state of war admitted in Northern Ireland I ONDON Northern Ire- land's prime minister and the authorities here have been forced to acknowledge what has been manifest for some time, that a state of war exists in Ulster. This has now been emphasized both here and in Belfast because il is the justifi- cation for the extreme security power of internment which has been taken by the Faulkner government. In Hie words of Mr. Faulkner, a r e quile simply at war with Ihe ter- rorist. In a stale of war many sacrifices have lo be made." The main sacrifice, of course, is that more than ;tflo men have been summarily rounded up and pul in police stations, suspected of being terrorists or of aiding and abetting them. The Ulster in- telligence has a long list of sus- pects without being able lo bring a proper legal court prosecution against Ihem. The power lo detain per- sons without positive evidence is conlaincd in the Northern Ireland Powers Act. passed in Internment in peacetime is contrary lo Ihe convention for the protection of human rights of the Council of Europe, signed by Brilain in 1950. Bul Ihe same convenlion also provides an exccplion if a Male of war exists. Critics in the Irish fiepuli lit1 and on the Icfl wing licio have been quick lo point lo I be first part of Ihe conven- tion There has been a lot of feigned .shock about I be Mother of Parliament ap- proving of such a violation of righls, about the standards of British justice. So far mosl cf it lias overlooked Ibc second provi- sion inherent in the pei'sis- Icnt bombing, burning and repealed violent allacks on British troops. Initial reaction from Pre- mier Jack Lynch in Dublin was I'egaidcd as unhelpful and signalling a distinct cool- ing of Anglo-Irish relations, llul il is Ibal Mr. l.jnch has lo do a certain amount of grandstanding In maintain liis own delicate po- litical balance. Thus he has nlually deplored Ihe use of in- lernment, although he himself Ihrealened to bring it in last year to deal with threats lo his own cabinet's security. And he condemned the Stormonl gov- ernment as being unfit to gov- ern. In fact he must realize that all the demands of the mi- norities have been granled in the North, save lhat of a united Ireland. And he knows that to be impossible in a po- litical climale where the ma- jority are against a united Ireland. Before Ihe latest slide back to viciousncss, Mr. Faulkner had gone even further. He had announced a reform of the parliamentary system, go- ing beyond even Ihe piocedure at Westminster. There were to be three broadly-based com- mittees, covering the social, Ihe environmental and Hie in- duslnal sen-ices. The opposi- tion were lo provide Iwo of three chairmen, salaried posts "of real status and impor- tance.'1 The committees would bring tho opposition members into policy-making fields as well as to "probe and the excrulive performance of the government. Letter to tlie editor Hospitality recently returned from rf presenting Mir Lclhhridgc County as rcRion.'il equestrian co-chnirrnen for the County a I the Summer Games and we did imt fool lhat Ihe liospi- ialiiy and co-opcraiion such as was afforded our county par- licipnnls and, in particular, ourselves personally liy tire hosting cnimnilleo and I ho peo- ple, of Clarcshnlni, should go unheralded. Our own personal affiliation being will- Ihe cquoslrian divi- sion, our chief praise and ap- preciation poos out lo Hnirfi Knhinsnn, Ihe Summer (James equestrian chairman. H r u c e proved t.o be ft dedicated work- Just as this was being hailed as an initiative worthy of note in such enlightened cloisters of parliamentary practice as Westminster and Ottawa, trouble struck. The hapless British army shot a youth of 39 dead dur- ing mob rioting in London- derry on July 8. Many denied lhat the youth was armed. In the enusing controversy Slor- mont and London refused a tribunal; the opposition an- nounced they would leave S'lormont, n o in summer recess and set up their own rival assembly. This brought dire predictions about the fu- ture of SLormont and of direct rule from Westminster. (In- ternment is considered by .some as the last dcsper'ate move before the roof falls in completely, with abolition o[ the separate provincial legisla- ture.) Recently in Belfast a man was also shot dead by the army in another controversial, in- flammatory incident. Tlie army claimed they fired after shots were fired from ttie van in which Ihe man was riding. Uul several eye-witnesses said the backfired. The investi- gation continues wilh the pos- sibility of tragic error hanging ovci the army. at games or towards a very succt'ssful horse .ihow and slill found the lime and energy to socially ac- commodate visiting rcprcscn- lative.s and participant. Whoever gels the hid for Ihe Summer Games is going lo have a real challenge on their agenda to equal, let alone bell or, I ho efforts of the host- ing connr.illce and Claresholm, Our personal thanks to all of you at Clarcsbolm and we hope to have the privilege of seeing all of you again next year. DIM, AND KLSIE TAIMLFIY, 11KC10MAI, KQUKSTUIAN CO-CIIA1DMHN, I.KTIimilDCil': COUNTY. Coalhurst. These (wo incidents illus- trate the two faces of Ulster. In one, organized terrorists hit and run, usually outrag- ing reasonable people of Unionist and united Ireland leaning. Yel the army, in ils impossible role, is pail of Ihe other fact of perpetual con- troversy, bringing in the poli- ticians, the army and whole neighborhoods. The terrorists have been the only winners. Under the internment powers police can at any lime detain a person for questioning for up to 48 hours or arrest him if they think it in the interests of law and order. The binning question is whether internment will work The very need for it now can be argued as evidence that il didn't work last lime, even though il stamped oul Ihe ter- ror for the Khorliun II is hoped lhal by removing Hie source Looking Tlirongli (lie Hrralil Britain's minister of later has announced that Ihe w ages of :i GCO.OOO workers were reduced during the month of July. Unmpscy. heavy- weight prize fighter today surd his actress wife. Taylor for divorce on the grounds of mental crucltv. church hells in Nor- way have been ordered deliver- ed lo German aulhoiilio.s for use "for urgent purposes of terror can be controlled. On the negative side, intern- ment creates inailyrs and a focal point for lingering feel- ings of injustices such as Ihosa of which Ihe army is accused. Ils effectiveness without Mr. Lynch's active co-operation is questioned As long as IRA men can flit back and forth across Ihe open border without risk of deten- tion and even wilh support from people in the South, it will nol be fully effective. Already prominent spokesmen on both sidc-5 are claiming lhal ring- leaders have nol been seized. Westminster will be doing ev- erything short of selling out Ihe majority in Ihe North lo co- opcralc wilh Mr. Lynch. He in linn is more understanding of problems in London and Bel- fast and more reasonable him- self than his firsl reaction. (Herald London Ilnrraii) backward si ale'1 probably war mate- riots. wilh Ihe Ameri- can i-eporls naming Canadian government officials among Communist suspects under in- vcsligalion by a congressional cominilloc, Ihe government has proleslcd one incident and or- dered a diplomatic inquiry inlo anollicr. of Calgary's bus strike was virtually as- Mii'cd today following an agree- ment between Ihe cily and Irmisit union executives. Tlin strike has entered ils 3Ctli riny loday. The Uthbrulije Herald 501 7lh SL S., Lctlibridgc, Alberta LETIIBHIDGE HHHALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1934, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Srvnnrt Class Mnll RrtjKtrHlInn No Momhcr of Tho Canadian and Ihe Canadian Dully Nnwipnpnr Publishers' Association nnd tho Audit Bureau of Clrculolloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnrt Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manaorr JOE BALI.A WILLIAM MAY <.of imp Edilnr ROY I- Mil fTj DOUGLAS K WAI KER Advertising Mimafirr ITcliloi Pntia Editor "fHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"