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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IEHIBRIDGB HERAID Monday, Auijusl 17, 1970 Stanley Uys Giant Step Eastwards Luokim; ovur press reaction to the signing of the Soviet-German non- aggression treaty is an exercise in sorting out the pessimists from the optimists. The world has become so accustomed to bad news that it hesi- tates to accept the good without "serious reservations." The pessimists fear that the treaty will make Russia stronger, econom- ically and technologically, because it will now have mo're relaxed trade relations West Germany. (Mr. Kosygin. in a surprisingly frank ad- mission has stated that the Soviet Union needs German help in exploit- ing its natural The gloom dispensers are also convinced that the acceptance of present border lines will rule out the eventual reunification of Gennanv. Further they fear that the mass of West Germans them- selves will find closer relations with Russia unacceptable because the de- tente might tend to alienate them from the West. The more optimistic commentators say that West German technological and scientific assistance to the Rus- sians is not a one way street; that West Germany has as much to gain as the Russians have, and that in the end improved relations will benefit all Europe, not Germany alone. They also deny that the treaty rules out eventual" reunification of Germany even though they do not expect it to take place in the near future. The "ayes" believe that, although Mr. Brandt may have a tough fight in get- ting ratification of the pact through the Bundestag, in the end it will be accomplished without splitting the Social Democratic parly and forcing an election. It is well to remember that the non- aggression treaty must be ratified before it is brought in to force. It is not yet a fait accompli. The vote of the Supreme Soviet is required, but the result is a foregone conclusion. There will be no oppo- sition. Mr. Brandt faces a much more dif- ficult situation. Before the treaty can come before the Bundestag for rati- fication, there must be agreement by the Allied powers on the improved status of West Berlin. These talks with Moscow will get under way again next month. The German govern- ment has said that it will not bring the treaty before the Bundestag, un- less the discussions on Berlin are successful from the point of view of Britain, France and Germany. As- suming approval by the three powers on (lie Berlin issue, Mr. Brandt must bring the treaty before the German Parliament, where it is bound to have a rough passage. In a succinct editorial the Washing- ton Post sums up the issue and it still is an issue this way. What is involved in this seeming- ly formalistic and gratuitous treaty, after all, is not merely some sym- bolic renunciation of the hates and hostilities of the last SO or CO years that would be a great deal. Wliat is involved is a momen- tous experiment in European and East-West affairs. Should Europe remain politically divided and should East and West continue to rely on their balance of power to keep the peace? Or should that division and balance yield to a new and more complicated relationship in which common interests and mu- tual interdependence would be so strong that the peace might be kept by a multi-lateral consensus, the way the peace is kept, say, within West Europe or South America? More than any other single event since the war, the Soviet German non aggression treaty touches this immense ques- tion, "it has taken two, of course, to give this partial and tentative answer, and the rest of the world owes great respect to Moscow and Bonn for what they have done. One can only add a fervent prayer that the treaty will be ratified, that it will be a giant step towards a les- sening of suspicion and hostility be- tween Western and Eastern Europe in the interest of all mankind. Hail And Farewell At the grand old age of 93, Brig. Gen J. S. Stewart has died. No longer will he be seen, walking erect and proud, along the streets of the city which has been his home for 68 years, and to which he has brought so much honor. A man of great courage, of strong moral principle, a man who contributed his talents, his time and a great amount of work to making this city a better place to live, has gone. He was an unassuming man, a splendid citizen, a great Canadian, and always a patriot. He risked his life for his country in war, he gave generously to it in peace, and wore the honors of his achievements with modesty. This community was fortu- nate to have had such a man to live in it, for he enriched its quality of life in many ways. His memory will he treasured in the hearts of those who knew him, the influence of his example will be felt by those who did not have that good fortune. Lethbridge says an affectionate good-bye and thank you to an honorable citizen and a splendid soldier. Ave atque vale. Art Buchwa d 'T'AHJTI There have been two ex- plosions in the South Pacific recent- ly. One is the French atomic bomb and the other is the tourist invasion of Poly- nesia. It is predicted that while the fall- out from the former will blow away, the fallout from the tourist explosion will be around for centuries to come. Tahiti and the other islands in the South Pacific are caught between cultures. The airplane has made it possible to fly to Tahiti in a matter of hours. The only ones who aren't awed by this are the Tahitians. They don't know who designed the 707 jet but they'd just as soon he'd drown in the nearest atoll. For hundreds and hundreds oi years Tahitians have set their own pace, which is somewhat slower than that of Ameri- cans and Europeans. To cite an example, as ot this writing, Tahiti is still celebrating Bastille Day, which took place on the Hth of July. No one is exactly sure when the 14th of July will be over out here, though some hotel owners, whose help has not come back yet, arc hopeful everyone will be at work by Christmas. In order lo enjoy the islands you must understand the thinking of the Tahitians. The American says "Please, I must have breakfast immediately because I have to catch a plane for Pago Pago." "Yes, sir." the Tahilian says. But he thinks "f have already had breakfast and besides I do nc' have a plane to catch, so why is he bothering me with his prob- Ten m i n i, Irs Ihe American says, ''Wjiiirr, 1 must breakfast "Yes. sir.1' UiE1 Tahitian says. But he Ihinlis to himself "If I do not give him his p; the French man- ager will the av.ii then I ran go fish- ing ill Ih" KiOrni i ;i Anieri- h: rr. bme boon waiting I fur :.Vi n'iiiiiii.v I haven't even live to see Vriii'ii i to the Uni- ted States I will tell all my friends not to come to Tahiti." "Yes, the Tahitian says, wiping the counter. But he thinks "If he would only keep his promise, then this hotel would close, and I could sleep with my payaya all day long." The tourist says sternly "Your economy depends on tourism, and you will never prosper and become rich if you don't learn that tourists like to he served fast." "I the Tahitian nods sadly. But he thinks to himself "Who wants to be- come rich if it makes you so "Don't get me the tourist says. "f admire your life style. But one get with the 20th Century. You can't just dilly dally all day long. You have to go, go, go." "Thank the Tahitian says. But he thinks, "I wouldn't have to put up with all this garbage if I had gone canoeing with Fralo this morning.'' A hah: hour later the American is now sleajning and shouting for the French manager, who is also steaming and yell- ing. The Tahitian smiles at both of them and thinks to himself sadly "I would hate to be a tourist in Tahiti because it's al- most impossible to get anything to eat." (Toronto Telegram News Service) George Qualifies By'jlOUG I was in the composing room one day recently. George Goldie walked past singing. "Why am I so heaiili- It was a bit .staiHine. to say the least. the song's basic criterion for judging the beautiful, one would have lo concede George NHU; jir-tnirntion for crinim:'if be.'Hiiit'ui. If everything is heaulif'.il in ov.u v.viy, (hen ovrn George qualifies. Bui it plays IMVK- ibc iilc.i (if boaiily or.i'lesi.-.! ('APE TOWN "Oh no, not This has been the reaction of most while South Africans to the news that the Security Council is taking the long standing South West Africa case to the World Court again. In 196C, the World Court, by a majority of one casting vote of its president, Sir Percy Spender) cast out a complaint brought by Ethiopia and Li- beria that South Africa had forfeited its right lo administer the trust territory of South- West Africa the court held that the two countries had no legal standing to bring the com- plaint. After this farcical ending to a case which had started in llilil, and in which South Africa alone had filed nearly 10 vol- umes of 'argument and detail, it was thought that everyone concerned had had enough of li-West Africa In Court Again litigation, and that tlio fight would go back to Uio political arena. But now the Security Council Iho loopholes arc being closed, and i: legal foundation for ac- tion laid, where the Security Council will be pressed into de- has indicated that it is not dis- clarmg either Us impotence or heartened. It has asked the determination to force its advisory wl" South Africa. The South African govern- ment recognizes this long-term danger thai South West Africa ultimately may become a test case for the UN's capac- ity to translate its decisions into action and it has no in- tention of treating the new Se- curity Council more lightly, however bored the public might be with it. South Africa has ruled tire territory, to all intents and pur- poses, ever since 1915 when what was Ihen German South- West Africa surrendered to a South African army. After tho war South Africa received the area under mandate from the League of Nations, to adminis- ter as "an integral portion" of World Court for an opinion on "the legal conse- quences for States of the con- tinned presence of South Africa in Namibia" (the United Na- tions' name for South-W e s t So it looks as if the whole legal battle will be reopened, with all the old ground being covered again. On the face of it, it will all be a crushing bore, resulting in the Security Coun- cil's impotence to do anything about South Africa's continuing rule of the territory being dem- onstrated again. But this may be to take an over simplified view of the situation. Slowly, inexorably, a position is being brought about where its own territory, subject to the condition that it promoted "to the utmost the material and moral welt being and the so- cial progress of the inhabi- tants." In 1940, the League was dis- solved the United Nations established. From the first ses- sion, the status of South West Africa was under discussion. Tliis discussion was intensified when the Nationalist govern- ment, with its apartheid pol- icy, came to power in South Africa in 1948. The Nationalists pel-vision of the mandate from the League, but agreed that South Africa was not obliged to place the territory under UN trusteeship. It was, of course, an advisory opinion, not binding on anyone, just Uie new opinion, when it is given by the court, will be advisory. But advisory opin- ions become a basis for action. And so South West Africa's troubled history became even move troubled. In '1962, after the Ethiopia Liberia case had opened, a UN mission visited to place South West the territory with rather farci- control of the cai results (the "C a r p i o Africa under the UN's Trusteeship Council, and the General Assembly, by res- olution in December, 1940, asked the World Court for an advisory opinion on South-West Africa. The court, in 1950, rejected South Africa's claim that the UN had not inherited the su- "All I could find was a parking space for 90 days." Letters To The Editor The Toxicity Of Pesticides Commenting on the article in The Herald (p.-10 July 20) re- garding the recent NATO Con- ference on the toxicity of pesti- cides. With all due respect to Pro- fessor Andrew Wilson of Liver- pool at a time when govern- ments across the country are becoming increasingly concern- ed about the hazards of pollu- tion, some of the incredible statements made by this gen- tleman should not go unchal- lenged. Prof. Wilson stated: (1) We have no evidence that DDT is harmful when it col- lects in organic tissues and the fact that it persists and accu- mulates is not a contrary indi- cation to its use. There's not a single shred of evidence that DDT might produce can- cer of the liver. He has seen no evidence that these chemicals have any effects at all on human muscular and nervous systems. I wish to point out to the professor that after a 20-year study of adrenal hormones, the Medical Tribune (June 15, 1970) reports that DDT accu- mulates ill fatty tissues, dis- rupts the production of hydro- cortisone and is also detrimen- tal to estrogens. There is new evidence that the chemical may sabotage the defence and reproductive mechanisms of both animals and humans. Does Prof. Wilson not recog- nize that a cumulative chemi- cal or drug is more hazardous than one which passes out of the body soon after ingestion? Reputable physicians will con- firm that even very small amounts of a slow-acting poi- son is in the end worse than one large dose which may at once be detected and counter- acted. Dr. Samuel Simmons of the FDA Washington reports that DDT attacks the central ner- vous system, upsets body chemistry, distorts cells and affects calcium absorption. This was confirmed by a New York neurophysiologist, Dr. Alan Steinbach, who said DDT's affect was irreversible. He said it slowed nerve re- sponse and that its effect was like spider poison but it did not wear off with passage of time like spider poison. Prof. Wilson tells us that fear of the affects of using DDT as an insecticide was "emotion- al." Well, there is nothing so new or strange about this when one recalls the late Rachel Carson's book "Silent Spring" in which she awakened the na- tion by her forceful account of the dangers of DDT and many other pesticides. Her approach was labelled unscientific, hy- sterical and without foundation. Today her book is widely acclaimed. Our little creatures of the air, earth and sea are dying li- terally by the millions because of man's inhumane assault upon the universe with danger- ous and lethal sprays. The beautiful rythms and orderly cycles in the natural world around us, the woods, waters, wildlife the clear air and blue sky, the fertile soil are threatened with destruction un- less we act quickly to the rapid changes in our environment. M. THORBUHN. Lethbridge. Organized Defiance? One-Sided Opinion If someone really wanted to criticize the U of L, they would have little trouble writing a weekly article of thoughtful and constructive criticism di- rected against its many imper- fections. These criticisms could be very helpful in building a better institution. The U of L needs constructive criticism from its faculty and students and from concerned people in Lethbridge and district. What it docs not need, however, is a highly emotional, opinionated, and one-sided article such as "Pigeon-Hole System" wlvch appeared in The Herald of August lith. It is disappointing to see ac- curate and unbiased reporting sacrificed for 'Ibe sake of a headline and a smattering ot small-town sonsalionalism. ROBIN DANN, President Students' .Society, University of Lelhhridge. The obvious question is, who organized that letter with all the signatures supporting Jim Wilson's letter? And in sum- mer too. Who was so concerned about drugging our youth and defaming our police to take all that trouble? .Just one more bit of evidence that the dress, the defiance of law and decency: all the nasty ills that are intro- duced are not spontaneous but are deliberately fostered and organized by either or both of two-classes our enemies or those who will do anything to get a dollar and would prefer it wasn't honest. There are no innocuous drugs and no users who are not fools. But there are plenty who ad- vocate its use because it is one way of getting cash and others because the use of it makes the nation worthless and ready for the axe. There is a third class, dupes that ought to know better. Unfortunately many of us fal! into 'his class on some category. So some partially agree with Wilson! What part and which ones? Which ones want to see the light go out of a young pair of eyes and be replaced by the dopey stare we see on TV pro- grams? Which ones want a po- lice force that lakes our money and docs not enforce our laws? Which ones advocate breaking laws? We do not have to go anywhere to have people tell us we should pay them lo do what they like and not he fired. We do not have to go far to find governments where the police enforce only the wishes of crooks. We do have the majority of youth. They are our hope and our reason for being. But we have our work cut out to see that this destructive contami- nation and pollution does not destroy the future that is right- fully theirs. J. A. SPENCER. Magr'ath. Four years later, in 1906, the UN General Assembly declared South Africa's man- date Invlid, but South Africa rejected the resolution as "il- legal." The following year, the Gen- eral Assembly appointed an II- member council on South-West Africa, charged with securing entry and administering it until it was ready for independence the council, in fact, made an abortive attempt in 1968 to fly into t'ne territory. Last year, the Security Coun- cil set October 4 as a deadline for South Africa to withdraw its administration, but the deadline came and went with- out Sjuth Africa having done anything of the sort. The 126- member Trusteeship Commit- tee then censured South Africa for ignoring the deadline and asked the Security Council to note the "deteriorating situa- tion" in South-West Africa. Far from withdrawing its ad- ministration, however, South Africa has tightened it, draw- ing the vast territory even closer to it, and going ahead with its plan to create ulti- mately "independent" mini- states among the in- digenous inhabitants be- lieving that this is the way to convince the world that it is promoting "lo the utmost the material and moral well-being and the social progress of the inhabi nis." The South African govern, ment, therefore, is determined not to budge an inch, but it is handling the international as- pect cf the dispute with kid gloves, ft suspects that the latest Security Council resolu- tion to ask the World Court for an advisory opinion may be in- valid because not all the per- manent members voted for it (Britain and Russia abstained) but it is not allowing itself to be lulled into any false sense of security by these reflections. "It does not become South Africa to view these goings on smugly and wrote' the influential, Govern- ment supporting newspaper Die Burger, in a comment on the latest Security Council move. "The action over South- West Africa is an integral part of the many sided onslaught which is being made on our survival in Africa. "The pressure can vary from month to month and from year to year in strength and effec- tiveness, but it continues nevertheless. There are at the moment more dangerous sec- tors of the front than the South- West Africa one, but circum- stances can be conceived under which the fate of that territory will become the central point of the attack again. "Our defence is not to sit back and to laugh at the frus- trations of our enemies, but to carry out with due haste and determination what we have embarked upon, in South-West Africa as well as in South Africa. This is to lead the non- white people on the road to de- velopment and self determina- tion. We must take the wind out of our enemy's sails." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THIS HERALD M20 August 18 will be a Civic Holiday from one o'clock to six p.m. and the city is pre- paring to celebrate. A picnic at the Experimental Farm, a trip to Nobleford Foundation, base- ball at Eckstorm Park and a gun club shoot arc scheduled. new signal arm for autos is expected to aid traf- fic. The device fastens on each side of the windshield and indi- cates the direction which t'ne driver intends to turn. the massive air bat- tles raging over Britain the HAP has had one advantage over the-Nazi Luftwaffe consid- ered highly important by mili- tary experts. RAF pilots who bail out live to fight another day, but German pilots who make safe landings are lost "for the duration." 1950 Walei'ton Lakes Na- tional Park rolled up a new record attendance of up to July 31, an increase of 593 over the same period last year. winds swoop- ed down on a trailer camp at Travers Dam and left one dead and three injured in its wake. Eye witnesses said the wind picked up a trailer and threw it almost 50 feet where it came to rest against a wagon. The LetKbridge Herald 7lh St.. S., Lellibridge, Albcrla LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published in05 19.14, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Mcrnlwr of Tho Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLUO W. MOWERS, Edilor anl Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manaqer JOE: BALLA WILLIAM HAY Etlllnr Associate' Editor JJOY DOUGLAS K. WALKPR Advertising Mannycr Lditorifll IM'jt- Cililor "THE HERALD StRVES THE SOUTH" ;