Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 17, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta
rVOTE FOR WIPER MARKETS FOR CANADA blSTINGT ADVANTAufnTFARMERS IN FREE ACCESS TO THE STATES (Channels Which Reciprocity Will Open Up to the Great Benefit of the Agriculturists of Canada Kor (armors there will be' distinct! the free admission to Wvant.se in free access lo the United of the fo.lowlne standard pro Istatea market for the followinc, hewn, sided or snared, imong other articles, upon which duty SaVed boards, planks, deals. tie now levied: s Cittle. Horses and mules. Swine. Sheep and lambs. Poultry. Wheat; Rye. _, Oats. Barley. Beans Potatoei Corn. Onions. Apples. Pears. Peadu'F Grapes. llucter. Cheese. I-'resh milk. Krcsh cream. Hiigs. Paving -posts, railroad ties and poles. staves. Pickets and ralins5- The mining man will find better sale for his goods by fee access to United Slates markets for: Feldspar. Sail. Mica. Asbestos. Talc. Consumers on both sides will thank ihe nesollators of this agreement for reduced duties on many articles now bearing varying taxes, and among them: Meats, fresh .or refrigerated. Bacon and hams. Heel and pork, sailed. Canned meats and poultry. Lard. Tomatoes and other vegetables. Wheat flour and oatmeal. Prepared cereal food. Bran, middlings and other offals of grain. Macaroni and Vermicelli. Biscuits, wafers and cakes. Canned fruits. Agricultural implements. Cutlery. j Paving stones. Clocks and watches. Canoes. Motor vehicles. Canada Is now the third best cits-, lomer of the United States. Under reciprocity we will sell more to the United Slates of the things we do not need and which the United States does need. wln more ot HUGH GUTHHIE they have to. sell and what we want Liberal candidate In South Wellington. to buv We continue to buy from Canadian fishermen will be reward- Great Britain the fabrics and other ed by free access to the United Slates articles with which she can best sup- market for the following products of j piy us. But instead of free acce the rich waters of the Dominion: (0 tne Brjtjsii market for natural Mackerel. Cod. products we will have also ihe tSlltaT Xbster, "easing demand of the United State Salmon.' 1 Laurier and the larger market i 'Canadian, lumbermen will gain by j the policy for Canada. IHE SHEEP MARKET AND THE FARMERS tjhe Demand for Mutton and Limbs In Clnidl it limes It Greater Than the'Supply Enemies of reciprocity and of the larger market for the Canadian farm- er are selling on a chance o. currence of a day or two ago, when r '3W sheep from the ullted States wen sold on the Toronto market, says The Globe. This is taken to mean that American iheep will flood Canada under, reci- procity, Instead of Canada selling to the cities across the line. Apart from the simple fact that it Is no crime to buy what you want elsewhere if you ;annot get it at home, Is the clrcum- itance that the present conditions are together exceptional. At certain times of the year the de- nsnd for mutton arid lamb in Toronto Is greater than the supply, and the lequel is high prices. The Ontario farmer is not producing -.sheep and .bs in sufficient numbers to supply the domestic market all the year round, and while it is sometimes neces- sary and sometimes possible to Import supplies from the United States, it is lot always possible to do so at a irofit. 'Prices are not always higher In the Toronto market than in the Chi- cago market, and it is advantageous o. bring sheep and lambs In fron the Jnited States only when the Ontario armer falls to maintain a steady sup- Our farmers do not go into raising very extensively, for reasons t'hicb are well krtnvn. Some- of them ,ave found dairy farming, beef-raising (and fruit-growing more profitable. IThe average sheep farmer in Ontario epecializcs rather in pedigreed stock than in market mutton, anti there arc few farms where sheep-ralslnp is Tied on exclusively, except where the (farmers [ire breeding stock, proven from the sheep-raising dis- jtricts assert that they seldom get wore than thirty sheep or lambs from kme iarm in any one year, while some say the average is below twenty head, [so Impoverished are some of the farms as a result of the disease that was encountered some years ago. That the Canadian farmer often finds it convenient to market sheep ind lumbi In the United States, how- -ivtr, is proved by figures which show ne" Imports and exports for the year' Tided March 31. 1010. the latest per- od' tor which detailed returns are The report of the Depart- ment of Customs shows that our ex- Kjrti exceeded imports. The imports from the United Slates o.Cinndt for the year ending March 1910, were 35.S44" sheep and lambs, .worth while the exports from Canada to the United States during the same year-.were: Sheep, one year old or less, ST.SH'head, valued at 1415.912 Sheep, over one year head, valued at----......... Total DR. MICHAEL CLARK One' of ihe chief representatives of Liberalism in Alberta. THE BEANJURKET Free Access to" the United Statei Means Increased Return! The Canadian farmer finds no mar- ket for his heans in Britain. -In 1009- 1010 the official records show thai the totU value of Canadian beans export- ed to the United Kingdom, where there is no duty, amounted only to a paltry To restrict, the Canadian hean producer to Ihe British market would he to 'paralyze the Industry. Under thf! reciprocity agreement Canadian beans have access to the United States markets free of duty. This means that the forty-five cents which the Canadian farmer now pays to Uncle Sam in tariff duty upon every- huahcl of hcans lie markets in the United States will remain at home In his own pocket. It will stay In Canada to be spent In CuHyln. To the bean-grow- ing countici the bonier rnciprocity means development of higgcr growing yius- WHAT JOHN A, WANTED That is All That the Liberal! are After In his speech at Stratford Hon. A. 0. MarKay declared that the resolu- tion passed at the Imperial Confer- ence relating to tlic favored-nations clauses put an end to any possible I danger of unfair competition by three nations. has only to object to Invalidate any of these agreements so j Jar as it touches Canada. Yv'idoly speaking, the only manufE turing industrips affected arc cement and farm implement factories. The manufacturers will always have pro- tection fis long as Canada remains a hundred-million-dollar revenue country. Mr. MncKay declared that the Lib- erals have just obtained exactly what Sir .lohn Macdonald wanted In 1STS. Now i he Conservatives say to leave well enough alonp. a tribute to the prosperity of Canada since the Lib- erals came Into power in 1896. A CONVINCING SPEECH Hon. Sydney Fisher, Speaking at Han riston, Discussed the Annexa- tion Cry Speaking at Harriston, Hon.' Mi. Fisher dealt with reciprocity In his convincing way and gave the farmers facts. After quoting the figures show- ing the growth of Canada's trade with Great Britain and the United States, he went into detail to show just how the farmers would benefit from this agreement. He also showed how the HON. SYDNEY. FISHER Minister of Agriculture. manufacturers were viewing1 the mat- ter In a different-light now. Refer- ring-to the cry of "the thin end of the he showed how past revisions of the bad not been detrimental. Dealing.with the large amount of'capi- tal that had from Europe and 'other parts of the'world in the past five, months, Mr. Fisher related many, personal interviews ;to prove that capitalists recognized that the future of Canada would .be great. As to, (he annexation cry, he pointed out that while Canada was getting all the advantages of free trade in nat- ural products with the United States it was npt necessary for Canada to re- linquish any rights or privileges en- joyed under the 'British flag. Colonials were not'considered subordinate now to the British-born. The "future'of the Empire Tyag dependent on self-govern- ment within IDS-Empire. If Canada prospered- it .would only make it a stronger British country.' Reciprocity would make Canada more prosperous. Our National Market Turning to ihe question of reciyro- city, at St. Philippe, Que., Dr. Beland showed ,that the United States was our natural market, and that the large proportion, of our commerce was made with them" The manufacturers alone, whom the treaty does not affect, op- pose It. But It is the turn ot the far- mers to share the prosperity of the 'country, jt is for the electors to say who Is right, Laurier, who wlabhes to aid the farmers, fir Mr. Dorden, who protects the manufacturers. Trade The mining industry may not be vitally affected by reciprocity, except in a Sympathetic way. Mining men have shown on numerous occasions that they arc Interested In the' devel- opment of the. agricultural country. Reciprocity will do them no damage, If ft does them no'good, and they .will he Influenced by the other local in- terests. Benefit to the Farmer Mr. Koch Ltnctot, speaking at St. Philippe, Quebec, sketched the bene- fits which accrue from recipro- city. Tho county of Laprairic sells fiO.OOO tons of hay to' hie States, on which the fanners will save a car load. On straw a saving of a 'ton, on poultry three cents a on wheat two a half cents a bush- el. Thest vrofttR will come to the farrai GOING OVER THE AINT HILL Great Possibilities Of An [xport Trade The Necesilty of Equalizing the Trade Between Canada and the United States The busincis men of Canada should vigorously support the effort now be- ing put forth to make the conditions of trade between -the United' States ind Canada more equitable. In ihe --ear ending March we import- od goods to the value oM2Sl.9ai.T39 from the United States. Over a hun- dred and thirty-one million dollars' worth of thin .total was duty-free goods, such ai raw cotton, rubber, wool, coal, and other wthings needed, by our manufacturers. Because of the, huge tariff wall landing in anyr return trade we'were, abV to export only of Canadian goods to the These figures do ,iudicate a healthy condition of business. The disparity in volume between what wo buy from the States and what we sell, i too great. One of two things must be happening: either a large part of the United States.imports represents new American investments In Canada, or the exports of Canada to other countries must be used to pay our debts in the United States. H has been Mr. Fielding's constant aim to balance Canada's trade with the United States. He sees that we must continue to draw from rhat coun- try vast quantities of raw materialB and of manufactured goods that it is not convenient or profitable, even be- hind the shelter of the tariff, to make ALEXANDER SMITH Chief Liberal Organiz.er. In the Dominion because our, consump- tion is still relatively smajll He wants to. pay for these importations by a greatly .increased export of Canada s natural products. The removal of-the United States tariff on the chief pro- ducts of (he farm, the forest, the fish- eries, and the mine gives an opportun- ity to do what the Finance 'Minister has long regarded as essential -to the continued prosperity of'the country. A trade so one-sided usftc cn'y worth of Canadian goods to a country whose goods we buy to the extent ot in twelve nfontflu needs to be placed on a sounder basis. The busi- of Canada should do every- thing possible to enable the farmer, the lumberman, tlie fisherman and the miner lo.adjust the balance1. Five years after reciprocity goes Into force Canada will export two hundred mil- lion dollars' worth of her products every year to the United States, and will slill have alt tho surplus food- stuffs that Britain now takes to" ship across the Atlantic. To those who fear that the increase of our exports lo ihe United State; will predispose Canadians. lo lion let us put this question: Is Canada less clevoud to the Km' plre now than she was in 1S97 -when Fielding's tariff was brought in? Every honest man will admit that the ties" of affection and loyalty are far stronger now than they wore in 1S97. Forteen years ago' Canada's total exports and re- the Empire was IIIS.9'09.000. Last year it was Fourteen years ago Canada's total -trade_ with ihe United States In imports, exports and re-exports was Lnat'.year it was We see here a far greater expansion I of Canada's, trade with the United States than with the Empire. Yet that expansion was coincident with the drawing-closer of the Imperial tie. Why should a still furth'er increase of our export'trade to the United States make us disloyal? Business men dealing daily with business men find business houses in the United States should ask thorn- selves that uestion. if they do so honestly and give an honest answer the annexation bogey will have no terror for Olobe. W. HARLAND-SMITH Liberal- candidate In- Jlniton. WILL GET THE BEST PRICE NOT THE AVERAGE ONE Ontario Firmeri, With Reciprocity In Ferct, WIILQet the Best, Not Average, Price It Is wholly misleading to compare average values, in any line of stock, Between Ontario on the one hand and the American States on the other. Some of the great American produc- ing States are miles from the best American markets. These markets lie right at the door of the Ontario farmer. Buffalo is almost within sight of some of the best stock sections of this Province. It will be, with the tariff wall out of the wav easier of access than any other market open to Ontario producers; and vastly easier of access to Ontario producers as a whole than it is to producers in Texas or Kansas. Ontario producers will get, not the average American price, but the best price when recipro- city is In force. The best proof of what the opening of the Buffalo mar- ket will mean to the producers of beef, cattle In Ontario Is seen in last week market reports. Hest cattle fetched J6.30 per cwt. in Toronto. In Buffalo at- the same time they were selling at That, on a ten hundred pound ineans a difference of enough to make the difference be- tween a meagre profit and handsome Opponents of reciprocity point also to the fact tliat a few American Iambs have this sold in the Toron- to market hi the face of the Canadian duty. This situation is abnormal. The present Is the first occasion on which Biifih an invasion, and it is a very trifling invasion at most, be pointed to. It is due (o tho fact, pan doxical as this may seem, thai Ameri cans are going out of snoop. Tnt great sheep ranches of the are being broken up by incoming settle) The consequence is that, although American official returns show nearly fewer sheep on' American farms In IfllO than there were Irt 1903, tho receipts of sheep att he six'prinei nal markets of the Western, Stales for tho present year (o date are upwards of. In excess of (lie arriVals for the same pnriod last year. A little of this surplus hns found an outlet here. That situation will not 'contin- ue. As soon as the'liquidation now RO- Ing on in Hie United States is at an end there will be a mutton famine in that country, and Canada will afford the one means, by which it-can be re- lieved- Even up to the present, in the face of abnormal conditions in the United States, ami. despite the. exis- tence of tariff walls, our exports of sheep to the United States for'the last ten years have exceeded our imports by the proportion of n'boitt three to one. With the restoration of normal conditions, and this .will occur .within a year, and the abolition of tariff walla, the export of Ontario sheep and lambs to the 'American market will mark the beginning :of .the develop- ment of one of., the .'most' profitable braouohes of Ontario live stock in- dustry Lumping all lines together, and tak- ng it year in and year out, the'fi'ce opening of'the American nean a vast increase, of tlie--returns from Ontario, flocks and herds. .'And the larger.tho herds the fertility'of the soil, and the more for- mers prosper the 'greater will bs the prosperity" of :the cities F. C. INWOOD Ijlbnral Organizer Tnr Ontario. GOT A TITLE "Yon say that, when she married sho go', a asked the sweet ihfng. "Ycs.V answnrcd the most popular girl in the, neighborhood. "Conntees, duchess, or CANADIAN SHEEP Henry Arkell Drscribss the Opposition' Scare an tho. Veriest Nonsenie Is notlilng ipyBtcTJotis about i llic Importation of I'nileil Stales sheep into Canada tlio prosonl Rnld Mr. Henry Arkoll, Arkull, ono of thu' liM'jjcst breeders of sheep in Pnnadn. "Tho tariff tiun.liipl Ciimultaii shorn Imposed by Hi'.' is re-, spoiiFlblo for it. If iliO'tnvlff was re- moved the Canadian sheep producers would he ciHXHinised KO Into Hie production of sheep 'iiibro extensively. "TliM reiiGon tliere ore JJnlte.il States sheep coming In hero Jit pri'soul Is that (hers Is nVliortufie-or Ihn Canadian arlk'lc. There has been a largo in- u crease' in (he population from thu Old; Lane! In the past few years, and are nil consumers of. mutton. The-' tnrirr.rcslrlctlons'aml the llmli'ed tiiat has resulted since the intro- duction of the Dlngley tariff by our, United Slates neighbors are respenv ?ihle for the shortage: This tariff discouraged liio raising of.6 sheep for! mutton purposes in Canada, itiul where i mail uad a large flock of sheen pre- vious lo tho passing of that legisla- tion he has not nioro lhan five per; cent, now of his former flock. If thai trade, agreement is passed and tariff' restrictions removed we can look for; n. remarkable" boom- in .the sheep in- dustry in Canada. "It IB the veriest nonsense to sayj lb.it the throwing open of the sheep; market between the two counUres will kill the industry in Canada, foV there is really no industry- of that kind here1 to Hcmove the tariff and watch j the Canadian sheep industry grow, voted Conservative for .years, bvit t! van Tor (lie trade agreement." WA6ESJJW LABOR The Cheap. Labor ..Bogey Does Not' Stand Investigation The wages of labor and the relative; cost of labor aro two very different. :hfngs. .Congressman Redfjicld, of; New himself a proved very conclusively in a recent' speech that low-priced labor is not! always cheap .labor, and that an ap-j piiently low wage may be a very'hight saw piles in women, eachj with a rope, lifted the.pile. They paid twenty cents a day In our. money. Yet it would cost four times' "as much; (o drive (hose piles as it'.wqiild havo' cost "in New York.'1 labor- 'does nob sUi'id investigation.' Mi Redfield is a specialist in'machln-i cry. He found by careful personal in-; qniry that "while wages in Japanese1 locomotive plants were, only one-fifth of the American scale, the labor cost, of-locomotives on tlic'same spccffica- tion's was three ami a half times greater in the Japanese shop than inp the American shop. j. H. SINCLAIR A Ulienil stalwart in'Novft Scotia INSIDIOUS APPEALS Hon. .Charlcs: Murphy Replies to U'e Tactics of Conservatives Hon. Charles' a Liberal rally al nrockvlllc, (leall tlic character of die rnmii'algn being waged against reciprocity. II was a striking commentary on the situation: Hint tlio anti-reciprocity campaign wasl being aliened by tho Tariff Reform! League of England, appeals were! Doing.made to the Brlt.inli-bonrIn.Can-! "these Insidious comment- ed tho Secretary of Stale, "are being made to Ihe British-born, the lnrgo! minority of iliom sturdy British Non-, conformists and Liberals, who in the Motherland so stoutly and success- fully opposed Ihe very class whoso, counterparts are handed togetherJn. Ibis country to reciprocity." MR. GRAI'AM'S SUPPORT "I feel grateful, said Hon.. G P. Graham, ar Hrockvllle. "that I; am supported by" those of you who 1o; not. call yourselves' Liberals. I aiiure- Halo vowr presence here know how you revere Ihe memory oEI Sir .loiin Jlncdonnld, ami how you sup- porled him all your lives, and it is en-, courapini! lo know Hint i" which should nnoniside the sphere of pnrlv politlcr. yo" an- prepared to fol-, low last, will ami trsiamcnt of Sir .Inhn Macflonal.l on .between' Canada and the States. Tho. views of-the ConForvalivn chieftain on this matter In bis last fight are.de-. noiinced to-day by Mr. Honlra and advocated by Sir Wilfrid Laurier."