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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Socialist China admits a 'capitalist' problem LAST MONTH IN HISTORY By JOHN BURNS Special to The Herald PEKING On a clear day in Peking you cannot always see forever. Although the neighbor- ing countryside may be warm- ed by sun shining out of a cloudless the downtown area cl the crjy someltimeB lies beneath a pall of pollution so 'thick that the sun is blotted out and noon in nigh summer looks like late afternoon in deep fall. In the industrial city of An- shan in site of China's biggest steel the air pollution is so bad that a Canadian steel executive des- cribes it as the worst he has has seen in a lifetime in the in- acrid by so he than anything he has seen in Gary or two of the world's most heavily polluted steel cities. APHORISM Far away to the in the of local offi- cials proudly cite an ancient aphorism describing the moun- tain and river scenery in the neighborhood as the finest in China. Yet nowadays the river is fouled by human sewage and industrial waste and the view to the mountains is marred by the thick orange smoke curling skyward from a newly opened factory. Strung together these images culled from a travel- ler's notebook combine to give a thoroughly one-sided and pre- judiced picture of the severity of pollution in China and of the efforts the Chinese are mak- ing to reduce it yet no more one-sided and it seems fair to than the pic- ture of pollution in the Western xvorld that is regularly present- ed in the pages of the Chinese press. NO EXCUSE Earnest reports of housewives flocking into American super- markets to buy cans of fresh air must be presumed to be the product of minds unable to recognize an American gim- mick when see one. but it is not so easy to excuse the onesidedness of those responsi- ble for the ssustained effort of the Chinese press in recent years to depict pollution in the years to depict pollution in the Western world as a chronic af- fliction peculiar to and insoluble so long as capi- talism holds sway. The self-righteousness of this familiar to anyone who has read the speeches of China's delegates to the Stcckhom Con- ference on the Environment last year is regularly accom- panied by what can only be a deliberate obscurantism about the efforts that are being made to reduce pollution in the west. About these the Chinese public hears next to nothing. ANOMALY It is one of the anomalies of China's attitude to the west that horror stories telling of pollution and the damage it is doing to people's health contin- ue to appear in the press even as Peking courts the friendship and favor of the very Western governments whose failures in the field of pollution control are chronicled some would say caricatured in these stories. One such story appeared re- cently under the byline of Fang apparently a in Peking a weekly di- gest of the Chinese press that is printed in five languages and circulated around the world. The article touched the usual attributing pollution in the west to the greed of the yet it somehow man- aged to have things both ways by acknowledging that pollution has come to be a problem in socialist China too. The reference to pollution in the in an ostensibly his- torical passage relying for its authority on Friedrich elaborator of the scripts of Karl was a classic of its kind. After the mandatory reference to and their for the ar- ticle offered this description of the pollution that discharge indus- trial wastes and natural re- sources are exploited at cities develop even more ab- normally and the environment suffers even worse pollution and and the health of people is seriously endangered. 'All these past and point to the conclusion that pollution and destruction of the environment in these countries is a social pheno- menon of capitalism and a manifestation of the sharpen- ing contradiction between the private ownership of the means of production and the social character of in all of this was there any reference to the com- plex legislation passed by West- em governments in recent years to deal with pollution nor any acknowledgement of the billions of dollars that industry has spent to comply with the legislation. SELF-ACCLAIM Instead there was self-ac- claim for the efforts China is making to rid itself of its own pollution problem and assert- ion that the final solution to the problem lies not in slowing down industrial as proposed in some quarters in the but by speeding it up. This was not accomplished without some ideological sleight of for having asserted that pollution is social phen- omenon of the ar- ticle went in almost the next to assert that this should not be taken as a claim that question of environ- mental protection does not exist under socialist conditions. The problem did exist and Because pollution is the result of a first priority of the socialist state. DESCRIPTION After graphic descriptions of the damage pollution can do to water and the article launched into a warning of the consequences that will befall China if it fails to check environmental deterioration in tima. will endanger the peo- ple's it said. That sounded very much like the writer's earlier description of the ill that has befallen people in the west as a result of the negligence of capitalists. Nor was the danger to the people's health the only factor to be considered. Just as im- to judge from the ar- ticle's insistence upon was the danger that unchecked pol- lution will eventually hinder development of the social- ist It was therefore doubly important that no itme be lost in tackling the problem. SUCCESS But by slowing down industrial develop- for the success of at- tempts to reduce pollution would depend on the nation's level of economic and techni- cal competence and in would depend on the state of development of the eco- nomy. Thus it would be a mis- take to a good environ- ment by slowing down eco- nomic development or other ne- gative If the argument sounds even simplistic by western there is little doubt that the article was on solid ground in celebrating the suc- cesses the Chinese have bad with one of the anti-pollution ex- pedients that has won increas- ing favor in the west recyc- ling of wastes. CHALLENGE Nobody who has watched old men and little boys scratching away among the rubbish heaps that pile up along Peking's al- leyways for scraps of glass and paper would presume to challenge the article's claim that recycling resulted in the use of no less than 1.5 million tons of solid wastes in the city in 1971 alone. In Shanghai results were even more impressive. According to the article workers in the city's plants extracted more than 500 tons of precious and rare metals from industrial wastes that year and recovered more than a million tons of dye- caustic fat and fertilizers from waste liquids. What is being done to tackle the more complex pollution problems is not so but the article sought to remove any doubts on that score by concluding with a confident declaration that by Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and with the superior so- cialist system and hundreds of millions of industrious and in- genious working we will certainly create a society with a highly developed economy and a beautiful For the sake of the citizens of Kweilin and other major population centres similarly ooo can only hope that the confidence is warranted. Chlftf U wUbllih CMiMt ter MM- viral putu- ftn Air LMM 74T with M H wfl JlnttWf 0CM MT Tokyo. IMI nuctoir bomb In Mirth fi- tt __HomtHMrt- i ftr .___ tourM bw Inta rlvor VI 41 MIlMl. U0MMMMM llun releued 111 U. vehmteen en of Mibvvr- Whits etnflrmvd virtually all of phont cilli PhiM IV lemur dtetttw JUM to Here are the ANSWERS for your NEWS QUIZ PART 2-Lester 5-b PART 5-b PART PICTURE Australian Prime Minister Gough Whit- lam IT BUYS fl LOT WORE THAN JUST THE LOWEST PRICED SMALL CAR. It buys the biggest sellin small car UNITS 20 18 16 14 12 10 TOYOTA in Canada Source fi LPoRt Year after more Toyotas are sold than any other small domestic and import alike. And for a good feature for dollar for there simply isn't a better small car buy anywhere. Take a look at how our Toyota Corolla the lowest priced Toyota the lowest priced popular small stacks up against the lowest priced Ford's Toyota Corolla 1200 Ford Pinto Front Disc Brakes Standard Optional at Extra Cost Reclining Bucket Seats Standard Not available Flip-open rear windows Standard Optional at Extra Cost The Toyota with its standard reclining bucket seats and front disc still sells .for less than the stripped-down Pinto. And at the same gives you more front more rear more trunk space and more horsepower net vs. 54 Motor Trend Apr 73. It buys an economy car that is truly economical Think all small cars are good on Some are a lot better than as you can see by this chart of the results of the recent U.S. Envi- ronmental Protection Agency's study on gas consumption. Mileage Comparison Chart MPG 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Toyota Corolla IMMMMMHRBBMHaaaBMnaajl Volkswagen vega Pinto IIMMMMMIMMIMMR It buys a small car with a better resale value than even the Volkswagen. Toyota automobiles are built to withstand rugged Canadian conditions. Because they were built for rugged Canadian conditions. And tested here. So you get a solid car that will hold up well. The In the official industry guide to used car values as black used Toyotas consistently rate higher re-sale values than Volkswagens. It buys 250 Toyota dealers all across the country. 1200 throughout North America Our dealer organization is.big and getting bigger all the time. now have 18 more deal- ers than Volkswagen And since our deal- ers don't have to worry about servicing a huge line-up of cars of all .sorts and sizes the way domestic dealers you can count on service. Small cars are all we sell. And small cars are all we service. So your Toyota dealer has more time to give you more personal attention. It buys one of the most advanced computer cof ironed pans systems in the industry. How do you keep track of the approximately million individual parts hand in our 250 dealerships across the Or the addi- tional million stored away in our four huge regional parts With a computer of course. But not just any computer. Our IBM fills an entire and represents the most advanced computer technology money can buy. It constantly checks and updates our huge parts inventory. If-a dealer is out of an he simply calls on our back-up inventory by way of a coast-to- coast telecommunications network. Our com- puterized system then finds it and gets it into his hands in a hurry. In most in less than 24 hours. Not only but of all parts orders received last we were able to fill of them immediately. A record seldom maintained by any other car maker-domestic or import. it buys 1100 mechanics who aren't just they're educated. We put each and every one of our mechanics through one of the toughest factory training pro- grams in the 14 courses. And then we send them back to school to study as many as 5 courses every year. one of our techni- cians must enroll in at least one Every each man faces a tough skill evaluation by one of our District Service Managers. What's we have a factory correspondence course for all mechanics. It even includes a written monthly test. See your Toyota dealer soon. For you get a lot more than just Canada's lowest priced popular small car. You get Canada's No. 1 small car. TOYOTA CANADA'S NO.1 SMALL CAR MinulKturtr'l auggntid list price. Don net ImliiM f.O.t. dljiry. MM milllfHtd IK bttttiM thni Iteton viry from rtjion lo nflloft. prictd ol Uii 10 but imtil CM In MnMfc ;