Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Colonial attitude said on decline Concluded from Page 25 Fronts in the minds of the peasants and in terms of tangi- ble material benefits The bas- ic weapon is not military. It is persuasion and persuaders General Kaulza cxplians the Portuguese position Portuguese situation Is different from that of other European powers They had colonies that were subject to natural and ncrmal decoloniza- tion quite a long time Por- tugal has been one both in Europe and in not only constitutionally but also in a real sense The idea of a motherland and colonies does not exist. This is why Portugal need not follow the example of he colonial states The general does not deny -hat some Mozambique Por juese have a spirit'1 fight he declares 'Those with the colonial men- tality are getting fewer and and part of our war is to get rid of them We are fighl- ng the attitude of the stronger against the weaker According to the the Mozambique war stems from wo basic One is Communist impenah the determination of international communism to rule the world By present-day American star- this view of communism s a rather old-fasn- oned one But the Portuguese bold firmly to it The second basic as General Kaulza sees is a kind of backlash -acism felt in Africa s blacK- uled states and provoked the original racism of white While the stronger did exploit -weaker in Portuguese Afn- the general icver existed theie But neo racism aims to drive all whites rrom including the Poi- uguese. This intention fits the urns of international commu- he states Communism manipulates neo-racist feelings o further its own ends The Portuguese developed wo strategies to combat these jasic problems s General political education a the mass of Mozambique's population so that they feel themselves more and more Portuguese and anti-Commu- nist second is economic de- velopment to raise the living standards of Mozambique's populations People with low living ds ire subject to subversion In there are two basic tools for implementing these strategies. The Special Groups are for they are highly committed fighter-persuaders The aldeamento program is the second tool. The program involves bringing Africans liv- ing scattered in the bush into where rudimen- tary health and sanitary facili- and schools are usually provided Nowadays the Portuguese here refer to aldeamentos as if they were almost exclusively a development a method of bringing better mg conditions to the rural masses In they were originally devised foi military as a means of reducing the guerrillas' access to people they also wish to NOT FORCED Rural Africans are not forced to join the Portu- here insist. It seems that in the pro- gram's early stages military sure on local chiefs' to accept the aldeamento system and move their people to villages At the end of there were 509 aldeamentos in the three Mozambique provinces Nias- Cabo and Tete most affected bj subversion. They housed some peo- ple By the end of this year another 290 aldeamentos are to be placing another people into villages Perhaps somewhat carried away by aspiration GeneraJ Kaulza talks of the aldeamento system eventually bringing de- velopment to virtually ail of Mozambique's population But he aldeamentos have then- deficiencies With l.ooo aldeamentos his statistic is n exaggerated by about 30 per cent n-crd teachers and 30D doctors It is difficult to get these staffs Reviewing the military situa- tion m General Kaulza gives tlus assessment He regards guerrilla activities in Niassa and Cabo the two northernmost es under control. The guer- rillas' southward expansion through provinces has been effectively he says By year's end. he Portuguese troops also will have barred the guerrillas' ac- cess out of the war's mam battle Tete just west of Zambia. the general the construction site of the Gabora Bassa dam will be In claims the gen- the war will have virtually ended withm the rest 18 months By the lake be- hind the Cabora Bassa will have facilitating air and naval patrols and acting as a barrier to guerrilla infiltration This will force the guerrillas m Teto to move southward through an area where the local populations are loyal to the Portuguese Is this a credible assess- That remains to be ieen. The outside observer can only assume that militarily the Portuguese are doing less well here than they but a good deal better than Frekmo admits. they appear de- termined to hold on. And if they are poor compared with the colonial powers that have departed still tliey have many more resources than does the guerrilla force Both the Portuguese and Fre- limo have been accused of us- ing terror and gratuitous vio- lence Probably some of the accusations on sides are largely true. Guerrilla warfare is not a pietty business. But persuasion still remains the key particularly since the basic problems of Commu- nist imperialism and neo- lacism will not be controlled 18 months To what extent are Sergeant Canangdas and others like him truly persuaded to the Portu- guese To wnat extent do the people of Lisbon or Oporto really regard Sergeant Canangdas as Portuguese7 In the short run perhaps it does not matter what metropol- itan Portuguese think. Sergeant Canangdas and others like will continue to fight for what they believe But the long term is matter It appaars certain that unless Lisbon and Oporto Por- tuguese see Sergeant Canang- das and his cohorts as true citizens of their they eventually will lose Mozam- bique. after is what is all And it seems likely that this very will foe the making or unmaking Sears 'pantastic' looks in heathertones 8 99 Here's a bloomm' good pair of pants in heathertoned polyester- wooi double knit. What a Pull them on and Stitched cuffs. Machine-wash-dry. grey. blue. Sizes 10 to 20. Sportswear pullover or shirt sweater basics 00 7 2 99 and 399 each each The 'turtle' and the topper great little wardrobe swppteners at one deliciously low prics'i Both acrylic they'll go through your wardrobe doing wonderful things to oil ycur sepaiates The turtleneck has a back zipper. dry flat Burgundy. 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