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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta ___ Auguit 16, 1972 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 43 A serious ma'ller for liritisli doctors Birth linked with diseased potatoes? lly CUH18TINK DOV1.K London OhscrviT Krrvlcd LONDON A theory linking llic eating of Illicit-damaged potatoes jiruijnimt women and Iwo birth ahnormiililics spina blllita and is IjcinH taken very seriously by jitituih doctors. Spina JJifida is a severe birth disorder in contents of the soinal column miiy protrude through a gap in the baby's back. In anencephaly tho foe- tus develops without a brain. Further investigations arc PLAGUED BY MOSQUITOES Two-ond-a-half-yeor- old Melanio Meadej is not ol all happy with mosquito siluaHon in Coquitiam. Child has been under doctor's care for two days becauso of infected mosquito biles. Aerial spraying of mosqultos is subject of controversy in Vancouver suburb. Lliiiia s army i lias dual role Wcs GallaRlinr, hould be a great school. In m nnd general manager school, our army should 'J lie Associated Press, politics and military af- jj been touring China ralso its education level, in1 Ions In which also engage in agriculture AP anil Hslntma, Ilic side occupations and run m nese news agency, or factories c mi agreement for an make products for Ms own ar change of news and or for exchange wilh Ihc lor equal values. Our p should also do mass work a Jly WriS partldpEite in tho socialist y education movement In the fac- v VEXING (AP) China's army has plnccd and the villages." The 1 ast senten cc embed c! EI d into llin jMNvcr structure of army in llin political struc- tl government in n at every level in the f nnirjun in the world v A visit to the headquarters 155th Division has It.s f tho ]OCth Division demonstrates this dual civilian-military shoe repair shop, it.s own tl Lailor shop where soldiers' uni- tl Us members sit in Uic are mended. tionary committees from Hie ton of government (o the cosl of maintaining the Ivislon must a fraction of mune and district level as it would be ir. Ihc Wc.sl. of a governing triumvirate army, administrators and nnd file. The lyolh engages In POWs I helping nearby with (Iio harvest and helping govern by having he used tives m: neaiby xvhich rule communes, districts find barter The People's 'Army also i.s probably (AP) A Vietnam- fhfin some of Urn priest, taken (o Hanoi after cm cslirnntcs of 2.0 parish wn.s overrun in tho ('hine.so say Russia offensive, soys nifisjiffi ono million sol fliers Vietnam wants to rr China's norlheri: bnnfcr. aoil Slalcs prisoners for (lie is unlikely IhnL of tlie country. men facing liictn. Hut in North Vietnamese re lion, in every oils', ink-rested in an t'.xehanne. rum] ini-a sec; army Rev. Cfio Ifins in tinifdi rti or said his escorts told him. in pea.snrt helping uith "Jlai'h American prisoner is Hie ;t to used as CHOP'S l-'or each prisoner The Division in want the repair of ;t load, (auniiiK rmmlry. It.s or wliatcver lias byen arc smTruimled liy crops c.stroyed in the belong to division. Like Loo was .imnnt" (wo rry iiiiil in (lie country, the Catholic pric.sls and 10 vision strives lo who choso to slr.y wien Vlclnamrso over- Tlio Kifith. Ihcir villages near !Jong Ita ficirrl in meat and South Viotnatn's iiortliern Js M riving in olficr areas. Tri province Insl April. small farlory pi-orc.sscs met with tiiousands of other ciiiR for tho division's who stayed liohind or and thai of nearby nil off hy the invasion, Wives soldiers and a were lakon to North Vie men run Ilir llu; uivadors, The t'hiue.se Is rtll n guitJeH timr t.f milecr aiirl fifffcini-; and I b e n IKIVC nun o than enough hark scmtli, the onivN t JKKJSC from- known En havr The inlc In Ixir wound cnj by povprnmcnl defined nlhed bomb nhcn Sou i T.se-tunf; in bis namcse Iroops I'onnter-al- May 1 dm'divr uheii studc and recaptured Irts vi fxn-ssfs duririj! Ihe near Tri city in late Ite.volulion see mod to he llo i.s in n Saigon liri' nuf nf where he agreed to an Tii i.s (iii rrliu! rll I'i'iis, in 'iiiiiii. II up priest did not say wiry ho May 'Ih ramps fur re. Ibi; ollirrs were allowed" o f I'i.1.1 rdeiifs and uffiriah Koulb after Ibeir oiic1- of tho nirV of tl Inur of North Vietnam, urmy is likely to have far __ _____ infu Ihc 'V lifJK IN VII, I. Ihnnmh sn ra- 'J'in- dires'Tive slarfer] II rtos, flic rifles llur I'cnpU LiU'i nlion Ai niv 1 hi: under way which, It is thought, may confirm the link experi- mentally in animals, And a number of doctors are taking the precaution of advising preg nant women to be wary of po- tatoes that could be affected by blight. The new theory has been pu forward by Dr. James Renwick a reader in genetics at the don School of Hygiene an Tropical Medicine. Dr. Henwic has found a link and h stresses that so far it is more than a statistical link between the geographical in- cidence of potato blight and ttie two defects. His suggestion is that blight- ed potatoes contain poisons that may cause foetal damage very early on in development "probably during tho first four Writing in the British Journal Of Social And Preventive Medi- cine, Dr. Rcnwiek states that in principle the great majority of cases of the two defects might be prevented by slopping the potalo poisons getting to pregnant woman- These to- ins, ho says, are believed to be presort in above average con- centrations in certain varieties of potatoes, particularly in over-wintered tubers that sre partially blighted or injured. He points (o a striking cor- relation over geographical areas between the severity of hlight and the average incid- ence of spina bifida and nncen- cephaly. For instance, potatoes are grown in considerable quan in Idaho in the Unitec but because of low nt mospheric humidity tho bligh fungus does not spread easily and tlie rale of the two birU defects is low. In the welter more temperate, stales ot England, blight is a more scr iou.s problem and so is the in cidcncc of the abnormalities. In Quebec, the birth abnor malities run nt the exce.ssiv level of 3.-1 per thousand births and it is known, .says Dr. Ren wick, that in many parts of th province blight control was in adequate over a number years and tuber damage se-1 vere. I WORLD TIKCOHI) Ireland's mild imtl wet wea- ther is highly suitable for Illicit, fungus ,'mrl eniinlry has HIP wfirliTs record for I fic.se ile- I'd.s, In Belfast and Dublin, they average alrno.st 10 per thousand if all birlhs. In Eng- land, the wet western regions are .suitable, for fungal growth, and they also have high nb- normality rates '2.5 to three PIT thousand births compared with fhe more normal 1A per births in Hie south-east of the country. Dr. Renwick says that there Is a belt of blight and birth defects extending eastwards across Ilic whole of Europe and declining at I ho eastern lip as it. extends into Russia. This belt also corresponds to tho area of Ihc world in which potato growing is most extensive. In Australia, whcro tlic rates of defects .ire low about 1.2 In 1.5 per hospital hirlhs putalo consumption is f.iirly blitfhl is a mild j problem only. In I he; Auckland j area of New however. Hie rate in was reported ;j( four PIT hirlbs. Here blight is seven.1, says Dr. Ken- wick, largely because of a carry-over ono crop to another. In Ihc srntlh of Japan few pntalm'-s are grown or enten, and Ilic iiH'ich'iiee of two abnormalities is very low 0.11 per thousand Among the lush a cruel ie disposil ion has proposed to explain the high rate of Iliese abnormalities, But although ra- rial differences mny play a part, it i.s also pointed on I thai among I fish living out- side tri-hiiid tho im'itlonc'i: falls off wilh each generatum. Dr. Itemviek .suggests that n general dft1 line in rale of II ir defects Ihrounhonl world mny ho due lo improved I control of blight and tlu- shift of nntalo growing auay from MiKhi areas. A decline in ac- tual niorlalily from spina bifida is also likely to be duo to iin- provoiuont in trealmcnl, cspo- cially surgery, in Britain the Incidence of .spina bifida lias not declined greatly. K r i I a i n 1s department of health has received the Kon- WH'k bypfjllu-.sis nxilly nnd U is dearly ciHieornod lo ;ivoid alarm. "Not supported hy con- I'incinf! evidence1'1 Mifl ini- tial iTiwtum. Hnl health iiffinals arc rmmitniing Iho jncidciKT nil birth abnormal- ties and they arc likely In 5u-; and chairman of the Spina fiita Association, calk the re- port detailed hypothesis worthy uf further study." Mr. XachaVy found great interest when he discussed the rcjwrt ;it international meeting re- cently. In Northern Ireland, a consultant in human genetics believes the work is "a major contribution" to knowledge about the two defects. Another consultant said that he was advising his patients to avoid potatoes during preg- nancy. He has warned bis own pregnant daughter not to cat urc to keep sharper eye on spina bifid n potato blight ink. VJ'IIONG HKACT10N The reaction among other irilish exports has Ijecn far t r o n g e r. Professor Cyril 'lurke, president of the Royal Jollcgo of Physicians and I'ro- rcssor of Medicine at Liverpool Jnivcrsity, has called the re- port "extremely interesting" and "eminently testable." Mr, II, U. Zachary, consult- ant pedlatric surgeon at the Children's Hospital in Sheffield, them, he IluE the crucial the first four pregnancy when period jnay week.s of many women may not know that they are pregnant. This problem also arises when ad- vising against taking certain drugs during pregnancy, and the chief advice doctors can give Is to tell pregnant women to "avoid such things if they are planning to become preg- nant." Recently Britain's Potato Marketing board called for all potato growers to mark con- signments so that the source could bo Identified quickly fines will be imposed on those who sell damaged potatoes. This move was not connected with the Ken wick report, but has been welcomed by doctors. The next step may come when work with marmosets is reported shortly. At the Royal College of Surgeons in London, Professor David PoswiUo is ex- posing these animals to the substances in blighted potatoes to see if injury is caused to their developing offspring. It is known that marmosets, im- like many other animals, re- semble humans in their re- sponse to thalidomidc. There are several ways In which the poisoas thought to bo responsible could reach the de- veloping foetus. The obvious ona Is by eating the damaged po- tatoes, Hut during scraping A fine spray is produced which might be inhaled, thus being directly absorbed through tho lungs and carried into the bloodstream to the developing fetus. Tire toxins might also be absorbed through the when potatoes are peeled. SIMPSONS-SEARS To-day you can safely sew stretchy fabrics using ordinary thread. Automatically. Check Cnnada's mosl lalenlsd machine for more features man any other ot price! 1. Widest zig-zag you can for most dramatic effects Genuine use on latest stretchy fabrics 3. Pull-out Chain-Basting for pre-fltting jobs 4. Special Mending rips and (ears like magic 5. Blind Hemming professional way to hem invisibly G. 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