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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHHRIDGE HERAIO Tueiilay, August 15, 1972- Mark FranMfind Good news! The Soviet pullout from Egypt is now about complete, and, reports from Cairo iiidicatc, a lot more thorough Hum President Sadat ex- pected! Kveti the Israeli governmenl, which might have been suspicious about the extent ot the Russian with- drawal, has acknowledged its sweep- character. The tact that Soviet planes arc no longer flying surveil- lance missions against the U.S. Sixth fleet from Egyptian soil is especially significant, AH of this is good news for the White House and lor President Nixon who will be campaigning this fall, emphasizing his success in scaling down Hie fear of war in the Middle- East involving confrontation with Kussia. It's good news for Israel too, and for Israel's U.S. friends, who aren't going to be reluctant to show their appreciation at the polls in November. Preserving post office Apparently the post office in Leth- br'ulge now has a chance of being saved from demolition. This possi- bility emerged when Ur. T. Perks, (lean of the faculty of en- vironmentiiL design at the Univer- sity of Calgary wrote to the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Can- ada on behalf of its preservation. Probably most people don't care much about the preservation of old buildings. Nostalgia cannot he ex- pected to be strong among a highly mobile people. Tastes in architectur- al design have undergone radical change. There is little investment of: any kind tliat people feel protective about. The arguments about Lethbridge needing the post office to give the city a bit of character, by allowing the variety it provides, may appeal to some. A few more may feel strongly about the historic associa- tions of the building. But most peo- ple will be concerned only with prac- ticalities. While people may not care about aesthetics, they are apt to be con- cerned with costs. Why should a building Uiat appears to be soundly constructed and still adequate for the purpose it was intended to serve be torn down simply because it is old? Taxpayers have a right to object to the way in which the government lavishly spends their money on new buildings and on refurbishing old ones. Unfortunately since even the auditor-general cannot seem to curb the government's penchant pro- fligacy, citizens have generally yield- ed to despair and done nothing. May- be the only way to put a halt to un- necessary spending is to go the routo of protecting historic sites. Here is where historical buffs and practical people should get together. Peking koivtow A statistical year book published by the United Nations, gives essen- tial figures on population, produc- tion, health and welfare, and other vital matters of the countries of the world. It has not always confined Itself to printing available informa- tion on member countries. During the lime that the People's Republic of China, for instance, was not rep- resented in the world body, the year book included what it could obtain in reliable facts and figures about the mainland, Tliis year, the book does not in- clude anything about Taiwan, an ex- isting nation of 14 million people, a popuJation larger than that of two thirds of UN member nations. Infor- mation about the PRC is extensive. The excuse for this glaring exclu- sion is that Taiwan is no longer a member of the world body. Peking has insisted that Taiwan be left out. Peking doesn't care about this kind of inconsistency. But UN officials should do so, even tliougli insistence on acknowledging that 14 million people do live and prosper on an island off the coast of China might bring them into a nasty mini-row with Chinese representa- tives at the UN. These same offi- cials are responsible for allowing the name of the donor, the Republic of China, to be removed from a green marble slab bearing a quotation from Confucius from UN headquarters a petty attempt to rewrite history. Nit-picking of this kind is a dis- grace to a world body. Kowtowing to Peking's arrogance in small mat- ters is not necessary. The UN can- not force problems, people or na- tions to go away by ignonn" their existence with this kind of picayune bureaucratic gesture of submission. EVA BREWSTER Trends can be reversed T'OUTTS Basically there Is no quarrel with the report that the outlook for small towns is bleak. Statistics drawn up between 1965 and 1970 gave, no doubt, a tnift picture of migration into cities' How- ever, there are many imponderables in every .situation and every trend can be re- versed if the will to do so is there. From personal experience and many dis- cussions with young professionals, I can with conviction that while there are doctors, lawyers, teachers and others who regard the .small town as a "stepping .stone Jr. fheir the majority start out with different ideas. They find, asually be- ing the only representative of their fessiDn, that Iheir scope of work, respon- sibility and their standing in the commun- ity is much higher than it would be in the anonymity of a large city. While our Can- adian society is probnbly the most mobile and restless In the world, there is an in- Btir.ctive yearning in most young people for peace, clean living, continuity, roots (or thftir children and a permanent home. Of- Een, if a young professional moves into a country (own from Kdmonton or other large cities, it is with these con.siu'eraLirjns in mind. There are also economic: advantages in living iri a small community. White income for professional people is pretty well standardized regardless of where they live, the cost, of [ivinj; is much lower in runil areas. Cost of houses, land and tjms rot be compared with the often inflated rales of comparable city properties. There- fore, thfi standard of living, luxuries ,-is well as .savings, couM be very powerful incentives for tho professional f-lrjy permanently in n smaller pi arc. Vdiy Ihf-n do 'hey rjrrr-rt tho country lov.'fis in sufficient numU-rs lo caiisr: tho slow death of small why Threat of dike bombing political ploy rp 0 K Y 0 In the contro- vcrsy over whether Amer- ica is bombing North Viet- nam's dikes or not a signifi- cant parallel with the last months of Iho Korean war IKIS been overlooked. In May 1953, when llio nrml- Mico talks were neLLuig no- where, largely Iwcausc of dif- ferences over Iho exchange of prisoners of war, American planes bombed five of the 20 Inrge irrigation dams wtilch supplied (lie water for three quarters of North Korea's rice production. Tho striko bad been planned in October 1952 as part of the American plan (agreed to by Britain and other United Nations allies) to put maximum pressure on North did research fail to discover nne of the main reasons? Well, in most cases where advancement of career was not the prime motivation, it was the wife who encouraged the move. There are few men if they are aware'of it at all who would like to admit womons1 power to cause such an up- heaval. They would rather lie suspected of ambition, greed or anything else other them of bc-ing "henpecked." Small communities often fail to recog- nize the fact that there i.s a woman behind every successful man. While they happily and gratefully and UM? his pro- fessional skills, they are sometimes too closely united by family and lo-cM tics soc the human need of out.sideri for MICKI[ involvement, and Thus, while the professional man be in- volved in enough work and resporisibiliik'i to drive him to the brink of exhnustion, his family IK; ignored, if not There are many reasons for this aLUtutio but, if small towns have the genuine wish to live and expand, it might he well worth while for their population lo ;i closo look at their altitude of welcome: or other- wise offered to the often lonoly families of thoir young professional Ff the rntiin reason for Inrk of smalt town growth in Alltcrta is, as report states, due to young professionals moving av.ay, there are possible anv.ors to this problem: Morn kinilna-.s rirrj thorn as hunum beings or, that, training ihoir own rhilrlrrn to fill profes- sional in thmr home towns. Hopefully, thfcsfi young people, and would sfay to kor-p corn- rmjrjir.irs ,'ilive ft ml growing, The laUcr rs nov; U-ing by fxurtf: rjf our who v.ill to .sturkmi.; Iron) small I owns mirj UK rn in of lire wise ovei Mihsoribfxl professions] faculties. Korea nnd China to bo more accommodating at Uie armi- stice talks. The remaining 15 dams wero never attacked be- cnuso in Juno an agreement was read ietl on t ho re pal rla- lion of prisoners. David Rees, a HritLsh historian of the Kor- ean war, has noted that "much too lato, the U.S. Air Force had at last found a pos- sibly decisive Inrgct system." Tho decision to attack tho dams was overshadowed by the warnings passed on to tho Chinese that America would widen the war, even to the ex- tent of using atomic weapons, unless there was agreement at Panmunjon. Tho attack on the dams had been one ot Iho new Eisenhower administra- tion's ways of showing that It really meant to end the war. It Is In (lie steady Increase of force, or its threatened use to push tho other side into proper negotiaions, that the parallel with Vietnam is to be found. President Nixon is keen to neg- otiate an end to the war bcforo the November election. Tim North Vietnamese spring offen- sive gave him an excuse to mine the North's harbors and bomb all military anil in- dustrial targets. Tills air war is continuing on n scale Jar be- yond tho needs of the battle- field in South Vietnam. It is, if you like, political bombing de- signed to extract concessions from Hanoi at the Paris talks. The North Vietnamese arc obviously aware of this and they would be foolish if they did not ask themselves how tho Americans might turn tho screws on them lighter. Tlicro ore various possibilities, such as a ground landing in tho North by South Vietnamese or even American troops, hut Ilio obvious next step would be to bomb the dikes. liy destroying the dikes tho Americans would destroy most of the North's agriculture. Hundreds of thousands of peo- ple would lose their homes. Many would die. Hanoi would need all the men and money it lias (o patch up the damage be- cause the bombing would have struck at the core 6f North Vietnamese life and social 'Yes, we Canadians should take a greafer Interest in national affairs and 1 think this McGovern will win our next election.' Tho factories and power plants that have been destroyed so far nrc only lato additions to the North's way of Jiving peripheral to Us sur- vival In a way the dikes not. Clearly North Vietnam can- not lake at face value Ameri- can that the dikes aro not a target. Hanoi and Washington are playing a very tough game at the moment. President Nixon, guided by his foreign affairs adviser. Dr. Henry Kissinger, believes force may here he applied to achieve a stable world system. It is a way of thinking Communists understand: they have never believed their virtues would bo triumphant unless they wcro backed by guns, One may guess, therefore fand it can only be a that Hanoi really did, ma.vbo still does, believe that America is considering bombing tho dikes. Whether the North Viet- namese believe America has already started planned attacks the dikes is another matter. But Hanoi very viously wants to raise such a hubbub t he dikes t hat Washington never has Ihe chance to attack them, if that is what it wants. It may also he that Hanoi fears that the incidental damage done to the dikes during at- tacks on other targets could bo dangerous, particularly if tho next rainy season brings the same high nnd fast-flowing water which on its own last year caused one of the worst floods in the North's history. And this, of course, Is whero the parallel with Korea ends. If America does not bomb the Vietnamese dikes it will not bo from Koft-hearteclncss, but be- cause political considerations make it an undesirable military move. Onco again in tho Viet- nam war politics aro messing up what is logically obvious from a simple military point of view. The West had little to loso by threatening to use atomic weapons in Korea causc its relations with the Communist powers accord- ing to the conventional thought of that day seemed ir- redeemably bad. And while Iho newly-elected Eisenhower had opinion behind him In his at- fempls to cm! the Korean war Mr. Nixon mast fight an elec- tion against a, man who would certainly mako Iho bombing of the dikes an issue. Hut the North Vietnamese still have to think what might happen after the American el- ection, People in the West may Jmvc forgotten how the Korean fighting ended, hut If any North Vietnamese has been dipping Into the history of the Korean war he Is bound to wonder whether its lessons might still not bo relevant to his own country. OFNS-COPYIUGHT. Colin Leguin How Africa's Asians helped create their own peril T ON DON The expulsion threat made against the majority of Uganda's Asians (most of them Indians) is the culmination of o crisis that has been mounting in East Africa since before the four for- mer II r i t i s h-controlled ter- ritories Kcmya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar got their Independence 1Q years ago. Whatever the finat outcome of the current nc goUattons between the British government and Uganda's mili- tary ruler, General Idi Amin, I ho prospects for Kast Africa's Asians are extremely bleak. hat happens next in Uganda could also gravely af- fect the future of the Asians in the immediately neighboring territories in Kenya and in as well fts of the in Malawi and in The Asian communities (Hin- dus, Muslims, Catholics, Sikhsj have chosen largely to keep themselves .separated f r o rn their hosLs protecting their ancient religions, Imi- cultures and sectarian jissodaLlons; building Ihcir own inosffiK'K and tcmple.s, Uioir rrirnmiimtl schools ami .so- cial club.s. Though not, living in ghettos they have lived in a state of virtual .social and cul- tural apnrlheiil, This wns largely, if not on- lireiy of their own making. Tlin British MiLlk-r helped to rein- for re- the primn! instincts of tho of brown to cling when Ihf-y nr rivet I as strangers in l-'ist quarter of the UHri century, to hiiilrl railway linr-s, lo work on pliint.ilions as in- dcnlurerS Inhor, and to provirlo tho rmich-norrM .skills for the young colon if-s, Asians v.cre, Miove all, a Irilif- fjf .Hiiofikccpfiis. grc.-jf cnorgy nnd .skill, ami mostly Jiving rm tho proverbial smell of an oil-rag, they traded, and grafted and, like most merchants given half a chance, they cheated their ignorant black customers. Memories of thi.s cheating arc one of the main ingredients which have helped to feed prejudice against Asians. The majority did not in fact prosper. Most only survived; a number did reasonably well; only a hanrJful became fabu- lously rich. But. they prospered os a community, and they brought m more of their own relations lo work for them (lorn if ever employing blr.oks except a.s menial ser- vants: another serious of prejudice. The seeds of the present threatening disaster are to be found in those early refntion- .ships brnhveen Asians and black Africans. As described hy two of K.'ist Africa's leading Asian scholars, Dr. Dharam Ghai and 3'rcfessor Yash (Jhai, relations voro mostly at (fie shopkeeper- riistorncr or master-servant level, neither of which is cal- culated to inspire good Tiic Ghals comment: 'More- over, (he Asian treatment of their African servants lia.s been Urm-rally scjnidalou.s, with abuse and Indignities often lif-npcd on them and basic minimal rights denied. As cli- ents of Asian traders, Africans have long nursed n sense of be- rxploitrd." Against hLs background it is ftasy to understand why tho Asian incomr-r was looked upon by HIP African as "an alien." His mistrust of the punjabi or Ohe I wo groups of (ntlians) was fed by (lie firilish, with their .social WIIEC of superiority over all "If.sfior and espcciril- ly over UK; lovJy-brcd anil mostly illHcrnln fnrlian inimi- Jliant. Asians were- accused of owing no loyalty to Iho conn- tries of their adoption, and of exporting all the wealth they made through "exploitation." The facts are somewhat dif- ferent, Asians, as they pros- pered, began to invest their surplus wealth in property and industry. They, in fact, built and own most of the modern buildings in most of the cities and major towns of East Afri- ca. Well over DO per cent of all the High Streets of Uganda aro Asian-owned. It is this fact produced by thn industry, thrift and local in- vest merit of the successful Asian trader which is now being used ES a major point of atUck against him, II is not a question of whether he j.s good or a bar! landlord, but (hat he is the only landlord. Apart from investing in prop- erty, the wealthier Asians play- ed a major role in pioneering manufacturing industry, pro- cessing and plantations, cially in Uganda. As such (hey became the first class of local capitalists. A few score of Asian families have establish- ed themselves as the tycoons of Kflst Africa a lycoonory hawid on a major pioneering ef- fort, hut none the less unpopu- lar twl.'iy for being extrav- agantly rich aitit powerful when the majority of Idacks are pitifully poor, and feel themselves to be insulted by the socially proud and distinc- tively separate Asians. Politically, too, they found themselves in a t.r.ip. If n dor colonial nifc the Asians were kept fairly firmly out of politics by the wFiito settler politicians and colonial rulers of (lie day. tho growth of black na- tionalism Ihe dominant Asian leadership failed (o listen to Urn late T'i'indit Nehru's advice lo associate: themselves with IIto n nt i-colonial movements. In- slcarl, Iho majority sought to ally with Ihe tlnrs to establish n political base for thcm-sclves. With the notable exception of a handful of radicals in Kenya, Uganda and the thrusting black nationalists felt that tho Asians were allies of the col- onialists in wishing to impede their getting control of their own countries. At the time of Independence, however, an agreement was marie whereby Asians with birth or residential qualifica- tions would be allowed to opt for either local or British citi- zenship. Unsure of the future the majority of Asians hcsi- (alcd before making up their mind; meanwhile the options were reduced as African na- tionalist pressures for more Looking Tlirnngh din Hrrnld 1322 Tnkc your wife or sweetheart lo n good Ice Cream Parlor. Where the ico Is sold, ami get n good IreaL. The Crystal Dairy JH32 'Hie striking miners of the West Canadian Colleries failed to prevent the lire Ixisses am' other officials ct the com- pany from mining coal (his morning. Wticn the miners ar- rived at the mine this morning they were met with jobs and opportunities grew, and as the non-citizen Asian was seen to filling n job or owning a shop that Africans fell could and should belong to them. General Amin has now set himself at Ihe head of this populist movement to preach Ihe kind of undiluted racialism that past emotions and expe- riences have helped produce. Instead of damping dosvn thoso dangerous feelings he has sought deliberately to arlleu- late them nml officially to li- cence (hem. This path can lead only lo Just how much Iragcdy it is hard to foretell. (Written Inr The llrrald onrl Tlic Observer, Ixmtlnn) backward an unexpected show of forco on the p.-irt of Uio IICMP. 1812 Miss Canada, reprc- scnlral by It nllractive young belies in smart uniforms of red, white and blue, will In- vade 150 places business In on Tiicviday morn- ing for Ihe purpose of supply- ing local merchants with war saving .stamps. 1M2 Walcrhn Lakes Na- tional f'ark hni1 visitors, more lhan last year. The Lethbrulge Herald 50-1 7th St. S., Lcthbridfie, Alhcrta LETIIBR1DGK IffiRAM) TO. F'roprictors and Publisher! Published J005-19M, by Hon. VV. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan Mall Rcglifraflco no. 0012 6f The Canadian Prpis and Ihe rally publishers' and Ifie Audit n' circulation! CLEO VI. MOWERS, Edllor and Publkhtr THOMAS H. ADAMS. Central Manager DOM PILI.ING wil I tAM HAY Managlns Cdiln Editor ROY r. MILES nour.iA'j v. WAI MvirllHng KrlltoriAi Pagt CdHor THE HERA18 THE SOUTH" ;