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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD _ Salimloy, August 15, 1970___ Maurice Western Gold Has No Discernible Future Tax Reform A 'Must' At Uic cundusion of the hearings of the Commons Committee on Fi- nance, Trade and Economic Affairs on (he White Paper on Tax Relorm, the finance minister made a state- ment, insisting that the govern- ment's position is flexible ami that many of the criticisms that have been made will be considered sym- pathetically. Mr. Benson, however, made it quite clear that the government in- sists on having tax reform. In his view this means that there must be a reasonable and workable system of taxing capital gains. It means that the tax burden must be shifted away from Canadians with the low- est income. And it means that a system must be designed in which the taxes that are payable in theory are paid in practice. The government can be persuaded to change specific proposals set out in the White Paper but it cannot be deflected from ils goal of tax re- form. This a proper attitude. It- is also right that the uncertainty facing taxpayers in general anil business in particular should be quickly met. There is no possibility now that reforms could be implemented at the start of 1971, as contemplated in the White Paper. Time is needed to examine the report of the parlia- mentary committee when it is avail- able. There will have to be further discussions with the provinces. Then will come the actual drafting of amendments to the Income Tax Act followed by debate in the House of Commons and the Senate. And after the amendments are passed, the provincial governments will have to have time to amend their legisla- tion. It appears to be the aim of Mr. Benson to start the reformed sys- tem at the beginning of 1972. This sounds optimistic considering how much time it has taken just to work over the White Paper proposals. .QTTAWA: T h e minister of energy, mines and re- sources lias announced that the government will Introduce leg- islation this fall to extend (lie gold mining subsidy for an- other two and one half years. This will be the 10th such extension and another is fore- cast. It is doubtless unavoid- able for social reasons but there is little else to be said for what amounts to a semi-per- petual, make work program. Most of (he subsidies borne by the taxpayer are defended, reasonably or unreasonably, as transient measures. We start- ed with tariffs for "infant in- dustries" which, it was hoped, would gain the strength to stand on their own feet. Nowa- days a wide range of aids are available. There may be tax incentives to encourage min- eral exploration; import quotas to assist industries in rational- izing production; direct grants to lure new industries into dis- advantaged areas and so on. But all, or nearly all of them, are intended to stimulate the production of useful goods on the basis of calculations, sound or otherwise, that the industry will be able within a reason- able period to achieve econo- mic efficiency. In the case of uranium, for example, the view was that world demands although inade- quate in the short term, would greatly improve by the middle '70s. This was optimistic by a few years but the basic calcu- lation has not changed. The government is continuing hold- ing operation on advice from the experts that uranium has a bright future In Canada. Gold is quite different. Far from being a healthy infant, it is a slowly dying man. It has no discernible future. It is not being encouraged to expand. It is not essential to our secu- rity; it is not wanted by gov- ernment and only to a limited extent by the arts, (subsidiza- tion is limited to gold produced and sold as bullion to the Royal Canadian The only pur- pose of the policy, as slated by Mr. Pcpin when he was minis- ter, is "to permit a slow de- cline with a view to protecting the communities rather than the operators of these mines." This would be perfectly un- derstandable as short term policy. But the emergency gold mining assistance act was passed in 22 years ago. It was renewed in iosi 1952, 1953, 1955, 195C, 1958, I960, 1963 and 1967. It is to be renewed without change to June 30, 1973 and Mr. Greene indicates that if "suitable adjustment pro- grams" can be developed, it will then be renewed again until December 31, 1975, Why should taxpayers be re- quired to sustain an "emer- gency" for 24 years before ad- justments (other than those of simple attrition) are even at- tempted? And Why does Parlia- ment persist in treating exten- sions as routine measures worthy of nothing more than superficial debate? Part of [he reason presum- ably is that the gold payments constitute a mere drop in the Ottawa subsidy barrel. T h e cost in (he last year was esti- mated at about million. In all. however, the industry has extracted something like million from the taxpayer, which is a great deal of public money. With the price of gold fixed over the years, costs have been rising. The government has paid subsidies on an in- creasing scale, related to pro- duction costs rising from 526.50 per ounce to Although the number of mines has dropped steadily from 117 in 1948 to about 32 at present, the sub- sidy has actually tended to in- crease. It averaged an ounce in the first year; rose to in 1966. Today most mines receive the maximum of 510.27. Employment has drop- The Legal Age It is to be hoped that Attorney- General Edgar Gerhart can carry the day in his conviction that the legal age in Alberta should be set at eighteen. There seem to be no good reasons for settling for something else when a change is being made. Certainly a change is in order. Ir- ritation and confusion follow from the present Alberta distinction that young people can vote when they are nine- teen but are not considered to be of legal age until twenty-one. The trend seems to be to fix both the legal and voting age at eighteen. For Alberta to be out of step with the rest of Canada and the Western World on this matter would be foolish. Actually Alberta is ahead of some of the provinces now in having lowered the voting age. There should be no faltering in moving to what secrns to be a sort of concensus. No need exists for reiterating the arguments for the lowered voting and legal age. They have been dis- cussed to the point of boredom. The need now is for action before the alienation of youth proceeds further. Summer Games A big boost has been given to sports in south Alberta by the highly suc- cessful competitions held in Pincher Creek during this past week. Having a regional Summer Games was ob- viously a good idea. The games not only provided a satisfying opportunity for competition for a large number of people who would otherwise never have such an experience but it should prove to be a stimulus to the wider competitions already in existence. Canada's show- ing in international games could very well improve as a result of such re- gional games as those just held at Pincher Creek. It is a way of dis- covering talent and encouraging its development. With leisure time apparently on the increase it is important that there be more such occasions for mass parti- cipation. Those who conceived the idea and those who brought it to ful- filment are to be commended. "I want to talk io you, son.' It's about the cereal we hay! insisted that you ecrt 1970 If NEA, lot "Now that you're you supposed io be Buffering around, or ped from to about The outlook would be less gloomy if there was any serious prospcet that world monetary authorities had any thought of a return to gold. But the government had no such expectation In 1967, as Mr. Pcpin noted in his speech, there is even less now since the international monetary fund in- troduced the "paper gold" known as special drawing rights. This killed the short- lived boom that developed on a free market following the insti- tution of a two tier system hi March 19611. So the pin-pose of the sub- sidy remains what it was: to prolong a decline: in Mr. Greene's words "minimizing the economic and social hard- ships on the many gold mining communities directly concern- ed." Most of these, unhappily, are single enterprise communities. The government, this time, is making certain conditions; four months notice if a mine closed down; enlistment of the manpower consultative service to assist in placement of em- ployees facing layoffs: future Wrings to be effected through manpower centres. But the plan for the future is not much more than an as, piration. The government is to approach the provinces and communities with a view to developing, in co operation with the companies and unions, "suitable adjustment p r o- grams." This will not be easy since the work force involved is high in.average age (about half the workers are 45 or older) and low in educational attainment. Further the gold towns are single enterprise communities by necessity and not choice. Without question, the govern- ment is right in taking this init- iative. It should, however, have been taken long ago and cer- tainly in 1967. What is under consideration is an "emer- gency which, according to the present schedule, will have lasted 27 years." At the hands of the bureau- crats, language has lost its meaning but the bill remains a bill to be honored by the tax- payers of Canada. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Anthony Westell Weekend Meditation t Gives You Pleasure? Quiet Diplomat Leads Battle To Protect Arctic TJAVID COPPERFIELD recalled sitting with his aunt in church. He relates, "Again I listen to Miss Murdstone mumb- ling the responses and emphasizing all the dread words with a cruel relish. Again I see her dark eyes roll round the church when she says 'miserable as if she were calling all the congregation names." Rose Macaulay describes Nan, a similar character to Miss Murdstone, in "Dangerous Ages." "Her worst fault was a cynical unkindhess, against which she did not strive, because investigating the less admirable traits of human beings aroused her." Even the Psalmist seems at times to get joy out of the sad fate of his enemies. A terrible spirit of vengeance pops out of the most unlikely places. The Psalmist is going to get joy out of seeing them all dead. Even if one strain the interpretation to mean spiritual enemies, the language is a bit fierce. The tone is far from Jesus who commanded men to pray for their enemies, do good to them who hated them, and learn to love all ir.en. It sounds like the advice of an impossible perfection! Yet the advice is given, not for the sake of the enemies, but for the sake of the people themselves, those who were asking how they could get lo heaven or get heaven inside them. Hale is a self destroyer. People who get pleasure out of malice or the misfortunes of others are a sorry lot who come to a miserable end. Yet some people seem to get satisfaction even out of the misfortunes of their friends! One sees this spirit of hostility at work in strikes, racial conflict, class warfare, and national wars, the bitter hostility which tells of nn awful anguish of the spirit. Until men can exercise this demon from their hearts I hey will never know peace nor jny. Is the hope that one day love may over- come hale an absurdity, a sentimental idiocy.' A'o, it is the (rue sanity and all else LS folly. "The degradation of spiritual life wrote Elisabeth Huguenin in "Mission de la "has brought with it the de- gradation of relationships between Hie sexes. Where there ought to be a mutual strengthening, our calls for Ihc organi- zation and coinpailmcntalizalion of human activity, instead of Ihc mystery of love, debate is called fur; instead o'f a life of communion, each partner lives a separate life." This attitude of the home widens into society, into the nation, into the world. Men walk as strangers and so walk in fear and distrust, knowing little of that blessed love that casts out fear. Little do they know either of that steady contemplation of the true, the good, and the beautiful. Then- hearts are dark, their minds tor- mented, ns they seek revenge upon their enemy the world. Such is the strange perversity of human nature that often resentment comes from a wrong one has oneself done to another! Any man who does another injury is likely to hurt him again. One bears grudges against others less from wrong they have done to us than from self disgust. The Bible commands us to love others as we love ourselves because the Bible is the wisest psychologist and knows that we can never love others until we love ourselves. Dangerous words? Not so! You must love yourself properly, not in a self centred, greedy way. but in the way of appraising your true worth, of knowing that Gort has given you talents worth appreciating, of holding yourself in the light of high values knowing God has made you, God loves you, God has great plans for you. "Blessed be he who heals us of our self because we can then expect great things from God and cease to despise others who also are the children of God. Like the Indian saint who said to his murderer, "And thou too art Unless you see men as partakers of divinity you cannot love them. A reporter watching a race riot reported "hate gnarled features, twisted by pas- sion as old as mankind." One thinks of them with great sadness. Poor folk! How unhappy they arc! What they must have suffered to make Ihcm so brutal! One must strive diligently to escape such a fale by cultivating compassion and forgiveness. Yes, and remember the wisdom of Burns' lines. "Ye high, exalted, virtuous dames. Tied up in godly laces, Before ye gi'e poor Frailfv names, Suppose a change o' places." Prayer: 0 Gad keep my mind clean, my heart my temper and tongue con- trolled, and my eyes ami lips smiling. Eveiy prime minister is to some extent his own foreign minister. The issues of peace and war, the national image to be presented abroad and reflected at home, the opportunities to strut as a world statesman, are of such political importance that they cannot be entrusted completely to the minister of external af- fairs. The Prime Minister must keep a daily watch on events and have available the private information and advice en- abling nime to intervene when he thinks desirable. Lester Pearson was of course his own expert, after years as a diplomat, and never needed as PM to make special ar- rangements to monitor policy. The external affairs depart- ment continued to look to him as the natural boss. John Dicfenbaker's solution, when prime minister, was to have a couple of officials from external affairs seconded to his personal staff. Basil Robinson who became one of the few civil Letters To The Editor servants that Dief ever really trusted, continued to rise in ex- ternal affairs under Pearson, and recently transferred to the challenging diplomatic post of deputy minister in the depart- ment of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. The second official in Dief's office, for a time, was a very junior diplomat called Ivan Head. He later became a pro- fessor of law at the University of Alberta and began to build an international reputation. Piere Trudeau brought Head back to Ottawa, first as constitutional adviser and then as legislative assistant, keeping him in touch with business in the Commons and briefed for his daily jousts with the oppo- sition at question time. But steadily, over the months, Head's other job of foreign policy adviser to .the Prime Minister became more important. Now, from his cubby-hole of- fice next to the PM's suite in Parliament's centre block, and close to the suite of the exter- Today's Immorality nng us iiy Doug Walker Cliff Black has had a good deal of criticism about his let- ter recently but no one can deny that his comments are true. Immorality, licence and por- nography are on every side. Our society tolerates, and even turns a blind eye to immorality and hypocrisy heaped upon hypocrisy. Illegitimacy has reached fan- tastic numbers in Alberta. Girls have unwanted babies. Then they give them away. Even animals do better than this. Such children may live half a lifetime in an institution breeding more immoralily, Pigeon I would like lo comment on Uie disgraceful mess of pigeon litter around the post office. It. seems thai on every hand we are trying to promote our city to people that pass through, which is good, but we do nodiing about a horrible mess like this, which certainly leaves nothing but a horrible thought in peoples mind. Perhaps a day of Ihis could IK: excused, but. Ihis has been Roing on for necks now. Isn't anyone concerned about this more delinquency, more crime. Society will smile hypocritical- ly when such girls then marry in a church, in white, yet! Other examples of our pres- ent day immorality are count- less but the above seems to be one of the worst, combining as it does cruelty with moral lax- ness. Even animals do not abandon their newborn, People do not like lo face up to the situation as described in Air. Black's letter. But he is right ano rays of hope for the future are few and far be- tween. CAL ECKHURST. Lethbridge. Litter matter? Oln'ioiisly, the city doesn't care or something would have been done about it some time ago. do hops that you will pub- lish this letter lo let people know thai there is at least one taxpayer in town who's not very happy with this situation. DISGUSTED TAXPAYER. Lclhbridge, Kdilor's mile: This le.Uer nils written Injure an edi- torial on (lie same subject appeared in The Herald. nal affairs minister, he serves almost as Trudoau's private ambassador, undertaking mis- sions abroad, receiving foreign diplomats and heading nego- tiating teams. During the Biafra crisis in 1968, when Trudeau wanted an independent assessment of the situation in Lagos, he sent Head to supplement the reports from the high commission. Later, Head went with Tru- deau to see UN Secretary-Gen- eral U Thant, and to the Con- f e r e n c e of Commonwealth Prime Ministers in London. There was considerable con- cern in the external affairs de- partment at one lime about the rise of Head as foreign policy advisor outside the regular bu- reaucracy. But the relationship now ap- pears to be warm and co-op- erative; Head is in touch with Under-Secretary Ed several times a day and is scrupulously careful to keep the minister, Mitchell Sharp, briefed on his activities. The diplomats still may not like to see any outsiders play- ing such an influential role in their field, but the soft-spoken, unassuming, tactful Head 40 this month' has made him- self more personally accepta- able than most in a difficult role. The diplomats also have to accept (hat Trudeau wants to keep under his own hand the one policy area in which he may decide to play a leading role on the world stage the campaign to create internation- al conlrols against pollution. But Canada's national need to protect the Arctic and the other coasts against pollution coincides with emerging world interest in the problem of pre- serving the ocean ecology, and Trudeau may have the oppor- tunity to make his world repu- tation to win his Nobel prize by placing himself in the forefront of this popular cause. This is the area in which Head has recently been spend- ing much of his time. He play- ed a major role in developing the Arctic policy, and is now deeply engaged in gathering international support for Can- ada's claim to control shipping in Arctic waters, as a defence against pollution. Although the issue has dropped from the headlines and from public attention, Canada's Ritchie c'aim is far from being accept- ed as law by all other coun- tires. The first reaction in many countries, in fact, was to ques- tion the Canadian position very sharply, and the government had to refuse to participate in a hurried international confer- ence, being organized by the United States, for fear of meet- ing a loaded jury which would throw the case out of court. Canada's quiet diplomacy now is directed to informing, educating and persuading other governments with interests in northern waters and shipping law. The strategy is to delay holding a conference until there has been an opportunity to win friends and influence a major- ity. was in Moscow last month to discuss the issues with Russia as another Arctic country, and stopped in Stock- holm on the way back- to talk to the Swedish government. He had also led Canada's case in tough but friendly ses- sions, here and in Washington, with a legal team from the U.S. state department, and has ex- plained the Canadian legislation through his private professional contacts with influential inter- national lawyers in New York. He will advise Trudeau soon on whether the time is ripe to attend the UN General Assem- bly in the fall and make a speech urging international co- operation to control pollution, and will brief the PM for his visist to Moscow in October. If all goes well, the culmina- tion of the ca'mpaign will be an international conference in Ottawa, with Trudeau as host, to endorse the Canadian initia- tive in the Arctic and thereby to write a new chapter in in- ternational law. LOOKING THROUGH THE HERALD 1920-Oldtimers will tell you ___ that the only thing you got He does n.jt think Canada when you purchased a car was has a future as a fixer of other a ,Jody and R ccst them ?200 lo to dress up a car. In 1907 one manufacturer included liglils and horn as standard equipment. For the past several days, workmen at the Empress theatre have been busy instal- ling "talking equipment in the building. thousand Nazi war- planes were loosed upon country's disputes, as a peace keeper or leader hi the West' ern alliance. (Toronto Star Syndicate) BACKWARD Britain today and 88 were shot down in a furious assault oil the suburbs of London. Nine- teen British planes were lost. baby girl was born I o d a y to Princess Elizabeth, heiress presumptive to the throne. Name of the infant was rat announced. i960 California announced Pacific Gas and Electric Co. has been authorized to build a nuilti- million dollar pipeline from the Oregon border lo de- liver Canadian natural gas lo Anlioch in the San Francisco Bay area. I want you nil lo tho new head of department. The Lethbtidcje Herald 504 7lh SI. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and I he Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilr.r Associate Editor HOY f. MILES DOUGLAS K. WHLKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERAfD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;