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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta 3^ ikxM VOLUME XI. LETIIBRIDGE. ALBERTA, I'lUnSDAY. AlCUSM' If). 11)18 NUMBER 208 EVACUATE MOSCOW-ALLIED GAINS AlilES (L\THElllG IfEAM FORlA RESUMPTION OF THE DRIVE U.S.SHOUL RECOGNIZE CZECHS !U. S. Newspapers Say U. S. Should Follow Example of Great Britain. SHOULD OFFICIALLY . RECOGNIZE THE CZECHS AS A NATION NOW New York, Aug. m.-'rho Now Yoilt niorulim ncwspapoia in leading cell-torliils are practically iiiianiniotis hi tlioi!' praise ot Brittsli tliplomacy In recognizing the Czccho-Slovak nation anil urges similar action by the Vnitod States, Tim Time,') .sayB Great nritain's r.ec-ognltion Is a generous ad tran,seend-ing the custom and prescriptions of diplomacy. It urges a similar step hy the United States as a reward for the valor and loyal spirit of the Czocho-SIovaka, The Herald refers to the Brltisli action us an Important and gratifying step and predicts American recognit-, ion will follow without delay. �'ri|e Sun believes the recognition of the Czecho-Slovaks moans an increase in the alMed fighting forces and says: "By the rocogiiition . of a Czechoslovak state the allies have.given the elements of'dlssatlBfaction a definite rallyine: poliit, a promise ot a nation nllty for which they have striven for centuries and of an end to the years of oppression they have been forced to enduro under the odious Austro-llun-garian rule," The Tribune says: "We should lose no time in rccog-jiizing their independence and salving their flag,'.' The World is pon-comniittal buf> ngreos that "any encouragement to the Czecho-Slovaks in Russia has been well earned," ^ SOLDIERS IMIN ADVANTAGE DP SETTLEINTAC Ottawa, Aug. 15,-^'earIy seven hundred returned soldiers have now taken advantage ot the Soldier Settlement Act and have applied for the Kovernincut loan of $2590 at five per cent, interest, to enable them to ac quire land, stock, agricultural equipment, to erect farm buildings, etc, Tlie total advances so tar made to the TCturned men who are settling on tho^and is more than !f700,OO0, The amount of the loan Is based in each case on the security value ot the land. The loan consytutes a first jnortgago against the land until the Jiionoy Is repaid to the government. TRAVELLED 3000 ' MILES TO JOIN UP ;e to' London, Aufl. 15.-A British force from Northwest Persia has reached the Caspian Sea and tak-jn over a pai% of the defenses of Baku. CALDER, Ni OXFORD, TO BE UNOPPOSED Woodstock, Ont., Aiffl, 15.-The unopposed election of John Calder to tuccaed'Hon. N.-^, Rowel! as member for North Oxford in the UglsUtiVe aieembly 'appears to be conceded. The Conservative party will not oppose Mr. Calder, according to the statements of various prominent party workers from all over the district. ,;ANADIAN CASUAt-TIES. Ottawa, Aug. 15,-In today's list of 114 ' niiiuosr 04 AVestern'Canudiv boI-^iors and, ofClcoi's are caaualtiec Camp Lewis, Tacoma, Wash,, Aug. 15,-Lsland Hudson, a selective draftee from Paxson, Alaska, 200 miles north of Fairbanks, Is here ptter a trip of more than three thousand miles which he travelled by dog team, buckboard,. mail barge, river steamer, railway and coastwise vessel. He thought he would be classed as a deserter If he did not make the trip as quickly as possiblr. His home address Is Seattle. BLOCK SUBS FROM IDITERRANEAN Greater Effort is Needed Here, Thinks Franklin Ituogeveit U. S. to Have 3,000, France By June 30, Washington, Aug. 15.-In Reporting the adminlGtratlon man power bill extending the draft ages today, Chairman Chamberlain disclosed to the senate that General March, chief of staff, had told the military committee it was up to the United States to put enough men In France to win the war on the-west front. The report revealed that the new American war programme calls for eighty divisions, or something more than three million men in France by June 30, next year, with 18 more divisions In training at home then. All of the men called for .Tctivo service under tHe proposed new draft ages, 18 to 45, Gencr.nl March told the committee, would be in France by next June, .nccording to the program. Immediate extension of the draft ages was declared by the army representatives to be imperative In order that the United States may throw its full strength into the struggle. :Manchostcr, Aug, 13,-The Manchnn-ter Ci\iardlaii yesterday discussed the rennirks of I'^anklln D, Roosovel!, assistant secretary of tlie American Navy (Jepartnicnt with regard to the closing �t the Adriatic Sea to enemy submarines, "What Mr, Hoosevelt says about important naval measures to keep the Mediterranean reasonably clear of submarines," says the newspaper, "is very welcome. Pour campaigns de-l)ond wholly or partly on sea communications in the Mediterranean- the French, Italian, Salonikl and Palestine campaigns. "A distinct Improvement began when, after the tour ot Sir Eric Oed-des, lirst lord of the British admiralty ot the Mediterranean, the anti-sub-macine work in these waters was put under charge ot a, British admiral. But we are still far from having achieved all we can In (order to secure full use of the'sea for the armies of the allies which Is UiQ goal Mr. Roosevelt sets, "lie speaks of closing the Adriatic to Austrian submarines. That, if It can be done, would dispose ot the enemy's chief bases," STRIP TORPEDOES TO SAVENIATERIAL Torpedoes Are Now Deprived Of AU Delicate Mechanisms AH Irish Port, Aug, 14.-(Correspondence of the Associated Press,)-The Germans In their extremity to make their raw materials lor munitions go as tar aS possible have stripped their torpedoes until they are as bare as skeletons as compared, lo tUo former efficient mechanisms. It seems that the idea of the Germans Is to gain the highest possible explosive power and to, eliminate the delicate and expensive propelling and steering vapparatus. This jhas been done at the cost of accuracy -and range of fire and at the same time enhances the danger to the JJ-boats by forcing them much closeT' to their target than would be necessary If the older types ot torpedoes were used, it has resulted in a gveat saving ot copper and brass. Under normal conditions,a torpedo should be effective at two tUousnud yards or more hut the Germans now HOldoiu fire from more than f>00 yards and when tliey feel they are sajfe they approach closer.' At close range the stripped torpedo practically Is as ef-tectiie as the more complete types but Uio tact remnlnrthat the Germans Imve forced their submarine commanders to pay in danger for .what they have saved by producing; an inferior torpedo. GREAT DECREASE IN LOSS OF SHIPPING Paris, Aug. 14,-The allied and neutral shipping iiunk by enemy sub-murines during the month ot, July amounted to 270,000 tons, compared with 534,839 tons sunk In July. 1917, This radical decrease in losses is doubly significant when tthe Increase In merchant marine navigation resulting from the ,American shlpbnildii^ effort Is considered. The entente nu," ions constructed during July a tonnage in excess of 280,000 to that destroyed during the njoptli by enemy operations. The 12ntonto lonimgo suuU in 1918 was fiO per cent ipsa tUan tlmt lost in 1917. Allies Getting Up Steam For Another Offensive; Making Further Advance London, Aug, 15,- (4 p.m,)-The French have captured alii the high ground on the Lassigny massif and are working down the north and eastern sides so that a further retirement of the enemy In that sector is probable, according to advices' received here this afternoon. 'RETREAT EXI'ERT' OF HUNS TO COMi^IAND Paris, Aug, 15,-(H.ivas Agency.)-Gencr.ll Hans Von Boehn, the German "retreat specialist," has iJeen appointed to the supreme command of the German forces on the Somme front. The newspapers believe that this change in the German command. Is highly significant. Tho German withdrawal north of Albert is looked upon as tho first application of his tactics. cj iciiiine gons BeIiev�-.,They Captured Five Times as" Many as Given Credit For Paris, Aug. 15,-The violent artillery duel between the Avre and the Olse continued during last night, according to the statement from the War Office today. A German raid in Champagne failed. The statement reads: "The night was marked by the rather intense activity of the artillery between the Avre and the Olse. "An enemy raid in Champagne , against the Marquis sector was without Vesult." HAMMERIN6 AWAY Paris, Aug, 15,-Both sides are gathering strength for a resumption of heavy fighting. That, hoyv-ever, does not prevent the French from hammering away at the ' Lasslgny-Noyon line and doggedly struggling onward through gas-choked woods. General Humbert's men have carried RIbecourt which barred the road running toward Noyon, between Thiescourt Ridge and the Olse and projected the Germans from Ourscamp Forest,^east of thj river. It is a useful success that seriously endangered both Thiescourt Ridge' and the Ourscamp salient. The enemy In the Thiescourt salient already severely .'shaken by the attacks of 3ensrol Humbert's left, Is reported to be, showing signs of giving way. 30,000 PRISONERS London, Aug, 16.-Since August S, when tho allied attack in Plcar-dy began, the British and French have taken prisoners to the num: ber of 30,344. The British patrols were active throughout last night In the district between Albert and Avette 3,0 N FLYING CORPS where the Germans began their retirement yesterday. The patrols have maintained close touch with the enemy in this region. The British made further progress at several points along the front. BATTLE AT STANDSTILL With The French Army in France, Aug. 14.- (Reuters)- Along the new batiftfi fl^ds from Gury to Thiescourt the struggle came to a-standstill today. In addition to the St. Claude ' and Ecouvlllon Farms, we hold to the north of Belval Village and a foot-, Ing in Ple,ssier-De-Roye Park. The battle, therefore, has reached a natural conclusion and the danger of a counter-attack from the Thiescourt massif has been removed. It is not known whether the battle will be renewed or not, but If It Is It will be a new operation, with stronger m.nterlal and greater man power on both sides. BRITISH ADVANCE. London, Aug. 15.-The British line has been advanced slightly east of Rainecourl, in the district northwest of Chaulnes, on the Plc-ardy battlefront, today's wac^office statement announces. Londoni Aug, io,-Tiow war makes a variety of bed fellowships was shown this morning, when ambulances disgorged at a London hospital two Toronto lioutenanis with Imperial tanks and an officoi- who had several Canadians serving with his tank. All three had been in the sumo section jt the tight, "Did yon see the noclie beating up the hill when our cavalry charged'/' exclaimed one of thes(> Canadian }-oungstem to an elderly man of the Imperials, All three offlcur.s declared the newspaper corre.spondents seemed lo undcr-cstimale the number of prisoners and material captured. In niachlno gnus for iuBtance. they bolloved tho Canadians captured five times as many as they are given credit tor. These machine guns wore turned upon the flying men who a tew minutes , licfare liad. ,\ia.ndlctl t)iein, the Bosclio not liav-ing' time to eveii spoil the sights. Many Germans were found in the trenches sound asleep. ET FORCES: EASTWARD Bolsheviki Forces Retreat from Moscow-Significant of Crumbling of the Bolsheviki Government-Czechs in Western Siberia Need Aid Immediately or They May Be Cut Off, Says London Correspondent. i ENIHUSIASTICALLY REVIEW SIIUATI Paris Papers Say Foe Has Been Soundly Beaten and Initiative Wrested from Him Paris.'Vug. 15.-.Tust four weeks ago today the resident.? of Paris were awakened by tho sounds of. such a cannonade as had never been heard before. It was General Mangin'a counter ji^eparation against the great German attack which tlio enemy believed was lo bring him to the gates ot Paris. v In phr.ises tempered with joy. the morning newspapers outline the great change that one short month has brought. The enemy, who was at tho gates ot Amiens, Rhelms and Com-poigne, has been soundly beaten and Faced Death With Boys in Front*out-generallod at every point and Ini- linp While ReDortine- tialive has been wrung frpm him by Liine wnilC KCporung . ,^j, military genius ot General Foch, Battle Ottawa, Aug, 14,-Unomcially. but from a thoroughly reliable source, tho Canadian Press learned 41)at the total numbor of Canaillans on tho strength of the lloyal Plying Corps and tho lioyal Naval .Air Service, now amalgamated Into the Uoyal Air Force, now stands at 13,41)5, This total comprises 1,008 olllcera seconded from th(> Canadian Expedltiomiry Force; 1,040 other ranks discharged from the C, K, P,; 10,G0;i enlisted in Canada for ll,F,C, and R,N,A,; 04 lent to 11, A,P,, , , , , , . , , tor aerodrome construction and ibo was noted tor going about his work civilians who came to England ,t j qulelly and well and never asking any their own expense and enlisted In tho Toronto, ,\uk. '�-A striking tribute' to tho work of Stewart Lyon, editor of the Globe, anumg the Canadians at the front while acting as correspondent ot the Canadian Press, was paid today by Captain Sinclair, who Is in Toronto with Prince Arthur of Con-naught. "You have a man here called Stewart Ijyon, who was over with us at 11)0 Canadian lioadinmrtors,'' ho snld, "lie is one of the most gallant fellows 1 over met, and 1 feel sure that the Prince would like to meet him again," Captain-Sinclair said .Mr, I^yon was} most popular among thb headauartors I staff of tho Canadinn army, whore ho ' The Gorman command. It is said, has i transferred the direction ot operations to General Von Boehn, a specialist in retreats, .Mlicd troops have captured 7?.,000 prisoners and more than 1700 guns. This is a greater numbor than tho allies have taken in four weeks since the beginning ot the war. SERIOOS SIIUAII IST.]Oi,N.e. unostlons oxcoi)l iiuch as were neceS' sary for the mulerstanding of the maps, "tJut the man was so gallant. Whenever ho lii'iinl that there was going to bo an itllack ho would slip away iiiiiclly to the very front lino air service. On account of their special adaptability and Initlallvo Canmlluns proved to bo excellent Hying olUcers and It la understood that no less than y cent of tho actual, flying oflicors in I |,';�"'i';fj', �",'|, ^',',^,V' '�fn,,Bo-1 house .electric lighting. The gas ser Franco are Canadians. St. John, N. H., Aug. I,">.-The members of the local street railway men and allied tuions struck this morning. Tho city,Is without u tram Kcrvice. More serious is ii possible � shut down of the company's plant wlikh supplies many industrial planl.s In the city, also the street and shop anil A GOOD WORK. (Canadian- Press.-British recognition of tho Czecho-Slovaks is com mentod upon favorably by the newspapers. The Daily Graphic says that it moans that in addition to the other war alms, the allies are now committed to the formation of a separate and Independent Czechd-^ovak nation out of the ruin of the Austrian empire. Is Gratified Washington, Aug, 14,-^Thomas 'Mas avark, president of the Czecho-Slovak f National Council today sent a message to Arthur ,T, Balfour, British secretary tor foreign affairs, exprosalnE appreciation tor the action of the British government in recognizing the Czecho-Slovaks as a nation. Czechs Cut Off.. . Lono^n.^^ijig,, io.-rr'Jlio .Czecho-Slo-.��(ks. ill Siberia are In a dangerous position a'iid are liable lo be cut off altogether, says tho correspondent of the Times al Vladivostok. Only a fraction of those between the Volga and Lake Baikal are armed and all are deficient In every sort ot equipment., They are cut off from the Far East and it is impossible to learn what Is happening to them. The corres-4)ondent says there is much apprehension concerning them la Vladivostok and adds: "The Czechs are pathetically anxious to push west and assist their hro-thera. They are contemplating desperate measures In order to reach them, but their force is ridiculously small, compared to- their opponents, while they lack most auxiliary equipment and are deficient even in the essentials, , "It it is the allied Intention to hold the roar while the Czeclis do tho fighting, General Dietrich's small force-might well be anfalhilated but It Is inconceivable that the allies will refrain from active co-operation and that cooperation must be on a larger scale than hitherto contemplated." \ Urges Haste. In an editorial the Times emphasizes tho urgency ot hastening allied action. It says that the Czechs have been driven back fromnhe Ussurl front and also ""have suffered reverses in Eastern Russia. It is Imperative, the Times declares, to send help to Western Siberia through Harbin, whence, it says, Lake Baikal ought to bo reached ill moderate strength within a reasonable time. DRASTIC ACTION Cars of Food Which Are in Dispute Are Seized and Ottawa, Aug, l.^,~In or'dor to prevent wihslc. tho Canada Food Board has ordered tho seizure "and immediate sale of two cars of fish at,Calgary which-wore refused by tho purchaser on account, of their condition. Acting updor instructions from the tcod hoard, an inspector nt Winnipeg luKs soi:;eil a car of celery and arranged tor its sale. The tonalgnoe luid re fused to accept delivery, and Im.medl ate action was taken In order to sa-vo this food. � - - .\ car ot mixed vegetables has been Eolzfid and sold at Estevan, Sask., without waiting tor the, BBttlemont. ot matters In dispute between the consignee and consignor, ' - SUNK BY SUB, Boston, Aug. 15.-Four survl-vors'of the fishing schooner Progress, sunk by a Gerntan submarine Saturday were brought here today nfter being adrift in a storm twenty-four hours without a compase and with little water and food. Others of , the crew jwore landed earlier Ip, the week. GREAT BRITAIN AND IT. S. PROTEST THIS Washington, Aug. 15. - The United States and Great Britain have joined in a diplomatic protest to the Mexican- government against the oil land decrees of President Carranza, which, It is contended, amount practically to confiscation. Meanwhile the American and English companies have united In an agreement to refuse to meet the terms of the decree, which they contend would take the properties from them, and have agreed among themselves to depend upon their governments for protection of their Interests. U. S. SCHOONER SUNK.^ 1  Washington, Aug. 15.-The Am- � erican schooner Dorothy Barrett was sunk by shell fire from a -German submarine yesterday nwliy/. Cape May, N.J. Seaplanes and|'> ' submarine chasers sent to tH* - -scene dropped depth bgmbi on ' ' the spot where the (ubmarint was i' believed to have submerged. -^-^^J -j 21 14277922 514 ;