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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Greek premier out to prove army wrong ATHENS (API Premier Constantino Caramanhs, called back to government after 11 years in self-imposed exile in Pans, is out to prove to the Greek aimed forces that their decision to turn over the reins to civilians was a right one The 67-year-old, silver-haired civilian leader, has com- mitted himself to the restoration of democracy after seven years of militarv rule in Greece The military with the Cyprus debacle a growing threat ot war with Turkey and overwhelming domestic no other choice However, the military still is considered able to intervene again, as it did in 1967, if military leaders believe Caramanhs's decisions are too radical and pose a threat to their security The key to Caramanhs's success will be how his civilian re- gime of former leading political personalities and technocrats sohes the Cyprus crisis Sees inability Carmanahb is fully cognizant of the armed forces present inability to stand up to neighboring Turkey over the Cyprus problem The armed forces leadership following the 1967 armj coup has undergone numerous purges which created a serious lack of confidence But veteran observers believe there is a limit to how much pressure Greece can endure before taking a plunge into war against Turkey Many Greeks widely believe that Caramanhs is the only political personality capable of leading the country back to normality When the military junta decided to tuin over power to the t ivihans it did so after conferring for hours with former political leaders July 23 Present was George Mavros now foreign minister who had been jailed and exiled by the junta for his continued opposition Of the 11 men who were called on that eventful day to ad- vise the military leadership a handful were not named to cabinet posts in Cararnanlis's national unity government The suggestion to invite Caramanhs to return from Pans was made after all other ideas had been rejected by the mili- tary leaders Caramanhs s right wing government had lost in elections in 1963 The onh remaining member of the military junta in the government is President Phaedon Gizikis a four star general However Caramanhs has made it clear that Gizikis is simpK a symbol of the republic and nothing more Stays back Gmkis has remained discreetly in the background en dorsing cabinet decisions A ranking army officer said Gi 7ikis has privately expressed the desire to retire but the junta wants him to remain until the Cyprus problem is out of the way From all indications once Gizikis steps down Cara- manhs is expected to move quickly to the second phase of his program restoring complete individual liberties and po- litical Ireedoms In a speech shorth after his return Caramanhs said that the people will be called upon to decide the fate of ex king Constantine and the monarchy With the strong prospect that the Greek Communist party, orKKE will be legalized since its banning in 1936 it appears more likely that Caramanhs would favor a strong presiden- tial system of government with himself as the president The KKE is opposed to royal rule Many ot the present cabinet members also are known for their anti-royalist views But underneath the surface the nagging question of whether some of the more notorious members of the military junta would either be punished or purged remains un- answered Caramanhs has avoided posing a threat to the military Only one officer Brig Gen Dimitnos loannides strongman of the junta that toppled dictator George Papadopoulos last November was relieved of duty for six months Using the military police as his power base loan- nides had terrorized dissidents by permitting his subor dmates to torture exile and imprison them One of Caramanhs's first popular acts was to declare a general amnesty for all persons sentenced to jail for political offences The infamous Yiaros Island concentration camp was closed down and its 46 prisoners sent home It created a surge of public confidence in Caramanhs and bolstered his popularity Martial law stays However the martial law in effect since 1967 remains The government explained that martial law would stay as long as the external danger exists It would be abolished the government promised immediately after the threat of war with Turkey fades and demobilization is completed Military mobili7ation was declared after Turkey invaded Cyprus on July 20 With Carmanhs s arrival on the scene the daily news media also breathed a little freer But not too free The media were told by the police of the undersecretary to the premier Panaghiotis Lambreas to take a more con- servative appioach to news, especially the Turkish question j so as not to create public anxiety at this delicate stage Lambreas former managing editor of a right-wing news- paper shut down when the army seized power in 1967 went into self exile in London after he was threatened by the ar- my which considered him too liberal in his approach to news Newspapers that had closed following the army coup sud denlv c ame alive Even leftyvmg papers resumed publishing Bedrooms pose problem VANCOUVER ccp) if people continue the insen- sate spawning of children all governments might have to become concerned about the bedrooms in their nation says Dr Hugh Keenleyside Dr Keenleyside, a former diplomat and executive in the United Nations, and now chancellor of Notre Dame University at Nelson, B C made the comment at the six- th international congress of the world federation of Oc- cupational Therapists He warned that nations must take more seriously the issue of population control Dr Keenleyside said that 10 per cent of all the people who have lived are alive today He described ignorance and poverty as the two greatest contributors to continuance of population growth and said the major issues in the world are between rich and poor Even in the so-called developed countries there are still people who boast of the size of their cities and the rate of population he said Old ideas of progress die hard Bigger is still better in many minds Dr Keenleyside said that humanity could end poverty, reduce disease and abolish the grosser forms of ignorance by the application of knowledge and techniques already available "Only integrity and will are he said Wednesday, August 14, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 45 Farming boosts peace General recovering Gen Francisco Franco and his wife, Dona Carmen, relax in their El Pardo Palace residence garden in Madrid, where the general is recovering from a thrombophlebitis attack suffered July 9 COON RAPIDS, Iowa (AP) Roswell Garst sees agriculture as a means "of showing the way to world peace I tell people that a hungry dog is dangerous, but a well- fed dog is lazy The same general thing is true of he says Hybrid seed corn has been a passion with Garst since 1930 Convinced that it would produce greater yields than the old open-pollinated corn, he and a friend founded Garst and Thomas Co now one of the world s largest hybrid seed corn operations Garst toured the United States Midwest in the 1930s convinc- ing farmers to switch to hybrid seed corn He was just as convincing in 1955 when he began trading with the Soviet Union "because I thought there should be more communica- tion between the two countries He packed his order book and went to Russia and Romania and sold about million worth of hybrid seed corn The trading venture reached an apogee in 1959, when then Soviet premier Nikita Khrush- chev and an entourage of hun- dreds visited the Garst farm a mile tdsi of Coon Rapids They came to view what Communist nations con- sidered unorthodox farming methods that might bolster their flagging agricultural ef- forts 'I've entertained delegations from Chile and the Soviet Union in the same day, Garst says of his current efforts "I don't care about their politics or their religion All I want to do is help people who want to learn He said delegations that come to his central-Iowa farm to view his farming methods all have one thing in mind they want to eat better His prevailing concern he says is that agriculture can t provide sufficient world food unless backward nations are taught modern farming meth- ods and have access to hybrid seeds with their special growth characteristics Since 1972, he's sold the So viet Union tons of hybrid grain sorghum seed He s trying to convince the Russians that hybrid grain sorghum will grow well in cold northern Russia USES SPEAKER Garst remains gregarious and vocal despite removal of a cancerous voice box in 196d Now he speaks by nuzzling a battery powered device into the deep folds of his throat As he slowly exhales his thoughts pour out in a flat metallic monotone Conducting a tour of his properties Garst steered his car with one hand and held the vibrator to his throat with the other as he carried on a conversation The Garst name is on a dozen signs and buildings We run the bank and we farm on a verv large scale 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