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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tories won't get far in Quebec The LethbridgC Herald unless form provincial wing Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Federal Tories are not likely to get very far in Quebec unless they and their colleagues can succeed in their attempt to launch a provm cial party which will repre- sent conservative opinion, whatever it may be called Some of this opinion is represented in the House of Commons through the social credit members whose conservatism is more significant than whatever attachment they may have to the economic theories of their movement A little of it is represented by three Con- servative members Even taken together that is sparse representation for a segment of Quebec opinion that is a long way from be- ing negligible The conservative seg ment of opinion is even less adequately represented provmcially now that the National Union has dis appeared than it is federally No doubt manv conservatives voted for the Liberals in the last provm cial election as the most effective means of reject mg the separatist position of the Parti Quebecois Political developments of this sort like the huge Bourassa majontv that re suited are normally un stable however and soon break down The Conservatives are, therefore looking at near vacuums which invite filling Presumably they will be filled in one way or another At least in prin- ciple the Tones have as much reason to look on the present Quebec situation, provmcially and federally, as a moment of opportunity as of occasion for despair That is clearly what has brought Heward Grafftey, the Tory from Brome- Missisquoi, to his present call for action on the for- mation of a provincial par- ty The fact that the call has come from the party's lone English speaking MP from Quebec will probably cause some lifted eyebrows but he has some reason to feel that it is better coming from him than not at all If there is a risk it is that a new nght-of-centre party might at the moment pick up primarily English- speaking backlash against Bill 22 If that were to happen the Conservatives probably would be worse off than ever but there are a couple of semi- safeguards in the situ- ation One is simply time and the other the inevitability with which governments backed by huge majorities become unpopular Unless politics unfold in a very strange and improbable way during the next couple of years English opponents of Bill 22 will not be the only dis- satisfied people from whom some new Conser vative group could expect support Part of the Conservative problem nationally has been the party's long non- involvement in Quebec af- fairs, which left them with both an inadequate feel for the province and without an adequate organization This was not a state of af- fairs that they created by choice but it was one that has proven inordinately difficult for them to cor- rect When Maurice Duplessis formed the Union Nationale in 1936 from the old Conservative party and Liberals fed up with the Taschereau government, one incidental consequence was to cut the federal Tories off from any Quebec base Under Duplessis, the Union Nationale became intensely nationalistic, dedicated to provincial au- tonomy Its nationalism certainly was no less under Daniel Johnson In federal elections, Conservative candidates could get organizational help from the UN and often did but the philosophic differences were likely to be great enough to make these alliances uneasy With the collapse of the UN, the Conservatives were left without even this support The nationalism of the UN made inter-change between provincial and federal politics more dif- ficult than Conservatives would find it, for instance, in Ontario and this seems to have contributed to the evident difficulties federal Tories have had in develop- ing an understanding of French Canada The two solitudes were particularly real for them A feel for the province would have been more likely to develop if the federal paity had paid attention to its own organization in the province but this field was long neglected Eve if Grafftey and his friends succeed in bringing a provincial Conservative party into existence, the Tories have no reason for complacency Their weakness in Quebec has lasted through most of this century More than half of their federal members now come from west of Ontario at a time when East-West tensions within the party have gone un- resolved for years There is indecision in the party, not so much on the question of whether there should be a leadership convention, but on its timing At the present time, no possible leader has a clear edge over his likely rivals The need to choose a new leader is coming too soon for the convenience of one possible candidate, Peter Lougheed of Alberta The Conservative party's problems are not going to be solved in any quick or easy fashion Its members face hard work in whatever direction they look But un- less they can reduce their weakness in Quebec, all their other efforts to serve the country as a viable alternative to the Liberal party will be compromised and will be more lively than not to fail The Bad Lands They're world's best example of erosion RAPID CITY SD (CP> They re eroded canyons and drylands of cactus and grasses Indians called them rnako sica meaning bad lands French Canadian trappers called them les mauvaises terres which means the same thing One of Custer's generals described them as hell with the fires out' and to Daniel Webster they were nothing but shifting sands and whirlwinds of dust of cac tus and prairie dogs But to some visionaries in the 1930s these Bad Lands with their eroded spires, can- yons and ridges had a beauty of their own and their efforts to preserve them resulted in President Franklin D Roose- velt setting some of them aside as the Bad Lands Monu- ment in 1939 Today they are a tourist at traction and people come to see the surrealistic moons- cape of stark peaks, tortured turrets and walls of grey, purple rose and tan In the gullies a few bushes and trees are establishing some green- fish In 10 years of weekend fishing. Wilfred T Ham had only caught two salmon. His third weighed 35 pounds, eight ounces and won him the first prize in the British Columbia Salmon Derby. He was one of more than entries in the province's largest fishing contest ery but most of the Bad Lands look as verdant and inviting as worked-out open-pit mines Good roads wind through the Bad Lands and marked trails interpret the surround- ing desolate scene On the ground are fossils, Indian ar- rowheads flints, agates and quartzes But finders are not stones and fossils are not to be taken Called the world's most striking example of erosion the Bad Lands can be read by geologists like a book Chap- ter 1 is the bottom layer of rock laid down 300 million years ago About a million vears ago, water, wind and frost began a process still go- ing on of sculpting gorges and peaks Once the area was a misty swampland and home to rhi- noceroses dinosaurs, cud- chewing pigs, elephants, min- iature camels and horses, and sabre tooth tigers, and their remains make the Bad Lands among the richest Ohgecene fossil beds in the world Many of the fossils are on display in the Museum of Geology in Rapid City Others have been left where they were found, labelled and cov- ered with plastic domes WILDLIFE ABUNDANT Today animal life in the Bad Lands includes coyotes, deer, buffalo and bighorn sheep which have been remtroduced Most common are prairie dogs, short-eared appealing little rascals that live in colony-towns Farmers and ranchers find them less appealing because they eat so much grass and gram South of Rapid City are the oldest hills in the world, the Black Hills, an Eden of streams, rivers, mountains, caves gold mines, old mining towns and ponderosa pine and spruce Perhaps inspired by the peaks carved by nature east of Rapid City in the Bad Lands, Gutzon Borglum set to work in 1927 to carve up a granite mountain top The result was Mount Rushmore with its famous faces of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Lin- coln and Theodore Roosevelt Despite the fact that two million people come each year to marvel at this sight, there is little commercialism around Rushmore Visitors eat buffalo steak and browse in the gift shop and display centre, where they can see a movie on the creation of Rushmore It tells them the noses of the presidents are six feet long, the eye sockets are four feet across and the eyes bulge out six feet At the end of the film sculptor Borglum emerges as much a hero as the men he commemorated In the evening, led by a male choir below the floodlit monument, the Stars and Stripes flying, foreigners along with Americans sing a resounding Star Spangled Banner Impressive as Rushmore is, a more stupendous sculpture is being carved near Custer, a few miles to the southwest A Sioux chief asked Korzak Kiolkowski to "caress a mountain so the white man will know that the red man had great heroes too The result will be the largest statue in the world of Crazy Horse, the Sioux leader who defeated Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn Kiolkowski, a mountain of a man himself, bought Thunder Mountain and has been blast- ing and drilling his great work for more than 25 years, without government assist- ance Money comes from do- nations and admissions to his studio home of 55 rooms These include a museum of In dian dress, jewelry, pottery and European antiques About another decade of dynamiting, bulldozing and carving will go into the Crazy Horse monument before it is finished Then 600 men will be able to stand on the out- stretched arm of Crazy Horse and the Andrew Jackson Ho- tel in Rapid City would fit be- tween his horse's withers and his armpit Visitors find Kiolkowski a fascinating bear of a man al- though he has many local det- ractors who refer to him as the crazy man and his crazy horse But if he finishes his monument he will probably become more of a hero around Custer than Borglum is around Mount Rushmore At Custer is an exhibit with which the average person can feel a closer rapport Wood Carvings of the Old The biggest include a five-foot ci- gar-store Indian and a six-foot carving of General Custer Shelves and cases are full of birds and busts of Indians, generals and pioneers You can watch the sculptor- owner at work on wood or clay but much of the collection is by a western doctor who depicted pioneer life in barbershop, ranch and town with a sense of humor Fifth Section Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, August 14, 1974 Pages 41-4b Chinese food safety margin uthin' By JOSEPH LELYVELD New York Times Service HONG KONG China is maintaining a narrow margin of safety in her unending struggle to feed a fifth of the world's population on less than a tenth of the world's cultivated land Statistics on both Chinese population and food output are extremely patchy and open to dispute, but it is evident that the margin is measurable in tenths of a percentage point The population of more than 800 million is believed to be growing at a rate of 1 7 to 2 per cent a year which means at least new mouths to feed each week In a good year the increase in produc- tion of foodgrams appears to be on the order of 2 5 per cent While most experts seem to feel that China is in a position to sustain and even increase her present level of agricultural progress, the prospect of a major produc- tion breakthrough remains remote Indeed Chinese economic planning is no longer pointed to the achievement of such a breakthrough as it was at the time of the Great Leap Forward in 1958 when for a brief period of euphoria the Chinese leadership seemed convinced that an extraor- dinary effort by a mobilized population could double food production in a year Now, when China finally appears to have achieved the levels of production claimed then the emphasis is on regional and even local self sufficiency in foodgrams In retrospect it can be seen that the great Chinese success has not been in the realm of increased production but rather in the achievement of an equitable distribution system By some estimates per capita production of rice and wheat is actually higher in In dia But serious malnutrition which afflicts roughlv a third of the Indian population appears to have been banished from China If the Chinese experience has, meaning for other developing countries the lesson may be that hunger is as much a function of the social structure as it is of agricultural progress China regularly makes the claim that national' food self sufficiency has been achieved but Peking con tinues to make major wheat purchases abroad and probably will continue to do so for A number of years Last year despite the best crops in the country s history three- ear agreements on wheat im ports were signed with Canada Australia and Argen Una In addition China spent million in 1973 to purchase 2 6 million metric tons of wheat in the United States and 1 4 million metric tons of corn So far this year China has signed contracts worth million for American foodgrams Analysts here who try to keep track of the trade say that all of the contracts signed so far with the yanous ex porting nations should insure the delivery of at least eight million metric tons of foodgrams in 1974 The final total on the year they es- timate could prove to be on the order of nine million metric tons In 1973 China s total foodgrain imports amounted to an estimated 7 5 million metric tons Despite the heavy imports most analysts tend not to question the Chinese claim that self sufficiency has been achieved The imports of wheat it is reasoned enable China to export quantities of rice to food deficit countries in Southeast Asia in exchange for hard currency or essential commodities The inter national market price of rice is much higher than that of wheat The speed with which China will be able to promote new agricultural techniques may also be related to political fac- tors Sears Our lowest-priced big Coldspot Rustless needs no defrosting a-What a buy' What a work saver" Frost never forms on the interior of this odor-free, porcelain-lined 15 1-cu. ft. refrigerator Features a True-zero0 freezer that holds 140 Ibs Handy freezer door shelf Separate 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