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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI UTHBRIDGE HERALD Auguil 1973 EDlTOItlALS Don't blame price 'ripoff on publicity By Maurice Herald Ottawa commentator They call it inflation along with people in all industrially dveloped are enjoying unprecedented affluence. In spite of wildly escalating grocery the almost absurd cost of higher price tags on all the goods and services that make up the cost of people are better off in terms of both necessities and lux- uries than at any time in history. Certainly everything costs more than it did. All of us can tell tales of shoes that now cost and the days when bread was 5 cents a loaf and milk 18 quarts for a dollar. True enough. But in those days only the wealthy had cars or a vacuum cleaner was a and if a boy had a bicycle you knew he had a well fixed father or a paper route. A bragged-about vacation was a couple of weeks in a cottage at the only railroaders with passes made it to English Bay. one car just isn't enough for most and anyone without an electric automatic television set or a dozen other appliances is considered to be living in poverty. School children have more extensive wardrobes than their grandparents ever owned. If there are five kids in the family there are likely to be five bikes until they start high school and want mot- orcycles or cars. Holidays aren't even mentioned unless they were spent in Europe or Hawaii. People have these and do these because they can afford them. They must spend lavishly for but because incomes have kept well ahead of they can do it. But there is one segment of the population that's been left out of this and that is the man or woman no longer needed in the labor who is trying to live on a some or another form of retirement income. Retired people pay the same for clothing and shelter as anyone else. Their furniture and utilities cost as much. If they must replace a worn-out repair the roof or take a the pnce to them is the same as to others. But when the prices charged and the incomes earned by the appliance the repairman and the taxi driver go up and their incomes stay the same. They still have to or go with- out. All too often it's the latter. Probably the most disap- pointed people alive today are to be found among the old. These are peo- ple who scrimped and saved all their denied themselves the lux- uries or comforts they might have in- dulged because they believed it was the right thing to do and more important to most of them be- cause they were determined that when old age and retirement finally they would be able to look after without being a bur- den on their and without asking charity of least of all the public. instead of enjoying indepen- dence and a decent standard of liv- they are suffering a real priva- tion. The two or three hundred dol- lars a month they saved and sacri- ficed for is coming in all but instead of providing a few small comforts and it will scarcely buy the groceries. Instead of the independent and moderately comfortable life they worked saved for and had every moral right to they are barely scraping many of them worse off than if they were on which in- however grudgingly and with rising prices. Some of these people are very bitter. It's not surprising Per- haps a man has a right to be bitter after sacrificing to save a dol- lar for his old age or he finds that when he comes to spend that dollar it's only worth 40 while the price of anything he wants or needs goes up every day. Perhaps he has a right to won- if all this spiralling of wages and prices isn't a twisted kind of mechanism for the present gener- ation to raid his own. It seems to work that way. To those still work- it can't hurt all that much if the cost of living doubles as long as in- come increases as much or more. The numbers on all the price tags may have grown but the num- bers on the pay-cheques have grown even faster. But it doesn't work that way for the man on a fixed income. The numbers on the price tags keep growing for but the numbers on his or in his bank ac- or whatever resources he must live on stay the same. They call it inflation. Major responsibility Among the jobs carrying the big- gest responsibility these days is that of the managing directorship of the International Monetary Fund. It is becoming clearer every day that the holder of that job must find a way to curb global inflation or the world is apt to be dragged into a fearful de- pression. The new managing director of the IMF is H. Johannes an economist and former Dutch finance minister. He comes to a post that took on distinction and influence un- der his Pierre-Paul Sch- weitzer of France. National leaders have been trying to dampen inflationary trends by a variety of imposing con- trols on raising interest racing for access to resources and imports. the net result is the fueling of global inflation. Somehow Mr. Witteveen has to de- vise a scheme for attacking the problem on a concerted basis. Draft- ing such a plan might not be so diffi- persuading government heads to subscribe to it will probably be his major problem. The resurgence of nationalism in recent times is inimical to the well- being of mankind. It is seriously ham- pering an effective assault on a var- iety of menacing pollu- over inequitable distribution of as well as inflation. Perhaps the Imminence of the easi- ly imagined consequences of further unchecked inflation will provide the lever for prying people away from their adherence to strictly national- istic policies. The casserole It's shocking but it's just pos- sible- the mayor of Los when con- templating the traffic problems of his may feel just a wee bit envious of his MOS- COW Mayor Vladimir Promy- who recently announced his direct solution to the automobile problem. Calculating that a million cars should be quite enough for his he has decreed that when that number is no more will be sold. In addition to all the other uncompli- mentary things one can say about it turns out that it's almost ludicrously in- efficient. According to figures issued by various departments in it cost over billion to fight the war in Vietnam. Best estimates of the costs of re- construction run to around billion. In other what can be built or re- built for it took the military billion to smash. their None other than the good old of this information would not be in the public Wall street reports that this June saw profitability of the oil business climb to an all-time with every reporting com- pany registering increased profits. Cali- fornia Standard went up 37 per cent over the previous Atlantic Richfield SO per Continental 24 per Phillips 25 per Marathon 65 per Ashland 36 per cent and Commonwealth a whop- ping 174 per cent. It seems that in addi- tion to all the trouble the oil industry is having over rising prices and BO it is to have yet another problem what to do with its money. They may look to the U S. for new but the folks on the other side of the At- lantic leam fast. Americans have been fuss- ing about on government con- and the developers of' the Anglo- French supersonic Concorde have been do- ing a spot of too. What was ii-pposed to be a million deal is con- siderably past the billkn mark. Now the British public accounts committee has decided that further information about the costs of this project is which quite a lot like a And A student leader jailed for his part in an anti-government demonstration made this revealing I was arrest- I was a I believed that stu- dents should have some sort of dialogue with the authorities. But five months in jail have made me into a Penitentiary authorities all across the country keep insisting there is serious over- crowding in Canada's prisons. Even after all those prison OTTAWA It was the quaint custom of Oriental po- tentates to decapitate the bear- ers of evil tidings. How much this contributed to social im- provement is not clear from re- ports on the subject. Our more refined soci- ety frowns on decapitation. But the basic idea of the eastern monarchs retains its popular- especially with polititicians. When things go as they often perversely the fault is not with the policy guided as they are by legions of enlightened and farseeing but with newspapers publishing the unhappy find- ings. Thus the federal some years was unhappy with the reception accorded the official languages policy in parts of western Canada. The prime although ob- serving tolerantly that the blame must be took the newspapers to task in his they had failed in their mission. the government has other notably the matter of soaring food prices. The latest authoritative pro- nouncement on this subject comes from Eugene the minister of who charges that we are victims of a and straight profiteering by in the food busi- ness. Mr. Whelan also says that people are hoarding. In addi- the Americans are at fault for creating shortages with their stupid price and the Japanese for raiding our food supplies. Evidently a good many wrong-doers are involved in the action. According to Mr. Whe- there is a force at work in the name- the press. The an- swering questions on offered comments such as the when you quote that all I can say is the radio. If anybody ever created an environment Jor ripoff by unscrupulous millers or bread what- they certainly have creat- ed the environment for them because everybody has it in their mind now that food must go up Asked about profiteer- Mr. Whelan hasn't been up until now and what I'm saying is the papers and the media have cre- ated the right atmosphere for them to move ahead on this and the control factor that has been in this thing is one of the things that has caused the chaos in very suspicious that this is what is happening. They're taking advantage of a feeling that's been implanted in people's minds and they feel the public will accept The thought seems clear enough. Gangsters are using an opportunity created for them by the newspapers. Hoarders have also been as proved to Mr. Whelan's satisfaction by sales of food freezers. violets are out I'm into Allende pressed by foes on all sides By James London Observer commentator BUENOS AIRES President Salvador Allende's attempt to come to terms with Chile's Christian the main opposition has run into trouble with a decision by op- position leaders to break off talks wtlh the government. The economic turmoil which has followed the president's at- tempt to transform Chile into a socialist state has brought in- creasing violence and Allende asked the Christian Democrats for talks in an effort to restore some sort of tranquility. The battle in the eys of the government and some Christian Letter to the editor Democrat have chang- ed over the last year. It is no longer a question of Left ver- sus but of those who want Chile to work out its des- tiny in peace arrayed against those who want to drive the country into civil war Allende's most prominent en- emies are the members of the Fatherland and Freedom or- a straightforwardly fascist grouping whose insignia is an inverted led by Pablo a middle-aged lawyer. His thugs delight in beating up with chains and clubs. They were connected with the assassina- People not guns There's a rather arresting sign posted in the gate to the zoo in DCS Iowa. It reads will be I want to call attention to the increasing agitation for fur- ther and stricter gun controls. The proposed legislation var- ies from tie outlawing of hand- guns and the registration and licencing of long to the eventual abolition and confisca- tion of all guns. I have as much right to' choose shooting as my form of recreation as the golfer has to choose but'the continuing attempts by anti-gunners to un- dermine our heritage and free- dom is a real threat to the sportsman. In Weekend July Solicitor General Warren Allmand and Senator Ronald Cameron implied that the pur- pose of including the guns of the law-abiding sports- is to kill and that if guns were eliminated then crime could magically disap- pear from society. Rational and responsible peo- ple know that this concept is based on emotional- ism and but we are dealing with men like Mr. and with the ing Heart who choose to put the responsibility for crimes on the criminal's rather than on the criminal himself. When guns are only outlaws will have guns. Guns don't people so let us put the responsibility where it belongs. The Sullivan Law has outlawed handguns in New York for over 50 years but the criminals still have and if they then they steal to get them Mr. Allmand and his anti-gun faction get the guns off the The sportsman and the res- ponsible citizens get the criminal off the People are lolled by by and by belts around the neck. does not justify a statement that the purpose of swimming pools and belts is to Mil. The Weekend headline blaz- ing out Its purpose to is pure emotional and irresponsible hogwash and is the result of utter ignorance and intolerance. An American punk recently elucidated the criminal's point of when he ain't got nuthin to worry there ain' no death penalty no The Canadian has a great deal to worry Mr. Allmand and Co. are trying to put the blame for their abject failure on the existence of the sports- man's gun. the Cana- dian people have a great deal to worry with the in- creasing abolition of responsi- bility at the top level Let us not that one of the main planks in the Communist platform prior to the take-over of a new nation is the I would suggest that we return to freedom with and that we leave our adequate gun laws as they are. It may also be a good idea to return Mr. Allmand to the place from whence he came NIELS E. Letobridge. tion of Chile's army Gen- eral Rene in 1970 and claim to have organized the military putsch of June when rebel tanks surrounded the presidential palace before the bulk of the armed forces rallied around AUende. But Fatherland and despite its nuisance is only a small fraction of the ac- tive opposition. Far more sig- nificant is the bitter enmity to- wards the government of innu- merable who re- sent Allende's attempts to help the working class at their ex- pense and the subsequent loss of their privileged position in Chilean society. Spearheading their resistance are the truck most of whom own their vehicles. They went on paralyzing the country's transport system and causing acute food shortages in the cit- ies. The ostensible reason for the strike is Allende's fre- quently shelved plan to ration- alize i e. nationalize road transport. The Central Unica de Traba- jadores a strong organization of left-wing trades unionists and a power- ful supporter of the govern- claims the strike is cist and has the backing of the U.S. Central In- telligence Agency. Luis CUT president said that the truck owners have prepared large parks in which they are concentrating all their plus many which they are taking by force from gov- ernment supporters who wish to continue working. Attempts to intimidate left-wing drivers and volunteers have caused at least one death and several in- juries and a number of trucks have been damaged by bombs. To prevent the vehicles re- quisioned by the government being used to keep essential materials attempts have been made to disrupt fuel supplies. All the gas stations in Chile's cities have been placed under guard after a series of sabotage attacks. Despite ra- tioning the shortage of fuel is already becoming pub- lic transport is steadily getting scarcer and car-owners face several hours' queuing to buy naif a tankful. Food supplies have also been hit and even a few normally plentiful such as have become unobtainable in some areas of Santiago. In addition to the ever- present danger from the Allende has lost the support of many extreme left-wingers who find his constitutional methods far too slow and bourgeois. The Maoist-oriented Revolutionary Left Movement has been at odds with the govrenment ever since Allende called a halt to their farm-grabbing pro- gram which had thrown the country's agriculture into chaos. Their activities aggravated food shortages and forced the coun- try to import large quantities from abroad. This has proved and has poured oil on the fires of which this year could reach or even exceed a frightening 400 per cent. The hurried nationalization program has drastically lower- ed the quality of economic administration. Inexperienced government officials have found themselves struggling to run large and complex indus- tries. Opposition representatives claim this is resulting in the bureaucratization of the Chile- an economy rather than its na- tionalizaaion. Despite his Allende is still supported by millions of working-class and peasant who are better off than ever in the past and wel- come Allende's ambitious hous- ing projects and efforts to make sure they get their fair share of available food. Standing on the sidelines but holding ultimate power are the armed led by Allende's supporter General Carlos who rushed to the president's aid during the botched coup of June 29. for a time lende's interior has refused to serve in the cabinet for the time as his fellow officers do not want the armed forces to be too closely identified with an unashamedly partisan government. Should Prats his successors might pay more heed to the chorus of voices from the middle and upper classes begging the arm- ed forces to intervene to the What is very strange about the minister's case is the con- text of the for many important Canadian n e w s- papers have been urging the government over many months to take effective action to halt the acceleration of prices. The government in that time has never denied that inflation was a tjireat although it has on occasion foreseen improvement or offered assurances tibat ac- tions being taken would be ef- fective. If the situation was not dan- what case was there for creating the Food Prices Re- view This was the gov- ernment's which Mr. Whe- lan evidently considered sound. In normal times we do not have review boards to monitor price trends and make recommenda- tions. By setting it the gov- ernment officially advised us in effect that the situation is not normal. What the government does presumably has much greater impact on the public mind and on public expecta- tions than newspaper reports 'based on forecasts of private whether they be bankers or busi- ness men. The board was given power to do anything about price increases. this was the government's deci- sion and which Mr. as one of the would defend. The government had another idea. It created a special com- mittee to hear evidence about prices. Many people and organ- izations some thought the disturbing price trend would continue. The newspapers were expected to cover these hearings and did. Was this Was there not a danger that all these newspaper reports about the price hearings would create public expectations of worse to There has also been quite a lot of very official talk about world demand and world food shortages by the government a powerful argu- ment for rejecting controls in this talk has been dutifully reported. Did this create Did it cause consumers to buy freez- ers or indulge in other anti-so- cial Did it put ideas in the heads of the gangsters and the If memory Mr. Whe- lan himself suggested that food was a bargain and for the sake of the that prices would go up. On this his current thought is a bit obscure. They went up but we appear somehow to have massed the just price. it Is pleasant to have Mr. Whelan's assurance that the government is doing the right or working in the general direction of the right thing and has our situa- tion trader more or less. There would be no prob- lem if newspapers would cease and desist from publishing un- pleasant facts and the predic- tions of people in the various trades. of is their but messengers in former times were decapitated for per- forming their duty when tha news was of a nature to upset the While it may come as a chock to Mr. newspapers are staffed exclusively by con- sumers. Thus it would be very pleasant to report that food prices and a great many others are declining instead of soaring. What is lacking at the moment is the evidence. The re- is in no position to provide it. In such matters gov- ernments have far more scope when they choose to act. But sometimes they do not choose. 'Crazy Capers9 The Lethbridge Herald Sot 7th St. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. Proprietors and PubtiiMrt Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Mcond ClMt 0MR MooMrOtton No. 9012 Tho Conodlon MM tho Conodion Dolly Nowopowc Awoelonon MM AMtt Buroou of ClraMttOM CLEOW idWorwMl PuHlihor DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Monoglng idHof Attocloto Editor ROY f. DOUOLA4 K. Mortal Pooo MHor 1ME ;