Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
SUNNT FORECAST HIGH TUSEDAY 75-80. The Lethbtidge Herald VOL. LXV No. ZU7 AUJICKTA, MONDAY, AUGUST J4, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 22 PAGES Suddennesss ex on ISy NICHOLAS MOORE ot Renters KAMPALA Most of the thousands of Asian fami- lies ordered to quit Uganda by President Idi Amln will leaving (lie only home limy every knew. Yet this was on cvcr.tuulity which the bulk o( them have been led to expect since Uganda gained indepen- dence from Britain in 1902 and came under majority black African rule. Many Asians share Amin's view (hat Britain, with India Pakistan and Bangladesh, must accept responsi- bility'for their own nationals, but the shock for Asians here is the suddenness with which the end seems to liave arrived for Uganda's "brown middle class." Until Ainin gave them 90 clays lo pack up and go, Uic Asians holding British passports, most of them small "dukawallahs" shopkeepers and traders, were leaving Uganda family by family at a pace leisurely enough (or them lo make arrangements to begin a now life elsewhere. They also could take sonv: of their money with them. The slow pace o( their gradual exodus was set by rigorous British immigration laws whereby only heads of families out of East Africa's ISO.DOO British Asians could qualify (n enter Britain a year. Amin's decree ordering Asians out of Uganda with- in 90 days, other thai: fide Uganda citizens and some exempted categories, threatens to change the British quota system. Between now and early November, If Britain does not persuade Amin to modify his demand, perhaps as many as people will find themselves uprooted, Hope is U.K. The Asians arc baffled ar.d frightened, although many are resigned lo a still uncertain fate. "Vie can only pray and put our trust In God that Britain will fake us one British Asian father of six said. Residents leaving Uganda may take out money and valuables worth only about little enough to Iwgin building a new life in a new land for those who have not been able to remit past savings. Amin's warning that Asians who overstay their 90- day deadline will he "silling on Ihe fire" has aroused fears of reprisals. don't know what would happen if we disobey- an Asian youth said. "We might be beaten or even Asians here said Ilicy had wailed (or years to get vouchers to enter HriUiin. "We never wanted to stay on here after independ- ence but could we some asked. East Africa's Asians recall thnt small numbers of (heir forebears settled slong the cast coast of Africa for centuries, playing a key role in the flourishing trado between India and Arab coastal cities like Zanzibar and Mallmli. But the Asians first came to landlocked Uganda in large numbers under the British "divide and rule'1 colonial policy. Own most shops Toward the close of the 19th century, the British Imported H2.WO fJnkaniti Hindu laborers from British imperial India to work on the Uganda railway linking this country with (he port of Mombasa on Uic Kenya coast. Many of tlie Asian laborers settled here and were joined by more Indian immigrants. With British help, they quickly established themselves throughout Eart Africa as mi entrenched trading middle class, In parLs of Kampala, almost every shop is ou'nccl by an Asian, In the smallest tou-nshin, the Asian "dukawallah" owns the shabby general store, selling everything from cigarettes lo nails and kerosene and often noting as the local moncy-ler.der. In colonial times, Asians made the most of tho privileges British colonists pave them in Uganda's racial r.inkirif! thorn beneath the white nil- ing elilo but nbnve Ihe black masses. As iTMill. when while women .shopped in Asian- owned stores they were usually approached by Ihe prnprielor, his hands and welcoming her with: ''Yes, Memsahib. (load morning, while blacks, ;il the counter, wailed. In jiny rujithiirie village, Ihe story of the moment V..TS almost always alxmt the an abusive term for the Asian, who harl tun over somelXKiy's chickens or worse slill, knocker) rlown a black child. Were 'harrier' As Uganda m-atcd independence, the Brilish start- ed a crash program (o the civilian bureau- cracy where thn Asinns, their superior (raining, filled many middle-liTel po.sls. Brinks and commercial firms also bronchi in similar programs although they still employ many Asians. lint hlack Afric.niK fniinr] il more difficult to obtain bank loans and arrjiiirr the business skills r.ccossary lo brcnk (He Asinns hold on and pclly OdimiK'rcr.1. Tlrn Asian scorned an nnnmvablr and all loo visiblo barrier fn Mncl; ainhitifm. The '11-yivir-nld Amin rur.lcilrK Mini "flip Asian romniiniily has frii Ir.-ilrd ,-illompls by I'Randa Africans In pl.'iy :i par! in Ihe economic ami business life of Ibis country." and "refused lo identify themselves will] Uganda. The racial exclusive-ness of the Asians, their foreign Ionian ;uul predominant Hindu religion nil lendcd to nrmise black African anlipalliy. Mm-l Acinus are. liindns, while black Ugandans urn (ir Aral Ilicir fnith is ail imporl.ini i.l life hnr Amin, for inslancr, says he rc- ronrd rlivino Riudrinrc- in a dream In order lite- Asian IRA. bombs shatter claims of violence' I'rom HEM-" AST fCPj SiispccM Irish Republican Army guer- rillas using home-made Innd mine traps killed two British .soldiers today in an explosive reply to army claims ol a "dra- mallc reiiuclion" in Northern Ireland violence. The soldiers died in the Ro- man Catholic Andersoastown district of Belfast while on foot patrol. Army sources said they were killed when a land mino was detonated by a (rip wire. Four soldiers were hurt Sun- day night in a similar land mine ambush in Amlcisontown. The death of two soldiers brought the Northern Jrolantf death loll in three years of communal violence lo 50fJ. The soldiers were the G7ih and GJJth to die this year. Shortly before the land mine attack today, the British army said "explosions were dov-n to half and shooting incidents less than a quarter" in the two weeks since it smashed into IRA-helrl areas in Belfast and Londonderry. Tlie army said it also had tin- covered scores of rifles and pis- tols, thousands of rounds of am- munition and more than pounds of explosives inside tbc IKA strongholds, once called "no-go" areas for British troops. 13 uri ng the wecke p.d troops even found a fully-equipped field hospital inside a deserted house in Andersonstown. It was stocked with bandages, field dressings, disposable sheets and surgical equipment. The army's increased mobil- ity os a result of the operation resulted Sunday in the capture of another top commander ot the Irish Republican Army's Provisional wing in Belfast. Soldiers caught prison es- capee Terence Clarke, 2J, who broke out oE the capital's Crum- b'n Road jail last year in a mass escape by IRA suspects. Last week, the army arrested Provisional battalion mander Martin Meehan In Bel- fast. Military spokesmen reported onJy minor trouble overnight. Soldiers said they hit a gun- man during a skirmish in Bel- fast shortly after midnight. The man was dragged away by a comrade after he fell. There was more firing In downtown Belfast but no casu- alties when snipers raked a po- lice post and troops fired rub- her bullets to hreak up a stone- throwing mob. In the centre of Belfast, a fire badly damaged a news agent's store after a number of armed men held up tlie staff and then sprinkled gasoline around the oremises. Police identified a man found shot dead during the night as a 27-year-okI Roman Catholic. His body was discovered In tha back of a car which had wires attached, arousing unfounded s aspic ions of a booby-trap bomh. A second man found shot dead overnight remained un- identified. Both were believed to be vic- tims of sectarian assassina- tions, which last month claimed 19 Catholic and 13 Protestant lives. Dockmen strike vs EARIY BIRDS Early birds of aviation history, pjanei of the First World War, perform at the Abbotsforcf, B.C., air show over the weekend. Al Ihe opposite end of iho avialion lime scale were supersonic fighters and giant fet transports. LONDON' fAP) Militant longshoremen relaxed their strike today and sent vital sup- plies to Britain's remote north- ern islands. But major ports were still idle as the country- wide dock strike entered its 13th day. Dockers in the Scottish port of Aberdeen resumed emer- gency shipments of food and animal feedstuffs lo the Work- ney and Shetland Islands, where stocks were running crit- ically low. An HAP airlift was started late last week to shuttle needed supplies to the islands. The longshoremen also moved equipment for rigs drill- ing for oil in the North Sea. Although the dockers worked on the limited emergency oper- ation in the north, (here was no immediate prospect for a set- Uement o[ the national dock- land dispute over job security and severance pay. Meanwhile, on other lahor fronts in Britain: An estimated workers staged a one-day strike in Cov- Two more arrested Agreement on summit saves Common Market II MM HI Uleutcr) After differences over the futura diplnmntic slorm ttiat cast of Western CALGARY (CD Two men dcubl on the future of Uic Com- But Frc-ndi officials now v.'crc taken into police custody WarV.c( wav prcss optimism in ay 1 olio wing n manhunl for the kidnappers open lor leaders of i n' a 17-year-old girl. '0 countries of the enlarged Police spokesmen would only community to hold a major mMtjnE. chart say the two "were being talked summit conference here In Oc to" and declined to release future imme-diatclv Britain. Ireland. names and whether path lo Ihe summit has and Denmark join Hashman daupbtor keen a difficult one, strewn Ji of construction executive Snm with threats of post- As well as its importance Uasbman, was taken from her ponomcnt, monetary upheavals just beforMhc home by armed men uj LIIU niai NUI, ULU Thursday and held until her father could pay the summit is seen here in relation to forthcoming trade 000 ransom J-1 hours later. Shortly after Hie girl was freed unharmed, and heard About with the United States and an eventual overhaul of the world monetary system. ed Donald Wayne Mathesnn, months ago, however, of Calgary and charged chances were that the sum- witli would not even take place The. money was recovered X t' I TK I) Clirnlc a warning by Presi- few hours later find Sunday inviting Georges Pompidou that tie lice found the ear and to sec (heir new "babv call off the meeting if it where lhc gii 1 had been a lillle hlael; terrier like il would produce Lassie... minor agreements or ill- Miss Elashnian taking photographs disagreements. bound and panned and kept daughter in the same time, Premier a t-ar trunk during the. Park without Kyskens of Belgium The lid was camera Ions cover saying that Iho summit (o allow fier lo hrealhe and Sakamoto using be useless if the 10 did vehicle in n on her driveway succeed in agreeing on im- The garage vas iji a 1 be weeds and lal questions and Deputy h o n s e development on the leaves fall Minister Jean de L-in- fimilhcrn edge of the adjacent of France was warning that the Common Market was not yet. an irreversible enter- prise. Disputes over the location of a proposed commimily political secretariat and over the impor- tance and desirability of in- stitutional changes added fur- ther tension. Fears grew Ihat France was returning to a hard Ganllisf po- sition in which Paris would bo ready to stand out alono against ils partners. But now, a combination o( top-level discussions, the up- surge of monetary uncertainty and n mellowing of France's lone mean that the summit ap- parently is on again. The formal announcement thai lhc summit will he held will not come iinlil after a meeting in Rome Sept. II and 12 of foreign ministers from tfis 10. The Paris meeting will give the top leaders of the 10 nations an iniprecedcnted opportunity to work out a joint position on both economic and morclary developments within the com- munity and the market's rela- tions wilh Ihe rest of (he world, particularly the United Stales. Action Canada knight have helped re-elect OTTAWA Pan] Hel- Iyer says Ihat a reront analysis showed Ihat if AH inn Canada MK'ce.sshilly ran candidates in (he next federal election it could help re elect a Liberal government. He, said the analysis by lhc group inclic.nl wl Ihat Action Canada could have elected fivo to seven candidates but in Iho prrress so split Iho vofo Ihat Lilierals hnvc been rehirncvl. And Ibe m.ijonly of Action Tanady members MioiiKhl Mint "somo ch.'iiige in povernmcnf. Mr. tlcllyer. former f.iber.il rahinrt minis! or who helped for til Aelifin fanadn ;uid who recently switched lo Ihe Con- servative parly, made his re- mnrk.s on (lie CTV program Quaslion Tcriwl. The inlervicw wns. (aped Fri- day for showing Sunday. Mr. HeUyor who made it Ir1 Impi'S for n cabinet position in a f'on.sprvalivo "'I'.Tl Rovrrnmonf, Ixvidrr KnhcrL SlanfiHrl kntni's bis and rounctfoiiF. Mr, Slanficld had told him "Uiere is jiisl no reason in tiio world why you can't come in and fight wilh all your might inJcrnally for the things you fooli'cvo in." He said he received no com- milmrnt from Mr. Stnnfield t lia t I tc woul cl get ft cabinet post in a I'onson'alive govern- ment 1'iLil he indicted fie would lo bp in "sonic aspect of policy in tiio financial and ooonoiiiic lield." pntrjr in the industrial Midlands of England lo protest the Indus- trial Relations Act, a Con- servative government measure to curb wildcat strikes and con- trol imions. The strike halted Coventry's public transport and disrupted some of its major au- tomobile plants. Brilish rail was forced lo postpone trial runs of its new high speed train, which is ex- pected to begin 125-mile-an- hour service in 1074. The Asso- ciated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen said it wanted a substantial pay in- crease now for of its mem- bers handling a train at more than 100 miles an hour. The trial runs were scheduled this week. LOADED MEAT The Aberdeen longshoremen loaded about 70 tons of meal, vegetables, groceries, medical supplies and gas for hospitals on the islands, But Shetland pubs were un- certain about their stocks of beer, and some were expected to close this week. The Aberdeen dockers offered their wages for today's work to charity and said they expected government relief payments to Iheir families to continue. The dockers previously refused to handle emergency shipments because local authorities said their families would not be en- tilled to relief payments if tho men worked. ?i I can whil e, RAF transport aircraft ferried much needed supplies of flour and gasoline to Tiree in the Western Isles which also have been hit by tho strike. The dispute, involving Brit- ain's longshoremen, was sparked off by fears that con- tainerized cargoes will lose them more jobs. Thousands have been laid off in recent years as ports have been mod- ernized. The longshoremen have re- jected an offer by port employ- ers of payments of up to for any man laid off. The steve- dores demand written guaran- tees that Ihcir jobs will be safe- guarded. Talks Iwt representa- tives of the Transport and Gen- eral Workers Union led by Jack Jones and the employers'repro- sentecl by Ixird Aldington were continuing without signs of ac- cord. Underground cable caused blackout Power was out this morning between and in an area south of 12th Avc. S. from Scenic Drive to 32nd St. The trouble was traced to an underground cable in the Park Royal, Scenic Heights subdivi- sions. The c abl e, In use for el ght years, shorted out, a utility de- partment spokesman said. Waldlieiiii asserts position UNITED NATIONS CAP) In his first broad policy ment since becoming secretary- general of the United Nations, Kurt Waldheim warns the big powers against trying to run the world without the world or- ganization antl asserts his own responsibility lo speak out on issues, The 53-y ear-old Austrian, In office since Jan. 1, took his stand in the introduction to his first annual report on the work of the organization, issued by UN headquarters Sunday while Waldheim was visiting China. H amounted, to Ihe secretary- general's position toward Presi- dent Nixon's talks in Peking and Moscow and to Nixon's re- cent blast at him for saying he had unofficial word from Hanoi that U.S. bombing had dam- aged North Vietnamese dikes and threatened "enormous hu- man suffering." Pipeline hearings on today WASHINGTON (AP) A federal judge begins hearing arguments torfay on whether ho should make permanent his temporary ban on a proposed! 7flfl-miie oil pipeline bisecting Alaska. Judge George Hart Jr. of V.S. district court granted a temporary injunction in April, 1970, against Iho pipeline which Ihe Alyeska Pipeline Co. wants lo build to carry oil from tho frozen North Slope (o Ihe Ice- free port of VaMr7, on tho southern shore. K H v i r o n m c nt.ili.sls have slntloc! construction, on grounds Ihe interior department has not complied wilh the National En- vironmental Policy Act tlicy say requires an statement of lhc project's rnvi- ronmonlal impacls compared revonabta alternatives. HOOKKD Grnrge Mr- Neil, n 13-Yf.ir-olrl heroin nilrticl is dnonicd lo spend thR rest of his Tifp if he as a vogc 1 That fair, Recording to his is I he vrsuH of a bnllel lodged In lu's brain aflcr was shot Ins[ ivock in Boston's nin- rloivn K cc t i on, sliot as br anrl tfirrr olhrrs trvinp to roll a stntr lo their heroin habit.