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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta People of tlie soulh 22 Margaret Luckhurst Why The leadership of a teacher lawyer Soturdoy, Aujuit 14, 1971 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAIB 5 did ike class fail? By Henry F. Olllngcr their lifetime, they acquire qualifications in one of Ihe ma- jor vocations but Frederick Rudd of Lethbridge aimed for two and achieved bolh not only is he a teacher, he is a lawyer as well. Mr. Rudd was born in 1897 at Fort Saskatchewan Alberta, where his falher was wilh the North West Mounled Police de- tachment. "My falher had come out from England in about 1884 especially to join the force he was wilh it about 20 years. I received my schooling in Fort Saskatchewan following which I served with the R.C.N.V.R. during the Firsl World War. After discharge I enrolled at Ihe University of Alberta in Fxl- monlon and graduated in 1923 wilh a Bachelor of Arts degree. In 1925 I received my LL.B, Bachelor of Laws, and had in- tention of practising law, but jobs were so scarce I couldn't find an opening." Following the First World War there was a recession which was almosl world wide, Mr. Rudd recalled, and il wasn'l unsual for professional men lo pound Ihe pavcmenls looking for work along wilh men who were unschooled and untrained. "I wasn't all that keen on the Idea of leaching but I had lo do something so 1 wcnl to Nor- mal School and received my certificate. I taught for two years in Leduc where I was also vice-principal. Allan Wat- son wanted me to come down lo Lelhhridge and teach here 50 1 decided lo do so. I joined the stalf ol the Lethbridge Col- legiate Institute in 1929 where I taught social studies unlil my relirement in 1962." While Mr. Rudd enjoyed his teaching years, particularly the pleasant associalions with pup- il? and staff, he always enter- tained the hope of some day being able lo sel up his own law office. "However I was married by lhat lime wilh a son and daughter to raise, and it just didn't make sense to give up a good job and start over. I would have had to for- feit my pension, which was a consideration, so the sensible Ihing lo do was lo slay with teaching." Always a scholar, Mr. Rudd continued his studies, receiving his Master of Arts in 1935. "I think my M.A. thesis was on marketing of beef cattle from the short grass plains. I also did a little postgraduate work with the University of Wellington in 1939 on international law." In Edmonton in 1947, before the Hon. Mr. Justice Hugh John MacDonald in supreme Mr. Neil Primrose, for admis- sion lo the Alberta bar. "11 was a rewarding experience for he recalled, "I knew bolh men well so il made il a very personal event." Apart from his regular leach- ing dulies Mr. Rudd look on many community tasks. A long- lime member and past presi- denl of the local League of Na- tions Society and executive member of the local branch of the United Nations Associaton, under the aegis of the Leth- bridge Rolary Club he counsel- led and accompanied students to the international meeting of the Model United Nations Assembly held annually in Win- nipeg. Since that time he has been made an honorary mem- ber of Ihe downtown Rotary Club. When so many sons follow in their father's footsteps did he ever consider joining Ihe Moun- ties? "It's a strange he ad- mitted. "I grew up surrounded by Mounties you might say. My uncles were in the force, my wife's sister married a Mounlie bul when I linished high school back in 1917, I rather liked the idea of join- ing the navy, which of course I did. I think I was just familiar enough with the life of the men in the force to be allracted lo a way of life which was strange to me. There have been times however, when I wish I had joined the force. Apart from, the work involved, it is a dis- cipline I admire.1' During Ihe 1960s Mf. Rudd kept involved in teaching by accepting short term posts at what was then the Lethbridge Junior College. For a lime he laughl economics, then in 1964 he put on a short administra- tion course for the City Police. Again in 1970 he taught a few months in the department of economics. "I don't like to think of getting he said, "and this work keeps me on my toes." Mr. Rudd is a member of St. Augustine's Anglican Church, a life member of Lelhbndge Lodge 39, a member of Grand Lodge of Alberla Masons and a member of Ihe General Stew- art branch No. 4, Royal Cana- dian Legion from wlu'ch Tie re- ceived a certificate of merit and a life membership in 1969. He has also been a member of the Alberla Teachers' Asso- ciation since its inception and was made life member of the association in 1962. He is a past president of the Lethbridge branch. For a time after Iiis retire- tor) made thorn decide to re- turn to Lethbridge where fam- ily and friends are near at hand. Have teacliing methods changed since he first began in Leduc in 1926? "Very definitely. The old methods are so different. Stu- dents have more to say in what is laughl and how it is taughl. In my own classes I always al- lowed a good deal of leeway, nol slicking lo rigid methods, but I'm afraid I wouldn't be able lo cope wilh the rather permissive approach used so widely today. No, I wouldn't go back lo high school teaching. Mind you 1 like Ihe university level but then the whole ap- proach is different there. 'Hie studenls are somewhat more malure and usually have a grasp of Iheir responsibilities." What will he do with his spare lime in Ihe fulurc? "I'd like to do a little writ- Mi'. Rudd said, "I'vo done some in Ihe past and I en- joy it. I would like to think of doing some legal work also, perhaps part lime in a law of- fice, but I don't know, lhat would depend on my health." Mi-. Rudd expressed concern for society's shift in regard and respect for law and order. "There are certain facets of so- ciety which are he said, "such as law, international law also. There are certain disciplines necessary for whole- some living and the softening of Ihe law wliich is being en- couraged today is nol good. Law, you see, is based on rea- son and if we could jusl gel Ihe people of the world to see law in its proper sense wars and riols and unresl would cease be- cause il's all so unreasonable." Why doesn'l he write an ar- ticle on these ideas? I will." the teacher- lawyer smiles, "you know, I just might do lhat." FREDERICK RUDD by Ed Finloy Book Reviews On replacing apathy with action Solitary confinement "Hostage in Peking" by Anthony Grey. (Michael Jo- seph Ltd., London, 343 pages, WHEN Anthony Grey was placed under house ar- rest on July 19, 1967 in Peking he had no idea for how long he would have lo remain Ihere. The action was taken in retalialion for Ihe arrests of commun i s t correspondents in Hong Kong the day before. Upon their release he would be free. Hostage in Peking is the startling account of Mr. Grey's two years and Iwo months spent in soli'ary confinement in an eight-foot square room and then a 12 foot square room. As a well trained and practised correspondent work- ing for Reuters, Mr. Grey was well equipped lo retell all thai he went through. A book such as this could easily become a hore with the dull routine of sitting in one room for days on end wilh no visitors and few amusements. What makes the story so com- pelling is the expectancy of immediate freedom which the author gets across so well. He never dreamed thai he would be confined for so long. As a result the reader is always preparing himself for a change in pace and groping for some- Ihing better to happen to the subject of the slory. Another compell i n g feature of the book is the treatment Mr. Grey gives to the prac- tices he devised lo keep him- self amused. Those included writing a diary, devising cross- word puzzles, practising yoga, writing short .slorics. and eventually learning Chinese. All of these were forbidden by lu's guards and had lo he done in secret. Heading of all this, one wonders just how one would occupy himself if pul in a similar si Ilia lion. Such thoughts tantalize the reader throughout Ihe nan-alive. Mr. Grey does not mince words when discussing the ef- forts made by olhors in order to set him free. lie makes it clear lhat had il not been for Ihe British iiml French press lilllo notice would have been taken. When he was freed he was taken to see Brit- ain's foreign secretary who at that tune was Mr. Michael Stewart. Mr. Grey was not afraid of telling Mr. Stewart that he felt the British govern- ment's efforts had been pretty weak. He also told him what he thought of the government's justifications for not freeing the communist correspondents in Hong Kong. He then asked "Had the publicity accorded to my plight in any way in- fluenced the government's thinking, had it any Mr. Stewart replied, "Had we ever forgotten it, the publicity would have reminded us." SIMON RUDDELL. "This Good, Good Earth: Our Fight For Survival" by Ralph 0. Brinkhurst and Donald A. Chant (MacJIil- lan, 174 pages, AMONG the multitude ol books published on pollu- tion this must be the first to focus on Canada. The authors are both members of the De- partment of Zoology at the University of Toronto and both are associated wilh Pollution Probe. They know the central Canada situation best and dis- cuss it most, which is natural. This is by no means mere paroclu'alism since pollution problems are most serious where there is the greatest density of people precisely in central Canada. The facts about our threat- ened environment have been given of'.en enough by now to have resulted in a kind of numbing. Aware of Ihis, Ihe aulhors have addressed Ihem- selves in the final two chap- ters lo replacing apalhy with action. They suspect lhat poli- ticians are running behind public opinion at present but that governments will progress Irom the fighting of local pol- lution crises to the long-term business of rational quality management. It is a good Hung Lhey have this expecta- tion because the blueprinl for action they propose outlines steps lhat only governments can lake the curbing of atomic weapons, for instance. Many Canadians will share the frustration and exaspera- tion thai lies behind Ihe slate- ment, "we reject the limita- tions imposed by depressing log-jams like the British North America Act and the current federal-provincial squabbling." Equally, there will be many who will share the feeling that giving priority to huge expen- ditures for "jamborees like Canada's Expo and (lie coming Olympics" is wrong when so much money is needed just to make sewage disposal in Mon- treal more acceptable. There is unfortunately a good deal of justification for thinking that Christians be- lieve Ihey have a divine man- date to do pretty much as they please with Nature. Bul writers, such as Ihe aulhors of Ihis book, would do well to rec- ognize that there is another Study of the criminal Capone "Capone The Life and World of Al Capone" by John Kobler (Longman Can- ada Limited, 409 pages, A L Capone you feel pity for the man, you loathe him, you laugh at his bravado, despise all he stood for, chuckle al his pleas of innocence, you live his life. John Kobler's extensive rcs- urreclion of Ihe life of Capone and his city, Chicago, gives one a new, penetrating insight Into Capone and his times. Capone Ihe organizer of the St. Valentine's Day mas- sacre, the plotter behind the death of Dion O'Banion, Ihe brutal murder of two henchmen with baseball bats is Ihe same Capone who fed the masses during the depression and lived quietly wilh his wife. Mae nnd doled over his par- tially-deaf boy. Sonny He was a complex man. his limes were complex. Despite his often sadistic and brutal moods, Capone is credited with being Ihe man who gave birth lo organized crime on Ihe grand scale il cnjnys today. Capone, hnving apprenticed under Johnny Torrio, strove most cf his life for pence among the many rival gangs. He wanted them lo slop Ihe killings and live in harmony, thus presenting a stronger front After all, he would rea- son there's enough for every- body. Kobler's intense sludy of Ca- pone is unequalled. He delves inlo not only Capone's life but the background of many oilier super racketeers like Torrio, Frank MoErlane. "Bugs'' Mor- an or Hymic Weiss The book reveals the fantas- lic amounts of money that used lo flow into Capone's pockets. One such segment points out thai in 1926 he and Torrio were realizing a gross annual in- come of from Ihe operation of 22 brothels. He, like most g..n gstcrs, spcnl money with n flourish. His seven Ion, slcel armour- plated Cadillac, complete with half inch thick safety glass, set liim back Vuncrals wore big events. Vlion O'Banion's was a winner. (THanimi's elaborate lay-away sported a mile long corlecc. 2o cars and I racks lo carry Ihe flowers mourners in the parade'and at the ceme- Icry. I think I would have had second thoughts annul lowering Iho caskcl Into the ground. Weddings were also mam- moth events- On Jan. 10, 1925 Angelo Gonna Lucille Kpingda. They invilod guests they needed I h a t many lo eal Ihe 12-fool high, one-Ion cake. II look 400 pounds of sugar, 400 pounds of flour and eggs I wonder who delivered it. Capone died on Jan. 25, 1947, a mindless hulk of a man, eat- en away by terminal sypliillis, n disease he wouldn't have treated in its early stages due lo his fear of needles. Perhaps the best summary of Capone's era appeared in Die form of a poem in a Chicago newspaper after a particular bloody period. The rocket's red glare. The bombs bursting in air Gave proof through the night Thai Chicago's still there. GARRY ALLISON. Books in brief "ITir. Other Half nl Ihe. E R B: or Use Up Kxlra Yolks nnd Dy Helen McCnll.r, .Incqilts Pcpln, William North Jnynir: Geo. J. Mct.eml. paperback: 228 S2.50. INGENIOUS uses for separ- ate parts of Ihe egg. Exact- ly what Ilie title indicates. kind of Christian who believes man was not given Ihe right lo exploit but Ihe responsibil- ily lo care for Ihe good earlh. These lalter believers are like- ly to be among the mosl re- sponsive to Ihe concerns ex- pressed by environmentalists. The book is not terribly well organized but there are lots of important things said in its pages and is worthy of atten- DOUG WALKER. For leftists "Essays On The Left" edit- ed by I.auricr LaPierre el al (McClelland and Stewart Lid. 280 pages, on The Lefl, pub- lished in April lo coincide wilh Ihe retiremenl of New Democratic Party leader T. C. Douglas (to whom the book is is a collection of essays on left wing politics in Canada. The 17 essays, mostly by left- leaning academics, deal with successful and unsuccessful so- cialism movements in Canada's past, prospects for the future of socialism in Canada, and general philosophical consider- ations of the left. Three essays are written in French. Several essays analyze the 20-year reign of the CCF-NDP in Saskatchewan, but one of the most interesting pieces deals with the rapid rise and fall of a socialist movemenl in Nova Scotia- Among the leading scholars whose contributions appear in the book are political philoso- phers Charles Taylor and Chnslian Bay, and two prom- inent m embers of the NDP Waffle caucus, Mel Watkins and Cy Gonick, now a cabinot min- ister in the Manitoba NDP gov- ernment. Nearly all of the aulhors are, not unexpectedly, biased to- ward the NDP, and some of the pieces lerd lo polemi- cal. Olhers. however, nolably the essay by Charles Taylor, are scholarly analyses of the promises, problems and direc- lions of the left in Canada. They are fairly representative of the range of loft wing democra- tic The book will prove interest- ing and valuable lo leftists who wish lo know more about the pasl history of (he left and cw- rent thought of left wing in- tellectuals in this country. It may also be useful to others (particularly in view of the re- cenl NDP victory in S'askatch- owan i who want to know what (lie led is up lo these days. MYRON JOHNSON. This article was derived from a final leclure. delivered by Henry Ollinger, an Instructor in English and a doctoral candidate al the University ol Missouri. A ND now, like it or not, I'd like to say a few parting words. As you know, f began the semester in a way that departed from the manner in which 1 had taught composition classes in Ihe pasl. Much of my altitude at thai time was influenced by Farber's book, "The Student as Nigger." On the first day of class, I read to you the lollowing: "School is where you let the dying so- ciety put its trip on you. Our schools may seem useful: to make children into doc- tors, sociologists, engineers to discover things. But they're poisonous as well. They exploit and enslave students; they peirity society; they make democracy unlikely. And it's not what you're taught that does the harm but how you're taught. Our schools leach you by pushing you around, by stealing your will and your sense of power, by making timid, apathetic slaves of you authority addicts." That sounded like a breath of fresh air back in February and 1 suggested that we try lo break Ihe mold, that we could write papers on any subject we wanted, thai we could spend class lime discussing Ihings, either "the burning issues of the day" or otherwise. You seemed to agree, and spent time agreeing together Uiat indeed Farber had the word, and we would do what we could lo break the mold. As you know, things went from inilial ecstasy lo final catastrophe. And recently I fell back no, you forced me back into assigning general topics. As a result of that action, and a lot of other factors, this semester has been the worst I have ever taught. In fact, I even debated with myself whellrer or not to go on teaching next year. But in some ways, the semester was valuable because I learned something, if you didn't, Let me share with you some of the things I learned. Keep in mind that this does not apply to all of you, but it does apply to the majority. I learned that all this bull about "get- ting it together" or "working together" (be it for peace or a grade) is just that bull. The 1950's were labelled by pop so- ciologists as the "silent generation." I as- sure you that they had nothing on you. Ten years ago, the people around the foun- tains wore saddle shoes, chinos and long hair. Now they're barefoot, wear army fatigues and have long hair. Big revela- tion: it's the same bunch of people. Generally, this class has been the most silent, reticent, paranoid bunch of people in a group I have ever encountered. You had an opportunity to exchange ideas (which, it often turned out, "you have not and you were too em- barrassed to do so. You had an opportunity to find out some- thing about yourselves. This, by the way, Is the crux of education. And as far as I can see, you found out very little. You had an opportunity to explore ideas on your own and didn't. Most of the papers hashed over the usual cliche- ridden lopics, One person wenl BO far as lo chum oul a masterpiece on the pros and cons of fralcmilies, a topic lhat was really hot back in 195G. Most of oil, you had the opportunity to Ire [ree _ free from the usual absurdities of a composition class where topics ara assigned, thesis statements are submitted, and so on. You also had freedom of thought, as long as it was confined to the standards of formal English. You had the opportunity lo be free to be responsible to yourselves and you succeeded in proving to me and to yourselves that free- dom is slavery, a lien from 1984 which I hope, for the sake of all of us, isn't pro- phetic. But you protest (No, how I have wished you "We're incapable of handling all this freedom at once. You see, Mr. Ot- tinger, we've been conditioned; we're not used lo all of this." Well. I read that in Farber, too, and it's bull. Rats and dogs are conditioned, and are usually incapable of breaking thai con- ditioning. Human beings can break condi- tioning, if it's to their advantage. Bui here it's too good an excuse to say, "I'm condi- tioned." Obviously, ten, it's to your ad- vantage not to break out of the mold. Why is it to your advantage? In short, why did the class fail? It failed because thinking causes pain. And, like good little utilitarians, you want to avoid pain. It's so much easier to come up with instant esthetics, instant so- lutions, instanl salvalion, instant thoughts. After all, instant things, like breakfasts and TV dinners, are easily digestible and easily regurgitated and not terribly nourishing. One of the most nauseating remarks I have heard this semester is, "Gosh, col- lege is no or, when an idea is pre- sented, "It doesn't turn me on." If you don't believe that knowledge for its own sake is a valid and valuable goal, then you're in the wrong place, and you'd do much better in a vocational school, studying how to be a plumber or a beau- tician. Granted, there are problems within the university itself serious problems that despite what you may think, show some sign of possible solution. One step they could take (but probably won't) is to tmit enrolment, and keep the 45 per cent of you oul who don't belong here, because it's no fun. Well, it's lime, I suppose to bring this to a hall, and let you go over to the Com- mons or wherever. As to the next-to-last comment. I invite you to listen to the ly- rics of the Beatles' "Nowhere Man" and, if il fits, take it to heart. Last, I will bid a good-by (until the final) and say that if at any time some sly hint, or clue or (God forbid) a half truth slipped oul of my unconscious and out of iho corner of my moulh and (pardon the ex- pression) "turned one of you then we have not failed, you and I. And loallofyouthis: Ilove you for what you might be; I'm deeply disturbed by what you are. Give us this day our daily drug By Richard Needham, The Toronto Globe and Mall WHY is it that so many young Canadi- ans and Americans take drugs? Why is it that so few young Greeks or Ital- ians or Spaniards take drugs? Greece, Spain and Italy are much closer to Middle Eastern and Asiatic sources of supply; furthermore, the Mediterranean area has never been noted for the rigor or the of its law enforcement. Drugs should be, probably are, cheaply and easily available to Mediterranean youth but Mediterranean youth aren't interested. Why? Our far-flung readers have views on this. Let's hear from Lorcntz R. Olsen of Chicago, as to why North Ameri- can kids take drugs. "It's 'Big Education' that is at the bot- tom of drug addiction and heavy crime in our respective countries. When young people could, and largely did, go to work at 14, youth crime and the dope habit were down to a trickle. Restore the old condi- tions and our young people will be largely working young people above and beyond this tragic nonsense." Irene Sevigny ol Willowdale explains why kids in Italy and Spain, Greece and Tur- key don't use drugs: "Firstly, the govern- ments of these countries are far less le- nient than ours regarding drug use and abuse; secondly, these youngsters have a comparativey small share of this world's goods, a circumstance they are busy trying to rectify. On the other hand, our young people have been showered with tilings wliich in our youth we struggled long and hard to acquire. In our misguided gener- osity, we made effort meaningless for them. We have also denied them the sti- mulation and satisfaction of achievement, a vital ingredient in a feeling of self worth. In seeking independence from us, many youngsters have found only another form of dependence fix- compassionless one of drugs. Yes, no oilier generation in history has had it so good; nor, seemingly, found it so empty.'1 Gino Scianame of Toronto tells me: "The Italian will only take a drug if prc- scribcd by a doctor. He is not interested in (he kind of drug that will give bin: a sUilfl of rclasy and madness in wliich strange visions arc seen and the under- world of the mind is laid open to secret places, lie itoes not quite know how dan- gerous these kind of drugs are. It is a primitive instinct, almost pagan, that tells us that by closing certain controls in the mind they release the imagination from the normal checks and allow full play lo the subconscious mind. An Italian docs not use Iiis mind, but he (iocs take care of his body, which gives him comfort and move- ment of the blood with supreme pleasure to his senses." Dennis Barron advises from Weston; "The reasons why the youth of Turkey, Greece and Italy are riot surrendering lo drug addiction are fundamentally those of discipline and tradition. If you look at the great problems confronting North America crime, alcoholism, breakdown of the family, defiant youth, avaricious labor unions and anarchy registered guns in ad nauseam surely all these problems indicate lack of au- Ihorily on the part of the state and family. Didn't Aristotle and Plato warn that de- mocracy always ends in licence and an- archy? Aren't we living in an era wliich will be known to future historians as an interregnum of anarchy? A transition from democracy to My own feeling on this would be that wealthy North America can "afford" ils drug problem, crime problem, welfare problem, labor problem, etc. It can "afford" to have a great number of its young people spend 15-20 hears in schools and universities wliich have hot- beds of drug use and drug trafficking. It can "afford" to have many other kids drifting aimlesly along the highways or hanging aimlessly around the shopping plaza or sitting aimlessly in front of Ihe idiot bos. The Mediterranean countries cannot "af- ford" these things. People young or old must support themselves through produc- tive work, starting at 14 or even earlier. Whether Ihe Msditerranean governments impose more discipline on their people than American or Canadian governments. I do not know; I've always thought of Greeks, Italians, as being pretty in- dividualislic, resistant to official laws and rules. What's certain though is that cir- cumstances the circumstances of pov- erty make people in Greece and Italy toe the line. If, as Irene Sevigny says, our drug problem is caused by our wealth, can we solve it by becoming poor? And just how does a nation go about that? Would the peo- ple of Canada and (lie U.S. voluntarily ac- cept a cul in their living standards? No; but through the ironies of history they'll soon have to. North America, once the world's great industrial power, has become non-competitive with Europe and Asia. They've bealen us nt our own game, we're sliding downhill and [here's no cure for il. Tlw North American disease must run ils full course, and we're seen only its start. ;