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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, Auguil M, 1970 THE lETHBRIDGt HERAID r ROMANIAN TRACTORS Ted Puskas, far left, Ted Buda and John Loud, all members of a Romanian trade committee, are shown with a 70 horse power dual wheel drive Romanian-built fractor demonstrated recently at the farm of George Lomas, LefhbricJge. The Romanians wish to trade the tractors for Canadian beef or grain, as soon as they are licensed to sell them in Canada. Home Hints On Meat Storage Agriculture Leads Economy In Total Output Per Man Agriculture continues lo lead Seventies, according lo oconom-1 If the currenl rate of adjust-! That level of income would the Canadian economy in terms j ist.s in the Canada department iment continues, the economists i be return on investment of output per man. of agriculture. j estimate lhat we will have and management skills and an- Last year agriculture showed Productivity is only one mea- [slightly more than farm- 'other M.ffltf] a year for labor, an 8.8 per cent improvement in i sure of adjustment and it ers in Canada by 1980. yet sales As Canadian agriculture con- output over 19IJ8, far better Ihan j doesn't show the problems thai j of agricultural' products will' linucs lo adjust, it will continue any other sector of the Cana-; continue to exist in other only bring in enough money to: lo register impressive gains in dian economy. j (problems such as low income afford a dcccnl income for Uhc productivity tables, the eco- wcrc: levels for many farmers.) 000 farmers. inomisls sav. And the output gains achieved by fewer people. In fact, agriculture was the only sector of the economy to regis-' ter a decline in the number of persons employed down by two per cent. In terms of output per per- son, agriculture registered a whopping 11 per cent gain. in this Category were .he commercial goods-produc- j industries with a gain in! The final phasing out of thekluccrs who market high fual-; carcasses with a greater per- output per person employed of; federal government's hog qual- i ity hogs. The premium was i centage of lean meat. Because only 3.2 per cent. i ity premium program will be continued for a lime as a farmers' prices arc calculated 31, j double incentive to producers i by multiplying weight by score, to adjust breeding and man- i the higher scoring hogs bring Quality Program v C7 Phase-Out To End Dec. 31 December The productivity figures were completed recently by the Dom-: 1970. nion Bureau of Statistics and The government began to reflect changes in the agrictil- i phase out the premium when it ,ural industry. introduced its new hog grading igemenl to the new system. The announcement of the fin- j al phasing out of the premium higher farm returns. NFU Displeased With Appointment Livestock Entries Dae Last week this column dealt j too long. To get the best use with carcass yields of various of a freezer, all packages cuts of beef and pork. Two. should be dated so that the questions which often come up I length of storage can be easily are, how long meat can be} determined, stored in a freezer and whether Tne f0nowjng js a gcod meat can be safely refrozen. j to uss ,rith reference t It should be remembered length o[ tjnle nleat should bc that any food cannot be kept St0red: in a freezer indefinitely. Many n _ complaints about unpalatabilily Fresh Pork- 3 lo months- can be traced directly to the Beef, Lamb. Veal. fi to s fact that foods have been stored months. Ground months. Poultry, 6 to 12 months. It must also be borne in mind j Beef, maximum li I ages will not likely be fit to be refrozen if they have reached a temperature of 40 degrees to 45 degrees F. i The home freezer should be that a" foods lor froze" storage i kept at 0 degrees F. or lowei i for tiie siorage of frozen foods- temperature above 10 de- grees F. or temperatures ap- proaching 15 degrees F. permit People in Canadian agricul-i system on December 31. 1968. is being made well in advance ,ure are quite obviously trying j The new grading system of-', of the effective date. This is in .0 adjust to the demands of Ihe'fers higher returns lo pro-! keeping with requests from the --------------------------------------------------------------.....---------..........jjndustry that early announce- ment would assist in the plan- ning of operations. As hog producers aim lor higher scores under the new j A i. 77 grading system, consumers rr lll-tCl JL III" i will be assured of a greater volume of the quality of pork Livestock nominations for the they prefer. In addition. Cana- i 1970 Toronto Royal Winter Fair dian hog producers will im-1 are now being accepted by the prove their competitive posi-1 Alberta department of agricul- "Appointment of D e 1 m e r j statement announcing the ap- tion on the export market. lure. Pound of Calgary to the Board pointment makes no mention of i The higher scores are for j L. of Commissioners clearly em- j any farming activities he might phasizes the philosophy of the have." Canada Department of Agricul- j "Surely the E ture towards the farming in- j Commissioners. manner, as to prevent drying t Thj b accomplished r by using aluminum foil, poly- thene laminated paper or poly- thene bags. In the case of foil j and polylliene bags, an over- ferm.entation lo take place which tends lo affect the flavor, especially pork products. fETHSRIDGE RESEARCH STATION wrap of good quality paper will j one important" factor to keep prevent breaking the moisture j in milld is lhat all must prool wrap. All foods must be be frozen siow freezing tightly wrapped to exclude as is undesirable as it makes for much air- as possible. It has a greater breakdown in muscle been shown that hamburger cens subsequent greater j wrapped in one layer of wax, jllicc ioss wnon meat js thaw- paper and one layer of mamlla ec] n js important to plan to paper stored at 0 degrees F., put no more unfrozen food into lost 17 per cent moisture in six a freezer than will freeze Shade Cuts Grub Numbers J. WEINTRAUB, Entomologist At the Canada Department ol Agriculture Research Station at Lethbridge we have been im- pressed by the extreme varia- tions in warble grub numbers from one locality hi southern Alberta to another. Herds that are pastured river bottom range have light infestations, but cattle that range on the open prairie are heavily infested. This observa- tion suggests that warble grub infestations could be reduced by improved management prac- tices. Our experiments have shown that moving cattle visually stimulate warble flies to pursue them and lay eggs on their hairs. The flies are most ac- tive in sunny open areas and avoid flying into the shade. Gadding or running, the famil- iar response to warble fly at- tack, provides the cattle with no escape unless it lakes them into shade. Fortunately, if shade is available, cattle will run for it, stand quietly during warble fly attack periods, and thus escape much of the on- slaught. We have found that cattle ranging in wooded and brushy river bottom areas gen- erally average fewer than 10 grubs in the following winter, r whereas those on the open I plain will have 40 to 60 grubs per animal. Our experiments here have shown that even limited amounts of shade in pastures reduce the warble grub popula- tions by as much as 80 per cent in cattle that use the shade. In England, cattle have been ob- served to change their grazing pattern during the warble fly season so that they feed ac- tively in the evening and. night when the flies are not active. Thus, feed intake is not re- duced when the cattle are in the shade during their normal daytime grazing period. In ad- dition, shade improves weight Jains of cattle during hot wea- ther by moderating the climate for efficient metabolism. By the time this letter printed warble fly activity 1970 will have ceased. However plans can be made now lo use. n 1971, range that has natural shade or to erect artificial shade-producing structures be- ore the next warble fly season arrives. This latter course of action shoold prove particular- ly useful for the increasing number of farmers who main- tain small herds or for those engaged in intensive catlle production. months. Can meat be safely refrozen? The answer is yes, it is perfect- ly all right to refreeze meat for further storage. Research has shown that refreezing meat does not materially affect ts quality. It must be remembered of course, that- the length of time and the temperature at which the thawed meat is kept has a bearing on its eventual quality. Frozen meat that is thawed out requires the same care as fresh meat. Meal pack- 24 hours. Usually, this will be about 2 pounds of food to cubic foot of capacity. If large amounts are to be frozen, take them to a plant that specializes in quick freezing; the small amount charged for this ser- vice will pay dividends in the quality maintained. When placing unfrozen par- cels in the freezer for freezing, place the parcels against the walls of a chest type freezer or shelves of the upright lo has- ten the rate of freezing. Beekeepers Reject Plan For Honey Commission dustry." Roy Atkinson. Presi- dent of the National Farmers 'Oard of Grain which is re- sponsible for administration of the Canada Grains Act and es- Union, said recently in Saska- tablishes grain standards and toon licenses elevators, should con- 'sist of persons with intimate Mr. Atkinson shock and sent expressed his [arm To me said Kerns of the livestock branch says lhat all cattle, sheep and horse nominations will bc accepted up to Septem- ber 5. Mr. Kerns points out that nominations should be in his of- fice early so lhat. inspection committees will have plenty of The Brooks Horticultural Sta-, time to visit all farms and tion will hold its eighth annual! ranches before the Royal en- Brooks Holds Field Day telegram ofjMl. Atkinson, this appointment! field day, Aug. 2l> at the sta-! tries close" disapproval to the Minister. js just additional evidence of; tion. "Mr. said Mr. Atkin- the entire federal government The station will open to (he son, '-has a chamber of Com- i approach to farming. It means public at 9 a.m. with Mr- J- L- Kerns- Livestock Nominations should be sent I the farmer is considered of ab-; and guided tours held solutely no importance. Agri-1 the clav. with a corporate gram com-, business js all the The "public is invited pany outlook. The department i recognize." itend. during Branch, Animal Industry Divi- sion. Alberta Department of to at- Agriculture, 10405 100 Avenue, Edmonton. FARM and INDUSTRIAL MOTORS 3 h.p. to 12 h.p. Suitable for all Small Farm needs. Grain Augers. Water Pumps. Feed Mills, etc. 3 h.p. Rewind Start All models available with Elec- tric Starter and Generators as optional equipment. 12 h.p. Electric Strrri Authorized Sales And Service Depot MOTOR MOWER 817 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-2669 in the right direction." If the commission had bee established it would have co. lected a compulsory levy on a] honey marketed. This mone; would have been used for prc motion, marketing reseai'cl and the general well-being the industry. The plan for a honey market ing commission will be present ed to the beekeepers again their annual convention in No- vember. If approved, it couli be in operation in the 1971 honey crop year. "If is obvious from the con fusion that exists in the honey industry says Mr. Ed munds, "that there is a greal need for a more effective or- ganization lo promote honey than exists at the present time." Dairy Coiilest Winners For the time being, Alberta's beekeepers have rejected a plan for a honey marketing commission. Considerable opposition was expressed to the plan at two rounds of meetings held this year between local hsckecpei' groups and Alberta Agri- cultural Products Marketing Council. The meetings, which were organized by the council, were held in four zones. South- ern Alberta was represented by one zone, the central part of the province by another and the Peace River block by two zones. The zones were based upon the volume of honey pro- duced. Although a fairly large number of beekeepers were against the idea of a commis- sion, most of the opposition came from one of these zones. P'car of the government having too much control over iioney production and market- appears to be the main ob- jection to the commission. Bee- keepers were against being li-; censed because they were; Mrs. Charles Dobra, Shirley afraid the government would jSkiba, Carol Lynn Handsaeme have too much say over what j all of Lethbridge. and Jodie they could and could no! do. Cowie of Foremost were joint J. W. Edmunds, head of [lie; winners of the dairyland milk Alberta department of agricul- j guessing contest held recently ture's apiculture branch, be- in Lethbridge. licves that the province's honey The contest involved guess- indusU-y is very niuch in need ing how much milk the display of a well-organized promotional cow at Whoop-Up Days would effort. "Generally speaking, the j give in 10 milkings. The an- industry itself recognizes this ;swer was 247 pounds, he says, "and the com- i The winning contestants re- mission would have been a step ccived dairy hampers. Calendar Of Farm Events August 15 Taber, Agricultural Fail- August 15 Medicine Hat, Fresh Vegetable Tour continues in Medicine Mat and Taber August 20-21 Red Deer, Provincial Horticultural Show. August Cardslon. Agricultural Fail- August 21 Pinchcr Crock, 'Agricultural Fail- August 21-22 Lclhbridgc. Horticultural Society Show August 22 Claresholm, Agricultural Fail- August Brooks. Horticultural Station Field Day August 2-1 Carmangay, Agricultural Fair WATCH THE BBU ARNOLD A likely story! But what else can you expect from that crazy cast of characters on our label. They can change the shape of Alberta's great history but they'll never change the taste of Alberta's great beer. Lethbridge Pilsner: as real and rugged as our pioneer tradition. Famous for good old-fashioned flavour. And it's been that way for nearly half a century. So enjoy your own Great Moments with Alberta's original Pilsner. Call for Lethbridge Pil! TRADITION YOU CAN TASTE FROM THE HOUSE OF mTHDRIDGE C3S ;