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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, AUGUST II, i'HE LETKBK1DGE DAIi-Y HEHALD PAGE NINE OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER During the past two weeks grass- hare begun to lay the eggs from which another swarm ot 'honpera will hatch next year, in many districts grasshoppers are Car more numerous at present than they were at._thU time last year. There Is therefore, tho probability that more eggs-will be laid, result in more 'hoppers than ever appearing next spring. This is by no means certain (or the late season this year will be busy harvest. We must, therefore, be prepared to (ace the natural Increase in numbers that] result were ths 50 eggs, that etch female can lay, to hatch la the spring. FortVAately know already where most o( will be laid, since we were able to locate laet year's breeding places, early this spring by Ihe presence o{ the young 'hoppers when they were still crowded together GRASSHOPPER EGG'PODS NATURAL SIZE. SPECIMEN AT RIGHT OPENED TO SHOW THE APPEARANCE OF THE EGGS INSIDE. was ideal for the Tionpers, whereas i next year conditions may be much! less favorable for them. We are faced the probability of a' very serious outbreak next year, and TVO shall be wise K we tate advant- age from now on, of overylhlng will tend to reduce its severity. We cannot hope for continued pois- onlngi this season, since tho grass- hoppers are now too scattered Cor Oils to be very practical on the part of the individual fanner who, from now on. SAVINGS, Thrift, Independence all these are the out- come of the same impulse and attain tHe same objec- PROSPERITY. The Standard -B ank of Canada can help you to attain it. a> STANDARD BANK OF CANADA 7, K. LOCKWOOD 13TH STREET NOfTTH C. E. BLETCHER 4TH AVCNjC SOUTH P, B1ULINGTON MAKHODI NEW DAYTON AND STOK.IMG BRANCHES L. G. THOMAS MANAGER COALHUR5T BRANCH W. B. FERGUSON MANAOCT COAUDALE BRANCH C. T. McKINNOhl BUROITTT BRANCH on them. Tho winged grasshoppers uow selecting tho same, anil Elm Jar. places in which they will con tinue to carry on their "egg laying contest'' till frosts are severe to put an end to their activl ties. For the benefit ot farmers who were fortunate enough, or In some cases so unfortunate, that they did not encoun tor these bleeding places this spring ro wai list them once again: Chiefly roadsides; headlands; 'along fence rows; old dried up sloughs and draws; also around straw piles; along irriga- tion ditches; in pasture, especially along trails; and in hard weedy stub- ble and neglected fields. None will he laid on land that has been worked this summer. The- eggs somewhat re- semble BraRll brown grains of wheat and are one-fifth of an Inch long. They are laid in small carved "pdas" that are abont one inch In length, as is shown in the' illustration, and each contains from about 20. to 26 eggs. These pods, the top of which is just below the surface of tho noli are made of a frothy material 'that is easily broken. In looking for them, espec- ially on weedy stubble, one is liable to find a tough earth covered cocoon that Is very similar In appearance to an egg pod. If this he torn open.' how- ever. It will he found to contain a beet welnvorm. How to Destroy the Grasshopper Eggs The only really satisfactory method of destroying these eggs is that ol deep ploughing In the fall, or if this is in the early spring. Cultivation or shallow ploughing, will destroy a few, but it is far less salls- than deep, ploughing.-'- Hence weedy hard stubble land and neglected nerds should be'plougn'ed this fall to a depth least six'Inches: fcarly ploughing will prevent any more eggs heing laid on th'e's'e places and late rows and roadsides can hardly be ploughed, since this would turn them Into weed breeding places, and weeds will outlive grasshopper- outbreaks. Some benefit might be obtained from shallow cultivation or by harrowing these strips though spring treatment probably will be more satisfactory in most cases. Save Rough Grass and Straw For Destroying 'Hoppers Next Spring The eggs that have'been laid along roadsides cannot -be destroyed by burning off the grass this fa.ll, and this should not bo attempted since fire is about tho cheapest method of destroying the young 'hoppers after they have hatched out uejtt spring. I For tho first two weeks of thair lite! they will collect every night underj the sowler ut any rough, grass ori weeds on these breeding places, even it they spread somewhat, by day the grain fields for feeding, and all roughage should be' saved for bum- ing at that time. For this reason, also, it would be very Inadvisable to burn straw ID and near this year's Infested area, since this may prove to be valuable In the spring for spread.- Ing i" windrows along breeding places. All of the grasshoppers in tho vicinity will move into such wind rows at night time. The, Russian thistle, that his such an. undesirable habit of lining the fences in the spring, Is even of value- in a grass hopper year H 'eras a Veritable roosting place for the yonag 'hoppers, and if turned at nijht time millions of them will perish with It Instead ot feeding for the remainder-of.the sea- son in the neighboring grain or neces- sitating a considerable expense for poisoning. By taking these precautions now It will he found that, in the event of a serious outbreak next year, much ol tho expense, labor and loss' that was experienced this year, can be avoided. E. H.l-STIUCKLAND, Entomological Laboratory, Lethbridge. August Hth, 1920. STABILIZATION IN AGRICULTURAL (Farmer's Advocate.) "What makes the dry land dry. This Question was recently discussed in exhaustive paper read by J'olm 3. Cole before the Better Farming Conference at Swift Current, early in July. Mr Cole haB charge of the -Dry Lan Agricultural Investigations, for the United States Bureau of Plant Indus try. In dealing with the quottlou, hi stated it was not an idle one facet! ously asked, hut 'was. a fundaments one that could be seriously and profit ably discussed. While his conclusion were -based -on experiments conductor throughout the Great Plains area o the United States, yet it was -shown that thu general characteristics o these areas undergo no sudden' chang at the man-drawn Hue that separate provinces from states, but that their northward extension into -Can nda, there are progressive, changes the same as there are within th United States. You, May be Earning a Good Salary Now but the iime wiB conw when you Will be unable to earn so much. A .trial, portion of your prejent salary deposited in a account With this comfort end security in the later years of life. 9.700.000 THE IBANK OF NOVASCOTIA D. King -1 stock, together with ooe of the cheap- est and moat productive methods ot grain production'.; For otier sections with different adaption crops and different response to agricultural methods the recommendations might be different, but there mnst be every- where the fltabflizing influence of cap- ital or credit. The continual employ- ment of thcae depends upon confi- dence based on knowledge both of and to !00 hens while he Is attending to one cow and his average return from 190 heus Is {250.00. A Manitoba Poultry Account Mr. rtahk Harniau, Eoissevain, Man., has beeu sending in these'ac- counts (or somo time, and his inven- tory for the past year ihows a very good profit on investment. He keeps an average of 150 White Leghorn hens and for the 12 months his expenses Stock on hand }270, Interest on captial inverted, ilo.20, expendi- ture for feed aud what appliances be purchased (or the plant, >39237. or a gross expenditure of His receipts were: gales, eggs, meat, and stock, 1843.81, value of slot-Is on band at the ecd o! ratioti which causes heavy losses Tom the soil anil a high rate of use by the plant. (5) The rainfall is not sulncient because the rate of use of water by-the crop is'sp'-highj- that :he needs of the "crop canaot 'be" met alone by water stored in the soil. The choice of. crops and tho'.time, kind and manner of cultural.'. opera- Lions 'by which they are" grown are all importani. No one of nor all ot them together, are.-sufficient to change tho fundamental problems, but the comparatively small differences affected by them-may, like changes [n the relative value of products, land, labor and equipment, make -the differ- ences between succeft and failure cither with- the individual fanner with a region. The dry land has not its problems to Itself, but it has to solve them in relation to the com- petition of other sections of the na- tion and In a wide degree ot the. world. Our Information is not sufficient to enable us to forecast for most sec- tions of the Great Plains the Average results in a series ot years that may he expected from tho staple crops under any system of cultivation likely to be tried. But nowhere in the Plains can the results of a 'single season be forecast further than that the chances of success are much greater when tho crop Is sown on land already filled with water than they are when the entire needs of the crop must to met by tho rain that falls while it is growing. In .the one case the crop may be matured a deficiency In tho -seasonal-''rainfall, while the other an excess Is neces sary to accomplish tho same result, IJut average' results may he known and may indicate profitable returns, It has been our history that stable agriculture based upon crop production alone- has not been estab- lished In sections where a profitable average Is- made up of exceedingly heavy yields in a few years .and low yields or failures in other years, rath- er, than fairly good yleliis etith year. The great problem Is one of stabili- zation to enable the fnrm to continue as a going concern through the re- versos of tho unfavorable years, which may appear hi succession, in order that it may reallzo the profits of th6 gonrl years. This is a question of cap- llalizatjon, farm- organization, crops and methods. From results obtained In western South Dakota and applicable to n por- tion of the western part'of that slate, .southwestern North Dakota, south- eastern Montana and the northeastern part cf Wyoming, we advlso for that section: Keeping iivc r.tock 10 Ifi'j capacity of summer pasture and winter feed; (2) the grov.-lh of cultivated animal crops, corn and sorghums, for winter feed; 13) the growth of small grains following the corn without plmviiiK. This system provides for that section the fairly sure and Jive Three dollars profit over cost of feed each year tor every hen on the farm Is a very gboil return, and, ac-- corrllnff to -monthly accounts received from farmers, by the Poultry Division cf the Experimetal Farm, Ottawa, there are a good many farmers' jioul- try flocks which are ac'utally giving Corn In the tassel contains len thau ten per cent, dry matter, wheraac corn in the glazed slate contains twenty-two per cent, dry matter. In a Montana experiment, 2.83 pounds of Bunflo-trer silage was found equal to 1 pound of. alfalfa bay when fed to dairy COVB receiving grain and n limited hay ration. Experimental work to date indicates that silage made from plants that arc 39 per cent, in bloom has a higher feeding value than silage made from "plants that are less mature, A farm on .which one-third of the land is devoted to grain growing, one- third to grass, and one-third to growing rough forage f6r feeding live stock, in the winter, can he kepi busines's proposition, and the hit-and- miss methods that' formerly obtained in poultry work should no longer be tolerated. A national industry well on to the one hundred million 'dollars a year demands business methods and in help the industry and to I make it ..possible ,fpr. .the 'average j pbuKfyman' to keep'tfatk of his', poul-j try operations, trie.'poultry Division has pill out a Tery simple form for poultry ot which will he sent to any person making ap- plication aud who will return to the Poultry Division each month a dupli- cate copy. A Few Figures Vm several years these poultry ac- counts have been supplied'to persons aakftrg for them, and a compilation of the reports shows some very Interest- ing For instance, of all' tho farms reporting poultry operations 84.6 .per cent ot them show a profit, and of this number the vtverage re- ceipt over expenditure for each hen per year Is ?2.0I, might ho ex- pected, a number of reports show a distinct, loss each year, aud that Is where cue of the benefits of the ac- count form comes in. Either ihe farmer himself or the Poultry Division at Ottawa can pick outvie weak point or points nnd have them rectified. 'Some other interesting figures are obtained from these .reports, Among these are the figures that, show that the nveragft number of hens on the farms reporting is 62.9, the averase expenditure per hen, that is, for.feed, appliances, etc., and the av- erage profit over expenditure Is J2.0I. One farmer calms that he can attend ''California Syrup of Figs" Child's Best Laxative In Sending Money Home You are Invited to make Use of the International connections of this Bank, which extend Into all countries. Ask our Branch Managers for particulars. CAPITAL AND TOTAL ASSETS E. E. McKay, Manager, Branches at MiigralK WHEAT PARTICIPATION CERTIFICAtES Bring your certificates to this Bank' and we will collect for you the initial payment of 30 CENTS PER BUSHEL authorized by the Wheat Board. M1 THE CANADIAN. BANK OF COMMERCE PAID-UP CAPITAL RESERVE FUND LBTHBRIDGE BRANCH-z-K, K. ReMe, Maoiger, Stock Raisers are now offered a complete marketing Bod banking service through our new Bacch at the Calgary Stock Yards. Full information regarding live (toek market conditions, quotations, etc, furnished by the Manager, by mail, telephone, or telegraph, and funds transferred to and from clients' home to expedite their business at the Yards. Make the Stock Yards Branch your business headonarUrs while in Calgary. A special room Is provided for you. THewdtCHANTSBANR Head Office: Montreal. OF BRANCH, t B.ion. >od Nobieforrf. __________________Sob-Agapcy at Monarch open CANADA EiUUiihid 186fc R. J. DINNING, T MILLED FOR THE PEOPLE FIT FOR THE KING RQYAL HOUSEHOLD CANADA'S BEST FLOUR YOUR DEALER CAN GETV IT FOR YOU Accept "CnHfornta" Syrup o( Fig3 for the name California on the package, then you are sura your child is having the heat and harmless physic for the little stomach, liver and bowels. Children lovo Its Iruity taste. Knit dlre'ctions on each hottle. You must say Advertisament. Totemland Is Calling let midnight sun hrideacenlgticie its pelts, tnal fisheries, gold mining tnd ita ihg tfr will ra- you as nothing etst; Easy toitich through tha CANADIAN PA- CIFIC Go in comfort on yacht Prinrtsi of Canadian Pacific Steamers Hotel Cecil HERBERT S. JOSLJN, Manager WIEDICINE HAT, ALTA. "The Town That Was Bom-Lucky" HALF BLOCK FROM DEPOT EUROPEAN PLAN EVERY MAN RECOGNIZES- Uie duty he owes to his wife and other members of his family to that each one of them is provided for after his decease as well as before, but In many instances omits to mako such arrangements as will ensure hlg and their-affaira being properly managed after hi3 demise. The appointment .of this Company as Executor and under your Will, will safeguard and relieve them of duties whicK might prove onerous to ihcm. Interviews and correspondence invited. The British Canadian Trust Co. 315 FIFTH 4TREET SOUTH LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA PHONE 1843 It Actually Costs Less To have this Trust Company act, as Exfecutor under your _will, because it is organized for that purpose and is an expert by twenty-five years training. You may have the benefit of that Experience by writing us for information. TRUSTS and Company, Limited ;