Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - August 14, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta
LONDON PAYS HOMAGE TO NATION'S GREATEST ASSET s Britain Begins To Learn in Wartime the Value of the Baby- Welfare Work Gets a Great Boost, and Babes Will Get a Better Chance. By ADBLE M. GIANELLI. NATIONAL. Baby Week, featur-ing\Hls Highness tho Rnby, wiia a big week In London. Titles may como and titles mny go, but tho lord of tho nursery, blissfully autocratic, retains his undisputed. For. quo whole week Mic was tho all-absorbing topic of conversation,' and thereafter, so iit least wo hope, will ho assume a rolo of even moro importance-demanding Croat homage. For "tho race marches forward oa tho feet of little children," and the war has taught the vital necessity of Infant welfare. The aini of the National Council during Baby Week was to arouse the entires nation-rich and poor alike.- to tho imperative need of coping with infant mortality and to show the moans by .which this may be attained. "Wo want to stir up the people: to emphasize their responsibilities to municipalities; to convert the unconverted," saiil Miss Wrench, tho enthusiastic honorary secretary of tho National Council, who was 'graciously dispensing tea to mc during an interview. � - A Startling Comparison. N 1015,- while--nine- British' sol- Iwcen four and five hundred hools or .Infant welfare centres sprang up, 'which number has been Increased since the three years of war to one thousand, y'leturo a typical infant welfare centre in a district where the baby is not appreciated as a national asset; where, through ignorance, and poverty, the chubby, dimpling creation of pink and white in more humbly represented as. an ailing, weak, lltilo bundle and burden of hiunnnity, minus even a fighting chance. There Is the nursery with Its health rhiitor in charge; perhaps thirty e.r forty mothers conic in during an afternoon, and while babies arc weighed and conditions noted, a doctor gives advice and the mother;: attend a .sewing class or a cookery less..a and \ lecture. This, perhaps, occurs twice a week, and on other day;-, to cooperate, the health visitor visits tho homes and proffers tactful sii?::i's-tions. To increase these In number ! h one of the main ob-tltih week's campaign i program of strunu- llttlo bablea every hour perished at home in thair first year of life. It is more dangerous'to be a baby in England than a soldier in Franco." This Is attributed to three causes -housing, ignorance, and impure milk-anil these are preventable causes! Tho Council, which is composed of representatives of eighty-two well-known associations, have a further-reaching' object at heart. Not only do ihey desire to teach tho care of tho ailing, but, following the old adage that an ounce of prevention is worth ii pound of cure, their idea is to train the mother to keep tiio child-healthy^ and wholesome. An elementary knowledge of mother-era ft anil sanitary conditions are therefore necessary provisions by the :-;:,.t". \ As far linpuvn milk, it is deplor-ab'.s tho amount of bacilli in lite milk in Kngluml. There .is. very Jilila system .of suwilizlnf, and a woman interested in infant welfare told.mo that tho City Dairy plant in Toronto Was it perfect revelation to her. Delivery of milk over hero is ..'nocking. Poured from large cans into small ones, it inevitably accumulates germs from the dust of the streets,'as this process'takes place on the little hand-carts by which �ill milk Is eleliveretl lo private individuals. The largest dairies deliver In this manner, and there is no i Tommies who system over here that can be compared to tho Toronto dairies in bottling, etc. Belgian Began It. IN ''1902'.a Belgian doctor-Miele by name-founded a mother's school laud games IT IS Gold and efficiency i jecls for which has prepared . oils activity. "Since I was so soon to be done for, I wonder what 1 was begun for'.'" is an apt quotation, when one considers the upbringing of a child in tho slums. A Mothercraft School. THE Duchess of Marlborough has recently opened a school of mothoreraft with a view to promoting health in the family and in the State. Some days ago I was taken through this institution, which is attracting special attention during tills week, as it is designed to meet the heeds of tho well-educated girl, by providing efficient residential training in practical motherhood for such pe.sts as health visitors or similar work. Not only j.�.".don, hut .BOO centres in the provinces, are celebrating tills Baby/ Week by conferences and lec-cures and exhibitions. Tho Queen opened the London exhibit, which had stalls demonstrating baby's bcil-re.om, his food, his clotiies, ami even his toys. New Zealand is especially represented, as that country's health ! work is most progressive of all-even the United States adopting some of .its methods. At the opening ceremony, the Queen was met With a guard of honor of babies-carried by j invpntio,, ( .their mothers-and In lieu of a l.ou-lejuet was presented with a baby! j An interesting fact I discovered by accident. A large 'banner handsomely designed anil embroidered, decorated the entrance to the ball. This was upheld by thirteen maimed are making toys in T.ord Roberts' workshop. 1 spoke to tho one who hail designed it, and lie was from West Toronto. Even the cinemas (movies) are acted by Mrs. If. B, Irving, during which speakers lecture, and London Is baby mad. It is a nation's horn- SNOT WANT U.S. WOKEN Ofccere of Army Wili Find Wives Unwelcome, Even in Great Britain. DREAMS SHATTERED Entente Governments Make ii Clear That Winning the War Is Sole Issue. . R Soldiers' Hat-Trhr.n;ing Competition at an Outing Given Disabled Men by Leicester Shop Girls rpOMMY ATKINS is here� showing his .skill as a milliner. Tlx- picture war, taken during an outing given by the girls in a. big store at Leicester, Bng-'' 10 the wounded soldiers at Leicester Hospital. These are tho contenders in a. hat trimming contest. There were other novel corupetlfions and AUTUMN LEAVE American Worhan Invents a Natural Dye, Independent of Huns. INEXHAUSTIBLE lints That Will Neither Boil Out Nor Fade Out. St. Pancras. This was the first luge to the greatest national assct-Kngland. Following this, be- ' His Highness the Baby! Woman Makes Torch For Soldiers' Use Simply Constructed Out Newspaper Slrjps and . Paraffin. of ATOUCH for use by soldiers In tho�trenches and in their dugouts, a torch so simple that any chiid can m�ke it, is the invention of Mrs. Kdwarel Gushee, wife of a Now York physician. Mrs. Qusheo and a staff of girla and boys are none, .making these torches by the hundreds and in tend to send thenvin large uuantitlc. to the front. To make one of these torches, tak 7--:- a newspaper and with a ruler tear it into strips two columns wide. I'lace ] si}; of these strips, one on top of tho other--or tear six newspapers at once if you find this easier-roll them up leaving a small hole, through the centre; tie the roll with cotton string; boil it In paraffin for tyvpnty minutes, and let It cool. This makes a candle which can be lighted with a - mulch and will burn without smoke for three-ciuarterw of an hour. It gives better light than an ordinary candle; m only as an artistic but empty outline. But this day my mind was adjusted to a dye focus, and at sight of the dainty brown prints 1 leaped at the possibilities they might contain. I gathered an armful, and in twenty-four hours I.had an array of tints of gold that rivaled the sunshine-golel that would neither boil out, wftsh -out, nor fade out, though 1 tried it In.weeks of sunlight. "Immediately 1 communicated with Dl'.' Thomas 11. Norton, the 1'nited States dye expert, whoso opinion Is the last word in dye matters. Under Ills tutelage I acquired a mure or less Intimate nnd accurate knowledge of dyeing-anil textile chemistry. I mastered tho use of mordants and six weeks later I had finished a demonstration that, contains every possible simile ranging from a shimmering, glistening gold to the darkest seal brown, as well as greys and taupes. In this demonstration I used wool, silk, velvet, feathers, and paper, also demonstrating the uso of tho solid extract aa an ink nnd watersolor paint.' The "Patent Office examined the dyo, tested it, and allowed my claim -without delay." jMrs. MacDonald added that, "besides being cheap and plentiful, the new dyo was inexhaustible. Tne leaves formed on annual crop without destruction, us-would be the case with tho use of'an exhaustible product like bark, ro'ots^r coal tc.r. "Thero ought to be no trouble about adequate supplies so lope as tho forests last. There is no waste, as tho residue can be used for fertilizer," sho said. Preparing in Great Britain for National Baby Week fcu.'llNIO at the local maternity centre nt Westollffe-on> Sua, England, where over 900 babies have been brought ' up since It was opened, the mortality being the lowest on record. National Haby Week was decldtnl lipofi In Britain to emphasize and encourage the great nutlonnl campaign in tho Old Country lo help the people (ina the nation by Mclei.tiflcully momottng the wulfuu of tiiitisU babies. - - Britain �Gives Tip to L/.S,- Use Women on Railways Women Should Be Educated lo Do Everything in Railway Life That Men Can Do-A War-Time Precaution. T Due Notice �JHi3: 'IWlry, I'm not ready to marry, Mr. Freshman." He: "Will you let-me know when you' are?" �'C'ertaliily, ,slr. I'll - ''s^n'd you a wodditiBcard.'; IITC importance of beginning at 1 once to educate women to do many duties hitherto done by men is urged by an editorial writer In the Electric Railway Journal, New-York, (June). The one. feature that stands out in letters and reports from British sources, tho Writer tells us, is the -massago that America must conserve its man-power for military purposes by every possible means. He says: N "Our ally across the Atlantic. has learned this lesson through bitter experience and nt a cost that is beyond reckoning. Every British industry, not least among wnlch appears the tramways", has been caught in the maelstrom of reorganization necessitated when whole nations go under arms. Only those who have been through this can realize what it means and what inevitably conies In its wake. , "To eiiioto from one of our friends In j London, 'the great thing for you to bear, in mind Is that If America organizes an army of millions to make munitions as well as fight in self-defense (or whatever this,war mny develop Into as far - as America is concerned) there will bo In your country, just as in our country, a great depletion of labor in all industrial circles, Includng the tramways. Keeping solely to the tramway business anel leaving aside all olher industries, the ono thing that should enter into your calculations is the education of women to fill almost every .job now j occupied by men. You will have to educate your women first of all to he conductors and then drivers, to be car-cleaners and swltchbonrd attendants and operatives of all hinds around the power-houses and car-sheds. Thorn is practically nothing that men did In .he past, in connection with our t..nil ways, that women arc not doing now Willi, perhnpf;, Hie single exception of stoking furnaces- and women may even bo trained tor that before the war is finisheel. Remember, It takes time to do this, and though you are not suffering from' a depiction bf men at present, it Is possible that you will bo In a year's time. If yon have no trained women to filltheseVacant positions, then the industry must get into trouble. Doubtless tho innovation of working women will be opposed as it has been In this country, but you must bo prepared for that and must start on a broad campaign of education covering the situation that your country faces. Unless that is done-and done very thoroughly-there will be much obstruction, augmented in your particular case, I have, no doubt, by hostile and pacifist elements." By JUD80N C. WKLLIVER. IOHT now is a good time f. -Amorlcans to get firmly fi:;-jd in their minds the notion that going to France to make war is r.�..l going to be a summer holiday. Going vto France a� on army officer or a millionaire prlvat- is not going to present any pleasant opportunity for a sojourn In the Hivicu'a. The enthusiastic young man who lays ele-Vious plans to take Ilia wife with him to France and establish a chateau a few miles back of the fighting line Is not going to serve his country or France or his wife at all well. These observations are apropos of more cases than perhaps the authorities in the United States eiuite realize as yet. There recently was brought to my attention the instance of an officer of the American army who, being among the first or-dereel to France, was approached by another officer who knew that he H-ould bo sent to France with a later contingent. A conversation something like this ensued: You are going to France in a few days, I understand?" We ore under orders and expect to sail very shortly." "Well, your position is such that if you want to do it you can get authority to take a secretary. When I go a. few weeks later I would have no excuse for taking a secrtary. So I want to know if you will employ my wife as your secretary? Let her go over on the boat with you and then leave her in Paris until I corns over to join her." Wll Not Happen Oftan THE two men were old frienels; the arrangement seemed a perfectly feasible one for providing an excuse to get the woman into France, and the arrangement was made. The woman got her passports and is now in Fiance. If her husband is not yet there he will be, shortly. If the case were an isol-usl one It might not Justify any particular comment. Six months from n:.\v this sort of thing will be unlikely to happen, because officers who in th-j enthusiasm of these earliest weeks aro planning to take their wives to war with them will learn a lot nf things. The authorities in France and in Great Britain also will learn. It will be Impossible to organize such pleasant little arrangements after Americans come to realize the conditions with which they are dealing. I have heard of various cases in which the wives of American officers have brought most remarkable influences to bear to get permission to go to France in connection with F.ed Cross or other philanthropic work, their real reason being .that they merely wanted to get admission to France because tl �ir husbands aro going to be there. It would be foolish to attempt to estimate the number of cases of tills sort that probably are pending now before the passport authorities at Washington, but the amount of organized pull and Boclal and political Intrigue that Is going on and that comes to the sur-fico here in London from time to time quite warrants the belief that a good many Instances of this kind could bo uncovered if careful ex. amination were made of all the facts behind applications for the privilege of entering France. A APPROPRIATE LONG-SUFFERING husband had a wife who seemed to bo perpetually talking. After driving him almost frantic ono evening with her conversation, she remarked:, "John, I suppose when I die you'll have a mausoleum built in my memory?" "I will do nothing of the sort," re-tm-ned the exasperated John. "When you die I will have you cremated, nnd your ashes placed. In an hour-glass. Then you can -keep on going forever." NEXT BEST THING YOUNG Irishman recently applied for a job as life-saver at tho municipal baths. As lie was about' six feet six' indies high and well built the chief life-saver gavo him nn application blank to fill out; "By tho way," said the chief life-saver, "can you swim?" "No," replied ~tlte applicant; ^tiut 1 Win wade like bluzcii!" Britain Learned Her Lesson IN some cases, I understand, persons who are expecting to be attached to the military forces are quite satisfied to have their wives stay In England, anticipating that occasional leaves of absence will be granted during which it will be possible for the soldier to get to London. Britain has learned long ago that it simply will not do to permit women to go,, into the other warring countries. Even for the privilege of crossing the North Sea to Holland a permit is practically not to be had for a woman on any terms. Cases have arisen in which men of largo business affairs going to liusslu or Scandinavia desiring to be accompanied by wives or secrtaries were forbidden absolutely the privilege of taking any women whatever In their party. The Governments ot all the warring countries, and Indeed of neutrals as well, on this side, are agreed that women are better off at home unless they have specific and serious business directly concerned with the Red Cross. The fact is that France Is no place for a woman to be going now unless she has business there, knows exj actly what that business Is, knows A is going to be business by reason of which she can make a positive and useful contribution to tho work that Hue armies havs in hand.