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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 13, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta A _ THE tETHBRIDGE HERAID Thursdoy, August 13, 1970 Carl T. Roivan Property Prevails Property seems to have prevailed Cver people again. The proposal of the university that adjustments be made in building regulations so that the housing needs of students might be better met has been rejected by civic officials. It was agreed that the university proposal would have "the most deleterious effects upon the maintenance of a lu'gh quality of over-all development to which the city aspires." A suspicion arises that people are not of primary concern. Of course it can be argued that the regulations being upheld are designed to protect the psychic and physical health of people. There can be no objection to seeking to prevent people from living in crowded and unsanitary conditions. But the suspicion persists that the regulations are being upheld in the interests of property values. The property oriented nature of our society is unmistakeable. The vast majority of laws is property rather than people protective. Housing, which should exist primarily as ac- commodation for people, is mainly viewed as an accretion for a port- folio. It would be surprising, then, if there was not at least an element of concern for the protection of property Will Stormont Be Abolished? Militant Protestants in Northern Ireland may yet overwhelm the pa- tience of the British. The possibility of direct rule from Westminster is very real. It has been hinted at by Home Secretary. Reginald Maudling and openly discussed in British papers. Such an eventuality is scarcely (vhat the Protestants want. If West- minster assumes direct rule there is no doubt about speedy implementa- tion of civil rights measures that would give the Catholics the kind of breaks they have been demanding and which some Protestants have been resisting. The moderates among the Protes- tants will be discouraged by two things that are happening in North- ern Ireland. One is that there is ah increasing polarization between the two religious communities. Fifty years have been brushed aside by the confrontations of the last couple of years so that Northern Ireland is back where it was when it was first set up. The other thing is the obvious struggle the Unionist government is having to maintain unity. Prime Minister James Chichester- Clark has weathered the most recent storm by getting the backing of liis cabinet to proceed with reforms. But the existing polarization in the coun- try may mean that there will be more outbreaks of violence before the reform program can have much ef- fect. The Economist thinks the British government should expect the worst and begin now to prepare for take- over. To avoid the embarrassment of total abolition of Stormont it is sug- gested that the Northern Ireland Parliament remain in a consultative capacity, expressing both Catholic and Protestant views. The able North- ern Ireland civil service would con- tinue, simply doing its present job for a new master. If this is the way tilings are going to be sometime in the future it might seem to be better to act now when there is some order left rather than wait until a collapse occurs. But the difficulty is that such a move would be likely to provoke further disorders something the British government would understandably want to avoid. The bets are, then, that it will not do anything but hope for the best in Northern Ireland. A Premier Problem The cartoon in The Herald yester- flay implied that the provincial pre- miers who recently expressed so much concern about pollution should begin to do something about the pollution caused by ..tobacco Emoke. It has been pointed out that most of the premiers are not addicted to the habit of smoking. If cartoonist Kuch got his idea from observing the con- ference, the clouds of smoke must have emanated from the advisers who accompanied the premiers. While the cartoon may have im- pugned the premiers unjustly there Will be many people including these honorable gentlemen who, having suffered through smoke- saturated conferences, will agree that something should be done about this form of pollution. It may not be a premier problem but it is a matter of concern. Concern to ban smoking in confined spaces is bound to grow. The evi- dence is mounting that the health of non-smokers is adversely affected- from having to breathe smoke-in- fected air. It has long been known that some people are allergic to smoke but studies also show that non- smokers share carcinogenic risks while breathing air among smokers. The premiers as a whole have al- ready given a good lead in this social problem by not smoking. They may not have to do any more unless it be to ban smoking at their conferences thus setting an example that would be greatly appreciated by many peo- ple who might eventually benefit from the reread of the ban to other Staying Home From Work Absenteeism due to sickness ap- pears to be on the increase in indus- trial states. The last government fi- gures on absenteeism in Britain Show that some 300 million working (lays in a year were lost, through sickness. But it is not only in Britain tliat people are staying home from work a study shows there has been a marked rise in absenteeism during the past 15 years in nine modern industrial countries. Dr. Peter Taylor, head of the ad- visory service at the Trades Union Congress Institute of Occupational Health in Britain, compared British rates of absenteeism with those in other countries. His findings indicate that the impression Britain has a uniquely bad record in this respect is false. The absenteeism rate in Italy, Holland, and West Germany has gone up more steeply than Bri- tain's; while Poland and the United States have had rises very similar to the British. Vastly improved health services apparently have not served to make people more durable. It may be il is greater social awareness that makes workers chary of passing on their ailments to others. This could be chalked up to the credit of the health services. It was not necessar- ily a good thing in the past that in- dividuals struggled out to work when they were not feeling well. Employers, however, might not take such a dim view of the high rate of absenteeism if they could be convinced that the absentees were really at home and not away at re- sorts. Suspicions are not easily al- layed when the incidence of sickness rises sharply on Fridays and Mon- days. Weekends become long week- ends as a result. No wonder some employers feel it is necessary to require their employees to have a doctor's certificate for absence at either end of a weekend. Whatever way one looks at absen- teeism it indicates the Protestant work ethic has lost its grip. Obviously if people goof off under the excuse of illness they have no great devo- tion to work. But also if people no longer struggle to work when unwell they are not deeply committed to work. Greater leisure may not be too difficult to force on people after all! Time To Lower U.S. Profile In Europe values in the rejection of the univer- sity proposal. Regulations can be changed or new ones made to complement old ones. Only when it is forgotten that regula- tions should serve the Interests of peo- ple rather than people being forced to serve regulations is it impossible to meet new situations. It is dreadful to admit that there is nothing to sug- gest to rectify the student housing problem! The question is whether people are served better by being forced to crowd together in approved rooms rather than in suites that might not meet all the present requirements. Also it is important to take into con- sideration that a student's way of living may vary considerably in pat- tern from that of the average occu- pant of a house so that a suite may not need to be a miniature of the main part. No doubt there is danger of abuse should some adjustment be made in the regulations. There is a possibility that even existing regulations are abused sometimes. But with the in- spection staff of the city backed by the inspection insisted upon by uni- versity personnel it is difficult to think that abuse could get very far out of hand. H is easy boih to overestimate and to underestimate the new non- aggressioii pad between West Germany and the Soviet Union. Russia's fear of Germany has grown. so great down through the generations that it is almost a psychosis. The quartcr-century-o 1 d division of Germany and the splitting of Europe into two hostile camps reflect the Soviet Union's need for assurances that a militantly resurgent Germany will not one day overwhelm her. So, if tlis accord reached in Moscow means that Russia's fears have waned the door is indeed open to an easing of armed confrontation in Europe and the development of some- tiling close to peace. Yet history suggests doubt and caution. There have been the Decree on Peace of 1917, the Hapallo T r e a t y, the Non-Aggression Pact of 1939, and various oth- er gestures of German-Soviet friendship, but none of them Summer landscape. Lajos Lederer Radar Tries Again For Reforms T ONDON Janos Kadar, the Hungarian leader, is expected to introduce major political and economic reforms when the tenth Communist Party Congress meets in Buda- pest in November. Judging by a preview, in a report to the party's central committee, the reforms will show Hungary moving towards a much freer way of life, the kind already achieved in Tito's Yugoslavia, but so far denied to other East Europeans. This is the third attempt Kadar will be making to prove that his fateful decision in 1956 to co-operate with Moscow, when his people rose in revolt against their Russian over- lords, was an honorable one taken in the best interest of the people as he saw it. Haunted by the horrors of the rebellion and the fact that he himself was hoisted to power by Rus- sian bayonets, Kadar, now 58, has always been seeking a re- conciliation with the Hun- garian people. The standard of living has al- ready improved. Kadar's own claim that there is no longer "discrimination in favor of or against anyone because of his class origin" is at least partly borne out in a diminution of so- cial friction. The now reforms are all in the direction of more tolerance. The doors to higher education, entry into the army, and jobs in the civil service- all hitherto open only to party now be open to all. For some time there has1 been a cessaticn of arbitrary arrest, and the reforms will in- elude new legal safeguards of citizens' rights. Everyone can now apply without fear for a passport, and if a passport is refused there is a right of ap- peal. Kadar's first attempt at lib- eralization was cut short by the fall of Khrushchev, and the second was halted by the So- viet invasion of Czechoslo- vakia. What is so remarkable about the third attempt is that it should come so soon after the attempted liberal policies of the Czechs under Dubcek, and their destruction when the Kremlin found them unaccept- able. Jt is therefore of special sig- nificance to both the Commun- ist and non-Communist world that a nation which belongs un- reservedly to the Soviet bloc should feel confident enough to embark on national develop- ment so different from the So- viet pattern. No doubt the process will continue to be cautious and slow, but Kadar, who is very close to the Soviet leadership, and whose loyalty to them and to the party has never been questioned, must believe it is possible. One implication may that a more liberal policy from the Kremlin itself may be looked for with the resolution of the recent supposed, sharp conflicts within the Russian So- viet hierarchy. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Letters To The Editor Hippies: Unique Individuals, Stimulating Company I have just finished reading the letter by Mr. Ray Keitges (Aug. 6) and would like to com- ment on it. I do not dispute Mr. Keitges' right to decide whether he will or will not pick up hitch-hikers, or his right to counsel others in that regard. I do object to the presentation of such advics when it is thoroughly mixed with mis- information, fiction and scarce- ly veiled hate. If Mr. Keiiges' mind were open rather than giving, as it does, the impression of a re- cently sprang bear trap clamp- ed tightly on his own prejudices and misinformation, he would have access to factual information on the effects of marijuana, and might be some- what more accepting of his fel- low human beings. It is an easy jump from "subhuman, fillhy" nippies to "subhuman, filthy" Indians, Jews and niggers. The majority of young Cana- dians ar'e honest, honorable and probably will be a credit to Canada. But it seems to me that apathy has been, and will continue to be, the major prob- lem of young and old alike. Not all hippies have the same mo- tives for taking up their way of life, but many I have talked with show what seems to be a great deal of courage in trying to assume a new and different life style, having found the one Mr. Keitges would probably ap- prove of to be somehow shal- low and unsatisfying. They may or may not find their" pres- ent roles to be the answer, but they are not apathetic. They looking and experimenting 'to find something more human and more satisfying; these hip- pies have my considerable re- spect. To lump all hippies into one as Mr. Keitges does, is to commit the error of oversim- plifying humans and placing them in categories, so that he need not deal with them as in- dividuals or discover that they are, each and every one, uni- que. Over the summer, my wife and I have, collectively, picked up over 25 hitch-hikers, some of them belonging to the "filthy, subhuman" category assigned them by Mr. Keitges. None havs hit us on the head, stolen our car, offered us drugs or as- saulted us sexually. Many have offered interesting conversa- tion on real issues, not triviali- ties, and have provided intellec- tually stimulating company. It is very difficult to understand a person unless you communi- cate with him; I submit that Mr. Keitges' "understand- ing" is based on prejudice and non-communication. PAUL D. LEWIS, Jr. Lethbridge. proved as strong as the old fears and hatreds. But if the Walter Scheel-An- dr'ei Gromyko agreement docs not flow out of a diminished Soviet fear of Germany, what does it mean? Very possibly it is motivated by a growing Russian fear of Red china. Or it could be that, as was the case with the Decree on Peace, the Russians' primary objective is to discombobulats the Western powers and pro- ceed with the gradual dismem- berment of he North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) which was begun five or so years ago. Russia's wooing of France, particularly Charles de Gaulle, w a s remarkably successful, with de Gaulle's coming to be- lieve passionately that the cold war was over and European detente was possible. So he reduced France's ties to NATO to little more than token status. No one can say what the overall effect of the recent ac- cord will be on West Germany, but it ought to be obvious to American officials that a reas- sessment of the U.S. military role in Europe is long overdue. Yet, the military agreement we just signed with Spain seems to indicate that no reassessment is forthcoming and that we ex- pect to do "business as usual." For a country with the do- mestic problems we have, we cannot afford to maintain the old cold war posture in a Eu- rope that is itself straining to fashion a more peaceful envir- onment. The U.S. still has troops in Western Europe. The operating cost of maintaining these troops alone is bil- lion a year. Another billion annually is pumped into the to- tal NATO operation. This outlay of billion an- nually is just in excess of file total federal outlay for all forms of education in the Uni- ted States. It is three times tha total federal outlay for housing. In fiscal 1970 the U.S. spent billion just for the mainte- nance in West Germany of 000 troops. Some powerful Congressmen have argued for months that maintaining such a large U.S. combat force in Europe is no longer necessary or wise. Pentagon and state depart- ment officials have argued, however, that West Germany has become psychologically de- pendent on the presence of U.S. forces and that to r'emuva them precipitously would pro- voke something of a crisis. Yet, the Moscow agreement seems to make it clear that the Germans are capable of, and eager to, operate on their own in the diplomatic arena. They most likely can fend for them- selves in the military sphere except for the maintenance of a U.S. nuclear umbrella. Some U.S. officials say U.S. troops must be kept in Europe as a bargaining item. The no- tion is that we don't withdraw them until the Russians agree to pull home some of the vast forces she maintains in Czecho- slovakia, East Germany, and other parts of Eastern Europe. That is a laudable objective, but we could go on spending several billion dollars a year for decades waiting for the So- viets to make that deal. The issues are too complex for a brash call for immediate total U.S. withdrawal from Eu- rope. But the status quo makes no sense. If Uncle Sam has concluded that he must lower his profile in Asia, he might also find that he can puU back in little danger to anyone's security and with great benefit to this country's domestc well-being. (Field Enterprises Inc.) Dorft Pick Up Hitch-Hikers LOOKING BACKWARD I don't know who Jim Wilson is or would claim to be. How- ever, any education he may have received, or just plain common sense in living he< might retain, does not pour forth in his article on "hippies', drugs and picking up hitch- hikers. Mi1. Wilson assures us that only fools hitch-hike. I con- tend that the driver who picks up a long haired, short haired, bald male, or female stranger on the road is by far the great- er fool. Moreover, anyone who contends that consuming or transporting illicit drugs in any form can be condoned, literally need his head examined! Many of his points are well taken however, even if they are completely undeveloped and unsubstantiated. One cannot explain campus riols with the one word, bigotry. One cannot label policemen as 'Hippie harassers' and say "naughty naughty" when they are doing our job. (You obviously have Woodstock Was Beautiful I'd just like to comment on Joan Bowman's opinion of the shows that come to Lethbridge. 1 was roflly angry when I r e a fi wli'Tt she said Woodstock. It's fine for her lo "warn" the older generation about il, saying that it is not for them, but she doesn't have to knock the movie itself. How does she expect the "older generation" (so called "over lo like- Joe Cocker or Jimi I lhat everyone's viewpoint will differ for each movie, but in my opinion, her comments usually are just the opposite to what the movies arc really like. Anyway, no matter what she says about it, Woodstock was a fantastic, beautiful movie, and everyone I talked to really liked it. (Of course (hat was the "younger Thank the Lord, Joan Bowman isn't on the Oscar Academy, otherwise a movie like The Boalnii'ks would get an Oscar, MOyiF. FAN. lielhbi'idge. never seen 'Hippies' harassing our law enforcement officer's! I Drugs are dangerous and carriers should be dealt with severely. Perhaps Mr. Wilson would rather wait until one of his children has been intro- duced to drugs before he yells help. If so, when the time comes Mr. Wilson, holler help to a 'Hippie' instead of a 'cop' and see where it gets you. (You see if your dream of defining a 'Hippie' were to come true you would find that Ihe flower- throwing, peace loving breed has vanished! As statistics prove, anyone who claims to be a 'Hippie' believes only in hat- establishment, (what- ever that work, cleanliness, and worries only about where lu's next fix is coming from. Don't pick up hitch-hikers! I! you are lucky he'll only be a pseudo-intellect like Mr. Wil- son or a thief who will steal your wallet and your car. If you are not lucky, you may be raped or killed. Why take the chance. tllUS) KARREN ALLKN 1! M Albany, California. THROUGH THE HERALD M20 Tom Bassoff, bandit and alleged murderer of two policemen, has been captured and is on his way to court for what promises to be (he most sensational trial in the history of southern Alberta. 1930-The girl of the golden west, Marion Talley, has found the west not so golden. Stop- ping off in Chicago on her way lo New York, the singer said the drought had mined the corn crop on her 800-acre Kansas farm and hinted she may re- turn to New York's Metropoli- tan Grand Opera House. of German raid- ers lash at British bases as the aerial blitzkreig rages on. The enemy has lost 100 planes in two days, with Britain losing 35 in the same period. high cost of living, which has been hitting out at almost everyone else, took a delayed punch at the tummies of Lethbridge children and can- dy enthusiasts generally. The price of chocolate bars is to be boosted from five to seven cents. United States sent a giant communications satel- lite into arbit above the earth and quickly signalled its suc- cess by bouncing a message from President Eisenhower across the U.S. The Letlikidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press a r.d the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and t ho Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor SOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;