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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIOGE August Optimistic economic outlook misguided Public power The consumer has done it again It had been the assumption of the oil in- dustry of economists, and, at a greater distance of the Arab oil producing c ountnes that the American driver was wedded if not welded to his automobile and that therefore gasoline consumption was not based on price In the words of the economists, there was no price elasticity in the demand for gasoline in the U S When last winter s shoi cage was over so the predictions went, demand would rise once more Wei! this has not been the case Supplies are now ample, the price has increased about 45 per cent and con- sumption has decreased about eight per cent per vehicle Who would have said one surprised executive that 55 cent gas- oline would deter anybody from driving9 Apparently no one but the con- sumer Stirring the melting-pot Accustomed as most people now are to the federal government handing out monev for research projects of a dubious nature occasionally there is still one that can raise the eyebrows ot taxpayers One such is a 000 study of the at- titudes ol Canadians of French and British origin to those of other ethnic groups Some 2 000 Canadians from INew- toundland to British Columbia will be interyieyved to discover what they think ot ethnic minorities The answers will be broken down in relation to the age of those intervieyyed and whether those questioned have had any personal con tact yyith the ethnic groups about which they are questioned It difficult to believe that such a sampling ot attitudes can reveal anything that could be considered conse- quential There are so many factors in yolved in the creation of attitudes to other people that none could likely be c onsidered to be typical a id the basis for generalization one purpose in making this survey ot attitudes is to provide Ottawa with some information on which to base a decision about the continuance of its policy of encouraging ethnic groups to retain their heritage Does that mean that if the survey reveals hostility the policy should be continued so that greater visibility will make for better un- derstanding9 Or should it be discon- tinued because visibility is itself the cause ot irritation7 The more one reads about the effects ot retaining ethnic identity in Cyprus Ireland and Africa the less enthusiasm there is for making people conscious of it doing studies or laying down policies The ancient policy ot the Assyrians of en- couraging hybridization has a lot to be said tor it When everybody is the same the tlimsv for treating others as objects ot scorn or for harboring parjnoic fears about their motives yanish and the possibility of li ing together harmoniously increases Improved racial climate Migration of blacks from the U S southern states has been going on for many yeais as people sought to escape the oppressive climate of racial dis crimination Today a reverse movement is taking place as some of the escapees return to the places where they were born and raised Exact migration figures are un ayailable but from a recent government sampling the conclusion was drawn that between 1970 and 1973 some 166 000 blacks moyed out of the South while 247 000 moved m Figures from 1965 to 1970 showed 378 000 blacks leaving the South compared to 162000 moving in So the situation has changed from a loss to a gain for the South Part of the explanation is found in the disillusionment experienced by black people when they moved North and found themselves subjected to forms of dis- c nmmation less vicious and overt than what thev had known but humiliating and hurtful nonetheless Also in the big c ities in the North to which most blacks tended to migrate opportunities were not as great as expected and the quality ol lite yvas often inferior The major reason for the turn back to the South however is the change that has taken place there in recent years Although segregation persists, a new mood ot accommodation exists which makes hie tolerable if not attractive A number of forces were probably at work to bring about the new climate but undoubtedly the main catalyst was the civil rights movement that caused so much trauma a few years ago Those who harbor skeptical feelings about the value of challenges to entrenched mores should reflect on how the southern U S has changed ART BUCHWALD The chic tourist WASHINGTON The new summer fashions for American tourists visiting Washington have recently been released and from all indications the clothes are going to be more formal than in previous years The source of this information was Sophie Glutz the famous Washington tourist fashion expert who said, It appears now that women will be wearing more stretch pants than Bermuda shorts when visiting the public monuments Does that mean that women tourists visiting this town will no longer be wearing blue jeans and sweat shirts7" Oh I wouldn t rule that out completely In the daytime you may find a certain number of women in blue jeans and sweat shirts, as well as shorts but in the evening they will probably change into slacks, stretch pants and blouses Is it true that the short shorts are out7 They are after 4 o'clock Of course, many tourists will still visit the White House and the Lincoln Memorial in short shorts, but we re recommending longer shorts for the Senate and House of Representatives I think that's I said 'What about skirts7" 'Skirts are awfully dressy for sight- seeing in Washington, but some women will wear them with halters and bare midriffs and open-toed sandals What about dresses and suits for women7" Heaven forbid A woman tourist wouldn't be seen dead in a dress or suit All the other tourists would laugh at her What about styles7" "Keeping your hair in curlers while sightseeing still seems to be the rage The large colored plastic curlers which stick out all over your head are coming back in again How about face cream7 It s optional Many women tourists prefer it to suntan oil as suntan oil doesn't show up as well I suppose socks and stockings are out7" They have been for some time now, unless you re going to a state dinner at the White House What s new in colors7' In shorts, we're recommending plaids for women who weigh more than 150 pounds They look so much better from the rear Also, stripes are back in, at least as far as sweat shirts are concerned The simple black toreador pants of a few years ago are definitely out What about men's tourist fashions7" There hasn't been too much change in men s fashions this year They'll still wear Army fatigues, bright-colored sports shirts, sneakers and baseball caps And children7" We re not laying down any hard and fast rules on what children should wear in Washington The National Gallery of Art has asked that children not wear bathing suits when visiting it, but you have to remember that the gallery is a very stuffy institution I m delighted to see how the standards in clothes have gone up in the nation's capital this year, I said Yes it's how clothes conscious Americans are when they visit Washington these days It s as though they know that they're on display and they want to look their best as the world looks on By Bruce Whitestone, syndicated commentator Old ideas die hard, however, and the mdusti> in the U S thinks the situation will change The president of Shell was quoted as saying that the American con- sumer isn't going to be deterred enough by high prices, even though he doesn't like them to change his driving habits And the chairman of Conoco thinks the phenomenon may be temporary Other oil executives speculate that the decreas- ed consumption is due to a general economic slump, unfounded worries about availability and a genuine desire to conseive energy, and is not attributable to price Whatever the reason, and whatever ettect decreases in sales may have on the industry which has felt impelled to advertise extensively to show its need for reyenues, one thing is certain The con- sumer has spoken again and in the one language guaranteed to be heard MONTREAL The fact that economic activity is maintaining more strength and wholesale prices more weakness than had been feared, is encouraging business and political leaders to start talking in terms of finding the answers to their mounting problems in an ear- ly return to rapid growth Such optimism overlooks the basic problems affecting the industrialized nations of the world It is true, of course, that industrial production con- tinues to climb here, and in the U S the downswing seems to have ended in the second quarter of the year The in- dicators that have shown favorable trends include car sales, total business sales and inventories, and personal in- come The vigor in these areas complements the ongo- ing strength of capital spending and government ex- penditures at both the federal and provincial levels When concern about the repercussions of the oil crisis was at its height, many were predicting a downturn in world economic activity created by the oil "shortage In the event, however, production has been so far well maintained The oil 'shortage" of course was never a shortage but only a question of price The oil cartel has managed to push oil prices much higher and supply is forthcoming at these high prices Since conventional wisdom now claims that our problems can be shrugged off, it is perhaps inevitable that a new wave of optimism has developed Many now believe that economic growth can resume, by 1975 at the latest Closer examination of the 1974 story reveals that the fun- damental problems persist The oil blockade was never successful, therefore, there was little backwash to the oil crisis Imports were con- tinually leaked to North America so that oil brought in even to the U S was running at the same levels as the year earlier The downswing in the rate of inflation as depicted by wholesale prices masks a more deep seated inflation that is now percolating through our economy Costs are rising both as a result ot last year's surge in wholesale costs and the rising costs of new labor contracts now being negotiated Also, fuel costs are not fully reflected in con- sumer prices Then, inasmuch as most industries in Canada are now operating at capacity, rising costs will have to be translated almost immediate- ly into higher selling prices There is little slack in the economy or in most industrial operations which will permit companies to absorb the increase in costs There are other factors at work too, which tend to conceal the underlying weakness in the economy There is a phenomenal up- surge in stocking up by the business community and by "Oh sure, go out and work and burn myself out by The Watergate nightmare unresolved By Anthony Lewis, New York Times commentator After a time, we shall ask ourselves in wonder how it all could have happened How did the indecency, the lies, the contempt for human values go uncorrected as long as they did7 When the truth was blazoned why did so many persist in closing their eyes to it9 How did Richard Nixon survive for so long in the un- reality of his closed world7 Right now, there will be a general desire to put the nightmare of the Nixon presidency behind us Real problems desperately need new American leadership the world's food shortage and threatening financial disaster among others Americans yearn for an end to divisiveness, for a reassertion of common values For all these reasons the spirit of recrimination must be eschewed It is a time to seek understanding, of ourselves and others But it would be a mistake to believe that we can forget Richard Nixon in our pursuit of a new spirit For his fate is inex- tricably involved in our hard- learned lessons about the supremacy of law What is to happen to Nixon7 Should he face criminal charges, for example obstruc- tion of justice in the Watergate cover-up7 Should Congress legislate, or Ford promise, immunity from prosecution7 Should the special prosecutor, Leon Jaworski, agree to bargain some minimal pleas that Book review would thereafter immunize him7 Most Americans probably will not wish to pursue Nixon into prison His punishment is great as it is But as has been true in the whole process of impeachment there are con- siderations larger than his personal destiny By his publication of the new transcripts and the almost universal reaction to them Nixon has been openly identified as a principal in a conspiracy to cover up the Watergate break-in H R Haldeman, John Ehrhchman, John Mitchell and others are scheduled to go to trial next month on charges of joining in that conspiracy Should they be prosecuted if he is not7 The question makes it plain that a decision to give Nixon immunity could deeply affect public concepts of fairness and justice in the law The ex- ample of Spiro Agnew is too recent to be overlooked When Elliot Richardson, as attorney general negotiated his plea without pressing for a jail sentence the decision had a persuasive political basis But it has left something of a bad taste a sense of inequity in the fact that others have serv- ed time for lesser offenses while Agnew escaped because of his political status Some have suggested that Nixon be protected not only from prosecution but from any obligation to testify or provide evidence Advocates of that view recognize that it might in fairness require the The little dressmaker "Chanel Solitaire" by Claude Baillen (Collins, 192 pages) Coco Chanel, famous for her Chanel No 5 perfume and her dressy little Chanel jackets died on a Sunday on January, 1971 at the Ritz, alone with her anguish and her private hell Alive she had been a designer of consummate skill, lively, quick, despising sham and removing the false props to show only the clean essen- tials in her style A fas- cinating figure, a rare com- plex personality, Coco Chanel flowered late and will remain forever in the history of the fashion world Claude Baillen the "little dressmaker" with talent and true perception which comes only from knowing a person well ANNE SZALAVARY dismissal of other prosecutions since defen- dants are entitled to all the relevant evidence But then what about the men who have gone to prison already on pleas of guilty or convictions Charles Colson John Dean Egil Krogh Howard Hunt Gordon Liddy the Cubans9 If others escape justice should they be pardon ed and reimbursed9 There is no simple way to let Nixon slip away and still to keep faith with our constitutional promise of equal justice under law Another problem is the pendencv before the special prosecutor, of still incomplete investigations For instance, there is a genuine public interest in pursuing the truth about the given by Howard Hughes to Bebe Rebozo and prosecuting any perjury discovered The law certainly has an interest, too in pursuing those responsible for destruction of evidence in the erasure of subpoenaed tapes On this score Nixon's tax behavior raises particular dif- ficulties When investigators sought to discover whether he had committed fraud, he simply ignored then questions The special prosecutor has begun presenting evidence on possi- ble fraud to a grand jury There is an obvious public interest in seeing that Nixon is treated like other citizens in regard to his taxes Over all the important thing as the country begins a new chapter is for those in authority to act openly and with respect for law Thus, if Nixon is given any degree of immunity now, the decision must take into account the im- pact on others on the whole system of criminal justice And the reasoning behind the decision must be fully ex- plained That is the major principle to be followed in a situation that allows of no easy or perfect solution On more par- ticular points, there must be no inhibitions on pursuit of pending inquiries And there must.be no immunity for Nix- on from any further tax liabilities imposed by law The country will have a deep desire now for repose 'a desire to forget Richard Nixon s presidency But in the hope of repose we must not undermine the most impor- tant teaching of Watergate in the American system still no man is above the law consumers as a group These tendencies are largely in- spired by efforts to forestall inflationary price increases Consumers have gone on a buying spree and have seen their savings rate drop sharp- ly while consumer debts soared For some time consumer confidence has been shaken by events, political and economic Now, though, the consumer has decided that he better buy now and even draw down his savings before prices rise even further Similarly, business had decided that it should stockpile inventories that it may need later in order to protect forward operations Even though industrial activi- ty is lower, most metals whose demand parallels in- dustrial production are priced above levels prevailing a year ago Economic buoyancy can be attributed to the temporary push in demand at both the consumer and industrial level The origins of this can be seen in the worldwide flight from paper money, a factor which hardly qualifies as a long term source of strength Quite the contrary, inventory ac- cumulation and overbuying by consumers constitute long term sources of weakness, particularly as interest rates rise and carrying costs become increasingly burden- some Current economic data should lessen the clamor for more concessions to the con- sumer, tax cuts, subsidies for mortgages and the like More stimulus in spending at this time would not elicit further production now that most in- dustries in Canada are beset by bottlenecks in production and long delays in meeting delivery dates The present state of the economy would seem to urge the Bank of Canada and our financial policy makers to begin a restrictive course to reign in our most severe peacetime inflation Thus, recent economic data is creating false hopes We are going to have to do battle with the debilitating effect that inflation has had on the economy Until the underlying cause of inflation is curbed, inflationary pressures will continue even though there may be occasional dips in inflation rates further stimulus here or a relaxation in the main fight ahead will have the most serious conse- quences It has become ob- vious that there first must be an improvement in the infla- tion situation So much depends on that economically and politically "I'm thinking of doing something to get sent to one of those 'luxury prisons' for awhile1" The Lcthbridgc Herald 504 7th Sf S Lethbridge Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;