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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, August LETHBRIDGE The twelve crises of Richard Nixon In 1962, Richard M. Nixon published a political autobiography called "Six an account of the events which he regarded as momentous. Since that book was pub- lished, the Nixon public life has continued to be a series of crises, culminating in his resignation Thursday. In this article, research- ed and written by NEA Associated Editor Ross Gelbspan, 12 crises are related. FIRST CRISIS: The Hiss Case Fall, 1948 After his election to Congress from California in 1946. Richard Nixon gained national prominence as a member of the House Un American Affairs Committee investigating the infiltration of Communists into the U.S. government. On Aug. 3, 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a senior editor of Time Magazine who had been a communist in the 1930s, told the committee that Alger Hiss, a former bright star in the State Department, had been active in underground organizations promoting com- munist infiltration into various government agencies. Two days later, Hiss took the stand. His credentials were impeccable. From a law clerk for Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Hiss had risen through a series of govern- ment posts to the State Department where he helped develop U.S. policy toward the new United Nations. While most HUAC members were prone to accept Hiss' claim that he had never been a communist, Nixon was struck by the fact that Hiss never flatly denied knowing Chambers but only "any man by the name of Whittaker Chambers." Despite the opposition of most committee members, and most of the press and public, and despite bitter denunciations by President Truman, Nixon persisted in picking away at Hiss' story. Eventually, at Nixon's in- stigation, a meeting between Hiss and Chambers was arranged in a New York hotel room before a number of HUAC members. Hiss finally admitted knowing Chambers but under the name of "George Crosley." From that point on, Hiss began to lose credibility. He was eventually convicted on two counts of perjury and served 44 months in a federal prison. Defending the work of HUAC, and of congressional investigatory committees generally, Nixon later wrote in "Six Crises." "I strongly believed that the committee served several necessary and vital purposes first, to investigate for the purpose of determining what laws should be enacted; second, to serve as a watchdog on the actions of the executive branch, ex- posing inefficiency and cor- ruption; third to inform the public on great national and international issues." Twenty five years later, member of the Senate Watergate Committee cited exactly the same reasons to justify their investigations of Nixon's 1972 campaign. SECOND CRISIS: The Checkers Speech September, 1952 GENERAL FARM Presents The Weather SUNRISE TUESDAY SUNSET Lethbridge...... 62 49 .06 Medicine Hat 68 47 .02 Pincher Creek... 59 48 1.27 Edmonton 62 43 .40 Grande Prairie 60 46 .15 Banff 59 42 .53 Calgary......... 62 47 .20 Victoria 63 48 Prince Rupert... 69 47 Penticton....... 76 57 .04 Vancouver...... 66 56 Saskatoon....... 67 48 Regina 63 47 .53 Winnipeg 70 50 Toronto......... 82 71 Ottawa......... 30 57 Montreal 79 55 St. John's....... 70 58 FORECAST: Lethbridge Medicine Hat regions Today and tomorrow cloudy with a few showers. Highs 60 to 65. Lows near 50. Calgary Today cloudy with the occasional shower. Winds northerly 15 to 20 east of the mountains. Highs near 60. Tuesday Mainly cloudy. Showers in a few localities. Lows in mid forties. Highs near 65. Columbia Kootenay Today, cloudy with occasional showers. A few thundershowers this afternoon and evening. Tuesday, mainly cloudy. Chance of an after- noon shower or two. Highs today, around 65. Lows tonight, 45 to 50. Highs Tuesday, 65 to 70. MONTANA East of Continental Divide Showers northwest this morning spreading into the east and south portions later this afternoon and evening. Thunderstorms possible this afternoon. Rain likely tonight and Tuesday. Cooler northerly winds Tuesday. Highs today 65 to 75. Lows tonight 45 to 55. Highs Tuesday 50 to 60 northwest... 60 to 70 east and south. West of Continental Divide Showers north this morning spreading into the south this afternoon and evening. Thunderstorms possible this afternoon. Extensive showers tonight and Tuesday. Highs to- day 65 to 75. Lows tonight 40s. Highs Tuesday 60s. GEHL 600 FORAGE HARVESTER Be prepared and order your GEHL Harvester now. Let GEHL take the worry out of Forage Harvesting. GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES Coutts Highway Box 1202 Phont 328-1141 PORTS OF ENTRY opening and closing times: Carway 6 a.m. to 12 midnight; Chief Mountain 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Coutts open 24 hours; Del Bonita 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.-r Kingsgateopen 24 hours; Porthill-Rykerts 7 a.m. to. 2 a.m.; 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.; Rooseville 8 a.m. to midnight. (Times in Mountain Daylight Time.) During a white hot week in 1952, Richard Nixon found himself engulfed in his second crisis, one which came within a hair's breadth of ending his political career. Senator Nixon had been nominated as Gen. Eisenhower's vice presiden- tial running mate. A couple of weeks into the campaign, Peter Edson, a Washington columnist for Newspaper Enterprise Association, asked Nixon about an alleged "supplemen- tary salary" of which was paid by a handful of California businessmen. Nixon had no doubts about the propriety of his fund, and he referred Edson, as well as Leo Katcher of the New York Post, to Dana Smith, a former campaign treasurer, who ad- ministered the fund. According to Smith, the fund collected around a year from wealthy backers. The money was used for tran- sportation, telephone charges and for circulating speeches, questionaires, newsletters and Christmas cards, which Nixon's senatorial salary of could not cover. While Edson's story was handled soberly, the Post arti- cle ran under the headline: "Secret Nixon Fund: Secret Rich Men's Trust Fund Keeps Nixon in Style Far Beyond His Salary." The Democrats seized on the issue, demanding that Eisenhower jettison Nixon from his ticket. The fund Jbecame a national issue. Editorials called for Nixon's replacement. Nixon's advisers decided that his only option was to go on television and plead his case to the nation. An hour before Nixon was scheduled to go on the air, he received a call from Thomas Dewey, one of the G.O.P.'s elder statesmen, telling him that Eisenhower's advisers had concluded that Nixon should announce his resigna- tion at the end of his telecast. "What should I tell (the ad- visers) you are going to Dewey asked. "Just tell them I know something about politics Nixon replied, slamming down the receiver. A few minutes later, he delivered an impassioned speech baring all his personal finances and revealing that the only political gift he had ever accepted was Checkers, a cocker spaniel which had been given to his daughters. Nixon concluded his plea by inviting the audience to wire its verdict to the Republican National Committee. The public response overwhelmingly supported him. Eisenhower called him "a courageous warrior." According to Nixon biographer Earl Mazo, on's) success sent the Republican campaign soring, establishing him as the best-known, largest-crowd- drawing vice presidential candidate in history." THIRD CRISIS: Ike's Heart Attack September November, 1955 rather than a vacuum. But any move on my part which could be interpreted, even in- correctly, as an attempt to usurp the powers of the presidency would disrupt the Eisenhower team, cause dis- sension in the nation, and dis- turb the President The crisis was how to walk on eggs and not break them." When Eisenhower resumed control on November 11, seven weeks after he was stricken, Nixon's third crisis was over. FOURTH CRISIS: Mobbed In Caracas May, 1958 feiJt- On a Saturday in September, 1955, America was stunned by the news that President Eisenhower had suffered a heart attack in his sleep while visiting his mother in law in Denver. For 48 hours, suspense gripped the country. On Mon- day the stock market lost billion, second only to the "Black Friday" crash of 1929. Then Maj. Gen. Howard Snyder, the White House Physician, diagnosed the at- tack as and an- nounced that the president was recovering satisfactorily. For Vice President Nixon, as well as the rest of the nation, Ike's coronary was a major crisis. Nixon records that after be- ing informed by telephone of the attack: "It was like a great physical weight holding me down in the chair Every word, every action of mine would be more impor- tant now than anything, I had said or done before But for Nixon, the crisis was one of "maintaining a balance of utmost delicacy. On the one hand, I was elected by all the people; they had a right to expect leadership, if needed, Vice President Nixon and his wife, Pat, left in late April, 1958, for an 18 day tour of eight Latin American countries. The first crisis of the tour developed in Peru when Nixon learned that hostile demonstrators were planning to disrupt his appearance at San Marcos University in Lima. Despite the warning, Nixon decided to visit San Marcos on a last minute im- pulse. As his car approached the campus gates, it was met by about students shouting "Nixon go home." Nixon got out of the car and advanced toward the crowd, inviting the hostile mob to discuss its grievances with him. Just as the crowd seemed to quiet, several in the rear began throwing eggs, oranges and bottles. Nixon retreated to his car, yelling at the crowd in Spanish: "You are cowards. You are afraid of the Nixon proceeded on the tour, thinking that the trouble had peaked in Lima. He was wrong. When his plane touch-, ed down at the Caracas air- port, he saw hundreds of angry Venezuelans ringing the airport. The official greeting speeches had to be cancelled. Nixon, his wife and the rest of the party were hustled into waiting cars, and the motor- cade set out for the center of Caracas. Inside the city limits, the motorcade was stalled by a barricade of trucks and buses across the road. As the motor- cade halted, a crowd of 200 people converged on the cars throwing rocks, shouting obscenities and spitting on the car windows. The caravan ran into several such ambushes while frenzied demonstrators tried to smash the shatter proof car windows with rocks and lead pipes. Nison cut short his Venezuela visit the next day and returned, via Puerto Rico, to Washington, where he received a hero's welcome, with President Eisenhower leading the airport reception. Later, Nixon wrote that the Caracas incident so enraged him that he experienced "an almost uncontrollable urge to tear the face in front of me to pieces." He also wrote that he had seen the true face of com- munism, conclusing that since the tactics of the demonstrators in Peru and Venezuela were similar, they must all be directed by a single communist conspiracy. It was this belief in a monolithic Communist con- spiracy that was to pervade many of his crises. FIFTH CRISIS: Debating Khrushchev July, 1959 The fifth of what Nixon calls his "Six Crises" occurred in July, 1959 during a visit to the Soviet Union. The morning after he arrived in Moscow, THE POLICE DEPARTMENT CITY OF LETHBRIDGE Hereby offer for sale by Public Bid The following Unclaimed Bicycles Tag Make Color 1. Brantwood, brown, 10 2. 3. CCM, 4. CCM, grMtn 5. CCM, purpto, 6. CCM, brown, girl's 2 SDMO 7. Garry, boy's 8. Glider, man's, goM 9. Hiawatha, bliw, 10 10. Phillips, grant, 11. Raleigh, green, 10 speed 12. Viscount, blue 13. Viscount, blue, 3 speed 14. James, red, girl's 1 S. Hiawatha, green, lady's 16. CCM, men's 17. Glider, gold, 18. tinder, 10 speed 19. Hiawatha, silver, 10 speed 20. Unknown, green, lady's 21. Unknown.bluc, 22. CCM, red, 23. U nknown, white, 10 speed 24. blue, 25. Hiawatha, red, 26. Pllcon, green, FRAMES AND PARTS Unknown, gold, Simp. rust, 10 speed Peugeot, green, 10 speed Brentwood, red CCM, red, boy's Unknown, green, boy's Brentwood, white, 10 speed Odder, green, boy's purple, 10 speed Unknown, red, Raleigh, green, 10 speed CCM, 2 speed Serial No. 1R01480 1C08276 BS04598 nil K641869 B114028 B68087 2139305 WG131098 39235 73294 4384BR 874000 7747 CN 597AU D59168 2160159 nil JS1746S T1541 C28603 272630 nil 9W051974 J257739 S86299 160C5 C98749 1764436 1643 nil 131429 LS17783 1106 nil 494328 nil nil These bicycles may be inspected on the west side of the City Police Station. A bid may be entered on one bicycle or entire lot on form which may be obtained at Police Station Complaint Office Bicycles are identified by numbered square aluminum tags. BIDS CLOSE FRIDAY, AUGUST 16th 1974 Nixon met with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev in the Kremlin. Following preliminary ceremonies, Khrushchev abruptly ordered all reporters and photographers out of the room and began to harangue Nixon about the Captive Nations resolution which had recently been passed by- Congress, a resolution which Khrushchev saw as a "serious provocation." Nixon later wrote that he was surprised by Khrushchev's unexpected at- tack and shocked by his vehemence and profanity. Shortly after this private meeting, Khrushchev and Nix- on strolled together through an American exhibit in Moscow. At one point, they paused in a model kitchen and, before a battery of v'deotape cameras, launched into a harsh debate on the merits of capitalism versus communism which shocked reporters. Nixon recalled in "Six Crises" that the climax of the debate occurred when Khrushchev jammed his thumb into Nixon's chest and accused the American military leaders of wanting to destroy the Soviet Union. "I knew that now was the time to strike Nixon wrote. "Otherwise I would leave the impression that I. the second highest official of the United States, and the government I represented were dealing with Khrushchev from a position of weakness FIRST Continued on Page 5 NOTICE PUBUC HEARING Pubic Utilities Boml THE PUBLIC UTILITIES BOARD FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA IN THE MATTER OF "The Public Utilities Board Act: being Chapter 301 of the Revised Statutes of Alberta, 1970 AND IN THE MATTER OF "The Gas Utili- ties Act" being Chapter 158 of the Revised Statutes of Alberta, 1970 AND IN THE MATTER OF rates for gas supplied and service rendered to be charged by CANADIAN PROPANE GAS AND OIL LTD. NOTICE OF PUBLIC RATE HEARING WHEREAS the Public Utilities Board, pursu- ant to Section 27 of The Gas Utilities Act. upon its own initiative after giving notice to and hearing the parties interested, intends in accordance with the provisions of The Gas Utilities Act to fix just and reasonable rates, proper and adequate rates and methods of depreciation, and just and reasonable stan- dards of service which shall be imposed, ob- served and followed thereafter by CANADIAN PROPANE GAS AND OIL LTD AND WHEREAS at a preliminary hearing of the matter held at Calgary on June 24, 1974, no definite dates were fixed for the filing of materials and hearing of the interested parties. NOW, THEREFORE, the Board hereby gives notice to all parties who may be interested that the hearing of the matter will resume at the' Court House m the City of Calgary, in the Province of Alberta on Monday, August 19th at 1000 o'clock in the forenoon and will continue through until Friday. August 23rd. 1974 FURTHER, the Board advises that any pec- son intending to intervene in the hearing, notwithstanding that such person may have appeared at the preliminary hearing, should make known his intention to intervene in the hearing commencing Monday. August 19th. by appearing in person or by counsel at the said hearing. Those persons intending to intervene m the hearing may apply to the Company, whose address is Canadian Propane Gas Oil Ltd., 600 Three Calgary Place, 335 Fourth Avenue. S.W.. Calgary Alberta T2P OJ2 for copies of documents which the Company intends to file at the hearing. DATED AT THE CITY OF EDMONTON, in the Province of Alberta, this 30th day of July. 1974 PUBLIC UTILITIES BOARD S. M. BARNETT, Acting Secretary. ;