Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 1HB LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, Auguit 12, 1971 Peter The premier's point parly leaders iii Alberta naturally thought Premier Peter l.ouglieed's reported remarks on sup- porting Quebec were extreme. To follow along behind Quebec in all the positions that province takes wouldn't make sense. That would mean Alberta could find itself back- ing positions that were little more than feelers. The premier has now clarified his comment. His point is that Quebec has for too long been made to feel it stands alone. If that situation is allowed to continue any longer Que- bec could stand alone outside Con- federation. What the premier pro- poses is that Alberta should express an understanding of Quebec's pecu- liar needs and give support where possible. Strong commendation should be given Ilie premier for the point lie has made. He is giving a much need- ed iead to Hie people of Alberta who have tended to be cither indifferent or hostile toward Quebec. Few things are of greater, or equal, importance than the matter national unity. If the country can be kept together by making Quebec feel wanted and needed in Confederation by the expedient of expressing sup- port and making compromises, there should be no hesitation about following that course. Only one regret has to be voiced about what seems to be the direc- tion being taken. The suggestion of a ganging up on the federal govern- ment leaves some uneasiness. A country with n central govern- ment may not be much more desir- able than one from which Quebec has departed. Yet here again it is prob- ably a case of. judicious searching for compromise that will enable the provinces, especially Quebec, to func- tion happily within Confederation. Troubled waters 'Die battle of provincial claims to off-shore mineral rights continues. British Columbia's Premier Bennett led the advance when he stole a march on Ottawa by claiming off- shore rights the entire length of B.C.'s Pacific coastline. The federal government disputed Mr. Bennett's claim and called on the Supreme Court to referee the judg- ment. The court decided Ottawa had sole jurisdiction in the matter and that the proposal of sharing the rights on a 50-50 basis with the provinces was reasonable. Mr. Bennett has indi- cated he will ignore the judgment. Now the Atlantic provinces and Quebec have eyed B.C.'s position and are planning to follow suit. Premier Gerald Regan of Nova Scotia held an exclusively Maritime Quebec prem- iers conference recently at which the premiers decided they too would lay claim to exclusive rights to off-shore mineral rights. The stubbornness of the Maritimes, Quebec and B.C. in refusing lo accept Ottawa's settlement terms in the dis- pute will likely do considerable harm. The oil companies will be tempted to hold back on their exploration activi- ties for as long as the bickering con- tinues between two levels of govern- ment over who controls the off-shore waters. The Supremo Court has al- ready handed down its decision in the matter, there is no other higher court for the provinces in question to take their case, so they might as well ac- cept Ihe decision with good grace. Bitter coffee Coffee Is next in value to petroleum In the world trade of primary prod- ucts, and more than 20 million people in over 50 countries in Asia, Africa arid Latin America most of them poor are engaged in growing cof- fee. World prices of: coffee have plung- ed In the past two decades and this has resulted, in a bitter battle be- tween the coffee-producing countries and the coffee-importing countries, headed by the United States which takes half of the world's exports. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, prices of coffee averaged a ton in the 15 years from 1955 to I960, or cheaper than in 1954. In absolute and relative terms, taking into account the inflation during that period, the producing countries suffered a total loss of billion an annual aver- age loss of over million. At a meeting called by the Interna- tional Coffee Organization in London in May, the producing countries tried to limit their export quotas, but the importing countries wanted more. Since one was talking about exploita- tion and the other the stabilization of world coffee prices, the meeting came to a fruitless end. The low prices of coffee, while helping the consumers in the import- ing nations, contribute to the widen- ing gap in wealth distribution. Will the coffee producing countries be taking unilateral actions like the Or- ganization of Petroleum Exporting Countries? Already, some coffee, pro- ducers, before and after the meeting, ceased supplies lo the world market or modified export prices. Weekend Meditation A ivay of life rrHE twelfth chapter of Paul's letter lo the Church in Rome is a classic statement of ethics worthy of being placed with the Ten Command: cnls and the Ser- mon on the Mount. Paul begins by calling upon the Romans to present their bodies as a living offering to God, This, ho says, is the only true v.orship. In this he is in agreement with the prophets like Amos and Micah. Paul is writing this letter from Corinth, a most evil city doomed by its licentiousness to ultimate destruction. He is well avrare of the corruption of Ro- man life also, a corruption that would de- stroy Rome. Paul was a very practical man ar.d ho always followed theological exhortation with instructions on every-day living. Sn Paul goes on to state that hi.s readers aro not to be proud, but humbly to recognise that If they have abilities these were giv- en them by God. A man Is responsible lo God for his talents and must try to develop them to tho utmost. All men have different talents and In this way the social body functions. Relations between members must be marked by generosity and kindness. must bo sincere, without affectation or desire for personal gain. Truo lova is free from selfishness, A man should cultivate a hatred Inr evil and Instinctive Ime for the good. O'Jier- wise his morality Is in constant danger. Don't be slothful, Paul urges, hut keep your spirit glowing. When life becomes Juke-warm, then the devil gets his chares at you. Stevenson Bald, "If your morals make you dreary, depend upon It they are wrong." Paul makes it clear that this way of life is not easy when he suvs, 'in honor preferring one Men like to be ton-dogs, to lord It over others, lo wield a big stick. So Paul pleads, "Be kindly affcctioneci one lo another with brotherly love." Without that, how can one stand lo hear another praised or see him promoted? "0 give me, God, sufficient grace, lo gladden at another's prize; To look into liis smiling face with sympathetic eyes." Paul continues to make the way of life a difficult one. "Be patient in he says. Troubles never seem to come singly and patience is hard. .Share v.ith the needy, he iristrncls, and keep a hos- pitable nature. Doesn't lio know how peo- ple will impose on you? "Bless tbem which persecute and here Paul is quoting ,lc5iis. "Rej'iice with them that do rejoice srvl v.ecp with Ihem that It i.s eiM'-r lo v.ccp v.Hli people than re- joice with thf-m and vjcn our covetous nature that few can do it, Paul then underlines his earlier exhorta- tions. One i.s to treat all men equally. Men of low soda] rnnk must have the higlic.st regard, become snobbish r.or ego- istic. You must be careful to make your conduct not only good but appear to Iw good. Be transparently As much na i.s possible live In prwe with all mrr.. recognized that ni limes it would not. lx> either possible or 'IrsirahK fjo not try overrorno evil with evil, but overcome evil with VftA. Here Is a lesson many a social reformer reeds to Ic-arn. Violcnco breeds violence; hate hrceilj hale. Vio- lence must be met with law nnd hatred with love, PHAYKR: Make me, 0 find, In all I clfi serve Thee and thus Ir.in.sforrn me at rny licurl's r. f, M. New campaign methods to lure voters AS Hie political stars of Can- JV nda nnd the United States move toward an election con- junction thnt neither country hns experienced since Prime Minister Wilfrid Laiirier nnd President Theodore Roosevelt "ran together" In 1904, parly strategists hero are giving more and moro thought to the, effects of overlapping cam- paigns on the Canadian vote. Their Interest in the American scene is on two levels, practical and theoretical. New campaign methods, par- ticularly those used by Senator McGovern on the way to his presidential nomination, have already been studied closely by all federal parties in Canada and many provincial parties, in- cluding the separatist Parti Quebecois which recently sent a small fact-finding mission to Washington. Federal organizers arc also studying a new assortment of theories, nil of them highly speculative- nnd most o[ them conflicting, about the impact on Canadian voters of Images and Ideas from the U.S. campaign which will bo flooding into Can- ada this fall through various media. Would a successful campaign by President Nixon tend to rein- force the position of the Liberal government in Ottawa? If Prime Minister Trudeau In some respects the Mc- Govern of tho IOCS election here, will ho be Identified this lime with the Democratic candidate? Will Nixon's appeal to Con- EervaUvo-mlndcd Americana add deplh and credibility to the message of Conservative leader Stonfleld? No ono lias the answer lo these questions but tho Liberals now nave tho man who should be able to provide them, if any- one can. In the scheme of the Liberal campaign organization at party headquarters here there Is a new box labelled, "U.S. Ktcc- and tho name in the box Is Dale C. Thomson. Thcro Is probably no ono In the country at lira moment who can ma_lch Thomson's knowl- edge and experience of the Ca- nadian political scene and hia up-lo-dato familiarity with what Is happening in tho United States and tiuj key figures in the American campaign. Fortunately for the Trudeau organization, Thomson is also an academic who makes no bones about his political com- mitment. He was a speech- writer for Primo Minister St. Laurent from 1953 to 1958 when he stood for election for the first and last lime, going down lo de- feat in his homo province of Al- berta before Dr. Hugh Homer, now minister of agriculture and deputy premier in the Loughced cabinet. In 19Gfl Thomson, fluently bi- lingual, went to tho University of Montreal where ho started the department ol political sci- ence. Three years ago ho took a leave of absence from tho uni- versity lo become the founding director of the Centre of Cana- dian Studies In The School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins Univer- sity in Washington. The cenlre was launched in 1869 with Ihe help of a 51-miUion grant from foundations set up by the late William Donner, a steel magnate from Pittsburgh who spent his retirement culti- vating an affection for the Ca- nadian way of life in a suite Ij Montreal's Eilz Carlton hotel. Since then, Thomson has done pioneering work In promoting Canadian studies in American universities. He was one of tho founders: last year of the BERN'S 1HLU "Oh-Ofi, 1 SEF-Yoa wint to pay iiv-CASH. Moy t see two forms "II you can't sleep, Ralph, 1ry ih'nftu Republican conttntloni member Association for Cana- dian Studies in tho United States. From his post In situated almost next door to the Canadian embassy there, Thom- son has closely followed the changing pattern of Canadian- American relations during tha Trudoau-Nixon era as well as internal political developments in the United Stales. His list of contacts within American party structures is now long and Im- pressive. One of the areas which has been of social interest to Thomson is the use of television in U.S. campaigns. Ho detects a growing school of opinion, among his fellow members the Association of Political Con- sultants in (lie U.S., that net- work television has become less effective in recent years as viewers have built up resistance to alt types of messages in tele- vision, political as well as com- inercial. In the U.S. now, there is .strong interest in the possibil- ities of using community cable TV systems tor campaign pur- medium thai Canadian parties have overlooked in tho past despite the fact that cable TV has been widespread here than in Ihe U.S. "Personalized" mailings lo voters, processed by computers, Is another relatively new tech- nique that has been studied by Thomson and many other Cana- dians working on the next cam- paign. These mailings hava been effective In the U.S. but there is debate among political organizers hero as to whether Canadians would respond as fa- vorably to the technique. Once the campaigns get un- der way, it they are concur- rent, the predominant question will concern the parallels that Canadian voters will draw be- tween their own leaders and Is- sues, and the personalities and platforms in the U.S. Tho re- gional impact of tliis overlap could bo particularly strong In such key areas of the Cana- dian campaign as Metropolitan Toronto and Vancouver. It is In this unexplored and mysterious sector of Canada's next election that Thomson will be invaluable to the Liberals. (Toronto Star Byndicatfr) Peter Desbarals Top civil servants slow in promoting bilingualism (Last In h series) AT hia last press conference Prime Minister Trudeau blamed Quebec separatists for stabbing his biluigualJsra policy in (he hack. He didn't really have to look that far afield. The most effective would-be assassins of the policy are found among the most powerful men in "Mandarins" of the senior civil service. "There are people here who still think that we're giving away the whole country to Quebec, and they're not all in tha rank and said an as- sisLant deputy minist er, En g- lish'-speaking but bilingual. "Some very senior people are opposed to tho program, or at least are doing nothing to push Once they were assured of an- onymity, other senior civil serv- ant1! confirmed "Tho pace of the bilingualism program i.s set by the deputy said one of their number, a French-speaking Ca- nadian, "and not all the deputy ministers have been pushing it." "Some of them have ques- tioned its aims, if a DM hasn't believed in the program, it's been relatively easy for him to bog it down in the bureaucracy of his own department." Sabotage ot the government's controversial effort to create a bilingual public has been a favorite court amusement among certain "Mandarins" of the civil era-vie a since the program Marled in Until l.-i.sf, year, Mir-se oppo- nents of the program were aided and abetted by Ihe gov- ernment's own approach. Initiated by Ixster Pearson, accelerated by Pierre Trurtcaii and executed by Secretary of State Gerard J'clletier, the bilin- gualism program from until 1071 was hy ,tn un- realistic Bflrninislrative policy. Tt almost invited the kind of tao t.ir: that did slow down the pro- gram and, in fact, camn dnn- gcrrwwly rlntvs lo mining it. "Of course you never hoard n deputy minister openly oppose- the program onro it was gov- ernment said one of them. "Thai kind of thing just doesn't happen. "Bui, at a cocktail party, might find yourself talking to someone you knew wasn't pu.sh- ing the program in his own dci- pHrtmrnt, nnd I ran rfincrnlK.T Beveral people lika (hat sayiog to me, 'Those If ISicy were really serious about this, why haven't they put their money where their mouth What was happening was the cabinet was authorizing more and more money for language training in the civil total of more than million up to tho effectiveness of the program was being un- dermined because the govern- mnet failed to understand or ac- cept the fact that the language- training program required fur- ther and even more costly ad- justments in the civil service. The most obvious sign of trou- ble was the 44-per-cent drop-out rate from the language-training courses. About IfJ.OGO civil serv- ants have enrolled hi tho courses since Only have graduated and about have quit or indefinitely sus- pended their courses for various reasons. It took the government, far too long to grasp tho implications of lliis. a survey of drop-outs was finally taken, it was quickly established (hat at least two thirds had been forced lo dis- continue Lheir training because it conflicted with their regular work, Less than ]0 per cent of Ihe drop-outs expressed! criti- cism of the training program it- self. IL was clear that the language- program was falling tocause the government had added it to the work load of (he civil serv- ice without providing extra per- sonnel. Under these circum- was ftll too easy for sonic senior civil servants to ac- Die government of cyni- cism, and to justify making lit- lie in bilingualTsm in their own departments. So They Say There is considDr.'iblo re- ward) to indicate that, In gen- eral, tall people have a great economic advantage over short jxjoplo and arc f.ir moro sue- rossful ns loaders In Iho busi- ness and political world. I havn maintained, therefore, that tho lax law should provide com- peasation for the inequities thrust irprm Iho short people of the world. I wouhl draw (ho line nt a height of 5 feet inches and provide half rales for thoso below that level and the regular for Ihoso of Ihe Tifns- irry Etlwia S. Cohen, 5 feet 2. K was only lost year, when tho program was taken from the secretary of state's depart- ment and given to the Treasury Board, that action was taken lo .solve this problem. Now Uicre is an extensive program to hire replacemenU civil servants assigned to intensive language- training courses for periods ranging from a few weeks up to a year. This program is being launched this year with a budget of million, more than double the annual cost of tho language-training program it- self. "The time for exhortation Is said one of the Treasury Board officials responsible for this program. "From now on, It's simply an administrative question. W o have the money and there's no doubt that the targets will bo met. "It's an intractable problem but rjuite Another important new factor Is the CO-pcr-ccnt shift in per- sonnel at the deputy minister level that has taken place since J968. There are today relatively few older deputy ministers who are unsympathetic to the program. In the past, thefr ranks included not oniy unilingual Anglophones but a few French-speaking Ca- nadians who had been token ap- pointments in their time and who felt tfireatenoil by a new generation o f F-Yancophones which was then, fighting its way up through the ranks. Tlic proportion of Franco- phones at senior of Iho civil .service is slilE !ow. Out of every 100 "executive category" civil servants, 15 are bilingual French-Canadians, 15 are bilin- gual English-Canadians and 70 arc English-speaking Canadians who speak nothing else. Hut tho numbers of Francophones and bllingu.ih are Increasing slowly. Komo of tho men In key post- tioas t'xfay arc among the Mi senior civil scrvant.s who Biniro havo taken tho year-long "biciillurDl development pro- gram" in Quebec in Toronto, in the case of Franco- phones. "After you've been on Iho Quebec course, you'ro a marked grinned one graduate, an a s R 1 R t B n t deputy minister. "Kveryono knows wlrcrn you stand. ''There's a good chance that some ill the people in that largo office out thero ,irn talking about bilingualism rigbt lie said. "If I walked through that door, the conversation would switch immediately." "There are very few people that you can discuss it saJd another man at the same level on tho civil service. "Peo- ple are still too emotional about it." It Is this feeling against bilin- gualism in the civil service that politicians and journalists have found Impossible to gauge. Tn terms of specific com- plaints, Ihe program appears lo havo proceeded smoothly. Last year there were only J20 ap- peals to the Public Service Commission based on language, out of a total of appeals. The official languages commis- sioner also received 57 corn- plaints from civil hardiy a significant total from a work force of more than But even advocates of the pro- gram admit that these totals give a misEeadirig idea of tha depth of suspicion and resent- ment that exists in the sen-ice. "It isn't at the very lop or among the new recruits that you run into said a deputy minister, "but right in the mid- the 5T5's, for In- stance." There are women In civil service, of them ara in tho secretarial-stenographic group, many of them are "STS's" and if they aren't bilin- gual, they will remain JTTS's for- ever. Stenographers who can lake dictation in both languages can go up to ST8. "STS's tend to be mlrltllc- aged, sagging and said one deputy minister. "When they Bee n younger French-Canadian g e 11 i n g lha promotion, liiey see red. How can they compete with someone who can wag (heir ass like that and take dictalion in both lan- Many STS's ara among tho civit servants who believe that if they can only wait out this particular government, t h a threat will disappear. Thero Isn't a "Mandarin" wh'o be- lieves this, even among those who arc unsympathetic, to tha program. "The wheels of the bureauc- racy move said one, "but when they start to move, there's no stopping them." (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through the Hcratd 1922 A grand total of entries In the Cardslon Fair made Iho Judges In every de- parlment work hart] praclical- ly all day today, the flnsl day of Cardstcju's big Agricultural Fair. 19.12 Announcement of Iho opening of an office In Lcth- bridgo and the promotion of Stanley Peacock in the posi- tion of dislrict manager was made by Harry K. Hunt, branch manager for southern Alberla of Iho Imperial Life Assurance CD. ycslerday. 10IZ Mcmters (A liie re- cruiting party from headqusr- ters of Military District No. 13 will be ot tho Arm- ories from a.m. to 2 p.m. for Iho purpose of recruiting men for the Veterans Guard of Canada and the Canadinn Wo- men's Army Corps. An 18-year-old blonde band vocalist was named Miss Canada 1052 last night in Bur- lington, Ontario. Marilyn ItwI- click of Agoncourt, Out. was chosen from n entranls. The Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. Lcthbrlrige, Alberfa p; HERALD CO, LTD., and PiiMkhcn Published 1905-1051, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clan MAll ReglsrrAlion No. 0011 ber of The Cnnarftan and Canadian Oally Newipaotr ublfihtri' Association and Audit Bureau or CLEO MOWERS, Editor PublUhir K. ADAMS, Gintral Manager DC'J WILLIAM MAY ta'innplng Fdilor f.tlitor ROV f WILES DOUGLAS K, Kfn Manager Editorial Fdilw 'THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"