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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, August 12, 1971 Dr. Murri C. Shumialcher Stop-gap or mistake? The bloody horror in Northern Ire- land escalates as both Catholics and Protestants appear determined to kill one anolher off, and in the process bring further ruination to the already shaky economy. Poverty was bad enough before "the il can only be increased under the present situation. Now, internment without trial, an illiberal measure which has bee n used before with good effect against the Irish Republican Army, which stands accused of sparking much of the current violence, has been reim- posed. The Home Secretary, Mr. Reginald Maudling has been forced to conclude that the time has come when, in spite of possible damage to Britain's international image and the likelihood of bitter Labor opposition, no other measure can possibly have any effect. It worked once. Will it work again? The chances are not good. For one thing the IRA has many more sympathizers in the north than it did in 1922 when it was first invoked. LI. Gen. Tuzo, GOC in Northern Ireland thinks that about half the people of Northern Ireland, are in sympathy with the IRA, and about a quarter of those that is, about are ready to offer act- ive support. If swift, undercover act- ion can pick up most of the leaders in the north, perhaps there would be a cooling-off period. But, according to the London Economist, "a unilat- eral internment would be a military mistake and, a political nonsense." The reason; many of the gunmen would escape, as they probably have already done into southern Ireland, creating chaos where relative peace currently prevails. Present measures can only be a stop-gap, and no one is belting that the stop will fill the gap. Irish Catho- lics and Protestants have nursed their hatreds for over 200 years. They seem benl on continuing to do the same for who can tell? A new war? The recent 20-year pact of co-oper- ation and friendship signed between Russia and India, has set off waves of alarm in international circles. In spite of Russia's denial of military support for India, suspicion has been aroused that it would be forthcoming in the case of outright conflict be- tween India and Pakistan. There is still hope, however, that such a war can be prevented. The Soviets, il is said, while publicly sup- porting India, are privately urging restraint. China is said to be doing the same in Pakistan, and the U.S. is plainly using what influence it still has in both India and Pakistan, to diminish the possibility of open con- flict. The Secretary General of the UN has been consulted. All these things indicate that some unanimity of opinion exists among these na- tions supporting both protagonists. They are unanimous in agreeing that such a war would be disastrous, not only for India and Pakistan, but for them as well. Behind the scenes they are trying to prevent it. It is an imperfect method, and it may not work. But it does offer a faint hope that the realization of what such a war would mean to world peace, has intensified the will to prevent il. The very fact that Rus- sia, China and the U.S. are unani- mous in their desire to slop a war before it breaks out must count for something. Hydrofoil to sink Another defence department pro- gram has come a cropper. The ex- perimental hydrofoil type submar- ine hunting vessel the Bras d'or, which the government in 1963 an- nounced would be constructed (against considerable public protest) is to be scrapped. At that time the estimated S9 mil- lion cost of the craft was considered extravagant and there were well- founded doubts that it would not be effective in the role for which it was designed. It would not be suitable for waters where ice or debris might be encountered highly possible in Canadian waters and there was concern that collision at high speed, which was its one advantage, would be disastrous. Subsequent tests have proved these doubts to be justified as the Bras d'or suffered hairline fractures in its retractable ski-like appendage which is sufficient evi- dence to prevent the ship ever be- coming operational. The House of Commons expressed consternation when it was disclosed that the cost of the refit of the Bona- venture had leaped from an esti- mated million to more than S17 million in just two years and there were rumblings lhal someone or oili- er responsible should be censored. Before lliey gol around lo it however, the Bonny was sold for scrap and the whole mess forgotten. Will the hydro- foil cost be as easily forgotten? Since the original estimate, the prototype has rocketed beyond S53 million, not including the price of research and development; that's a lot of money to be swepl under the rug, along with the Bonny's cost. Censoring government department officials for ambitious programs which don'l come off is like locking the bam door after the horse has gone. What is needed is a closer rap- port between the Treasury Board and the House of Commons so that es- calaling costs on projects can be constantly reviewed with the objec- tive of maintaining some kind of con- trols. ANDY RUSSELL The horror that is 1080 "FORMULA 1083 or sodium fluoro- acelale is one of Ihe mosl lethal poisons known to man. It was developed about twenty years ago as a cheap and effective pesticide for coyotes and wolves. However, it has proved to be indis- criminate and non-selective and has kill- ed countless numbers of various wildlife, domestic stock and dogs. A 1963 survey conducted by the U.S. Wildlife Service shows a horrifying list of animals killed by 10BO and only of these were coyotes. No attempt was made to count the many birds undoubtedly de- stroyed. II has also killed people, very like- ly more lhan is known, for a very liny quantity can cause dealh with symptoms not unlike a heart attack. Because it is non-biodegradable, it is building up on some watersheds in places of heavy long- term use such as Wyoming, till it threat- ens water supplies. It is odorless and tasteless. It dissolves in water but retains all toxic qualittes. One ounce of the powder is capable of killing 200 people, coyotes or house cats. What could he placed on the head of a very small tack is sufficient to put a dog into frightfully painful convul- sions ending in death after several hours. The same amount will kill a for there is no known antidote. Because a very small amount is deadly, it is difficult to trace. It has a chain reaction going from one poison victim to another, and an ani- mal can lrav.ol for hours before dying. For sheer and utterly horrible cruelty it has no match. Yet in spite of these frightening facts, government authorities still sanc- tions the use of lOflO. The initial formula lOfifl campaign in southern Saskatchewan virtually wiped out coyotes licre. It become almost imme- diately apparent that a very good rat control was gone with them, so coyotes were reintroduced and use of 1080 stop- ped. The same Ihing happened in Nevada ex- cept that rabbits and other rodent pests increased to a point of doing heavy dam- age to the rangeland. Caltlemen and sheep- rr.en lobbied for discontinuance and coy- otes were brought back from other areas. In California where climate and avail- able food conditions were ideal for rodent population explosion when predators dis- appeared, damage was so extensive that the state government sanctioned use of grain treated with 1080. How many hann- and beneficial forms of life were thus destroyed is anybody's guess, hut it was astronomical and included many thousands of wild ducks. 1080 and its related pesti- cide, DDT, has been indirectly responsible for the near exlinclion of Ihe California condor and Ihe decimalion of buzzards. These scavengers are nature's sanitalion squad living exclusively from carrion. Here in Alberta, we are weU along the same destructive and senseless trail. We spend large sums of taxpayers' money lo control rats, yet systematically poison the best control coyolcs and foxes. We arc also killing many beneficial hawks and the fast disappearing eagles. Through long ex- posure, coyotes are slowly learning tn avoid poison and these conditioned ones are the most likely and harmful sheep and poultry killers. ITow long does it lake us to benefit from Ihe mistakes of our neigh- bors? How utterly stupid can we be? We ore long on technology and very short on common sense. I'Vimila IOMI should bo outlawed com- pletely by provincial, .slate and federal environment and licaltli departments. New approach: final offer selection (Last of a scrips) WEGINA The search for a means lo secure indus- trial peace gees on in many parts of Canada. A novel con- cept for resolving such dis- putes between professional groups and employers without resorting to strikes lias been proposed by a group of profes- sional engineers employed by Ontario Hydro. For many years, the Society of Ontario Hydro Professional Engineers has dealt informal- ly with the management of Hydro without the formality of a collective agreement. With pressures for such an agree- ment, the association now pro- poses a novel method of re- solving disputes without con- frontation and without conflict of loyalties amongst those who occupy dual roles as employees and advisers to management. The particular kind of arbi- tration proposed is described as "final offer selection" or "forced choice" arbitration. It envisages the appointment of an arbitrator who, in the ev- ent of a deadlock, would rule on the final position of one side or the other upon all outstand- ing issues. Each party would present a package to the arbi- trator, one of which the arbi- trator would accept in tolo. The package itself would contain all of the terms that each of tlie parties believed to be both ad- vantageous and reasonable. There would be no bargaining that might alter the terms of any package. The package would be accepted or rejected precisely in the form in which it was prepared by each party, the arbitrator's duly being to accept the more reasonable of the two packages, Heroin lies the built-in re- straint of the system. The perils inherent in the proposal are designed to effect a deterrent upon the disputants not only in formulating their proposals, but in referring the mailer to an arbitrator in the first place. Thus, it can be ar- gued, the system would have the effect of promoting settle- ments witlioul necessarily im- posing their terms upon Ihe parlies. There has been some crit- icism of bhe proposal since it may well be Iliat an arbitrator would feel that his hands were tied, and all he mighl do is choose between one proposal and another, much as a child is asked to choose one hand or another lo determine whether he win or lose a piece of toffee. Suppose the arbitrator should find thai neither of (he proposals is reasonable; under these circumstances, might he vary the award? Are his hands inexorably to be tied? The answer of course lies in the fact that each side, wish- ing its proposals to be accept- ed as a package, will make its terms as reasonable and palat- able 3o possible. For Ontario Hydro to give professional engineers of On- tario the right to strike, as the association president staled, is "like giving a pacifist an alomic bomb." Obviously, this group, with its professional en- gineers' code of ethics, its mid- dle class bias and '.is close re- lationship '.iith management, would never wish to strike. It is too sophisticated lo wilfully mount a strike in so essential a ulility as power. To do so would be lo invoke the law of Hie jungle, On the other hand, the alter- native last resort method of ar- bitration is not ideal. Some say thai il would enlirely bypass Ihe colleclive bargaining pro- cesses. Bui this is not neces" sarily so. On the contrary, it might stimulate such processes and promote simple, rational agreement, if only to avoid the chancy game of blind man's buff. The concept of "final offer seleclion" might have applica- bility lo proceedings before a labor court. In ordinary civil proceedings, courts are accus- tomed to consider the position of a plaintiff as set out in his slalemcnl of claim in which he alleges certain fads and claims relief by way of dam- ages or by and injunction or mandatory order. The defen- dant on the other hand, takes quite a different position, stat- ing that there is no right to the damages or lo the olher relief claimed by the plaintiff. In ear- lier times, courts were prone to find for a plainlilf or s defen- dant and to accord to one or Ihe olher all or very nearly all of the relief claimed. In recent years, a more discriminating altitude is generally taken by the court so that very often, a decision becomes a compro- mise between the positions as- sumed by the disputing parlies. 11 is unlikely thai a labor court would give itself over to Ihe proposals of Ihe "final offer selection." But the concept offers food for thought in an area in which Ihere is bound lo be an ever-increasing con- cern for Ihe prelection of the public interest where work stoppages in public utilities and other services essential to "the "public threaten disaster. Any system of colleclive bar- gaining established by law may be judged according to the degree to which it succeeds in approaching three theoret- ically ideal standards: Firsl, the degree of indus- trial peace and co-operation the syslem will create. Secondly, Ihe exislence of jusline and equily in the condi- tions of employment. Thirdly, the preservation and advancement of community in- leresls, bolh tangible and in- tangible. The tests for industrial peace is a difficult one to measure as between one country and anolher II must be remember- ed that simply by prohibiting strikes one does not neces- sarily eliminate them any- more than by prohibiting drunken driving there is any assurance that no drunks will be loind behind the steering "The fact that I follow the horse races doesn't make me a and that briefly is the Chinese position on the U.N." Letters to the editor Ask the horses their preference: race or rodeo I feel that a commeiil is re- quired to counteract the im- pression of a statement made by the misinformed person who signed himself "Two Buck Pun- ter." He says '-many prefer horse racing to the brutal abuse of animals during rodeo The next time he is at a race meet, he should take note of how many 10, 15 and even 25 year old horses are racing. (There will be darn ffw they are mostly crippled and shipped off lo Ihe dog food pro- cessors at a relalively young age victims of the "noble" sport of Then he should go to a rodeo (I doubt lhal he has ever allended one) and no- tice how many bucking horses are still healthy and sound at 15, 20 and even 25 years of age. He should ask the attending veterinarian lo take him behind the chutes to see how the slock is Ircaled. He will find lhal Ihe spur rowels arc blunl and Uie flank straps are .sheepskin lined. ICvcn when Ilic flank strap i.s pulled .snug .irouml Ihe horse's, flank (equivalent to a man's wnist) if fits looser than many women wear their girdles. "Two Buck Pimlcr" should then go speak to race track veterinarians and find out how many young race horses are crippled and ruined by pulling them inlo heavy Iraiuing as Iwo year olds (really only bah iC-st. lie might also find oul whal is done lo hones when they are "blistered" or "nerved" lo try to make them sound enough to race for his enjoyment. Help needed The plighl of Ihe nearly len million refugees of East Pakis- tan is becoming so grave, that unless the world al large do.es provide food and money right right mnv, we still have lo si.arc Ihe colleclive burden for Uie increasing de- cimation of human lives. Only ten dollars will provide one meal for seventy people. Most banks are accepting con- tributions which will be direct- ed towards organizations such as OXFAM. OXFAM will pro- vide the necessary receipts. We plead wilh all those wno ara concerned to consider the enormity of the refugee prob- lem and to be generous in their contributions. ISAAC AND PAULA JUDA11 Montreal. So They Say Our intention lo operate with reality does not mean lo accept it. We'll operate within the system so we can change it. It is wrong lo say the system can't give us nny- Ihing horiiu.se il is just not Iriuv Nowlnn, cnfoundrr of Hie Black Punlhcr parly. Finally, "Two Buck Punier" might ask the horses which they would prefer. The race horse slarts working out as a two year old and for Ibe rest of his life he goes out for a hard workout every day, runs a very high risk of being injured or crippled, and spends the resl of his life penned up in a small box stall where he often paws holes in the floor or tears apart the woodwork with his teeth out of sheer boredom. When he can no longer run fast enough lo beat Ihe other horses, he is apt lo go to the meat packers. Also, the next time you go to the track, notice how slim and drawn up the race horses are and imagine how you would en- joy a diel that would keep your mid-section drawn up in that condilion. Mosl of us would ob- ject. The bucking horse "works" B few seconds each week, is transported from one place I" another by truck, and eals his fill of hay every day. 1 don'L Lhink Ihcrc is much doubt about Ihe choice a horse would make. Certainly rodeo is a rough sport and accidents occur lhal. occasionally cripple or kill live- stock (nnd cowboys) but this is true of all animals that take port in sports race horses, jumping horses, hunting dogs, polo horses or racing pigeons. If "Two Ruck Punier" end others like him nre as concern- ed about the "brulal abuse of animals" a.s he professes lo bo, 1 don'l see IKIW hi can Ihe race (rack. I accepl as gen- uine his concern for animals. but before he criticizes a sport aboul which he apparently knows very little (rodeo) I feel he should get his priorities straighl. Taber VETERINARIAN. wheels of automobiles on the highway. Even Australia, with its system of compulsory arbi- tration and its court system has not entirely eliminated strikes. Neither have the Scan- dinavian countries, and more particularly Sweden which, for thirty years, boasted thai it had rid the country of strikes and lockouts. The second tesl of a good syslem of industrial relations is to determine the degree to which it is capable of securing "industrial justice." Whilst Daniel W e I) sler appropriately said lhal "Juslice is the great interest of man on what one man may regard as just, another may feel to he highly unjust. However it may be de- fined, it is almost impossible to assure absolute juslice in the selllemenl of every dispule. Colleclive bargaining does have justice as ils object, but the relative strength of or- ganized labor and organized in- dustry is no guarantee lhal the result of Ihese two forces meel- ing and contending one against the otner, will bring about a just or equitable result. More often than not, the kind of re- sull will be lhat spoken of by Plato who claimed justice lo be simply "the interest of the stronger." More and more frequently, arbitration is in fact used Lo setlle whal the contending par- ties have been unable lo settle themselves. It may well be, therefore, thai the adjudica- tions of a labor court will be more just than the results achieved by the Iwo competing factions. But in the same way that every decision of a court of law is not necessarily an ideal decision (and indeed, some are oflen clearly wrong) so it may be cxpecled lhat some deci- sions of a labor court will not be equitable but may impose unjust or unreasonable terms and conditions upon the par- ties. Judges are human beings no less than union organizers and corporate e x e c u lives. Logic would seem lo indicate that the man who sils as a judge, en- deavoring lo be impartial in his weighing of Ihe relative claims of management and la- bor, is more likely lo reach a fair and just result than would hvo highly motivated, deeply impassioned and admitledly biased individuals or groups, each pressing Ihe olher for concessions not only around a collective bargaining lahle, but in the streets, on the picket line and through Ihe informa- tional media. The third lesl is how z sys- tem of labor courts will protecl communily interests. There is no doubt lhat a labor court will have among its prime objectives, the protec- tion of the public inleresl. In Australia, the commission is sensitive lo Ihe effect of wage rales and the close relationship lhal exists between producliv- ily and rising labor costs. Herein lies Ihe justification for the concept of a labor court, that the public inleresl has ei- ther been ignored or injured by the actions of organized labor and industry, and thai no other means exist lo prolect that in- terest short of Ihe judgmenl of a com! and Ihe sanclions in- herenl in the application of that judgmenl lo the parties. Self-r e g u 1 a 11 o n is always preferable lo compulsion. It is only ivhen the acLs of a spe- cial segment of society in ad- vancing ils own interests, in- jure the communily as a whole, thai Ihe sanclions of Ihe law and the courts become neces- sary. One can only hope that labor and management mil learn what lawyers have been advising their clienls for dec- ades, that almost any agree- ment made by the parties themselves, is preferable lo a lawsuit. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 Premier Stewart, Al- berta's premier resigned in favor of the new Farmer's party this afternoon. IM1 The Communist parly of Canada suffered a heavy blow loday when its three lead- ers, Tim Buck, John Boychuk and Mike Golinsky were arrest- ed for being of an "unlawful association." Pctain, Vichy chief of slale, committed him- self lo lull collaboralion wilh Germany in a radio address lo the French nalion tonight, a few linurs aflcr his vice pre- mier bud been given supreme mililni-y power in Ihe Vichy Regime. The government an- nounced loday lhat the interest rale on ils fall issue of Canada Savings Bonds is being increas- ed lo per ecnl. IIHil Anglo American Ex- ploration Limited officials said lodav they will close down the company's Turner Valley oper- alion next year. Reasons for Ihe shutdown were (he high cosl of gathering crude oil and poslcd licld prices. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., LeLhbrklgc, AlbcrLa LETHBTUDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall RcfllstrHllcin No. 0017 Member of The Canadian Press and ihc Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association nnd (he Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gencrflf Maniiner JOE RAIL A WILL i AM MAY 1-dilor A-'pcmlr l-dllor ROY'( MlLLi, DOUGLAS K WAI.KC.R Advertising W.flr.flof.r L-ditcrlni Edllor "THt HERALD StRVES THE SOUTH" ;