Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
-Wednesday, August 12, 1WO THE LETHBRIDCE HERAID _ 3 (Second in a scries) Development of the north will have at least as great an impact on the economy as did develop- ment of the prairie in its day. That's the betting in the Northern Affairs department here and the odds it's quoting 9 to per- suade the Trudcau administra- tion to plunge hundreds of mil- lions into northern develop- ment with billions ready to back success. The prairie gamble by the Laurier administration, made mainly on hunch, not only al- tered Canada's course sharply into world trade but also re- structured the political and so- cial shapes of a colony into the foundations for sovereign nationhood. If the new northern venture, an unemotional gamble based on tlie systems analysis ap- proach and computerized pro- jections, pays off too then even more radical changes in Cana- dian politics and society are bound to. follow. Technology today telescopes time and convulsive changes now come in the north within a decade whereas it took a gen- eration to prepare the prairie for development as a world ranking breadbasket and another generation to realize it. Tlie current annual gross product of the Arctic region is about million but it is ex- pected to rise by that amount annually for the next 10 years as it is developed into another world-ranking oil patch and mineral quarry. Large high-grade mineral deposits particularly iron, lead, zinc, copper, nickel and build the opti- mism that began with the an- nual million production runs of the Pine Point and An- vil mines in the Northwest By John Mlka, Herald Ottawa Bureau Territories and Yukon last year. But the real spring board for optimism is oil and natural gas. A computation based on a recent cftmprehens i y e survey by the authoritative Canadian Petroleum Associa t i o n indi- cates that 40 per cent of the total oil and gas reserves throughout Canada and its con- tinental shelves exist in the Arctic. That adds up to some 50 bil- lion barrels of oil, 300 trillion cubic feet of gas and an unde- termined quantity of sulphur- just about double the esti- mated reserves in the western sedimentary basin across the prairie between Winnipeg and Fort Nelson, B.C. Two years ago less than 90 million acres of the Arctic were under exploration per- mits. Today the figure ap- proaches acres. Permits for just 1.2 million acres in the Beaufort Sea area last New Year poured ?15 mil- lion into federal hands pay- ing the million additional investment in the Panarclic Oils Ltd. consortium the gov- ernment announced a month later. All told, Canada has million in the company for a 45 per cent share and more capital likely will be provided late this year. The oil industry at large spent less than million on Arctic exploration only three years ago. By last year the rate of expenditure had in- creased 50 per cent and in another couple of years will be running more than million annually. Dr. Harry Woodward, the northern development branch's mineral section chief, points out that the oil industry spent some billion on Canadian exploration and development between the 19-17 Leduc dis- covery and last year. "By those figures, we can ex- Canadian Wildlife And Its Plight From The Saskatoon Star-Phoenix Canadian Wildlife Fed- eration says 65 Canadian wildlife species are being en- dangered and face possible ex- tinction. Why? Charles Darwin, the 19th cen- tury British naturalist, explain- ed why but even earliest man- kind knew the answer life depends on the survival of the fittest. There are two main reasons for extinction: A species fails to adapt to a changing environ- ment; or man, at the top of the ladder of life, abuses and de- stroys his surroundings. Whooping cranes maintained their population before man in- vented the gun, and so did buf- falo; the bald eagle and pere- grine falcon were abundant be- fore man discovered pesticides and herbicides, and lake trout in Lake Superior were plentiful before the sea lamprey hitched a ride on an ocean freighter into the Great Lakes system. In a Cross Canada Survey by The Canadian Press, deep concern was expressed for the preservation of Canadian wild- life. Animals, birds, fish and rep- tiles have been able to survive because of a delicate balance of nature. But man is tipping the scales. Bob Ingraham, conservation editor for the Canadian Wild- He Federation, wrote in a re- cent federation publication: "We are in a race against ig- norance; perhaps one of tiie best ways to improve our chances of survival and better the quality of our life is to un- derstand how natural commu- nities of plants and animals manage to survive for ages, virtually unchanged, as long as man does not interfere with He says endangered species and those which have become extinct "must be looked upon as symptoms of human illness." "That illness, growing more grave each year, is man's fail- ure to maintain a healthy, vig- orous environment. Every spe- cies which becomes extinct is that its environment is no longer able to support life. "We can only wonder wheth- er man himself might be en- dangered." Gerald T. lies, president of the Zoological Society of Mont- real, said Canada should set aside 25 per cent of its terri- tory for wildlife, to be com- pletely untouched, "before it is too late, before too much dam- age has been done." In many cases, such as the passenger pigeon, man has act- ed too late. Rene Brunelle, Ontario's min- ister of lands and forests, said in a speech to the 1970 Cana- dian National Sportsmen's Show: "He (man) spreads insecti- cides without examining into whether they would be fatal to birds and beneficial insects. He poured millions of pounds of de- tergents into rivers before learning that they polluted the water. He allowed lakes to die of oxygen starvation. He con- tributed to the deadliness of smog by floating noxious sub- stances into the air1. "What is required is a value judgment which compares the k n o w n risks with the antici- pated benefits" Governments have saved some species in Canada just in the nick of time. Beaver were near extinction until strict trapping regulations were enforced. The plains bison was cut to four bison calves saved by an Indian from slaughter in 1873; a Winnipeg fur dealer saved an- other five calves a year later. By 1954, the offspring of the or- iginal nine calves numbered Another example, the whoop- ing crane, was reduced to a to- tal world population of 18 in 1938. Now, with one of the tight- est security checks known to man, the population has reach- ed more than 80. The public's conscience has been aroused recently because of an undoubted increase in pol- lution. The wreck of tlie tanker Ar- row off the Nova Scotia coast this year and the drastic ef- fects on birds following the ear- lier Torrey Canyon wreck in the English Channel have taught man that oil pollution needs stringent controls. DDT has already damaged the reproduction of bald eagles and peregrine falcons and mer- cury contamination, is polluting perch and pickerel in lakes Erie and St. Clair. Besides pollution, man has found other ways to alter Uie environment and force wildlife to try to adapt to strange sur- roundings. Geoff Warden, president of the British Columbia Wildlife Federation, says the lives of mountain goats and grizzly bears are being threatened. "They're suffering from the encroachments of civilization. The grizzly simply can't seem to co habit with man it's certainly being pushed into a Throughout Canada, nest ing grounds for ducks are being re- duced as farmers dram more marshland to water their crops. Black ducks in Quebec have suffered drastic population de- creases because of decreasing marshland. FREEZER SPECIAL PORK LOINS 10-12 Ib. average Reaches- Prices effective Thurs., Fri., Sat., August 13, 14, 15 .00 3. 1 COCK-O-WAIK liced, 28-K. tin for AYLMER BOSTON "J BROWN 14-oz. tins for Picnics BURN'S PEAR SHAPED tin 1 .00 .59 FREEZER BEEF SPECIAL Hind Fronts of Beef ..............ib. Sides of Beef................ Ib. 630 Chucks, average 60-70 Ibs.....Ib. 48d Red or Blue Brand Beef Cut and Wrapped for Your Freezer. Tang 2 for IV CHICKEN F 1.00 S o WHOLE UTILITY GRADE SEVEN FARMS IITTIE DIPPER CHOCOLATE OR WHITE IB Rib or Wing, Red or Blue Brand Beef ._.'...........Ib. TOMATO JUICE 5 to 1.00 Prlme RiL Roast rrime mo ivoasi Brand .Beeff )b. MIRACLE WHIP 45c Cooked Ham pk95 MASHED POTATOES 79c Side Bacon each 1-ib. pkqs. Celery APRICOTS California Fancy Navels Oranges 2 B.C. Field, Slicers, Canada No. 1 Cucumber 2 2QQr Ibs. B.C. CANADA NO. I.............. Ib. 29 GRAHAM'S FOOD MARKET 708 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-5431 MEATS 327-1812 OPEN THURSDAY Till 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVE FREE DEUVERY pect that the oil industry will spend to billion north of tlie Arctic Circle in the next decade or two to realize tlie potential that is the government geologist thinks. Already, two firms are vying for the licences to build multi-billion-dollar pipelines to transport natural gas from the northwest Arctic coast to tlie south. Govern ment and private geologists appear confident that it is only a matter of time until a field is defined in tlie Canadian Arctic bigger even than the sensational discovery at Prudhoe Bay in Alaska which poured more than S900 million into the 49th State's treasury in a single day's sale of further exploration rights. But sudden wealth is not the only benefit of the oil rush. It could open the flood-gates for truly fantastic development. "When transportation of these reserves (oil and gas) out of the Arctic becomes a daily occurence, there is no doubt that the exploration and development of other re- sources there will be intensi- says northern develop- ment assistant deputy minister L. D. Hunt. Just as it was in tlie west, transport is the key to devel- opment of the north. A recent and still-confiden- tial study of Arctic transporta- tion modes and economics was part of a federal program in- volving several million dollars to determine the best systems and routes to be used in a va- riety of future eventualities. Under taken by Warnock Hersy International Limited for Ottawa, this study exam- ined the use of aircraft, hover- craft, railway and tractor trains, conveyor belt, monorail pipeline, ice-breaking freight- tanker super ships and nuclear submarine tankers. It decided that Manhattan- type ships, unit railway trains, pipelines and nuclear subma- rines were the most practical modes. The surface ship ton-mile costs would be about one-quar- ter that of pipelines in moving oil to the eastern seaboard and would have the advantage of dual use as a bulk materials carrier. It makes super-ships almost a lead-pipe cinch for transport- ing oil from the high Arctic Is- lands if a major field is de- veloped there because that was the area of least difficulty en- countered by the Manhattan. Ottawa has commissioned a engineering study on developing a year-round tank- er rock-and-ice terminal off Herschel Island which could be fed by a pipeline network tap- ping oil wells in the surround- ing archipelago. The year-round ships haul- ing oil from there also could carry iron ore from nearby Baffin Island where Ottawa and a private developer are itching to join forces in a million investment to exploit the world's largest high-grade iron deposit, so pure it could be shovelled direct out of the ground into slu'p's holds with- out any concentration process- ing. The next cheapest transpor- tation mode is the unit railway train, the study indicates. That's what is used to serve the Pine Point and Anvil op- erations now. In fact, the Pine Point story demonstrates the ability of cheap bulk transport to gener- ate immense wealth from the north. Until the government put in a 375-mile extension of its Northern Transportation railway, the long discovered mine lay undeveloped. It ships more than million of ores annually now. Besides minerals and oil, the north is relatively rich in tim- ber resources south of the bar- rens which also are about to be harvested on a significant sustained yield basis. Water diversion to the prov- inces and development of hydro electric potential are both potential sources of size- able resource revenues in a re- gion where population always will be sparse. With all these dazzling pros- pects suddenly emerging into view, it's not surprising that economist Dr. T. F. Wise, as- sistant director of the northern economic development branch and head of a research and planning task force, believes the Arctic is trembling on the verge of a development "take- The time for dreams has gone. The days for daring and relentless efforts have arrived in the land of the midnight sun. So They Say The university is founded on the proposition that some peo- ple know more than others. To convert it into an egalitarian democracy, with all votes equal, would be to repudiate the qualitative pursuit of learn- ing. E. Odegaard, presi- ident of the University of Washington. Quebec's Teacher Surplus By Raymond Diifoc, in Quebec Le Soliel QUEBEC While we pull out our hair trying to find means of diminisliing the crisis of unemployment among teach- ers, new elements indicate the crisis has not reached its peak, for the situation will be even more serious within several years unless we establish a minimum of co-or- dination among all parties. The report of Yvon Huot, requested by the education minister, showed that the figure of teachers condemned to un- employment in September is close to real- ity. The minister, to reduce that figure, de- cided to end the practice exercised till now of .hiring non-qualified teachers. Re- gional school boards have been warned to adhere to his ruling under pain of totally or partially losing government subven- tions. The problem of the future of teachers is not only one of their numbers. It carries far more complex aspects such as the ef- fect fluctuations ot tlie birth rate will havo en tlie size of classrooms, alternately in kindergarten, at the elementary level and then at tho college level. Based on the declining birth rate of tho last several years, the conclusion is reach- ed that 6y I960 there will be more than empty scats in our schools. Now more than ever, the education de- partment must revise its thinking in re- gard to the future. NATO: A Fresh Sense Of Purpose From Tlie Financial Post JVATO often appears an anachronism in problem of transmitting scientific knowl- a world weary of war and displays of military might. But the non military side of the organization is growing in im- portance and has created a fresh sense of purpose that even the most devoted NATO- knockers cannot deny. An important example of this non-mili- tary activity was the formation last year of NATO's Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society. Eight pilot studies on various environmental, social and political problems were commissioned. Progress re- ports on seven of the projects were pre- sented at a recent CCMS meeting. Canada is serving as a pilot nation for a study on inland water pollution. It also is involved in the study on pollution of coastal marine waters. Other projects include a study of the edge to the decision making sectors ot government; air pollution; disaster as- sistance; co-ordination of different aspects of environmental problems on a regional basis; road safety (in which Canada is participating) and the problems of individ- ual and group motivations in a modern in- dustrial society. The encouraging aspect of these studies is that the goal of all CCMS projects is not research, but the stimulation of effective government action to deal with the prob- lem. The military function of NATO has en- dowed it with impressive technical and organizational cap.ibililies. It is fitting that after 21 years of helping prevent war, NATO should use these capabilities to help create an environment in wliich peace however tenuous can be enjoyed. At LasL A Break For Consumer From The Ottawa Citizen CONSUMERS you may find it hard to believe, but at last you've got the law working on your side. That is tlie portent of the announcement in Toronto that charges have been laid against a group of major companies, in- cluding Shell Oil and T. Eaton Co., for allegedly using misleading or deceptive advertising. The charges are being laid under two sections of the Combines Investigation Act. One, relating to misleading statements about prices, is 10 years old, but has rare- ly been used until recently. The other, banning deceptive promotion in a more general sense, is new and is designed to get at everything from false statements about the quality or durability of a product to the false prize come ons that arrive unsolicited in the mails. And a beefed up federal trade practices branch has been galvanized to put the law to work. The effect of these developments is not simply that they should induce a higher sense of responsibility among manufac- turers and retailers but that they should give tlie consumer heart. If he lias a legiti- mate complaint, he's now got a place to file it. An encouraging fact about the now-wide- awake consumer movement is its eon- science. You didn't hear any protests from the Canadian housewife when the government announced its plan to order cutbacks in phosphate contents of detergents, in a move to reduce pollution levels of Cana- dian lakes. Quite the opposite. A pollution con- scious public was a step ahead of the law, seeking out the lower phosphate brands from grocers' shelves. Tlie government has made good on the first stage of the cutback. Unfortunately, the Canadian consumer hasn't yet man- aged to make inroads with the U.S. ad- ministration, which has so far declined to join in the cleanup campaign. We trust it will change its mind. Pollution At Crisis Level? From The Grc: pERSONS heretofore inclined' to take anti-pollution agitation lightly should be experiencing somewhat of an awaken- ing from reading recent news dispatches. "Environmental disruption the pollu- tion of soil, water and atmosphere has reached crisis proportions in this narrow says an account from Japan. A generator that produced 12 per cent of New York City's electricity is reported by the utility company to have gone out of op- eration for the rest of the summer. Resi- dents are living under brown-out condi- tions and in constant dread of a black-out and resultant loss of air-conditioning in a heat wave with temperatures in the 90s and choking smog blanketing the Attantic seaboard as far south as Georgia. In Tokyo, persons have complained of difficulties ranging from the discomfort of smarting eyes to actual physical illness because of smog that has blanketed that part of Japan five consecutive days. Trees and shrubs in the Imperial Palace gardens are dying. A dairy farmer milks his cows daily, then pours the milk into a hole in the ground because his 325-acre farm has been declared contaminated by cadmium :at Falls Tribane coming from a zinc refinery in the neigh- borhood. On the island of Kyushu, persons have lost their eyesight or gone mad after eat- ing fish caught in tlie bay into which mer- cury-laden wastes from a nitrogen com- pany are discharged. These incidents are side effects of tlie enormous expansion of Japan's industrial production in the past decade, an expan- sion which has catapulted the country into third rank not far behind the United States and the Soviet Unisn. A story from London a few days ago said pollution is either killing the Loch Ness monster In Scotland or already lias done so. A scientist said he analyzed samples from rivers and streams feeding into Loch Ness and found the pollution level so high it must reduce life in the lake. And, Thor Heyerdahl, who recently crossed the Atlantic in lu's papyrus boat, reported the vast ocean has become so polluted in places that his crew was re- luctant to wash in it. It would appear man's ingenuity has caught up with him, and in the words of Molly of the comedy team of Fibber and Molly of a few yeai-s ago, "Tain't funny, McGee." Time To Resurrect Old Chestnut? From The Fcrnie Free Press (SOMETIMES you begin to wonder It must be 10 years ago since Fernie thought it was among the priority areas for a CBC TV satellite. It's at least five years ago since we were told "next year Tins year, we're told "the economic squeeze, inflation in due course and when we have conducted a survey and blah blah That's federal government jurisdiction. Then there's the post office. Present space is obviously cramped. There's a waiting list for boxholders. "In we're told, etc., etc., and everybody knows there's not a snowball's chance in tlie mid- dle of Michel coke ovens that anything is going to be done this year. That's federal government jurisdiction. Then there's the CPR overpass. It's mostly federal money, but it requires pro- vincial co-operation too. There isn't even a promise of that; There was one from the province but it was withdrawn. Then, getting strictly to provincial af- fairs, it must be at least 10 years since the CPR overhead at Olsou Crossing was promised by the department of highways it's been promised just about every year since. Then there's a new hospital for Fernie. We fought over it, we pleaded over it. wa argued over it, we sent letters over it, we had government officials study it, change it, downgrade it, file it, object to it, re- port it, study it and recommend it. We've even voted on it, and said we want it. The only thing we can't do'is build it. And that's provincial jurisdiction. Maybe we should resurrect that old chestnut and join Alberta. Premier Bennett has made it quite clear the only way we get on his right side is to accept his balckmail and elect one of his candidates. If any disowning is to bo done, we should start it. Tlie federal government is not doing much better, but our needs from it are not as pressing, or as frequent. We should do a little more lobbying through MP Doug Stewart. He'd probably appreciate il. He says lie wants to-hear froni groups ill riding.