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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, August 12, 1970- Maurice Western Peace Momentum Prospects for peace in the world look brighter than they have for a long time. If there is not actually a peace momentum it is obvious that the headlong rush toward disaster has been slowed, perhaps arrested. The agreement to a ceasefire in tliu Middle East along with the treaty between West Germany and the U.S.S.R. reflect a will to avoid a showdown between the two major powers. Without the co-operation of the Russians and the Americans neither of these developments could have been possible. A few years ago it would have been thought impossible that a treaty could be made between two such implac- able foes as West Germany and the U.S.S.R. Fear, bitterness, the pres- ence of refugees and the division of Germany all militated against the in- Style Britain's decision on the issue of arms sales to South Africa has not yet been made. Opposition from most Commonwealth countries and in the United Kingdom itself has made the Heath government hesitate. Very re- cently .the Security Council called on all UN members to tighten the arms embargo to South Africa. And what did France do? That country, which trumpets the prin- ciples of liberty, equality and fra- ternity disregarded the UN appeal only hours after it had been made by turning over the first of three 700- ton submarines to South Africa. Protests by spokesmen of French- dominated African countries were conspicuous by their absence, simply because these countries are heavily dependent on French developmental aid. They do not care to risk offend- ing le Grand Frere. It might be well to point out for the record, that although Britain, the Peck's Bad Boy, is taking the flogging that France deserves an equally, if not worse beating in public. Arms sales to South Africa in recent years netted France a neat half a billion dollar profit, and few voices have been raised against her. Accident Epidemic Describing traffic accidents in terms of an epidemic may strike some people as extreme yet the Al- berta Safety Council recently felt justified in employing such an alarm- ist expression to describe the situa- tion in tliis province. Something is needed to awaken the public to the intolerably high increase in acci- dents during the first half of the cur- rent year. During the January June period this year accidents increased seven per cent as compared to the same period last year. These accidents in- volved a 14 per cent increase in in- juries and a 25 per cent increase in deaths. In June alone there were 757 accidents resulting in injuriess to persons and death for 50 more. A spokesman for the council has observed that the public gets excited about a case of chemical poisoning but appears to be indifferent to the traffic accident problem. This may not be a fair comparison. Chemical poisoning can be controlled by means of bans whereas no such pos- sibility seems to exist in the field of traffic. About all that can be done in the matter of reducing traffic accidents is to continue to urge the public to observe the safety rules that have been enunciated after those found guilty of continued traffic infractions have been denied the privilege of operating vehicles. Perhaps the pub- lication of the accident statistics will induce many drivers to exercise additional caution. Our policy is that no race should ever be in the position where it should be able to dominate another race. We have wonderful race relations in Ian Smith. I can't tell an Arab from a Jew. They are both Semitic peoples. They both have noses as long as mine Mr. George Brown, former British Foreign Secretary. Art Buchwald WA WASHINGTON Nobody likes to talk about it, but there is a lot of kid- swapping going on in the United States. It isn't going on just in the suburbs or the small towns, but in the larger cities as well. I hadn't realized how prevalent kid-swap- ping was until I moved to Washington. One night I came home from the office and instead of finding my dark haired little beauties I discovered a 7-year-old blonde stranger doing the twist. "Who's I asked my wife. "That's Ann Lindsay. She's staying here for tho night with Connie." "Where's I asked. "She's sleeping at Priscilla's house be- cause Ann Lindsay's sleeping here." "Who's "Jennifer didn't know her last name, but she says she's her best friend." "That's nice. Where is "He's sleeping at his friend's, B.J. He said if Jennifer can sleep somewhere else so can he." "Where does that; leave I asked my wife. "Well, we had three to start with, wo got rid of two for the night, and we gained one, so we're only short one." "It saves on I agreed. "Not rr.y wife said. "We had fish tonight, but Ann Lindsay doesn't like fish, so I had to go out and get her a steak. Then when Connie saw Ann was get- ting a steak she wanted one, too." "I wouldn't mind having a steak my- I said. "You can't. Somebody's got to cat the fish." The next weekend when I came homo Connie was missing, but Jennifer had two friends and Joel had B.J. At 8 o'clock I ordered (hem all to bed. "B.J.'s father lets him watch television until midnight every Joel, who is 0 years old, said. "Is that true, I asked. "Sometimes B.J. said without batting an eye. "When I stayed at B.J.'s last Joel said, "we didn't go to bed until two in the morning." "My parents don't like me to go to bed B.J. said, "because then I wake up early." "Well, why don't we just call up your parents and ask them what time you go to "Oh, you don't have to do B.J. said hurriedly. "They've probably gone out to a movie." Just then the phone rang. It was Mrs. Lindsay, who said, "What time do you usu- ally put Connie to "Eight I said. "She said you let her stay up till mid- night to watch television. I was a little worried." Mrs. Lindsay seemed relieved. Later that evening I said to my wife, "We've got to put a halt to this kid-swap- ping. Everyone on Cleveland Ave. is start- ing to talk." "Oh, it's my wife said, "and they get so much fun out of it." But I knew what I was talking about. A few weeks later I came home and found three kids at the dinner table. None of them mine. "What I asked. My wife was rather embarrassed. "There's been a dreadful mix-up. Joel in- vited Francis over to sleep with Mm, but he forgot he'd accepted an invitation to sleep at Butch's. Jennifer and Connie were inviteti over to Karen's, but after they left, Veronica and Mary Elisabeth showed up and said they had teen invited over here. I didn't have tho heart to send them homo." ''So now we've got three kids that don't even belong to I said. my wife said, "and guess what? They said their mothers let them stay up until midnight to watch television." (Toronto Telegram News Service) National Oil Policy Needs New Props illative taken by Chancellor Willy Brandt that led to the treaty. Reality is reflected in the treaty. It is not possible to recover the "lost" territories east of the Oder-Neisse line or to bring about the reunifica- tion of Germany in the forseeable future. Some similar acceptance of reality might also some day occur in the Middle East. Certainly that is not possible in the immediate future. But if the shooting could be stopped and people in the region could bend their efforts toward the development of all the lands, there might come the day when a significant non-aggression treaty could be effected there too. Steps have been taken which could very well mean that a momentum to- ward peace has been set in motion wliich could prove as hard to re- verse as a momentum toward war. The national oil policy appears to have lasted as long as it did only because governments, until May of this year, were suc- cessful in avoiding any lest of its legal legs. Although the reasons for Mi'. Justice Jackett's decision in Mie Exchequer Court are not yet available, the judgment is cer- tainly not surprising. Very probably the government itself had doubts about part six of the National Energy Board Act and the regulations based upon it. Such uncertainties would provide at least a partial ex- planation tor the rather odd course followed from 1961 to 1970. The judgment comes in any case as an abrupt reminder of a fact often, (hough very strangely, overlooked in consti- tutional discussions. A bad law, in the constitutional sense, is not a safe foundation for pol-. icy merely because govern- ments concur in it. In this in- stance there was no govern- ment jealous of its jurisdiction. The successful attack came from a private firm, Caloil Ltd., which felt that its rights were being violated by the na- tional energy board. It has been national policy since 1961 to reserve the mar- kets west of the Ottawa Valley for Canadian production. When the act was passed, part six was not proclaimed. Instead, until May of this year, there was reliance on company co- operation. As Mr. Greene ob- served in the House: "It is to the credit of the industry that the policy has worked well on a voluntary basis since its incep- tion." The arrangement, whatever its economic justification, was in one sense peculiar. Market- sharing, when not under gov- ernment auspices, attracts the unfavorable attention of the combines branch. Mr. Greene explained the change of course last May by noting that the national policy "is now being jeopardized by the risk of increasing move- ments of forcign-o r i g i n prod- uct into Ontario, west of the Ottawa Valley." Three opposi- tion spokesmen promptly en- dorsed the move although all condemned Ihe government for hesitating so long. The result is that the policy is no longer in jeopardy: it is in shreds. According to one oil company spokesman, the pros- pect is "hell" in the domestic market. This is understood to mean that more gasoline will flow west from Montreal and that prices will fall in some Ontario centres. Section 81 of the offending part six provided that: "Ex- cept as provided in the regula- tions, no person shall export any gas of power or import any gas except under the au- thority of and in accordance with a license under this part." The following section stated that "a license issued under this pr.rt may be restricted or limited as to area, quantity or time, or as to class or kind of According to sec- tion 86 "Every person who violates any of the provisions of this part or the regulations made under this part is guilty of an offence punishable nn summary conviction as pro- vided in the Criminal Code." Finally section 87 provided for the extension of the act to oil proclamation of the gover- nor-in-council and authorized the government by regulations to "exempt any class of oil or oil products or any area from the operation of all or any of the provisions of this part." lution A Premier Problem Broadly speaking, Parlia- ment under our constitulion has jurisdiction over interna- tional and inter provincial trade. But federal governments have fared poorly in the courts when they sought to interfere with trade within a province. The Combines Act rests on tho criminal law and there is other legislation Supported by con- current provincial laws.. But the regime erected under part six (or in anticipation of it) was extraordinary. A li- cense could he limitied to an "area." Similarly an by regulation of the govemor- ih-council, could be exempted from the provisions of part six. In fact, the "Ottawa Valley line" did not mean the line of the Ottawa River or even the Ontario Quebec boundary. It ran, in the words of one offi- cial, "along" a very rough watershed." This meant that gasoline from the Montreal re- fineries could be snipped to the r.sck of land forming a triangle in eastern Ontario and could legally be sold in such Ontario towns as Pembroke, Renfrew, Ottawa and Arnprior. But it could not be shipped to Ontario west of the watershed. In other words it was a pure- ly economic line which ran through Ontario. A federal law provided one commercial re- gime for some Ontario counties and a different one for other countries of the same province. There was an effort to drag in the criminal law presumably as legal cover. But what was tne crime? What is immoral about selling gas from one re- finery when it ought, in the in- terests of policy, to come from another? It may appear surprising, in the circumstances, that there was no objection from Ontario, which must have been per- suaded of the national import- ance of the policy. But important or not, it had an extremely fragile underpin- ning. This has now gone and new supports must be found if the policy is to be saved. Some of the talk about "hell" and "havoc" may be exaggerated or perhaps attributed to the ef- fects of shock. It does appear, however, that Mr. Greene has a problem and he might be well advised to avoid the counsel, at this moment, of those who wrote the late lamented provi- sions of part six of the National Energy Board Act. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) U.S. Withdrawal Will Not Lessen Asian Tension By Flora Lewis, in The Winnipeg Free Press gANGKOK: When he was prime minister of Burma. U Nu's round, smiling face was itself a widely known peace symbol. He was so mild, so un- worldly, so offended by the game of power politics thai! one day he decided to complete his vision of peace by withdrawing to the humble life of a monk in a Buddhist monastery. That was in 1062. Since then he has been arrested, de- nounced, and expelled from his country. Now, as an exile in Thailand across the border from his home, he is setting up as a revolutionary leader, col- lecting guns and militants under his banner to launch a violent campaign for1 power. U Nu is still mild manner- ed, his smile and his voice are still gentle. He hasn't lost a whit of his faith in Buddhism, in neutralism, in peace. But his words have become tough. His group has a clandestine radio station which, he says, tells the "people of Burma: "Don'fc do anything until we come. Then join us in the fight. There will be plenty of guns." His supporters say they are well on their way to collecting "enough and they will give the signal as soon as they are ready. U Nu nods beatific approval. The man army and the man paramilitary force of Burma's dictator, Gen- eral Ne Win, are the opponents he plans to take on, and over- whelm, with a myriad assort- ment of tribesmen, ethnic dis- sidents, and a non-Communist Burmese underground not yet visible. Two sets of Communist guer- rillas are visible in Burma, the White Flags and the Red Flags, both getting help from Peking. There are many other seg- ments of the population, the Shans, the Kachins, the Mons, and more, engaged in fighting now in an unco-ordinated, hap- hazard fashion. U Nu's effort is to unite the noil Communists sufficiently to topple Gen. Ne Win, organize elections and es- tablish a democratic govern- ment that would be friendly to Peking but reject all subser- vience and interference. Outsiders don't give him much odds. Sooner or later, all observers of Burma agree, there will be upheaval in that Why Laotians Need Refuj By "VIENTIANE The nearest settlement camp is an hour from this muddy, lethargic capital beside the Mekong. Al- though it sits beside Indochina's great river, mightier and some- times more dangerous even than the Mississippi, only a Laotian would find Vientiane anything but a backwater town. It is the distant metropolis to the people collected from the Plain of Jars and plunked in the camp down rfirer. They were collected by American planes, some to start with, but their numbers now swollen to 24.000 by stragglers, just before last spring's Com- munist offensive recaptured the vital region from control of the Royal Laotian government. The United Slates Informa- tion Service lias prepared a film about this rescue operation and how American help set the people free from Communist serfdom in their ancient homes. The film isn't wrong. The U.S. did fly the people away and finance their installation in huts on the lowland beside the river. It simply neglects to mention how they came to be displaced. I talked with several families. Members of each said their wooden house had been de- stroyed by bombing (Ameri- can) and their animals killed and paddies ruined from the air. And each family, crouched in Flora Lewis In The Winnipeg Free a new rain-sodden bamboo hut, said its fondest hope was that the war would end and they could all go home again. Officially, U.S. policy here is to conduct regular and large- scale bombing of Communist- held areas nut strictly to avoid destruction of villages and The refugees, who fled to the government side, are quoted in the film as saying they hated being made to act as porters for the Vietnamese Communists and being subject- ed to Communist control. Again, that isn't wrong. They do say that. They point out that since the U.S. began intensive bombing of their area in Laos, after bombing ended of North Vietnam, the Communists lost so many trucks that they im- pressed local people as porters one or two months a year. They didn't like it. They didn't like being bombed out cither. Speaking to an American, at least, they were indulgent about it. One father of four small children (he said lie had mar- ried late and that was why he was 54 years old and had only small clu'ldrcn, which may be and may he a way of duck- ing the unpleasant question of whether his older children had joined the Communists) said with an ingratiating smile: "You honorable masters brought us here and now it is up to you how we live, whether we cat and stay healthy and Press find a way to make cur living." These people are not much educated but they are not sim- ple-minded either. They know a B52 attack when they feel one and they know who does it. They also know why they were fetched out of the caves and holes where they had gone to live and why they had been driven there. "They (the Communists) had to use us for porterage when tne bombers stopped the said one, "and they (the Ameri- cans) decided not to leave any- body for porterage and rice supply." The charts and graphs in [ha American and Royal Laotian military offices in Vientiane make some sense of all this. The Communists have been de- prived of something, and the people have been given a little. There is nonetheless a ser- ious flaw. As he starts his brief- ing on (ho current military situ- ation, Lt. Col. Dan Cummings, who sits in the American mili- tary compound outside Vien- tiane and runs the war, says, tracing on the strategic map with his retractable pointer, "So you sec our side has ncvef been in a worse position and when the next dry season starts, the enemy will be in a better position than be- fore." The battle lines prove it. Could it bo that bombing and people-chasing don't win such wars? It looks that way. isolated but sensitively strate- gic country. It is a grim, gray, miserable country now, forlorn and frightened under a harsh military rule which has been more successful in advancing penury and poverty than all but a few starts in the develop- ment race have been in achieving material progress. way upheaval turns mat- ters greatly to a large stretch of Asia. Anti Coinmun i s t Thailand on the eastern bor- der, India to the west, Malay- sia and Singapore to the south, see Burma with its long Chi- nese border either as a buffer or a spillway for a Communist Chinese flood, depending how things go. But U Nu, the ardent neutra- list who preaches' friendship with all big powers, military involvement with none, democ- racy and freedom at home complete with social progress but without doctrinaire social- ism and discretion abroad in short Hie very model of lata 20th century virtues is wide- ly rated a has been, most un- likely to succeed. He is no longer the happy monk, disdaining power and violence. Events have pushed him to seek the use of both. That transformation is one part of what has happened in Asia since the balmy days of third world leaders who sang the advent of sweetness and light as soon as the two big blocs stopped squeezing them. Events may already have pushed by him. That is. the evolving transformation. There seems to be less chance for neutrality now than in the 1950s when the late John Fos- ter Dulles denounced it. as im- moral and sought to line all countries on the side of angels or devils. Asia is growing more, not less, polarized. It might appear ironic that as the U.S. lightens its hand In Asia, the pressure to take sides is mounting on these countries. But it is a perverse conse- quence of America's past heavy handsdness. The inten- sity of struggle is no longer likely to diminish as the American presence recedes. The moderate U Nus, even in a new guise of leader of a revolu- tion, have probably all but lost their opportunity. The recognition that Ameri- can policing couldn't impose peace on the world must now be supplemented by a recogni- tion that withdrawal of Ameri- can power is also no panacea. The U.S. needs to trim its com- mitments for its own health, and is rightly doing so, but it also needs to understand this will not cure the dangerous rivalries of Asia. Another disil- lusion could wreak havoc. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD and star- vation are expected to end the manhunt in the Crow's Nest for the third train robber. The dogs have been brought in from Washington and will be turned lose near the Holloway Ranch, where he last seen. 1930 Providing tests are successfu1 the world's largest winged air machine the DO-X will be flown from Europe to the United States next aulumn. The German flying boat is equipped with 12 American motors and was designed by Dr. Claude Cornier. Duke of Windsor's appointment as governor and commandcr-in-chief of the Ba- hamas has been officially an- nounced in the London Gazette. 1550 A tornado ripped through a section of the Stoney Indian reservation at Morley, leaving four Indians dead and six injured. The Lethkidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;