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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 12, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY 80-85 The Utiibrulqc Herald VOL. LXIII No. 203 LKTHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 12, 1970 rttlCE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO PAGES Moscow, Bonn Sign Historic New Pact Booming Japan Plagued With Problems, Too By LEE CASEY TOKYO (Reuters) A quarter-cenlury after the Second World War, Japan is a nation with a booming economy, an air of prosperity and national confidence of playing a major role as a world. power. But it is also plagued with poor housing, spiraling consumer prices, fears of economic isolation, and cri- tical environmental conditions due mainly to air and water pollution. There is growing concern that the economic boom which has raised the nation from war-time ruin to a position as the world's thrid-richest power is con- tinuing to surge at the expense of a poisoned environ- ment. A recent construction ministry report commented that "destruction of the environment through urbaniza- tion brought on by fast economic growth, is reaching extremes." The report urged drastic anti-pollution spending in the 1970s to avert disaster. However some critics suggest that while the govern- ment will heed these warnings to some degree, it is not prepared to upset the powerful industrialists who are continuing to boost the country's economic power. Market Groivs The economic boom has produced a highly sophisti- cated consumer market, with cars and color television sets topping the list of most desirable items for the average family. However, Japanese workers say their salary in- creases are not keeping pace with the spiraling prices. The housing shortage is acute, particularly in the big cities such as Tokyo, population almost 12 million, ag- gravated by inflated land prices. But Japan's economic surge continues. The econom- ic planning agency announced recently that the cou- try's gross national product, adjusted for price in- creases, rose by 13 per cent to million yen about million in 1969-70. Japan, third behind the United States and the Soviet Union in GNP has been registering yearly in- creases of around 13 per cent in recent years. Only about one per cent of this GNP is being spent on defence and government leaders are ex- remely cautious about references to any defence buildup. While Japan is turning its attention more and more to its own area of the world in aid and trade, its main ties are still with the U.S. Japan appears still to be trying to throw off the feeling of being a client of America, a hangover from the occupation, even though the trade balance is in Japan's favor. Japan's refusal to compromise in the recent tex- tile dispute with the U.S. brought praise 'at home, with newspapers stating that Japan had1 finally come of age in its economic dealings with America. This followed President Nixon's commitment to SATO last year to return Okinawa, the last of Japan's war-lost lands still in American hands. It may be felt by many that this commitment re- moved the final shame of the war and that Japan now could move ahead with a new image and deal with more equality with the U.S. MOSCOW (Reuters) West Germany and the Soviet Union signed a treaty today to renounce the use of force and respect the inviolability of present fron- tiers in Europe. West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin signed the treaty in the Grand Palace of the Kremlin.---------------------------------- MAJOR STEP It represents a major step for- ward for Brandt's "ostpolitik" (eastern pulicy) of normaliza- tion of ties with Communist countries. The 56-y e a r -o 1 d German statesman, who was mayor of the once-beleaguered city of West Berlin at the height of the cold war a decade ago, has been seeking detente with Rus- sia, Poland and East Germany since he became head of gov- ernment last October. The treaty was initialled in Moscow last week by Foreign Minister Walter Scheel of West Germany and his Soviet coun- terpart, Andrei Gromyko, after 12 days of negotiations. RENOUNCE FORCE Under it, the two sides agree to renounce the use of force and respect the inviolability of exist- ing frontiers, including the post-war frontier between Po- land and Germany and the bor- der dividing post-war Germany into two states. The treaty is sure to be inter- preted by the Communist side as a further step toward en- hancing East Germany's status. Since the initialling, East Ger- man leader Walter Ulbricht has already 'approached WATO states asking them to reconsider their refusal to recognize his country. On the other hand, West Ger- many ensured that the treaty preamble takes note of the principle of German self-deter- mination and eventual reunifi- cation. For the Soviet Union, the treaty represents, a major step toward stabilizing the situation on its European flank while consolidating post-war addi- tions to its sphere of influence. Ths West German govern- ment has assured the United States, France and Britain that the new treaty will not affect Bonn's treaty commitments to the West for their rights as Second World War victors. TALK ECONOMICS Before the treaty-signing, Brandt and Kosygin spent two hours discussing mutual econ- omic co-operation and Euro- pean security, German spokes- man Conrad Ahlers said. He said Brandt assured Kosygin that West Germany's system would prevent the return o f Nazism. Ahlers quoted Kosygin as saying Russia would like great- er economic and technical co- operation with West Germany. He had referred in this connec- tion to the forthcoming Soviet five-year economic plan begin- ning next year. Probe Rocket Report WASHINGTON (AP) The United States is investigating reports that Egypt moved a number of Soviet anti-aircraft missile bases closer to the Suez canal at the start of the Middle East ceasefire last weekend. Officials said the reports from .Israeli sources are without con- firmation, but such acts were completely forbidden by the standstill agreement under the ceasefire. The state department would say only: "We have no confirmation of any violation of the ceasefire military-standstill agreement." A spokesman at the Israeli embassy said he had no infor- mation on any reports of Egypt- ian missile shifts in connection with the ceasefire. U.S. oficials said if the re- ports proved true they would constitute a most serious viola- tion of the agreement, which brought the shooting to a halt Dn the Suez front at midnight Friday night SIGN ON DOTTED Shown at signing of treaty in Kremlin today are, from left to right. Chancellor Willy Brandt and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin. Behind Kosy- gin's right shoulder is Communist Party Chief Leonid Brezhnev. Airline Pays Cash Folloiving Bomb Threat SEATTLE (AP) A Western Airlines plane with 118 persons aboard circled Seattle-Tacoma International Airport Tuesday night while officials on the ground paid after a tele- phoned bomb threat. No bomb was found. S. rri -vrv _ trom lo Visit Japan, Australia Trachuk Named To Park Post CALGARY (CP) Trachuk, 34, has been appoint- ed superintendent of Long Beach National Park on Van- couver Island, the national parks branch announced here. He will be the first superin- tendent of the park, which was formed earlier this year on the island's west coast. EDMONTON (CP) Pre- mier Harry Strom announced today that he will visit Japan and Australia next month. Mr. Strom said he will open Alberta's trade office in Tokyo Sept. 18 and spend about one week touring the country. He will then travel to Australia for the annual parliamentary con- ference and expects to return home about mid-October. He may miss the final day of the federal-provincial constitu- tional conference which will be held Sept. 14 to 16 in Ottawa. STUDY EXPANSION The premier told a news con- ference that the trade office in Japan should be of consider- able value to Canada, especial- ly the West. The Alberta gov- ernment, he said, now is con- sidering expanding its other overseas office, located in Lon- don. He also announced that two Alberta cabinet ministers will travel to Europe. Dr. J. Dono- van Ross will attend a confer- ence of pollution on the seas Nov. 2 in Brussels and Provin- cial Secretary Ambrose Holo- wach will travel to Venice Aug. 24 for an international confer- ence on cultural activities. BENNETT TO ATTEND Mr. Strom also said British Columbia premier W. A. C. Bennett will visit Edmonton this month to join in celebra- tions commemorating 35 years of Social Credit government in Alberta. The Alberta party will hold a public picnic Aug. 22. A similar event will be held Aug. 23 in Calgary. The Social Credit party has governed Alberta since 1935 when, under the leadership of William Aberhart, it toppled1 the United Farmers of Alberta party. Flood Loses Case Ancient Burial Ground Found In Maritimes NEW YORK (AP) A fed- eral judge refused outfielder Curt Flood's move to outlaw fa a s e b a II 's reserve system Wednesday. Judge Irving Ben Cooper de- nied Flood's bid for an injunc- tion and for damages, arising from the outfielder's being traded from St. Louis Cardinals to Philadelphia Phillies last fall. Howard Clifford, public rela- tions spokesman for the airline, said today that Western officials received a bomb threat after flight 722 left Anchorage, Alaska, for Seattle. The caller demanded before he would tell where the bomb was and how to disarm it. "A bank messenger made the payment on an Anchorage Clifford said. He said he did not know whether the messenger delivered the money to an individual or left it for later pickup. The plane circled Seattle-Ta- coma airport while officials waited for a call from the man who made the threat. No call was received. The plane was searched in the air and no bomb turned up on the Boeing 720. The FBI is investigating. Party-Goer Takes No Chances OAKVILLE, Ont. (CP) A party-goer in this com- m u n i t y took no chance Tuesday of being found drunk at the wheel of a car. He rode to the party on Ms horse. While he was returning home, police stopped him twice but did not charge him. But they said that under a section of the Highway Traf- fic Act, a man can be charged with drunk driving on horseback. fear Nasser, that Dearest, no Darling, no...' Jail Staff Cleared In Report BELLINGHAM, Wash. (CP) The. Whatcom County jail staff was cleared in a report handed down Tuesday which in- vestigated the July 3 dehydra- tion death of Robert Lyle Guest, 22, of London, Ont. But the 11-page report handed down by Skagit County Sheriff John Boynton did fire a few sal- vos. The report criticized the civil service commission for hiring young and relatively inexperi- enced jailers; the jail's design for isolating the inmates from the jailers' view; and the What- com County health department for not advising the jailers on health matters. "We said the report, "that Guest's death, although tragic, is not the result of wilful dereliction on the part of any employee of the Whatcom County sheriff's office. Union May Hidden Bomb Kills Irish Policeman Offer OTTAWA (CP) Amid re- ports that the Council of Postal Unions will reject the govern- ment's latest contract pro- posals, the rotating strikes con- tinued tcday, with 819 em- ployees off the job at 16 points in Newfoundland and Ontario. In Newfoundland, Gander and St. John's were strike- bound. The strikes in Ontario hit London, Blind River, Brace- bridge, Elliot Lake, Graven- hurst, Huntsville, Kapuskasing, Newmarket, Georgetown, Au- rora and three Toronto sta- tions. In response to the strike at London the post office closed five London area offices; Strathroy, Ingersoll, Exet e r, Blenheim and Aylmer. While both sides in the con- tract dispute remained silent on the contents of the new gov- ernment offer, a spokesman for the council said Tuesday it "could mark a return to col- lective bargaining." But he said the council still considers the go-.Mnment offer inade- quate. Union negotiators will meet treasury board officials Thurs- day to deliver their reply to the government offer. There were unconfirmed re- ports that the government had increased its wage offer and yielded ground on the issues of job security, health insurance premiums, night shift pre- miums and overtime sched- uling. The reports suggest the gov- ernment has raised its proposed wage increase to 46 cents from 41 cents. The unions have been de- manding a 60-cent increase in a two-year contract. Postal wage rates now range between and S3.23 an hour. Finance izar Killed LONDONDERRY (AP) A bomb bidden in a car killed a 23-year-old policeman and Roman Catholic youngsters hurled rocks at British troops today as Northern Ireland reached another tension point of its turbulent big Protestant holiday celebrating the defeat of King James II. Three thousand British troops and police threw a ring of steel HIS FAVORITE SPORT Former Ottawa Rough Rider star quarterback Russ Jackson and his wife Lois grin happily as they watch the Ot- tawa team play the Saskatchewan Roughriders in Ottawa Tuesday. Jackson quit playing fool- ball last season. FREDERICTON (CP) Ar- chaeologists report that an an- cient burial ground believed to be more than years old has been found in the Grand Lake area of New Brunswick, about 25 miles east of here. Dr. David Sanger, archaeolo- gist with the National Museum of Man at Ottawa, says: "It could be the biggest find of its type in Eastern Canadian ar- chaeological history." Dr. Sanger is directing tiic work of excavating the site, near Cow Point on the north- west side of Grand Lake. Dig. ging began early this month. He describes it as a "red paint" burial ground because of the liberal amount of red ochre that colors the relics found there. These are said to include arrowheads, sharpen- ing stones and plummets. About 20 graves are reported to have been uncovered so far. The date of the burials is tenta- tively estimated at between and EC. The Gleaner says the graves were found about eight years ago by Cecil Denton, a game warden at Scotchtown on the western shore of Grand Lake. Walking through the Cow Point district with his wife he was at- tracted by bright red dirt around a two-foot hole chafed by a log in a gravel bank. Mr. Denton apparently kept his find a secret until a few months ago. Dr. Sanger said today he feels his time estimate of 1000 to 2000 EC is accurate. He bases it on the type of graves and artifacts found. Carbon tests will not be completed for several months. "This is a period in the his- tory of New Brunswick on which we have very little infor- he said. Red ochre was commonly used as a coloring pigment by the Indians of Eastern Canada, says Dr. George Frederick Clarke of Woodstock, N.B., prominent Maritime historian and archaeologist, Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN CLERK John Gcrla claiming the coffee he made was delicious, but by- passing it in favor of a drink of water Kcn.Chrislcnscn looking forward to the begin- ning of school so he can have his motorcycle back Marg Armstrong trying to dash to her front door be- tween sprays of a rotating "OT'nkler. around Londonderry, Ulster's second-largest city, sealing it off from the rest of the country in an attempt to keep the peace during Protestant celebrations of tile 281st anniversary of the defeat of King James and his Catholic forces at the city gales. While the first celebration bonfires were still burning early today, troops fired tear gas to break up a crowd of Catholic youngsters hurling rocks and bottles. To the south, Constable Sam- uel Donaldson was killed and a colleague critically wounded by a booby-trap bomb in a car parked half a mile from the Re- public of Ireland border. In Belfast, troops seized an arms cache from the roof of a Protestant church and a bomb wrecked a Catholic-owned bar- ber shop. More than Protestants were expected in Londonderry for celebrations which a year ago tcday were followed by bloody clashes with Catholics that launched the country on a year of street fighting and guer- rilla warfare. STONY PLAIN, Alta. (CP) Dr. Arthur Alfred Valdmanis, former financial architect for the Newfoundland government who last fall filed a bankruptcy application, was killed in aV two- car highway crash Tuesday about 15 miles west of Edmon- ton. Dr. Valdmanis, 61, was the lone occupant of one car. The other driver, Blanche Watson of Colinton, Alta., suffered chest injuries. Dr. Valdmanis last September named the department of na- tional revenue as his only credi- tor in the bankruptcy applica- tion. He said then the depart- ment was claiming in- come tax for the year 1951-53. In 1954, Dr. Valdmanis was arrested in New Brunswick and later sentenced to four years on a charge of extortion. He pleaded guilty to one of four charges filed in Newfound- land Supreme Court of extorting from two German com- panies working in Newfound- land while he was director-gen- eral of economic development for Newfoundland. Grounded Boat Returns Under Own Power NIAGARA FALLS, Ont. (CP) The cruise boat Niagara Belle, which ran aground on a shoel in the Niagara River Tuesday, returned to dock tcday in Chippawa, Ont., under her own power. Dominic Aiello, one of the owners of Canadian-based Niag- ara River Boat Cruises Lid., which operates the Niagara Belle, said a three-inch hole in the boltom of Ihe vessel was re- paired during the night and six feet of water pumped oul. The Niagara Belle, with more than 150 passengers, was on her 400lh trip when she ran aground on a shoal about three miles above the Niagara Falls. No- body was injured. ;